JBMO TST 46p

geometry problems from Team Selection Tests
for Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiads (JBMO TST)
with aops links in the names

(only those not in JBMO Shortlist,
haven't checked it yet)

Under Construction

[so far: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Greece, Romania, Turkey]

[to the total sum given
JBMO Shortlist problems are not double counted]

Bosnia and Herzegovina 2008-18

2008 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Point $M$ is given in the interior of parallelogram $ABCD$, and the point $N$ inside triangle $AMD$ is chosen so that $< MNA + < MCB = MND + < MBC = 180^0$. Prove that $MN$ is parallel to $AB$.

2009 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P1
Lengths of sides of triangle $ABC$ are positive integers, and smallest side is equal to $2$. Determine the area of triangle $P$ if $v_c = v_a + v_b$, where $v_a$, $v_b$ and $v_c$ are lengths of altitudes in triangle $ABC$ from vertices $A$, $B$ and $C$, respectively.

2010 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Points $M$ and $N$ are given on sides  $AD$ and $BC$ of rhombus $ABCD$, respectively. Line $MC$ intersects line $BD$ in point $T$, line $MN$ intersects line $BD$ in point $U$, line $CU$ intersects line $AB$ in point $Q$ and line $QT$ intersects line $CD$ in $P$. Prove that triangles $QCP$ and $MCN$ have equal area.

2011 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
In isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AC=BC$), angle bisector $\angle BAC$ and altitude $CD$ from point $C$ intersect at point $O$, such that $CO=3 \cdot OD$. In which ratio does altitude from point $A$ on side $BC$ divide altitude $CD$ of triangle $ABC$

2012 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P1
On circle $k$ there are clockwise points $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$ and $E$ such that $\angle ABE = \angle BEC = \angle ECD = 45^{\circ}$. Prove that $AB^2 + CE^2 = BE^2 + CD^2$

2013 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Let $M$ and $N$ be touching points of incircle with sides $AB$ and $AC$ of triangle $ABC$, and $P$ intersection point of line $MN$ and angle bisector of $\angle ABC$. Prove that $\angle BPC =90 ^{\circ}$

2014 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P2
In triangle $ABC$, on line $CA$ it is given point $D$ such that $CD = 3 \cdot CA$ (point $A$ is between points $C$ and $D$), and on line $BC$ it is given point $E$ ($E \neq B$) such that $CE=BC$. If $BD=AE$, prove that $\angle BAC= 90^{\circ}$

2015 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Let $AD$ be an altitude of triangle $ABC$, and let $M$, $N$ and $P$ be midpoints of $AB$, $AD$ and $BC$, respectively. Furthermore let $K$ be a foot of perpendicular from point $D$ to line $AC$, and let $T$ be point on extension of line $KD$ (over point $D$) such that $\mid DT \mid = \mid MN \mid + \mid DK \mid$. If $\mid MP \mid = 2 \cdot \mid KN \mid$, prove that $\mid AT \mid = \mid MC \mid$.

2016 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Let $O$ be a center of circle which passes through vertices of quadrilateral $ABCD$, which has perpendicular diagonals. Prove that sum of distances of point $O$ to sides of quadrilateral $ABCD$ is equal to half of perimeter of $ABCD$.

2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $\angle ABC = 90 ^{\circ}$. Let $I$ be an incenter of $ABC$ and let $F$, $D$ and $E$ be points where incircle touches sides $AB$, $BC$ and $AC$, respectively. If lines $CI$ and $EF$ intersect at point $M$ and if $DM$ and $AB$ intersect in $N$, prove that $AI=ND$

2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina JBMO TST P3
Let $\Gamma$ be circumscribed circle of triangle $ABC$ ($AB \ne AC$). Let $O$ be circumcenter of triangle $ABC$. Let $M$ be a point where angle bisector of angle $BAC$ intersects $\Gamma$ . Let $D$ ($D\ne M$) be a point where circumscribed circle of triangle $BOM$ intersects line segment $AM$ and let $E$ ($E\ne M$) be a point where circumscribed circle of triangle $COM$ intersects line segment $AM$. Prove that $BD+CE=AM$

Greece 2008-2019

2008 Greece JBMO TST P1
Given a point $A$ that lies on circle $c(o,R)$ (with center $O$ and radius $R$). Let $(e)$ be the tangent of the circle $c$ at point $A$ and a line $(d)$ that passes through point $O$ and intersects $(e)$ at point $M$ and the circle at points $B,C$ (let $B$ lie between $O$ and $A$). If $AM = R\sqrt3$ , prove that
a) triangle $AMC$ is isosceles.
b) circumcenter of triangle  $AMC$ lies on circle $c$ .

