geometry problems from All - Russian Mathematical Olympiads

with aops links in the names

All Soviet Union Mathematical Olympiad 1961-92 EN with solutions,

Russian Mathematical Olympiad 1995-2002 with partial solutions

1993 - 2018

2017 All Russian grade IX P2

$ABCD$ is an isosceles trapezoid with $BC || AD$. A circle $\omega$ passing through $B$ and $C$ intersects the side $AB$ and the diagonal $BD$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. Tangent to $\omega$ at $C$ intersects the line $AD$ at $Z$. Prove that the points $X$, $Y$, and $Z$ are collinear.

2017 All Russian grade IX P7

In the scalene triangle $ABC$,$\angle ACB=60^ο$ and $\Omega$ is its cirumcirle.On the bisectors of the angles $BAC$ and $CBA$ points $A'$,$B'$ are chosen respectively such that $AB' \parallel BC$ and $BA' \parallel AC$.$A' B'$ intersects with $\Omega$ at $D,E$. Prove that triangle $CDE$ is isosceles.

2018 All Russian grade IX P2

Circle $\omega$ is tangent to sides $AB, AC$ of triangle $ABC$. A circle $\Omega$ touches the side $AC$ and line $AB$ (produced beyond $B$), and touches $\omega$ at a point $L$ on side $BC$. Line $AL$ meets $\omega, \Omega$ again at $K, M$. It turned out that $KB \parallel CM$. Prove that $\triangle LCM$ is isosceles.

2018 All Russian grade IX P8, grade X P7

$ABCD$ is a convex quadrilateral. Angles $A$ and $C$ are equal. Points $M$ and $N$ are on the sides $AB$ and $BC$ such that $MN||AD$ and $MN=2AD$. Let $K$ be the midpoint of $MN$ and $H$ be the orthocenter of $\triangle ABC$. Prove that $HK$ is perpendicular to $CD$.

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle with $AB<AC$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of $AB$ and $AC$, respectively; let $AD$ be an altitude in this triangle. A point $K$ is chosen on the segment $MN$ so that $BK=CK$. The ray $KD$ meets the circumcircle $\Omega$ of $ABC$ at $Q$. Prove that $C, N, K, Q$ are concyclic.

2018 All Russian grade XI P4

On the sides $AB$ and $AC$ of the triangle $ABC$, the points $P$ and $Q$ are chosen, respectively, so that $PQ||BC$. Segments of $BQ$ and $CP$ intersect at point $O$. Point $A'$ is symmetric to point $A$ relative to line$ BC$. The segment $A'O$ intersects circle $w$ circumcircle of the triangle $APQ$, at the point $S$. Prove that circumcircle of $BSC$ is tangent to the circle $w$.

2018 All Russian grade XI P6

Three diagonals of a regular $n$-gon prism intersect at an interior point $O$. Show that $O$ is the center of the prism.

(The diagonal of the prism is a segment joining two vertices not lying on the same face of the prism.)

related link in Russian: vos.olimpiada.ru/main/table/tasks/

with aops links in the names

__named as:__

1961-66 All Russian , 1967-91 All Soviet Union

1992 Commonwealth of Independent States (all three shall be collected here)

1993- today All Russian

translated by S/W engineer Vladimir Pertsel

All Soviet Union Mathematical Olympiad 1961-92 EN with solutions,

Russian Mathematical Olympiad 1995-2002 with partial solutions

both by John Scholes (Kalva)

Segments $AB$ and $CD$ of length $1$ intersect at point $O$ and angle $AOC$ is equal to sixty degrees. Prove that $AC+BD \ge 1$

A convex quadrilateral intersects a circle at points $A_1,A_2,B_1,B_2,C_1,C_2,D_1,$ and $D_2$. (Note that for some letter $N$, points $N_1$ and $N_2$ are on one side of the quadrilateral. Also, the points lie in that specific order on the circle.) Prove that if $A_1B_2=B_1C_2=C_1D_2= D_1A_2$, then quadrilateral formed by these four segments is cyclic.

From the symmetry center of two congruent intersecting circles, two rays are drawn that intersect the circles at four non-collinear points. Prove that these points lie on one circle.

Is it true that any two rectangles of equal area can be placed in the plane such that any horizontal line intersecting at least one of them will also intersect the other, and the segments of intersection will be equal?

Two right triangles are on a plane such that their medians (from the right angles to the hypotenuses) are parallel. Prove that the angle formed by one of the legs of one of the triangles and one of the legs of the other triangle is half the measure of the angle formed by the hypotenuses.

Prove that any two rectangular prisms with equal volumes can be placed in a space such that any horizontal plain that intersects one of the prisms will intersect the other forming a polygon with the same area.

Two circles $S_1$ and $S_2$ touch externally at $F$. their external common tangent touches $S_1$ at $A$ and $S_2$ at $B$. A line, parallel to $AB$ and tangent to $S_2$ at $C$, intersects $S_1$ at $D$ and $E$. Prove that points $A,F,C$ are collinear.

(A. Kalinin)

A trapezoid $ABCD$ ($AB ///CD$) has the property that there are points $P$ and $Q$ on sides $AD$ and $BC$ respectively such that $\angle APB = \angle CPD$ and $\angle AQB = \angle CQD$. Show that the points $P$ and $Q$ are equidistant from the intersection point of the diagonals of the trapezoid.

(M. Smurov)

Each of circles $S_1,S_2,S_3$ is tangent to two sides of a triangle $ABC$ and externally tangent to a circle $S$ at $A_1,B_1,C_1$ respectively. Prove that the lines $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1$ meet in a point.

(D. Tereshin)

Two circles $S_1$ and $S_2$ touch externally at $F$. their external common tangent touches $S_1$ at A and $S_2$ at $B$. A line, parallel to $AB$ and tangent to $S_2$ at $C$, intersects $S_1$ at $D$ and $E$. Prove that the common chord of the circumcircles of triangles $ABC$ and $BDE$ passes through point $F$.

(A. Kalinin)

1994 All Russian grade XI P7

The altitudes $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1,DD_1$ of a tetrahedron $ABCD$ intersect in the center $H$ of the sphere inscribed in the tetrahedron $A_1B_1C_1D_1$. Prove that the tetrahedron $ABCD$ is regular.

1995 All Russian grade IX P2

A chord $CD$ of a circle with center $O$ is perpendicular to a diameter $AB$. A chord $AE$ bisects the radius $OC$. Show that the line $DE$ bisects the chord $BC$

In an acute-angled triangle ABC, points $A_2$, $B_2$, $C_2$ are the midpoints of the altitudes $AA_1$, $BB_1$, $CC_1$, respectively. Compute the sum of angles $B_2A_1C_2$, $C_2B_1A_2$ and $A_2C_1B_2$.

The altitudes $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1,DD_1$ of a tetrahedron $ABCD$ intersect in the center $H$ of the sphere inscribed in the tetrahedron $A_1B_1C_1D_1$. Prove that the tetrahedron $ABCD$ is regular.

(D. Tereshin)

A chord $CD$ of a circle with center $O$ is perpendicular to a diameter $AB$. A chord $AE$ bisects the radius $OC$. Show that the line $DE$ bisects the chord $BC$

by V. Gordon

1995 All Russian grade IX P6In an acute-angled triangle ABC, points $A_2$, $B_2$, $C_2$ are the midpoints of the altitudes $AA_1$, $BB_1$, $CC_1$, respectively. Compute the sum of angles $B_2A_1C_2$, $C_2B_1A_2$ and $A_2C_1B_2$.

D. Tereshin

1995 All Russian grade X P4

Prove that if all angles of a convex $n$-gon are equal, then there are at least two of its sides that are not longer than their adjacent sides.

Prove that if all angles of a convex $n$-gon are equal, then there are at least two of its sides that are not longer than their adjacent sides.

by A. Berzin’sh, O. Musin

1995 All Russian grade X P6

Let be given a semicircle with diameter $AB$ and center $O$, and a line intersecting the semicircle at $C$ and $D$ and the line $AB$ at $M$ ($MB < MA$, $MD < MC$). The circumcircles of the triangles $AOC$ and $DOB$ meet again at $L$. Prove that $\angle MKO$ is right.

Let be given a semicircle with diameter $AB$ and center $O$, and a line intersecting the semicircle at $C$ and $D$ and the line $AB$ at $M$ ($MB < MA$, $MD < MC$). The circumcircles of the triangles $AOC$ and $DOB$ meet again at $L$. Prove that $\angle MKO$ is right.

by L. Kuptsov

The altitudes of a tetrahedron intersect in a point. Prove that this point, the foot of one of the altitudes, and the points dividing the other three altitudes in the ratio $2 : 1$ (measuring from the vertices) lie on a sphere.

by D. Tereshin

1996 All Russian grade IX P2

The centers $O_1$; $O_2$; $O_3$ of three nonintersecting circles of equal radius are positioned at the vertices of a triangle. From each of the points $O_1$; $O_2$; $O_3$ one draws tangents to the other two given circles. It is known that the intersection of these tangents form a convex hexagon. The sides of the hexagon are alternately colored red and blue. Prove that the sum of the lengths of the red sides equals the sum of the lengths of the blue sides.

The centers $O_1$; $O_2$; $O_3$ of three nonintersecting circles of equal radius are positioned at the vertices of a triangle. From each of the points $O_1$; $O_2$; $O_3$ one draws tangents to the other two given circles. It is known that the intersection of these tangents form a convex hexagon. The sides of the hexagon are alternately colored red and blue. Prove that the sum of the lengths of the red sides equals the sum of the lengths of the blue sides.

by D. Tereshin

1996 All Russian grade IX P6

In the isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AC = BC$) point $O$ is the circumcenter, $I$ the incenter, and $D$ lies on $BC$ so that lines $OD$ and $BI$ are perpendicular. Prove that $ID$ and $AC$ are parallel.

In the isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AC = BC$) point $O$ is the circumcenter, $I$ the incenter, and $D$ lies on $BC$ so that lines $OD$ and $BI$ are perpendicular. Prove that $ID$ and $AC$ are parallel.

by M. Sonkin

1996 All Russian grade X P1

Points $E$ and $F$ are given on side $BC$ of convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ (with $E$ closer than $F$ to $B$). It is known that $\angle BAE = \angle CDF$ and $\angle EAF = \angle FDE$. Prove that $\angle FAC = \angle EDB$.

Points $E$ and $F$ are given on side $BC$ of convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ (with $E$ closer than $F$ to $B$). It is known that $\angle BAE = \angle CDF$ and $\angle EAF = \angle FDE$. Prove that $\angle FAC = \angle EDB$.

by M. Smurov

1996 All Russian grade X P7

A convex polygon is given, no two of whose sides are parallel. For each side we consider the angle the side subtends at the vertex farthest from the side. Show that the sum of these angles equals $180^\circ$.

A convex polygon is given, no two of whose sides are parallel. For each side we consider the angle the side subtends at the vertex farthest from the side. Show that the sum of these angles equals $180^\circ$.

by M. Smurov

1996 All Russian grade XI P3

Show that for $n\ge 5$, a cross-section of a pyramid whose base is a regular $n$-gon cannot be a regular $(n + 1)$-gon.

Show that for $n\ge 5$, a cross-section of a pyramid whose base is a regular $n$-gon cannot be a regular $(n + 1)$-gon.

by N. Agakhanov, N. Tereshin

1996 All Russian grade XI P6

In isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AB = BC$) one draws the angle bisector $CD$. The perpendicular to $CD$ through the center of the circumcircle of $ABC$ intersects $BC$ at $E$. The parallel to $CD$ through $E$ meets $AB$ at $F$. Show that $BE$ = $FD$.

In isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AB = BC$) one draws the angle bisector $CD$. The perpendicular to $CD$ through the center of the circumcircle of $ABC$ intersects $BC$ at $E$. The parallel to $CD$ through $E$ meets $AB$ at $F$. Show that $BE$ = $FD$.

by M. Sonkin

1997 All Russian grade IX P7

The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches sides $AB$;$BC$;$CA$ at $M$;$N$;$K$, respectively. The line through $A$ parallel to $NK$ meets $MN$ at $D$. The line through $A$ parallel to $MN$ meets $NK$ at $E$. Show that the line $DE$ bisects sides $AB$ and $AC$ of triangle $ABC$.

The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches sides $AB$;$BC$;$CA$ at $M$;$N$;$K$, respectively. The line through $A$ parallel to $NK$ meets $MN$ at $D$. The line through $A$ parallel to $MN$ meets $NK$ at $E$. Show that the line $DE$ bisects sides $AB$ and $AC$ of triangle $ABC$.

by M. Sonkin

1997 All Russian grade X P3

Two circles intersect at $A$ and $B$. A line through $A$ meets the first circle again at $C$ and the second circle again at $D$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $BD$ not containing $A$, and let $K$ be the midpoint of the segment $CD$. Show that $\angle MKN =\pi/2$.(You may assume that $C$ and $D$ lie on opposite sides of $A$.)

Two circles intersect at $A$ and $B$. A line through $A$ meets the first circle again at $C$ and the second circle again at $D$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $BD$ not containing $A$, and let $K$ be the midpoint of the segment $CD$. Show that $\angle MKN =\pi/2$.(You may assume that $C$ and $D$ lie on opposite sides of $A$.)

by D. Tereshin

1997 All Russian grade X P6

A circle centered at $O$ and inscribed in triangle $ABC$ meets sides $AC$;$AB$;$BC$ at $K$;$M$;$N$, respectively. The median $BB_1$ of the triangle meets $MN$ at $D$. Show that $O$;$D$;$K$ are collinear.

A circle centered at $O$ and inscribed in triangle $ABC$ meets sides $AC$;$AB$;$BC$ at $K$;$M$;$N$, respectively. The median $BB_1$ of the triangle meets $MN$ at $D$. Show that $O$;$D$;$K$ are collinear.

by M. Sonkin

1997 All Russian grade XI P7

A sphere inscribed in a tetrahedron touches one face at the intersection of its angle bisectors, a second face at the intersection of its altitudes, and a third face at the intersection of its medians. Show that the tetrahedron is regular.

A sphere inscribed in a tetrahedron touches one face at the intersection of its angle bisectors, a second face at the intersection of its altitudes, and a third face at the intersection of its medians. Show that the tetrahedron is regular.

by N. Agakhanov

1998 All Russian grade IX P2

A convex polygon is partitioned into parallelograms. A vertex of the polygon is called good if it belongs to exactly one parallelogram. Prove that there are more than two good vertices.

A convex polygon is partitioned into parallelograms. A vertex of the polygon is called good if it belongs to exactly one parallelogram. Prove that there are more than two good vertices.

1998 All Russian grade IX P6

In triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, $BM$ is a median and $BL$ is an angle bisector. The line through $M$ and parallel to $AB$ intersects $BL$ at point $D$, and the line through $L$ and parallel to $BC$ intersects $BM$ at point $E$. Prove that $ED$ is perpendicular to $BL$.

In triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, $BM$ is a median and $BL$ is an angle bisector. The line through $M$ and parallel to $AB$ intersects $BL$ at point $D$, and the line through $L$ and parallel to $BC$ intersects $BM$ at point $E$. Prove that $ED$ is perpendicular to $BL$.

1998 All Russian grade X P3

In scalene $\triangle ABC$, the tangent from the foot of the bisector of $\angle A$ to the incircle of $\triangle ABC$, other than the line $BC$, meets the incircle at point $K_a$. Points $K_b$ and $K_c$ are analogously defined. Prove that the lines connecting $K_a$, $K_b$, $K_c$ with the midpoints of $BC$, $CA$, $AB$, respectively, have a common point on the incircle.

In scalene $\triangle ABC$, the tangent from the foot of the bisector of $\angle A$ to the incircle of $\triangle ABC$, other than the line $BC$, meets the incircle at point $K_a$. Points $K_b$ and $K_c$ are analogously defined. Prove that the lines connecting $K_a$, $K_b$, $K_c$ with the midpoints of $BC$, $CA$, $AB$, respectively, have a common point on the incircle.

1998 All Russian grade XI P1

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcircle $w$. Let $D$ be the midpoint of arc $BC$ that contains $A$. Define $E$ and $F$ similarly. Let the incircle of $ABC$ touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $K,L,M$ respectively. Prove that $DK,EL,FM$ are concurrent.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcircle $w$. Let $D$ be the midpoint of arc $BC$ that contains $A$. Define $E$ and $F$ similarly. Let the incircle of $ABC$ touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $K,L,M$ respectively. Prove that $DK,EL,FM$ are concurrent.

A tetrahedron $ABCD$ has all edges of length less than $100$, and contains two nonintersecting spheres of diameter $1$. Prove that it contains a sphere of diameter $1.01$.

1999 All Russian grade IX P3

A triangle $ABC$ is inscribed in a circle $S$. Let $A_0$ and $C_0$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $AB$ on $S$, not containing the opposite vertex, respectively. The circle $S_1$ centered at $A_0$ is tangent to $BC$, and the circle $S_2$ centered at $C_0$ is tangent to $AB$. Prove that the incenter $I$ of $\triangle ABC$ lies on a common tangent to $S_1$ and $S_2$.

A triangle $ABC$ is inscribed in a circle $S$. Let $A_0$ and $C_0$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $AB$ on $S$, not containing the opposite vertex, respectively. The circle $S_1$ centered at $A_0$ is tangent to $BC$, and the circle $S_2$ centered at $C_0$ is tangent to $AB$. Prove that the incenter $I$ of $\triangle ABC$ lies on a common tangent to $S_1$ and $S_2$.

1999 All Russian grade IX P7

A circle through vertices $A$ and $B$ of triangle $ABC$ meets side $BC$ again at $D$. A circle through $B$ and $C$ meets side $AB$ at $E$ and the first circle again at $F$. Prove that if points $A$, $E$, $D$, $C$ lie on a circle with center $O$ then $\angle BFO$ is right.

A circle through vertices $A$ and $B$ of triangle $ABC$ meets side $BC$ again at $D$. A circle through $B$ and $C$ meets side $AB$ at $E$ and the first circle again at $F$. Prove that if points $A$, $E$, $D$, $C$ lie on a circle with center $O$ then $\angle BFO$ is right.

1999 All Russian grade X P3

The incircle of $\triangle ABC$ touch $AB$,$BC$,$CA$ at $K$,$L$,$M$. The common external tangents to the incircles of $\triangle AMK$,$\triangle BKL$,$\triangle CLM$, distinct from the sides of $\triangle ABC$, are drawn. Show that these three lines are concurrent.

The incircle of $\triangle ABC$ touch $AB$,$BC$,$CA$ at $K$,$L$,$M$. The common external tangents to the incircles of $\triangle AMK$,$\triangle BKL$,$\triangle CLM$, distinct from the sides of $\triangle ABC$, are drawn. Show that these three lines are concurrent.

1999 All Russian grade X P6

In triangle $ABC$, a circle passes through $A$ and $B$ and is tangent to $BC$. Also, a circle that passes through $B$ and $C$ is tangent to $AB$. These two circles intersect at a point $K$ other than $B$. If $O$ is the circumcenter of $ABC$, prove that $\angle{BKO}=90^\circ$.

1999 All Russian grade XI P3

In triangle $ABC$, a circle passes through $A$ and $B$ and is tangent to $BC$. Also, a circle that passes through $B$ and $C$ is tangent to $AB$. These two circles intersect at a point $K$ other than $B$. If $O$ is the circumcenter of $ABC$, prove that $\angle{BKO}=90^\circ$.

1999 All Russian grade XI P3

A circle touches sides $DA$, $AB$, $BC$, $CD$ of a quadrilateral $ABCD$ at points $K$, $L$, $M$, $N$, respectively. Let $S_1$, $S_2$, $S_3$, $S_4$ respectively be the incircles of triangles $AKL$, $BLM$, $CMN$, $DNK$. The external common tangents distinct from the sides of $ABCD$ are drawn to $S_1$ and $S_2$, $S_2$ and $S_3$, $S_3$ and $S_4$, $S_4$ and $S_1$. Prove that these four tangents determine a rhombus.

1999 All Russian grade XI P7

Through vertex $A$ of a tetrahedron $ABCD$ passes a plane tangent to the circumscribed sphere of the tetrahedron. Show that the lines of intersection of the plane with the planes $ABC$, $ABD$, $ACD$, form six equal angles if and only if: $AB\cdot CD=AC\cdot BD=AD\cdot BC$

Through vertex $A$ of a tetrahedron $ABCD$ passes a plane tangent to the circumscribed sphere of the tetrahedron. Show that the lines of intersection of the plane with the planes $ABC$, $ABD$, $ACD$, form six equal angles if and only if: $AB\cdot CD=AC\cdot BD=AD\cdot BC$

2000 All Russian grade IX P3

Let $O$ be the center of the circumcircle $\omega$ of an acute-angle triangle $ABC$. A circle $\omega_1$ with center $K$ passes through $A$, $O$, $C$ and intersects $AB$ at $M$ and $BC$ at $N$. Point $L$ is symmetric to $K$ with respect to line $NM$. Prove that $BL \perp AC$.