2009 Greece JBMO TST P2
Given convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ inscribed in circle $(O,R)$ (with center $O$ and radius $R$). With centers the vertices of the quadrilateral and radii $R$, we consider the circles $C_A(A,R), C_B(B,R), C_C(C,R), C_D(D,R)$. Circles $C_A$ and $C_B$ intersect at point $K$, circles $C_B$ and $C_C$ intersect at point $L$, circles $C_C$ and $C_D$ intersect at point $M$ and circles $C_D$ and $C_A$ intersect at point $N$ (points $K,L,M,N$ are the second common points of the circles given they all pass through point $O$). Prove that quadrilateral $KLMN$ is a parallelogram.

2010 Greece JBMO TST P3
Given an acute and scalene triangle $ABC$ with $AB<AC$ and random line $(e)$ that passes throuh the center of the circumscribed circles $c(O,R)$. Line $(e)$, intersects sides $BC,AC,AB$ at points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ respectively (point $C_1$ lies on the extension of $AB$ towards $B$). Perpendicular from $A$ on line $(e)$ and $AA_1$ intersect circumscribed circle $c(O,R)$ at points $M$ and $A_2$ respectively. Prove that
a) points $O,A_1,A_2, M$ are consyclic
b) if $(c_2)$ is the circumcircle of triangle $(OBC_1)$ and $(c_3)$ is the circumcircle of triangle $(OCB_1)$, then circles $(c_1),(c_2)$ and $(c_3)$ have a common chord

2011 Greece JBMO TST P4
Let $ABC$ be an acute and scalene triangle with $AB<AC$, inscribed in a circle $c(O,R)$ (with center $O$ and radius $R$). Circle $c_1(A,AB)$ intersects side $BC$ at point $E$ and circle $c$ at point $F$. $EF$ intersects for the second time circle $c$ at point $D$ and side $AC$ at point $M$. $AD$ intersects $BC$ at point $K$. Circumcircle of triangle $BKD$ intersects $AB$ at point $L$ . Prove that points $K,L,M$ lie on a line parallel to $BF$.

2012 Greece JBMO TST P3
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB<AC<BC$, inscribed in circle $c(O,R)$ (with center $O$ and radius $R$). Let $O_1$ be the symmetric point of $O$ wrt $AC$. Circle $c_1(O_1,R)$ intersects $BC$ at $Z$. If the extension of the altitude $AD$ intersects  the cicrumscribed circle  $c(O,R)$ at point $E$, prove that $EC$ is perpendicular on $AZ$.

2013 Greece JBMO TST P4
Given the circle $c(O,R)$ (with center $O$ and radius $R$), one diameter $AB$ and midpoint $C$ of the arc $AB$. Consider circle $c_1(K,KO)$, where center $K$ lies on the segment $OA$, and consider the tangents $CD,CO$ from the point $C$ to  circle $c_1(K,KO)$. Line $KD$ intersects circle $c(O,R)$ at points $E$ and $Z$ (point $E$ lies on the semicircle that lies also point $C$). Lines $EC$ and $CZ$ intersects $AB$ at points $N$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that quadrilateral $EMZN$ is an isosceles trapezoid, inscribed in a circle whose center lie on circle $c(O,R)$.

2014 Greece JBMO TST P2
Let $ABCD$ be an inscribed quadrilateral in a circle $c(O,R)$ (of circle $O$ and radius $R$). With centers the vertices $A,B,C,D$, we consider the circles  $C_{A},C_{B},C_{C},C_{D}$ respectively, that do not intersect to each other . Circle $C_{A}$ intersects the sides of the quadrilateral at points $A_{1} , A_{2}$ ,  circle $C_{B}$ intersects the sides of the quadrilateral at points $B_{1} , B_{2}$ , circle $C_{C}$ at points $C_{1} , C_{2}$ and circle $C_{D}$ at points $C_{1} , C_{2}$ . Prove that the quadrilateral defined by lines $A_{1}A_{2} , B_{1}B_{2} , C_{1}C_{2} , D_{1}D_{2}$ is cyclic.