2000 All Russian grade IX P7

Let $E$ be a point on the median $CD$ of a triangle $ABC$. The circle $\mathcal S_1$ passing through $E$ and touching $AB$ at $A$ meets the side $AC$ again at $M$. The circle $S_2$ passing through $E$ and touching $AB$ at $B$ meets the side $BC$ at $N$. Prove that the circumcircle of $\triangle CMN$ is tangent to both $\mathcal S_1$ and $\mathcal S_2$.

2000 All Russian grade XΙ P7

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is circumscribed about a circle $\omega$. The lines $AB$ and $CD$ meet at $O$. A circle $\omega_1$ is tangent to side $BC$ at $K$ and to the extensions of sides $AB$ and $CD$, and a circle $\omega_2$ is tangent to side $AD$ at $L$ and to the extensions of sides $AB$ and $CD$. Suppose that points $O$, $K$, $L$ lie on a line. Prove that the midpoints of $BC$ and $AD$ and the center of $\omega$ also lie on a line.

2001 All Russian grade IX P3

A point $K$ is taken inside parallelogram $ABCD$ so that the midpoint of $AD$ is equidistant from $K$ and $C$, and the midpoint of $CD$ is equidistant form $K$ and $A$. Let $N$ be the midpoint of $BK$. Prove that the angles $NAK$ and $NCK$ are equal.

2001 All Russian grade IX P7

Let $N$ be a point on the longest side $AC$ of a triangle $ABC$. The perpendicular bisectors of $AN$ and $NC$ intersect $AB$ and $BC$ respectively in $K$ and $M$. Prove that the circumcenter $O$ of $\triangle ABC$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $KBM$.

2001 All Russian grade XΙ P2

Let the circle $ {\omega}_{1}$ be internally tangent to another circle $ {\omega}_{2}$ at $ N$.Take a point $ K$ on $ {\omega}_{1}$ and draw a tangent $ AB$ which intersects $ {\omega}_{2}$ at $ A$ and $ B$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the arc $ AB$ which is on the opposite side of $ N$. Prove that, the circumradius of the $ \triangle KBM$ doesnt depend on the choice of $ K$.

2001 All Russian grade XΙ P8

A sphere with center on the plane of the face $ABC$ of a tetrahedron $SABC$ passes through $A$, $B$ and $C$, and meets the edges $SA$, $SB$, $SC$ again at $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$, respectively. The planes through $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$ tangent to the sphere meet at $O$. Prove that $O$ is the circumcenter of the tetrahedron $SA_1B_1C_1$.

2002 All Russian grade IX P2

Point $A$ lies on one ray and points $B,C$ lie on the other ray of an angle with the vertex at $O$ such that $B$ lies between $O$ and $C$. Let $O_1$ be the incenter of $\triangle OAB$ and $O_2$ be the center of the excircle of $\triangle OAC$ touching side $AC$. Prove that if $O_1A = O_2A$, then the triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

2002 All Russian grade IX P7

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of a triangle $ABC$. Points $M$ and $N$ are choosen on the sides $AB$ and $BC$ respectively so that the angle $AOC$ is two times greater than angle $MON$. Prove that the perimeter of triangle $MBN$ is not less than the lenght of side $AC$

The diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ of a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet at $O$. The circumcircles of triangles $AOB$ and $COD$ intersect again at $K$. Point $L$ is such that the triangles $BLC$ and $AKD$ are similar and equally oriented. Prove that if the quadrilateral $BLCK$ is convex, then it is tangent [has an incircle].

2003 All Russian grade IX P2

Two circles $S_1$ and $S_2$ with centers $O_1$ and $O_2$ respectively intersect at $A$ and $B$. The tangents at $A$ to $S_1$ and $S_2$ meet segments $BO_2$ and $BO_1$ at $K$ and $L$ respectively. Show that $KL \parallel O_1O_2.$

2003 All Russian grade IX P6

Let $B$ and $C$ be arbitrary points on sides $AP$ and $PD$ respectively of an acute triangle $APD$. The diagonals of the quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet at $Q$, and $H_1,H_2$ are the orthocenters of triangles $APD$ and $BPC$, respectively. Prove that if the line $H_1H_2$ passes through the intersection point $X \ (X \neq Q)$ of the circumcircles of triangles $ABQ$ and $CDQ$, then it also passes through the intersection point $Y \ (Y \neq Q)$ of the circumcircles of triangles $BCQ$ and $ADQ.$

2004 All Russian grade IX P2

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral (i. e. a quadrilateral which has an incircle). The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $DAB$ and $ABC$ intersect each other at $K$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ABC$ and $BCD$ intersect each other at $L$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $BCD$ and $CDA$ intersect each other at $M$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $CDA$ and $DAB$ intersect each other at $N$. Let $K_{1}$, $L_{1}$, $M_{1}$ and $N_{1}$ be the orthocenters of the triangles $ABK$, $BCL$, $CDM$ and $DAN$, respectively. Show that the quadrilateral $K_{1}L_{1}M_{1}N_{1}$ is a parallelogram.

2004 All Russian grade IX P8

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, let $T$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $AOC$, and let $M$ be the midpoint of the segment $AC$. We take a point $D$ on the side $AB$ and a point $E$ on the side $BC$ that satisfy $\angle BDM = \angle BEM = \angle ABC$. Show that the straight lines $BT$ and $DE$ are perpendicular.

2004 All Russian grade X P3

Let $ ABCD$ be a quadrilateral which is a cyclic quadrilateral and a tangent quadrilateral simultaneously. (By a tangent quadrilateral , we mean a quadrilateral that has an incircle.)

Let the incircle of the quadrilateral $ ABCD$ touch its sides $ AB$, $ BC$, $ CD$, and $ DA$ in the points $ K$, $ L$, $ M$, and $ N$, respectively. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ DAB$ and $ ABC$ intersect each other at a point $ K'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ ABC$ and $ BCD$ intersect each other at a point $ L'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ BCD$ and $ CDA$ intersect each other at a point $ M'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ CDA$ and $ DAB$ intersect each other at a point $ N'$. Prove that the straight lines $ KK'$, $ LL'$, $ MM'$, and $ NN'$ are concurrent.

2004 All Russian grade XΙ P8

A parallelepiped is cut by a plane along a 6-gon. Supposed this 6-gon can be put into a certain rectangle $ \pi$ (which means one can put the rectangle $ \pi$ on the parallelepiped's plane such that the 6-gon is completely covered by the rectangle). Show that one also can put one of the parallelepiped' faces into the rectangle $ \pi.$

2005 All Russian grade IX P1

Given a parallelogram $ABCD$ with $AB<BC$, show that the circumcircles of the triangles $APQ$ share a second common point (apart from $A$) as $P,Q$ move on the sides $BC,CD$ respectively s.t. $CP=CQ$.

2005 All Russian grade ΙΧ 6, grade X P7

We have an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, and $AA',BB'$ are its altitudes. A point $D$ is chosen on the arc $ACB$ of the circumcircle of $ABC$. If $P=AA'\cap BD,Q=BB'\cap AD$, show that the midpoint of $PQ$ lies on $A'B'$.

2005 All Russian grade X P4

$w_B$ and $w_C$ are excircles of a triangle $ABC$. The circle $w_B'$ is symmetric to $w_B$ with respect to the midpoint of $AC$, the circle $w_C'$ is symmetric to $w_C$ with respect to the midpoint of $AB$. Prove that the radical axis of $w_B'$ and $w_C'$ halves the perimeter of $ABC$.

2005 All Russian grade XΙ P7

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ without parallel sides is circumscribed around a circle with centre $O$. Prove that $O$ is a point of intersection of middle lines of quadrilateral $ABCD$ (i.e. barycentre of points $A,\,B,\,C,\,D$) iff $OA\cdot OC=OB\cdot OD$.

2006 All Russian grade IX P4

Given a triangle $ABC$. Let a circle $\omega$ touch the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at the point $A$, intersect the side $AB$ at a point $K$, and intersect the side $BC$. Let $CL$ be a tangent to the circle $\omega$, where the point $L$ lies on $\omega$ and the segment $KL$ intersects the side $BC$ at a point $T$. Show that the segment $BT$ has the same length as the tangent from the point $B$ to the circle $\omega$.

2006 All Russian grade IX P6

Let $P$, $Q$, $R$ be points on the sides $AB$, $BC$, $CA$ of a triangle $ABC$ such that $AP=CQ$ and the quadrilateral $RPBQ$ is cyclic. The tangents to the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at the points $C$ and $A$ intersect the lines $RQ$ and $RP$ at the points $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Prove that $RX=RY$.

2006 All Russian grade XΙ P6

Consider a tetrahedron $SABC$. The incircle of the triangle $ABC$ has the center $I$ and touches its sides $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ at the points $E$, $F$, $D$, respectively. Let $A'$, $B'$, $C'$ be the points on the segments $SA$, $SB$, $SC$ such that $AA'=AD$, $BB'=BE$, $CC'=CF$, and let $S'$ be the point diametrically opposite to the point $S$ on the circumsphere of the tetrahedron $SABC$. Assume that the line $SI$ is an altitude of the tetrahedron $SABC$. Show that $S'A'=S'B'=S'C'$.

2007 All Russian grade VIII P3

Given a rhombus $ABCD$. A point $M$ is chosen on its side $BC$. The lines, which pass through $M$ and are perpendicular to $BD$ and $AC$, meet line $AD$ in points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. Suppose that the lines $PB,QC,AM$ have a common point. Find all possible values of a ratio $\frac{BM}{MC}$.

A line, which passes through the incentre $I$ of the triangle $ABC$, meets its sides $AB$ and $BC$ at the points $M$ and $N$ respectively. The triangle $BMN$ is acute. The points $K,L$ are chosen on the side $AC$ such that $\angle ILA=\angle IMB$ and $\angle KC=\angle INB$. Prove that $AM+KL+CN=AC$.

2008 All Russian grade IX P3

2008 All Russian grade IX P6

The incircle of a triangle $ABC$ touches the side $AB$ and $AC$ at respectively at $X$ and $Y$. Let $K$ be the midpoint of the arc $\widehat{AB}$ on the circumcircle of $ABC$. Assume that $XY$ bisects the segment $AK$. What are the possible measures of angle $BAC$?

2008 All Russian grade XΙ P7

In convex quadrilateral $ ABCD$, the rays $ BA,CD$ meet at $ P$, and the rays $ BC,AD$ meet at $ Q$. $ H$ is the projection of $ D$ on $ PQ$. Prove that there is a circle inscribed in $ ABCD$ if and only if the incircles of triangles $ ADP,CDQ$ are visible from $ H$ under the same angle.

2009 All Russian grade IX P2

Let be given a triangle $ ABC$ and its internal angle bisector $ BD$ $ (D\in BC)$. The line $ BD$ intersects the circumcircle $ \Omega$ of triangle $ ABC$ at $ B$ and $ E$. Circle $ \omega$ with diameter $ DE$ cuts $ \Omega$ again at $ F$. Prove that $ BF$ is the symmedian line of triangle $ ABC$.

2009 All Russian grade IX P8

Triangles $ ABC$ and $ A_1B_1C_1$ have the same area. Using compass and ruler, can we always construct triangle $ A_2B_2C_2$ equal to triangle $ A_1B_1C_1$ so that the lines $ AA_2$, $ BB_2$, and $ CC_2$ are parallel?

Let $O$ be the center of the circumcircle $\omega$ of an acute-angle triangle $ABC$. A circle $\omega_1$ with center $K$ passes through $A$, $O$, $C$ and intersects $AB$ at $M$ and $BC$ at $N$. Point $L$ is symmetric to $K$ with respect to line $NM$. Prove that $BL \perp AC$.

Let $E$ be a point on the median $CD$ of a triangle $ABC$. The circle $\mathcal S_1$ passing through $E$ and touching $AB$ at $A$ meets the side $AC$ again at $M$. The circle $S_2$ passing through $E$ and touching $AB$ at $B$ meets the side $BC$ at $N$. Prove that the circumcircle of $\triangle CMN$ is tangent to both $\mathcal S_1$ and $\mathcal S_2$.

2000 All Russian grade X P3

]In an acute scalene triangle $ABC$ the bisector of the acute angle between the altitudes $AA_1$ and $CC_1$ meets the sides $AB$ and $BC$ at $P$ and $Q$ respectively. The bisector of the angle $B$ intersects the segment joining the orthocenter of $ABC$ and the midpoint of $AC$ at point $R$. Prove that $P$, $B$, $Q$, $R$ lie on a circle.

]In an acute scalene triangle $ABC$ the bisector of the acute angle between the altitudes $AA_1$ and $CC_1$ meets the sides $AB$ and $BC$ at $P$ and $Q$ respectively. The bisector of the angle $B$ intersects the segment joining the orthocenter of $ABC$ and the midpoint of $AC$ at point $R$. Prove that $P$, $B$, $Q$, $R$ lie on a circle.

2000 All Russian grade X P7

Two circles are internally tangent at $N$. The chords $BA$ and $BC$ of the larger circle are tangent to the smaller circle at $K$ and $M$ respectively. $Q$ and $P$ are midpoint of arcs $AB$ and $BC$ respectively. Circumcircles of triangles $BQK$ and $BPM$ are intersect at $L$. Show that $BPLQ$ is a parallelogram.

Two circles are internally tangent at $N$. The chords $BA$ and $BC$ of the larger circle are tangent to the smaller circle at $K$ and $M$ respectively. $Q$ and $P$ are midpoint of arcs $AB$ and $BC$ respectively. Circumcircles of triangles $BQK$ and $BPM$ are intersect at $L$. Show that $BPLQ$ is a parallelogram.

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is circumscribed about a circle $\omega$. The lines $AB$ and $CD$ meet at $O$. A circle $\omega_1$ is tangent to side $BC$ at $K$ and to the extensions of sides $AB$ and $CD$, and a circle $\omega_2$ is tangent to side $AD$ at $L$ and to the extensions of sides $AB$ and $CD$. Suppose that points $O$, $K$, $L$ lie on a line. Prove that the midpoints of $BC$ and $AD$ and the center of $\omega$ also lie on a line.

2001 All Russian grade IX P3

A point $K$ is taken inside parallelogram $ABCD$ so that the midpoint of $AD$ is equidistant from $K$ and $C$, and the midpoint of $CD$ is equidistant form $K$ and $A$. Let $N$ be the midpoint of $BK$. Prove that the angles $NAK$ and $NCK$ are equal.

2001 All Russian grade IX P7

Let $N$ be a point on the longest side $AC$ of a triangle $ABC$. The perpendicular bisectors of $AN$ and $NC$ intersect $AB$ and $BC$ respectively in $K$ and $M$. Prove that the circumcenter $O$ of $\triangle ABC$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $KBM$.

2001 All Russian grade X P7

Points $A_1, B_1, C_1$ inside an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ are selected on the altitudes from $A, B, C$ respectively so that the sum of the areas of triangles $ABC_1, BCA_1$, and $CAB_1$ is equal to the area of triangle $ABC$. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ passes through the orthocenter $H$ of triangle $ABC$.

Points $A_1, B_1, C_1$ inside an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ are selected on the altitudes from $A, B, C$ respectively so that the sum of the areas of triangles $ABC_1, BCA_1$, and $CAB_1$ is equal to the area of triangle $ABC$. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ passes through the orthocenter $H$ of triangle $ABC$.

2001 All Russian grade XΙ P2

Let the circle $ {\omega}_{1}$ be internally tangent to another circle $ {\omega}_{2}$ at $ N$.Take a point $ K$ on $ {\omega}_{1}$ and draw a tangent $ AB$ which intersects $ {\omega}_{2}$ at $ A$ and $ B$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the arc $ AB$ which is on the opposite side of $ N$. Prove that, the circumradius of the $ \triangle KBM$ doesnt depend on the choice of $ K$.

A sphere with center on the plane of the face $ABC$ of a tetrahedron $SABC$ passes through $A$, $B$ and $C$, and meets the edges $SA$, $SB$, $SC$ again at $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$, respectively. The planes through $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$ tangent to the sphere meet at $O$. Prove that $O$ is the circumcenter of the tetrahedron $SA_1B_1C_1$.

2002 All Russian grade IX P2

Point $A$ lies on one ray and points $B,C$ lie on the other ray of an angle with the vertex at $O$ such that $B$ lies between $O$ and $C$. Let $O_1$ be the incenter of $\triangle OAB$ and $O_2$ be the center of the excircle of $\triangle OAC$ touching side $AC$. Prove that if $O_1A = O_2A$, then the triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

2002 All Russian grade IX P7

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of a triangle $ABC$. Points $M$ and $N$ are choosen on the sides $AB$ and $BC$ respectively so that the angle $AOC$ is two times greater than angle $MON$. Prove that the perimeter of triangle $MBN$ is not less than the lenght of side $AC$

2002 All Russian grade X P2

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is inscribed in a circle $\omega$. The tangent to $\omega$ at $A$ intersects the ray $CB$ at $K$, and the tangent to $\omega$ at $B$ intersects the ray $DA$ at $M$. Prove that if $AM=AD$ and $BK=BC$, then $ABCD$ is a trapezoid.

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is inscribed in a circle $\omega$. The tangent to $\omega$ at $A$ intersects the ray $CB$ at $K$, and the tangent to $\omega$ at $B$ intersects the ray $DA$ at $M$. Prove that if $AM=AD$ and $BK=BC$, then $ABCD$ is a trapezoid.

2002 All Russian grade X P6

Let $A^\prime$ be the point of tangency of the excircle of a triangle $ABC$ (corrsponding to $A$) with the side $BC$. The line $a$ through $A^\prime$ is parallel to the bisector of $\angle BAC$. Lines $b$ and $c$ are analogously deﬁned. Prove that $a, b, c$ have a common point.

Let $A^\prime$ be the point of tangency of the excircle of a triangle $ABC$ (corrsponding to $A$) with the side $BC$. The line $a$ through $A^\prime$ is parallel to the bisector of $\angle BAC$. Lines $b$ and $c$ are analogously deﬁned. Prove that $a, b, c$ have a common point.

2003 All Russian grade IX P2

Two circles $S_1$ and $S_2$ with centers $O_1$ and $O_2$ respectively intersect at $A$ and $B$. The tangents at $A$ to $S_1$ and $S_2$ meet segments $BO_2$ and $BO_1$ at $K$ and $L$ respectively. Show that $KL \parallel O_1O_2.$

Let $B$ and $C$ be arbitrary points on sides $AP$ and $PD$ respectively of an acute triangle $APD$. The diagonals of the quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet at $Q$, and $H_1,H_2$ are the orthocenters of triangles $APD$ and $BPC$, respectively. Prove that if the line $H_1H_2$ passes through the intersection point $X \ (X \neq Q)$ of the circumcircles of triangles $ABQ$ and $CDQ$, then it also passes through the intersection point $Y \ (Y \neq Q)$ of the circumcircles of triangles $BCQ$ and $ADQ.$

2003 All Russian grade X P2

The diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet at $O$. Let $S_1, S_2$ be the circumcircles of triangles $ABO$ and $CDO$ respectively, and $O,K$ their intersection points. The lines through $O$ parallel to $AB$ and $CD$ meet $S_1$ and $S_2$ again at $L$ and $M$, respectively. Points $P$ and $Q$ on segments $OL$ and $OM$ respectively are taken such that $OP : PL = MQ : QO$. Prove that $O,K, P,Q$ lie on a circle.

2003 All Russian grade X P6

In a triangle $ABC, O$ is the circumcenter and $I$ the incenter. The excircle $\omega_a$ touches rays $AB,AC$ and side $BC$ at $K,M,N$, respectively. Prove that if the midpoint $P$ of $KM$ lies on the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$, then points $O,N, I$ lie on a line.

The inscribed sphere of a tetrahedron $ABCD$ touches $ABC,ABD,ACD$ and $BCD$ at $D_1,C_1,B_1$ and $A_1$ respectively. Consider the plane equidistant from $A$ and plane $B_1C_1D_1$ (parallel to $B_1C_1D_1$) and the three planes defined analogously for the vertices $B,C,D$. Prove that the circumcenter of the tetrahedron formed by these four planes coincides with the circumcenter of tetrahedron of $ABCD$.The diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet at $O$. Let $S_1, S_2$ be the circumcircles of triangles $ABO$ and $CDO$ respectively, and $O,K$ their intersection points. The lines through $O$ parallel to $AB$ and $CD$ meet $S_1$ and $S_2$ again at $L$ and $M$, respectively. Points $P$ and $Q$ on segments $OL$ and $OM$ respectively are taken such that $OP : PL = MQ : QO$. Prove that $O,K, P,Q$ lie on a circle.