2015 Greece JBMO TST P2
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle inscribed in a circle of center $O$. If the altitudes $BD,CE$ intersect at $H$ and the circumcenter of $\triangle BHC$ is $O_1$, prove that $AHO_1O$ is a parallelogram.

2016 Greece JBMO TST P1 (JBMO Shortlist 2015 G3)
Let ${c\equiv c\left(O, R\right)}$ be a circle with center ${O}$ and radius ${R}$ and ${A, B}$ be two points on it, not belonging to the same diameter. The bisector of angle${\angle{ABO}}$ intersects the circle ${c}$ at point ${C}$, the circumcircle of the triangle $AOB$ , say ${c_1}$ at point ${K}$ and the circumcircle of the triangle $AOC$ , say ${{c}_{2}}$ at point ${L}$. Prove that point ${K}$ is the circumcircle of the triangle $AOC$ and that point ${L}$ is the incenter of the triangle $AOB$.

Evangelos Psychas
2017 Greece JBMO TST P2
Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle inscribed in a circle $\mathcal C (O, R)$ and $F$ a point on the side $AB$ such that $AF < AB/2$. The circle $c_1(F, FA)$ intersects the line $OA$ at the point $A'$ and the circle $\mathcal C$ at $K$. Prove that the quadrilateral $BKFA'$ is cyclic and its circumcircle contains point $O$.

2018 Greece JBMO TST P2
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB<AC<BC, c$ it's circumscribed circle and $D,E$ be the midpoints of $AB,AC$ respectively. With diameters the sides $AB,AC$, we draw semicircles, outer of the triangle, which are intersected by line $D$ at points $M$ and $N$ respectively. Lines $MB$ and $NC$ intersect the circumscribed circle at points $T,S$ respectively. Lines $MB$ and $NC$ intersect at point $H$. Prove that:
a) point $H$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $AMN$
b) lines $AH$ and $TS$ are perpedicular and their intersection, let it be $Z$, is the circimcenter of triangle $AMN$

Consider an acute triangle $ABC$ with $AB>AC$ inscribed in a circle of center $O$. From the midpoint $D$ of side $BC$ we draw line $(\ell)$ perpendicular to side $AB$ that intersects it at point $E$. If line $AO$ intersects line $(\ell)$ at point $Z$, prove that points $A,Z,D,C$ are concyclic.

Romania 2015-16

2015 Romania JBMO TST1 P1
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB \neq AC$ . Also let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $BC$ , $H$ the orthocenter of the triangle $ABC$ , $O_1$ the midpoint of the segment $AH$ and $O_2$ the center of the circumscribed circle of the triangle $BCH$ . Prove that $O_1AMO_2$ is a parallelogram .

2015 Romania JBMO TST1 P5
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral with non perpendicular diagonals and with the sides $AB$ and $CD$ non parallel . Denote by $O$ the intersection of the diagonals , $H_1$ the orthocenter of the triangle $AOB$ and $H_2$ the orthocenter of the triangle $COD$ . Also denote with $M$ the midpoint of the side $AB$ and with $N$ the midpoint of the side $CD$ . Prove that $H_1H_2$ and $MN$ are parallel if and only if $AC=BD$

2015 Romania JBMO TST2 P4
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB \neq BC$ and let $BD$ the interior bisectrix of  $\angle ABC$ with $D \in AC$ . Let $M$ be the midpoint of the arc $AC$ that contains the point $B$ in the circumcircle of the triangle $ABC$ .The circumcircle of the triangle $BDM$ intersects the segment $AB$ in $K \neq B$ . Denote by $J$ the symmetric of $A$ with respect to $K$ .If $DJ$ intersects $AM$ in $O$ then prove that $J,B,M,O$ are concyclic.

2015 Romania JBMO TST3 P3
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle , with $AB \neq AC$ and denote its orthocenter by $H$ . The point $D$ is located on the side $BC$ and the circumcircles of the triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ intersects for the second time the lines $AC$ , respectively $AB$ in the points $E$ respectively $F$. If we denote by $P$ the intersection point of $BE$ and $CF$ then show that $HP \parallel BC$ if and only if $AD$ passes through the circumcenter of the triangle $ABC$.

2015 Romania JBMO TST4 P3
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB \ne AC$ and $I$ its incenter. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $BC$ and $D$ the projection of $I$ on $BC.$ The line $AI$ intersects the circle with center $M$ and radius $MD$ at $P$ and $Q.$ Prove that $\angle BAC + \angle PMQ = 180^{\circ}.$

Let $ABC$ be a triangle inscribed in circle $\omega$ and $P$ a point in its interior. The lines $AP,BP$ and $CP$ intersect circle $\omega$ for the second time at $D,E$ and $F,$ respectively. If $A',B',C'$ are the reflections of $A,B,C$ with respect to the lines $EF,FD,DE,$ respectively, prove that the triangles $ABC$ and $A'B'C'$ are similar.

Let $ABC$ be a acute triangle where $\angle BAC =60$. Prove that if the Euler's line of $ABC$ intersects $AB,AC$ in $D,E$, then $ADE$ is equilateral.

2016 Romania JBMO TST1 P4 (JBMO Shortlist 2015 G5)
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB<AC$ and $D,E,F$ be the contact points of the incircle $(I)$ with $BC,AC,AB$. Let $M,N$ be on $EF$ such that $MB \perp BC$ and $NC \perp BC$. $MD$ and $ND$ intersect the $(I)$ in $D$ and $Q$. Prove that $DP=DQ$.

by Ruben Dario & Leo Giugiuc

2016 Romania JBMO TST2 P1
Triangle $\triangle{ABC},O$ is circumcenter of $(ABC), OA=R$, the $A$-excircle intersect $(AB),(BC),(CA)$ at points $F,D,E$. If the $A$-excircle has radius R prove that $OD\perp EF$.

2016 Romania JBMO TST3 P3
ABCD = cyclic quadrilateral , $AC\cap BD=X$
AA' $\perp$BD,A'$\in$ BD, CC' $\perp$BD,C'$\in$ BD
BB' $\perp$AC,B'$\in$ AC, DD' $\perp$AC,D'$\in$ AC . Prove that:
a) perpendiculars from midpoints of the sides to the opposite sides are concurrent.The point is called Mathot Point
b) A',B',C',D' are concyclic
c) if O'=circumcenter of (A'B'C') prove that O'=midpoint of the line that connects the orthocente of triangle XAB and XCD
d) O' is the Mathot Point

2016 Romania JBMO TST4 P1
The altitudes $AA_1$,$BB_1$,$CC_1$ of $\triangle{ABC}$ intersect at $H$.$O$ is the circumcenter of $\triangle{ABC}$.Let $A_2$ be the reflection of $A$ wrt $B_1C_1$.Prove that:
a)$O$,$A_2$,$B_1$,$C$ are all on a circle
b)$O$,$H$,$A_1$,$A_2$ are all on a circle

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral.$E$ is the midpoint of $(AC)$ and $F$ is the midpoint of $(BD)$ {$G$}=$AB\cap CD$ and {$H$}=$AD\cap BC$.
a) Prove that the intersections of the angle bisector of $\angle{AHB}$ and the sides $AB$ and $CD$ and the intersections of the angle bisector of$\angle{AGD}$ with $BC$ and $AD$ are the verticles of a rhombus
b) Prove that the center of this rhombus lies on $EF$

Turkey 2012-18 (2017 missing)

2012 Turkey JBMO TST P1
Let $[AB]$ be a chord of the circle $\Gamma$ not passing through its center and let $M$ be the midpoint of $[AB].$ Let $C$ be a variable point on $\Gamma$ different from $A$ and $B$ and $P$ be the point of intersection of the tangent lines at $A$ of circumcircle of $CAM$ and at $B$ of circumcircle of $CBM.$ Show that all $CP$ lines pass through a fixed point.