2003 All Russian grade X P6

In a triangle $ABC, O$ is the circumcenter and $I$ the incenter. The excircle $\omega_a$ touches rays $AB,AC$ and side $BC$ at $K,M,N$, respectively. Prove that if the midpoint $P$ of $KM$ lies on the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$, then points $O,N, I$ lie on a line.

2004 All Russian grade IX P2

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral (i. e. a quadrilateral which has an incircle). The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $DAB$ and $ABC$ intersect each other at $K$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ABC$ and $BCD$ intersect each other at $L$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $BCD$ and $CDA$ intersect each other at $M$; the exterior angle bisectors of the angles $CDA$ and $DAB$ intersect each other at $N$. Let $K_{1}$, $L_{1}$, $M_{1}$ and $N_{1}$ be the orthocenters of the triangles $ABK$, $BCL$, $CDM$ and $DAN$, respectively. Show that the quadrilateral $K_{1}L_{1}M_{1}N_{1}$ is a parallelogram.

2004 All Russian grade IX P8

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, let $T$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $AOC$, and let $M$ be the midpoint of the segment $AC$. We take a point $D$ on the side $AB$ and a point $E$ on the side $BC$ that satisfy $\angle BDM = \angle BEM = \angle ABC$. Show that the straight lines $BT$ and $DE$ are perpendicular.

2004 All Russian grade X P3

Let $ ABCD$ be a quadrilateral which is a cyclic quadrilateral and a tangent quadrilateral simultaneously. (By a tangent quadrilateral , we mean a quadrilateral that has an incircle.)

Let the incircle of the quadrilateral $ ABCD$ touch its sides $ AB$, $ BC$, $ CD$, and $ DA$ in the points $ K$, $ L$, $ M$, and $ N$, respectively. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ DAB$ and $ ABC$ intersect each other at a point $ K'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ ABC$ and $ BCD$ intersect each other at a point $ L'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ BCD$ and $ CDA$ intersect each other at a point $ M'$. The exterior angle bisectors of the angles $ CDA$ and $ DAB$ intersect each other at a point $ N'$. Prove that the straight lines $ KK'$, $ LL'$, $ MM'$, and $ NN'$ are concurrent.

2004 All Russian grade XΙ P2

Let $ I(A)$ and $ I(B)$ be the centers of the excircles of a triangle $ ABC,$ which touches the sides $ BC$ and $ CA$ in its interior. Furthermore let $ P$ a point on the circumcircle $ \omega$ of the triangle $ ABC.$ Show that the center of the segment which connects the circumcenters of the triangles $ I(A)CP$ and $ I(B)CP$ coincides with the center of the circle $ \omega.$

Let $ I(A)$ and $ I(B)$ be the centers of the excircles of a triangle $ ABC,$ which touches the sides $ BC$ and $ CA$ in its interior. Furthermore let $ P$ a point on the circumcircle $ \omega$ of the triangle $ ABC.$ Show that the center of the segment which connects the circumcenters of the triangles $ I(A)CP$ and $ I(B)CP$ coincides with the center of the circle $ \omega.$

A parallelepiped is cut by a plane along a 6-gon. Supposed this 6-gon can be put into a certain rectangle $ \pi$ (which means one can put the rectangle $ \pi$ on the parallelepiped's plane such that the 6-gon is completely covered by the rectangle). Show that one also can put one of the parallelepiped' faces into the rectangle $ \pi.$

2005 All Russian grade IX P1

Given a parallelogram $ABCD$ with $AB<BC$, show that the circumcircles of the triangles $APQ$ share a second common point (apart from $A$) as $P,Q$ move on the sides $BC,CD$ respectively s.t. $CP=CQ$.

2005 All Russian grade ΙΧ 6, grade X P7

We have an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, and $AA',BB'$ are its altitudes. A point $D$ is chosen on the arc $ACB$ of the circumcircle of $ABC$. If $P=AA'\cap BD,Q=BB'\cap AD$, show that the midpoint of $PQ$ lies on $A'B'$.

2005 All Russian grade X P4

$w_B$ and $w_C$ are excircles of a triangle $ABC$. The circle $w_B'$ is symmetric to $w_B$ with respect to the midpoint of $AC$, the circle $w_C'$ is symmetric to $w_C$ with respect to the midpoint of $AB$. Prove that the radical axis of $w_B'$ and $w_C'$ halves the perimeter of $ABC$.

2005 All Russian grade XΙ P3

Let $A',\,B',\,C'$ be points, in which excircles touch corresponding sides of triangle $ABC$. Circumcircles of triangles $A'B'C,\,AB'C',\,A'BC'$ intersect a circumcircle of $ABC$ in points $C_1\ne C,\,A_1\ne A,\,B_1\ne B$ respectively. Prove that a triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ is similar to a triangle, formed by points, in which incircle of $ABC$ touches its sides.

Let $A',\,B',\,C'$ be points, in which excircles touch corresponding sides of triangle $ABC$. Circumcircles of triangles $A'B'C,\,AB'C',\,A'BC'$ intersect a circumcircle of $ABC$ in points $C_1\ne C,\,A_1\ne A,\,B_1\ne B$ respectively. Prove that a triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ is similar to a triangle, formed by points, in which incircle of $ABC$ touches its sides.

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ without parallel sides is circumscribed around a circle with centre $O$. Prove that $O$ is a point of intersection of middle lines of quadrilateral $ABCD$ (i.e. barycentre of points $A,\,B,\,C,\,D$) iff $OA\cdot OC=OB\cdot OD$.

2006 All Russian grade IX P4

Given a triangle $ABC$. Let a circle $\omega$ touch the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at the point $A$, intersect the side $AB$ at a point $K$, and intersect the side $BC$. Let $CL$ be a tangent to the circle $\omega$, where the point $L$ lies on $\omega$ and the segment $KL$ intersects the side $BC$ at a point $T$. Show that the segment $BT$ has the same length as the tangent from the point $B$ to the circle $\omega$.

Let $P$, $Q$, $R$ be points on the sides $AB$, $BC$, $CA$ of a triangle $ABC$ such that $AP=CQ$ and the quadrilateral $RPBQ$ is cyclic. The tangents to the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at the points $C$ and $A$ intersect the lines $RQ$ and $RP$ at the points $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Prove that $RX=RY$.

2006 All Russian grade X P4

Consider an isosceles triangle $ABC$ with $AB=AC$, and a circle $\omega$ which is tangent to the sides $AB$ and $AC$ of this triangle and intersects the side $BC$ at the points $K$ and $L$. The segment $AK$ intersects the circle $\omega$ at a point $M$ (apart from $K$). Let $P$ and $Q$ be the reflections of the point $K$ in the points $B$ and $C$, respectively. Show that the circumcircle of triangle $PMQ$ is tangent to the circle $\omega$,

Consider an isosceles triangle $ABC$ with $AB=AC$, and a circle $\omega$ which is tangent to the sides $AB$ and $AC$ of this triangle and intersects the side $BC$ at the points $K$ and $L$. The segment $AK$ intersects the circle $\omega$ at a point $M$ (apart from $K$). Let $P$ and $Q$ be the reflections of the point $K$ in the points $B$ and $C$, respectively. Show that the circumcircle of triangle $PMQ$ is tangent to the circle $\omega$,

2006 All Russian grade X P6

Let $K$ and $L$ be two points on the arcs $AB$ and $BC$ of the circumcircle of a triangle $ABC$, respectively, such that $KL\parallel AC$. Show that the incenters of triangles $ABK$ and $CBL$ are equidistant from the midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$.

Let $K$ and $L$ be two points on the arcs $AB$ and $BC$ of the circumcircle of a triangle $ABC$, respectively, such that $KL\parallel AC$. Show that the incenters of triangles $ABK$ and $CBL$ are equidistant from the midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$.

2006 All Russian grade XΙ P4

Given a triangle $ ABC$. The angle bisectors of the angles $ ABC$ and $ BCA$ intersect the sides $ CA$ and $ AB$ at the points $ B_1$ and $ C_1$, and intersect each other at the point $ I$. The line $ B_1C_1$ intersects the circumcircle of triangle $ ABC$ at the points $ M$ and $ N$. Prove that the circumradius of triangle $ MIN$ is twice as long as the circumradius of triangle $ ABC$.

Given a triangle $ ABC$. The angle bisectors of the angles $ ABC$ and $ BCA$ intersect the sides $ CA$ and $ AB$ at the points $ B_1$ and $ C_1$, and intersect each other at the point $ I$. The line $ B_1C_1$ intersects the circumcircle of triangle $ ABC$ at the points $ M$ and $ N$. Prove that the circumradius of triangle $ MIN$ is twice as long as the circumradius of triangle $ ABC$.

Consider a tetrahedron $SABC$. The incircle of the triangle $ABC$ has the center $I$ and touches its sides $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ at the points $E$, $F$, $D$, respectively. Let $A'$, $B'$, $C'$ be the points on the segments $SA$, $SB$, $SC$ such that $AA'=AD$, $BB'=BE$, $CC'=CF$, and let $S'$ be the point diametrically opposite to the point $S$ on the circumsphere of the tetrahedron $SABC$. Assume that the line $SI$ is an altitude of the tetrahedron $SABC$. Show that $S'A'=S'B'=S'C'$.

2007 All Russian grade VIII P3

Given a rhombus $ABCD$. A point $M$ is chosen on its side $BC$. The lines, which pass through $M$ and are perpendicular to $BD$ and $AC$, meet line $AD$ in points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. Suppose that the lines $PB,QC,AM$ have a common point. Find all possible values of a ratio $\frac{BM}{MC}$.

by S. Berlov, F. Petrov, A. Akopyan

2007 All Russian grade VIII P6A line, which passes through the incentre $I$ of the triangle $ABC$, meets its sides $AB$ and $BC$ at the points $M$ and $N$ respectively. The triangle $BMN$ is acute. The points $K,L$ are chosen on the side $AC$ such that $\angle ILA=\angle IMB$ and $\angle KC=\angle INB$. Prove that $AM+KL+CN=AC$.

by S. Berlov

2007 All Russian grade IX P4 grade X P4,

$BB_{1}$ is a bisector of an acute triangle $ABC$. A perpendicular from $B_{1}$ to $BC$ meets a smaller arc $BC$ of a circumcircle of $ABC$ in a point $K$. A perpendicular from $B$ to $AK$ meets $AC$ in a point $L$. $BB_{1}$ meets arc $AC$ in $T$. Prove that $K$, $L$, $T$ are collinear.

$BB_{1}$ is a bisector of an acute triangle $ABC$. A perpendicular from $B_{1}$ to $BC$ meets a smaller arc $BC$ of a circumcircle of $ABC$ in a point $K$. A perpendicular from $B$ to $AK$ meets $AC$ in a point $L$. $BB_{1}$ meets arc $AC$ in $T$. Prove that $K$, $L$, $T$ are collinear.

by V. Astakhov

2007 All Russian grade IX P6

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle. The points $M$ and $N$ are midpoints of $AB$ and $BC$ respectively, and $BH$ is an altitude of $ABC$. The circumcircles of $AHN$ and $CHM$ meet in $P$ where $P\ne H$. Prove that $PH$ passes through the midpoint of $MN$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle. The points $M$ and $N$ are midpoints of $AB$ and $BC$ respectively, and $BH$ is an altitude of $ABC$. The circumcircles of $AHN$ and $CHM$ meet in $P$ where $P\ne H$. Prove that $PH$ passes through the midpoint of $MN$.

by V. Filimonov

2007 All Russian grade X P6

Two circles $ \omega_{1}$ and $ \omega_{2}$ intersect in points $ A$ and $ B$. Let $ PQ$ and $ RS$ be segments of common tangents to these circles (points $ P$ and $ R$ lie on $ \omega_{1}$, points $ Q$ and $ S$ lie on $ \omega_{2}$). It appears that $ RB\parallel PQ$. Ray $ RB$ intersects $ \omega_{2}$ in a point $ W\ne B$. Find $ RB/BW$.

The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches its sides $BC$, $AC$, $AB$ at the points $A_{1}$, $B_{1}$, $C_{1}$ respectively. A segment $AA_{1}$ intersects the incircle at the point $Q\ne A_{1}$. A line $\ell$ through $A$ is parallel to $BC$. Lines $A_{1}C_{1}$ and $A_{1}B_{1}$ intersect $\ell$ at the points $P$ and $R$ respectively. Prove that $\angle PQR=\angle B_{1}QC_{1}$.

Two circles $ \omega_{1}$ and $ \omega_{2}$ intersect in points $ A$ and $ B$. Let $ PQ$ and $ RS$ be segments of common tangents to these circles (points $ P$ and $ R$ lie on $ \omega_{1}$, points $ Q$ and $ S$ lie on $ \omega_{2}$). It appears that $ RB\parallel PQ$. Ray $ RB$ intersects $ \omega_{2}$ in a point $ W\ne B$. Find $ RB/BW$.

by S. Berlov

2007 All Russian grade XI P2The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches its sides $BC$, $AC$, $AB$ at the points $A_{1}$, $B_{1}$, $C_{1}$ respectively. A segment $AA_{1}$ intersects the incircle at the point $Q\ne A_{1}$. A line $\ell$ through $A$ is parallel to $BC$. Lines $A_{1}C_{1}$ and $A_{1}B_{1}$ intersect $\ell$ at the points $P$ and $R$ respectively. Prove that $\angle PQR=\angle B_{1}QC_{1}$.

by A. Polyansky

Given a tetrahedron $ T$. Valentin wants to find two its edges $ a,b$ with no common vertices so that $ T$ is covered by balls with diameters $ a,b$. Can he always find such a pair?

by A. Zaslavsky

In a scalene triangle $ ABC, H$ and $ M$ are the orthocenter an centroid respectively. Consider the triangle formed by the lines through $ A,B$ and $ C$ perpendicular to $ AM,BM$ and $ CM$ respectively. Prove that the centroid of this triangle lies on the line $ MH$.

The incircle of a triangle $ABC$ touches the side $AB$ and $AC$ at respectively at $X$ and $Y$. Let $K$ be the midpoint of the arc $\widehat{AB}$ on the circumcircle of $ABC$. Assume that $XY$ bisects the segment $AK$. What are the possible measures of angle $BAC$?

2008 All Russian grade X P3

A circle $ \omega$ with center $ O$ is tangent to the rays of an angle $ BAC$ at $ B$ and $ C$. Point $ Q$ is taken inside the angle $ BAC$. Assume that point $ P$ on the segment $ AQ$ is such that $ AQ\perp OP$. The line $ OP$ intersects the circumcircles $ \omega_{1}$ and $ \omega_{2}$ of triangles $ BPQ$ and $ CPQ$ again at points $ M$ and $ N$. Prove that $ OM =ON$.

A circle $ \omega$ with center $ O$ is tangent to the rays of an angle $ BAC$ at $ B$ and $ C$. Point $ Q$ is taken inside the angle $ BAC$. Assume that point $ P$ on the segment $ AQ$ is such that $ AQ\perp OP$. The line $ OP$ intersects the circumcircles $ \omega_{1}$ and $ \omega_{2}$ of triangles $ BPQ$ and $ CPQ$ again at points $ M$ and $ N$. Prove that $ OM =ON$.

2008 All Russian grade X P6

In a scalene triangle $ ABC$ the altitudes $ AA_{1}$ and $ CC_{1}$ intersect at $ H, O$ is the circumcenter, and $ B_{0}$ the midpoint of side $ AC$. The line $ BO$ intersects side $ AC$ at $ P$, while the lines $ BH$ and $ A_{1}C_{1}$ meet at $ Q$. Prove that the lines $ HB_{0}$ and $ PQ$ are parallel.

In a scalene triangle $ ABC$ the altitudes $ AA_{1}$ and $ CC_{1}$ intersect at $ H, O$ is the circumcenter, and $ B_{0}$ the midpoint of side $ AC$. The line $ BO$ intersects side $ AC$ at $ P$, while the lines $ BH$ and $ A_{1}C_{1}$ meet at $ Q$. Prove that the lines $ HB_{0}$ and $ PQ$ are parallel.

2008 All Russian grade XΙ P4

Each face of a tetrahedron can be placed in a circle of radius $ 1$. Show that the tetrahedron can be placed in a sphere of radius $ \frac{3}{2\sqrt2}$.

Each face of a tetrahedron can be placed in a circle of radius $ 1$. Show that the tetrahedron can be placed in a sphere of radius $ \frac{3}{2\sqrt2}$.

In convex quadrilateral $ ABCD$, the rays $ BA,CD$ meet at $ P$, and the rays $ BC,AD$ meet at $ Q$. $ H$ is the projection of $ D$ on $ PQ$. Prove that there is a circle inscribed in $ ABCD$ if and only if the incircles of triangles $ ADP,CDQ$ are visible from $ H$ under the same angle.

2009 All Russian grade IX P2

Let be given a triangle $ ABC$ and its internal angle bisector $ BD$ $ (D\in BC)$. The line $ BD$ intersects the circumcircle $ \Omega$ of triangle $ ABC$ at $ B$ and $ E$. Circle $ \omega$ with diameter $ DE$ cuts $ \Omega$ again at $ F$. Prove that $ BF$ is the symmedian line of triangle $ ABC$.

2009 All Russian grade IX P8

Triangles $ ABC$ and $ A_1B_1C_1$ have the same area. Using compass and ruler, can we always construct triangle $ A_2B_2C_2$ equal to triangle $ A_1B_1C_1$ so that the lines $ AA_2$, $ BB_2$, and $ CC_2$ are parallel?

2009 All Russian grade X P7

The incircle $ (I)$ of a given scalene triangle $ ABC$ touches its sides $ BC$, $ CA$, $ AB$ at $ A_1$, $ B_1$, $ C_1$, respectively. Denote $ \omega_B$, $ \omega_C$ the incircles of quadrilaterals $ BA_1IC_1$ and $ CA_1IB_1$, respectively. Prove that the internal common tangent of $ \omega_B$ and $ \omega_C$ different from $ IA_1$ passes through $ A$.

The incircle $ (I)$ of a given scalene triangle $ ABC$ touches its sides $ BC$, $ CA$, $ AB$ at $ A_1$, $ B_1$, $ C_1$, respectively. Denote $ \omega_B$, $ \omega_C$ the incircles of quadrilaterals $ BA_1IC_1$ and $ CA_1IB_1$, respectively. Prove that the internal common tangent of $ \omega_B$ and $ \omega_C$ different from $ IA_1$ passes through $ A$.

2009 All Russian grade XΙ P3

Let $ ABCD$ be a triangular pyramid such that no face of the pyramid is a right triangle and the orthocenters of triangles $ ABC$, $ ABD$, and $ ACD$ are collinear. Prove that the center of the sphere circumscribed to the pyramid lies on the plane passing through the midpoints of $ AB$, $ AC$ and $ AD$.

Let $ ABCD$ be a triangular pyramid such that no face of the pyramid is a right triangle and the orthocenters of triangles $ ABC$, $ ABD$, and $ ACD$ are collinear. Prove that the center of the sphere circumscribed to the pyramid lies on the plane passing through the midpoints of $ AB$, $ AC$ and $ AD$.

Let be given a parallelogram $ ABCD$ and two points $ A_1$, $ C_1$ on its sides $ AB$, $ BC$, respectively. Lines $ AC_1$ and $ CA_1$ meet at $ P$. Assume that the circumcircles of triangles $ AA_1P$ and $ CC_1P$ intersect at the second point $ Q$ inside triangle $ ACD$. Prove that $ \angle PDA = \angle QBA$.

Lines tangent to circle $O$ in points $A$ and $B$, intersect in point $P$. Point $Z$ is the center of $O$. On the minor arc $AB$, point $C$ is chosen not on the midpoint of the arc. Lines $AC$ and $PB$ intersect at point $D$. Lines $BC$ and $AP$ intersect at point $E$. Prove that the circumcentres of triangles $ACE$, $BCD$, and $PCZ$ are collinear.

In a acute triangle $ABC$, the median, $AM$, is longer than side $AB$. Prove that you can cut triangle $ABC$ into $3$ parts out of which you can construct a rhombus.

Let $O$ be the circumcentre of the acute non-isosceles triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ and $Q$ be points on the altitude $AD$ such that $OP$ and $OQ$ are perpendicular to $AB$ and $AC$ respectively. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $BC$ and $S$ be the circumcentre of triangle $OPQ$. Prove that $\angle BAS =\angle CAM$.

Into triangle $ABC$ gives point $K$ lies on bisector of $ \angle BAC$. Line $CK$ intersect circumcircle $ \omega$ of triangle $ABC$ at $M \neq C$. Circle $ \Omega$ passes through $A$, touch $CM$ at $K$ and intersect segment $AB$ at $P \neq A$ and $\omega $ at $Q \neq A$.