2013 Turkey JBMO TST P1
Let $D$ be a point on the side $BC$ of an equilateral triangle $ABC$ where $D$ is different than the vertices. Let $I$ be the excenter of the triangle $ABD$ opposite to the side $AB$ and $J$ be the excenter of the triangle $ACD$ opposite to the side $AC$. Let $E$ be the second intersection point of the circumcircles of triangles $AIB$ and $AJC$. Prove that $A$ is the incenter of the triangle $IEJ$.

2013 Turkey JBMO TST P7
In a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ diagonals intersect at $E$ and $BE = \sqrt{2}\cdot ED, \: \angle BEC = 45^{\circ}.$ Let $F$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $A$ to $BC$ and $P$ be the second intersection point of the circumcircle of triangle $BFD$ and line segment $DC$. Find $\angle APD$.

2014 Turkey JBMO TST P1
In a triangle $ABC$, the external bisector of $\angle BAC$ intersects the ray $BC$ at $D$. The feet of the perpendiculars from $B$ and $C$ to line $AD$
are $E$ and $F$, respectively and the foot of the perpendicular from $D$ to $AC$ is $G$. Show that $\angle DGE + \angle DGF = 180^{\circ}$.

2014 Turkey JBMO TST P7
Let a line $\ell$ intersect the line $AB$ at $F$, the sides $AC$ and $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$ at $D$ and $E$, respectively and the internal bisector of the angle $BAC$ at $P$. Suppose that $F$ is at the opposite side of $A$ with respect to the line $BC$, $CD = CE$ and $P$ is in the interior the triangle $ABC$. Prove that $FB \cdot FA+CP^2 = CF^2 \iff AD \cdot BE = PD^2.$

2015 Turkey JBMO TST P2
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral and let $\omega$ be a circle tangent to the lines $AB$ and $BC$ at points $A$ and $C$, respectively. $\omega$ intersects the line segments $AD$ and $CD$ again at $E$ and $F$, respectively, which are both different from $D$. Let $G$ be the point of intersection of the lines $AF$ and $CE$. Given $\angle ACB=\angle GDC+\angle ACE$, prove that the line $AD$ is tangent to th circumcircle of the triangle $AGB$

2015 Turkey JBMO TST P6
Find the greatest possible integer value of the side length of an equilateral triangle whose vertices belong to the interior region of a square with side length $100$.

2016 Turkey JBMO TST P4
In a trapezoid $ABCD$ with $AB<CD$ and $AB \parallel CD$, the diagonals intersect each other at $E$. Let $F$ be the midpoint of the arc $BC$ (not containing the point $E$) of the circumcircle of the triangle $EBC$. The lines $EF$ and $BC$ intersect at $G$. The circumcircle of the triangle $BFD$ intersects the ray $[DA$ at $H$ such that $A \in [HD]$. The circumcircle of the triangle $AHB$ intersects the lines $AC$ and $BD$ at $M$ and $N$, respectively. $BM$ intersects $GH$ at $P$, $GN$ intersects $AC$ at $Q$. Prove that the points $P, Q, D$ are collinear.

2016 Turkey JBMO TST P5
In an acute triangle $ABC$, the feet of the perpendiculars from $A$ and $C$ to the opposite sides are $D$ and $E$, respectively. The line passing through $E$ and parallel to $BC$ intersects $AC$ at $F$, the line passing through $D$ and parallel to $AB$ intersects $AC$ at $G$. The feet of the perpendiculars from $F$ to $DG$ and $GE$ are $K$ and $L$, respectively. $KL$ intersects $ED$ at $M$. Prove that $FM \perp ED$.

2017 is missing from aops

2018 Turkey JBMO TST P3
Let $H$ be the orthocenter of an acute angled triangle $ABC$. Circumcircle of the triangle $ABC$ and the circle of diameter $[AH]$ intersect at point $E$, different from $A$. Let $M$ be the midpoint  of the small arc $BC$ of the circumcircle of the triangle $ABC$ and let $N$ the midpoint of the large arc $BC$ of the circumcircle of the triangle $BHC$  Prove that  points $E, H, M, N$ are concyclic.

2018 Turkey JBMO TST P6
A point $E$ is located inside a parallelogram  $ABCD$  such that $\angle BAE = \angle BCE$. The centers of the circumcircles of the triangles $ABE,ECB, CDE$ and $DAE$ are concyclic.

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