Prove, that $P$, $Q$, $M$ lies at one line.

Quadrilateral $ABCD$ is inscribed into circle $\omega$, $AC$ intersect $BD$ in point $K$. Points $M_1$, $M_2$, $M_3$, $M_4$-midpoints of arcs $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, and $DA$ respectively. Points $I_1$, $I_2$, $I_3$, $I_4$-incenters of triangles $ABK$, $BCK$, $CDK$, and $DAK$ respectively. Prove that lines $M_1I_1$, $M_2I_2$, $M_3I_3$, and $M_4I_4$ all intersect in one point.

Could the four centers of the circles inscribed into the faces of a tetrahedron be coplanar?

(vertexes of tetrahedron not coplanar)

Given is an acute angled triangle $ABC$. A circle going through $B$ and the triangle's circumcenter, $O$, intersects $BC$ and $BA$ at points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. Prove that the intersection of the heights of the triangle $POQ$ lies on line $AC$.

Let $ABC$ be an equilateral triangle. A point $T$ is chosen on $AC$ and on arcs $AB$ and $BC$ of the circumcircle of $ABC$, $M$ and $N$ are chosen respectively, so that $MT$ is parallel to $BC$ and $NT$ is parallel to $AB$. Segments $AN$ and $MT$ intersect at point $X$, while $CM$ and $NT$ intersect in point $Y$. Prove that the perimeters of the polygons $AXYC$ and $XMBNY$ are the same.

Perimeter of triangle $ABC$ is $4$. Point $X$ is marked at ray $AB$ and point $Y$ is marked at ray AC such that $AX=AY=1$. $BC$ intersects $XY$ at point $M$. Prove that perimeter of one of triangles $ ABM$ or $ACM$ is $2$.

by V. Shmarov

Given is an acute triangle $ABC$. Its heights $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ are extended past points $B_1$ and $C_1$. On these extensions, points $P$ and $Q$ are chosen, such that angle $PAQ$ is right. Let $AF$ be a height of triangle $APQ$. Prove that angle $BFC$ is a right angle.

On side $BC$ of parallelogram $ABCD$ ($A$ is acute) lies point $T$ so that triangle $ATD$ is an acute triangle. Let $O_1$, $O_2$, and $O_3$ be the circumcenters of triangles $ABT$, $DAT$, and $CDT$ respectively. Prove that the orthocenter of triangle $O_1O_2O_3$ lies on line $AD$.

Let $N$ be the midpoint of arc $ABC$ of the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$, let $M$ be the midpoint of $AC$ and let $I_1, I_2$ be the incentres of triangles $ABM$ and $CBM$. Prove that points $I_1, I_2, B, N$ lie on a circle.

M. Kungojin

Consider the parallelogram $ABCD$ with obtuse angle $A$. Let $H$ be the feet of perpendicular from $A$ to the side $BC$. The median from $C$ in triangle $ABC$ meets the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at the point $K$. Prove that points $K,H,C,D$ lie on the same circle.

2013 All Russian grade IX P2

Acute-angled triangle $ABC$ is inscribed into circle $\Omega$. Lines tangent to $\Omega$ at $B$ and $C$ intersect at $P$. Points $D$ and $E$ are on $AB$ and $AC$ such that $PD$ and $PE$ are perpendicular to $AB$ and $AC$ respectively. Prove that the orthocentre of triangle $ADE$ is the midpoint of $BC$.

2013 All Russian grade IX P7

Squares $CAKL$ and $CBMN$ are constructed on the sides of acute-angled triangle $ABC$, outside of the triangle. Line $CN$ intersects line segment $AK$ at $X$, while line $CL$ intersects line segment $BM$ at $Y$. Point $P$, lying inside triangle $ABC$, is an intersection of the circumcircles of triangles $KXN$ and $LYM$. Point $S$ is the midpoint of $AB$. Prove that angle $\angle ACS=\angle BCP$.

2012 All Russian grade IX P6

The points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ lie on the sides sides $BC,AC$ and $AB$ of the triangle $ABC$ respectively. Suppose that $AB_1-AC_1=CA_1-CB_1=BC_1-BA_1$. Let $I_A, I_B, I_C$ be the incentres of triangles $AB_1C_1,A_1BC_1$ and $A_1B_1C$ respectively. Prove that the circumcentre of triangle $I_AI_BI_C$ is the incentre of triangle $ABC$.

The points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ lie on the sides sides $BC,AC$ and $AB$ of the triangle $ABC$ respectively. Suppose that $AB_1-AC_1=CA_1-CB_1=BC_1-BA_1$. Let $I_A, I_B, I_C$ be the incentres of triangles $AB_1C_1,A_1BC_1$ and $A_1B_1C$ respectively. Prove that the circumcentre of triangle $I_AI_BI_C$ is the incentre of triangle $ABC$.

2012 All Russian grade X P2

The inscribed circle $\omega$ of the non-isosceles acute-angled triangle $ABC$ touches the side $BC$ at the point $D$. Suppose that $I$ and $O$ are the centres of inscribed circle and circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ respectively. The circumcircle of triangle $ADI$ intersects $AO$ at the points $A$ and $E$. Prove that $AE$ is equal to the radius $r$ of $\omega$.

The inscribed circle $\omega$ of the non-isosceles acute-angled triangle $ABC$ touches the side $BC$ at the point $D$. Suppose that $I$ and $O$ are the centres of inscribed circle and circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ respectively. The circumcircle of triangle $ADI$ intersects $AO$ at the points $A$ and $E$. Prove that $AE$ is equal to the radius $r$ of $\omega$.

2012 All Russian grade X P8

The point $E$ is the midpoint of the segment connecting the orthocentre of the scalene triangle $ABC$ and the point $A$. The incircle of triangle $ABC$ incircle is tangent to $AB$ and $AC$ at points $C'$ and $B'$ respectively. Prove that point $F$, the point symmetric to point $E$ with respect to line $B'C'$, lies on the line that passes through both the circumcentre and the incentre of triangle $ABC$.

The point $E$ is the midpoint of the segment connecting the orthocentre of the scalene triangle $ABC$ and the point $A$. The incircle of triangle $ABC$ incircle is tangent to $AB$ and $AC$ at points $C'$ and $B'$ respectively. Prove that point $F$, the point symmetric to point $E$ with respect to line $B'C'$, lies on the line that passes through both the circumcentre and the incentre of triangle $ABC$.

2012 All Russian grade XI P4

Given is a pyramid $SA_1A_2A_3\ldots A_n$ whose base is convex polygon $A_1A_2A_3\ldots A_n$. For every $i=1,2,3,\ldots ,n$ there is a triangle $X_iA_iA_{i+1} $ congruent to triangle $SA_iA_{i+1}$ that lies on the same side from $A_iA_{i+1}$ as the base of that pyramid.

(You can assume $a_1$ is the same as $a_{n+1}$.) Prove that these triangles together cover the entire base.

Given is a pyramid $SA_1A_2A_3\ldots A_n$ whose base is convex polygon $A_1A_2A_3\ldots A_n$. For every $i=1,2,3,\ldots ,n$ there is a triangle $X_iA_iA_{i+1} $ congruent to triangle $SA_iA_{i+1}$ that lies on the same side from $A_iA_{i+1}$ as the base of that pyramid.

(You can assume $a_1$ is the same as $a_{n+1}$.) Prove that these triangles together cover the entire base.

The points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ lie on the sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ of the triangle $ABC$ respectively. Suppose that $AB_1-AC_1=CA_1-CB_1=BC_1-BA_1$. Let $O_A,O_B$ and $O_C$ be the circumcentres of triangles $AB_1C_1,A_1BC_1$ and $A_1B_1C$ respectively. Prove that the incentre of triangle $O_AO_BO_C$ is the incentre of triangle $ABC$ too.

Acute-angled triangle $ABC$ is inscribed into circle $\Omega$. Lines tangent to $\Omega$ at $B$ and $C$ intersect at $P$. Points $D$ and $E$ are on $AB$ and $AC$ such that $PD$ and $PE$ are perpendicular to $AB$ and $AC$ respectively. Prove that the orthocentre of triangle $ADE$ is the midpoint of $BC$.

Squares $CAKL$ and $CBMN$ are constructed on the sides of acute-angled triangle $ABC$, outside of the triangle. Line $CN$ intersects line segment $AK$ at $X$, while line $CL$ intersects line segment $BM$ at $Y$. Point $P$, lying inside triangle $ABC$, is an intersection of the circumcircles of triangles $KXN$ and $LYM$. Point $S$ is the midpoint of $AB$. Prove that angle $\angle ACS=\angle BCP$.

2013 All Russian grade X P4

Inside the inscribed quadrilateral $ABCD$ are marked points $P$ and $Q$, such that $\angle PDC + \angle PCB,$ $\angle PAB + \angle PBC,$ $\angle QCD + \angle QDA$ and $\angle QBA + \angle QAD$ are all equal to $90^\circ$. Prove that the line $PQ$ has equal angles with lines $AD$ and $BC$.

Inside the inscribed quadrilateral $ABCD$ are marked points $P$ and $Q$, such that $\angle PDC + \angle PCB,$ $\angle PAB + \angle PBC,$ $\angle QCD + \angle QDA$ and $\angle QBA + \angle QAD$ are all equal to $90^\circ$. Prove that the line $PQ$ has equal angles with lines $AD$ and $BC$.

by A. Pastor

2013 All Russian grade X P7

The incircle of triangle $ ABC $ has centre $I$ and touches the sides $ BC $, $ CA $, $ AB $ at points $ A_1 $, $ B_1 $, $ C_1 $, respectively. Let $ I_a $, $ I_b $, $ I_c $ be excentres of triangle $ ABC $, touching the sides $ BC $, $ CA $, $ AB $ respectively. The segments $ I_aB_1 $ and $ I_bA_1 $ intersect at $ C_2 $. Similarly, segments $ I_bC_1 $ and $ I_cB_1 $ intersect at $ A_2 $, and the segments $ I_cA_1 $ and $ I_aC_1 $ at $ B_2 $. Prove that $ I $ is the center of the circumcircle of the triangle $ A_2B_2C_2 $.

The incircle of triangle $ ABC $ has centre $I$ and touches the sides $ BC $, $ CA $, $ AB $ at points $ A_1 $, $ B_1 $, $ C_1 $, respectively. Let $ I_a $, $ I_b $, $ I_c $ be excentres of triangle $ ABC $, touching the sides $ BC $, $ CA $, $ AB $ respectively. The segments $ I_aB_1 $ and $ I_bA_1 $ intersect at $ C_2 $. Similarly, segments $ I_bC_1 $ and $ I_cB_1 $ intersect at $ A_2 $, and the segments $ I_cA_1 $ and $ I_aC_1 $ at $ B_2 $. Prove that $ I $ is the center of the circumcircle of the triangle $ A_2B_2C_2 $.

by L. Emelyanov, A. Polyansky

2013 All Russian grade XI P2

The inscribed and exscribed sphere of a triangular pyramid $ABCD$ touch her face $BCD$ at different points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that the triangle $AXY$ is obtuse triangle.

The inscribed and exscribed sphere of a triangular pyramid $ABCD$ touch her face $BCD$ at different points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that the triangle $AXY$ is obtuse triangle.

Let $ \omega $ be the incircle of the triangle $ABC$ and with centre $I$. Let $\Gamma $ be the circumcircle of the triangle $AIB$. Circles $ \omega $ and $ \Gamma $ intersect at the point $X$ and $Y$. Let $Z$ be the intersection of the common tangents of the circles $\omega$ and $\Gamma$. Show that the circumcircle of the triangle $XYZ$ is tangent to the circumcircle of the triangle $ABC$.

by Saken Ilyas (Kazakhstan)

2014 All Russian grade IX P4

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ of acute-angled triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$. Let $\Omega $ be the circumcircle of $ ABC$. The tangents to $ \Omega $ at the points $A$ and $C$ meet at $P$, and $BP$ and $AC$ intersect at $S$. Let $AD$ be the altitude of the triangle $ABP$ and $\omega$ the circumcircle of the triangle $CSD$. Suppose $ \omega$ and $ \Omega $ intersect at $K\not= C$. Prove that $ \angle CKM=90^\circ $.

Let $ABCD$ be a trapezoid with $AB\parallel CD$ and $ \Omega $ is a circle passing through $A,B,C,D$. Let $ \omega $ be the circle passing through $C,D$ and intersecting with $CA,CB$ at $A_1$, $B_1$ respectively. $A_2$ and $B_2$ are the points symmetric to $A_1$ and $B_1$ respectively, with respect to the midpoints of $CA$ and $CB$. Prove that the points $A,B,A_2,B_2$ are concyclic.

An acute-angled $ABC \ (AB<AC)$ is inscribed into a circle $\omega$. Let $M$ be the centroid of $ABC$, and let $AH$ be an altitude of this triangle. A ray $MH$ meets $\omega$ at $A'$. Prove that the circumcircle of the triangle $A'HB$ is tangent to $AB$.

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ of acute-angled triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$. Let $\Omega $ be the circumcircle of $ ABC$. The tangents to $ \Omega $ at the points $A$ and $C$ meet at $P$, and $BP$ and $AC$ intersect at $S$. Let $AD$ be the altitude of the triangle $ABP$ and $\omega$ the circumcircle of the triangle $CSD$. Suppose $ \omega$ and $ \Omega $ intersect at $K\not= C$. Prove that $ \angle CKM=90^\circ $.

by V. Shmarov

2014 All Russian grade IX P6Let $ABCD$ be a trapezoid with $AB\parallel CD$ and $ \Omega $ is a circle passing through $A,B,C,D$. Let $ \omega $ be the circle passing through $C,D$ and intersecting with $CA,CB$ at $A_1$, $B_1$ respectively. $A_2$ and $B_2$ are the points symmetric to $A_1$ and $B_1$ respectively, with respect to the midpoints of $CA$ and $CB$. Prove that the points $A,B,A_2,B_2$ are concyclic.

by I. Bogdanov

2014 All Russian grade X P4

Given a triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, let $ \Omega $ be the circumcircle. Let $M$, $N$ lie on the sides $AB$, $BC$ respectively, such that $AM=CN$. Let $K$ be the intersection of $MN$ and $AC$. Let $P$ be the incentre of the triangle $AMK$ and $Q$ be the $K$-excentre of the triangle $CNK$. If $R$ is midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of $ \Omega $ then prove that $RP=RQ$.

Given a triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, let $ \Omega $ be the circumcircle. Let $M$, $N$ lie on the sides $AB$, $BC$ respectively, such that $AM=CN$. Let $K$ be the intersection of $MN$ and $AC$. Let $P$ be the incentre of the triangle $AMK$ and $Q$ be the $K$-excentre of the triangle $CNK$. If $R$ is midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of $ \Omega $ then prove that $RP=RQ$.

by M. Kungodjin

2014 All Russian grade X P6

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ of $ \triangle ABC$. Let $P\in AM$ and $Q\in CM$ be such that $PQ=\frac{AC}{2}$. Let $(ABQ)$ intersect with $BC$ at $X\not= B$ and $(BCP)$ intersect with $BA$ at $Y\not= B$. Prove that the quadrilateral $BXMY$ is cyclic.

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ of $ \triangle ABC$. Let $P\in AM$ and $Q\in CM$ be such that $PQ=\frac{AC}{2}$. Let $(ABQ)$ intersect with $BC$ at $X\not= B$ and $(BCP)$ intersect with $BA$ at $Y\not= B$. Prove that the quadrilateral $BXMY$ is cyclic.

by F. Ivlev, F. Nilov

2014 All Russian grade XI P4

Given a triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, $ \Omega $ is circumcircle. Let $M$, $N$ are lie on the sides $AB$, $BC$ respectively, such that $AM=CN$. $K(.)=MN\cap AC$ and $P$ is incenter of the triangle $AMK$, $Q$ is K-excenter of the triangle $CNK$ (opposite to $K$ and tangents to $CN$). If $R$ is midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of $ \Omega $ then prove that $RP=RQ$.

Given a triangle $ABC$ with $AB>BC$, $ \Omega $ is circumcircle. Let $M$, $N$ are lie on the sides $AB$, $BC$ respectively, such that $AM=CN$. $K(.)=MN\cap AC$ and $P$ is incenter of the triangle $AMK$, $Q$ is K-excenter of the triangle $CNK$ (opposite to $K$ and tangents to $CN$). If $R$ is midpoint of the arc $ABC$ of $ \Omega $ then prove that $RP=RQ$.

by M. Kungodjin

The sphere $ \omega $ passes through the vertex $S$ of the pyramid $SABC$ and intersects with the edges $SA,SB,SC$ at $A_1,B_1,C_1$ other than $S$. The sphere $ \Omega $ is the circumsphere of the pyramid $SABC$ and intersects with $ \omega $ circumferential, lies on a plane which parallel to the plane $(ABC)$. Points $A_2,B_2,C_2$ are symmetry points of the points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ respect to midpoints of the edges $SA,SB,SC$ respectively. Prove that the points $A$, $B$, $C$, $A_2$, $B_2$, and $C_2$ lie on a sphere.

by A.I. Golovanov , A.Yakubov

2015 All Russian grade X P2

Given is a parallelogram $ABCD$, with $AB <AC <BC$. Points $E$ and $F$ are selected on the circumcircle $\omega$ of $ABC$ so that the tangenst to $\omega$ at these points pass through point $D$ and the segments $AD$ and $CE$ intersect. It turned out that $\angle ABF = \angle DCE$. Find the angle $\angle{ABC}$.

2016 All Russian grade IX P2Given is a parallelogram $ABCD$, with $AB <AC <BC$. Points $E$ and $F$ are selected on the circumcircle $\omega$ of $ABC$ so that the tangenst to $\omega$ at these points pass through point $D$ and the segments $AD$ and $CE$ intersect. It turned out that $\angle ABF = \angle DCE$. Find the angle $\angle{ABC}$.

by A. Yakubov, S. Berlov

2015 All Russian grade X P7

In an acute-angled and not isosceles triangle $ABC,$ we draw the median $AM$ and the height $AH.$ Points $Q$ and $P$ are marked on the lines $AB$ and $AC$, respectively, so that the $QM \perp AC$ and $PM \perp AB$. The circumcircle of $PMQ$ intersects the line $BC$ for second time at point $X.$ Prove that $BH = CX.$

In an acute-angled and not isosceles triangle $ABC,$ we draw the median $AM$ and the height $AH.$ Points $Q$ and $P$ are marked on the lines $AB$ and $AC$, respectively, so that the $QM \perp AC$ and $PM \perp AB$. The circumcircle of $PMQ$ intersects the line $BC$ for second time at point $X.$ Prove that $BH = CX.$

by M. Didin

2015 All Russian grade XI P1

Parallelogram $ABCD$ is such that angle $B < 90$ and $AB<BC$. Points E and F are on the circumference of $\omega$ inscribing triangle ABC, such that tangents to $\omega$ in those points pass through D. If $\angle EDA= \angle{FDC}$, find $\angle{ABC}$

Parallelogram $ABCD$ is such that angle $B < 90$ and $AB<BC$. Points E and F are on the circumference of $\omega$ inscribing triangle ABC, such that tangents to $\omega$ in those points pass through D. If $\angle EDA= \angle{FDC}$, find $\angle{ABC}$

2015 All Russian grade XI P7

A scalene triangle $ABC$ is inscribed within circle $\omega$. The tangent to the circle at point $C$ intersects line $AB$ at point $D$. Let $I$ be the center of the circle inscribed within $\triangle ABC$. Lines $AI$ and $BI$ intersect the bisector of $\angle CDB$ in points $Q$ and $P$, respectively. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $QP$. Prove that $MI$ passes through the middle of arc $ACB$ of circle $\omega$.

A scalene triangle $ABC$ is inscribed within circle $\omega$. The tangent to the circle at point $C$ intersects line $AB$ at point $D$. Let $I$ be the center of the circle inscribed within $\triangle ABC$. Lines $AI$ and $BI$ intersect the bisector of $\angle CDB$ in points $Q$ and $P$, respectively. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $QP$. Prove that $MI$ passes through the middle of arc $ACB$ of circle $\omega$.

$\omega$ is a circle inside angle $\measuredangle BAC$ and it is tangent to sides of this angle at $B,C$.An arbitrary line $ \ell $ intersects with $AB,AC$ at $K,L$,respectively and intersect with $\omega$ at $P,Q$.Points $S,T$ are on $BC$ such that $KS \parallel AC$ and $TL \parallel AB$.Prove that $P,Q,S,T$ are concyclic.

by I.Bogdanov, P.Kozhevnikov

In triangle $ABC$,$AB<AC$ and $\omega$ is incirle.The $A$-excircle is tangent to $BC$ at $A^\prime$.Point $X$ lies on $AA^\prime$ such that segment $A^\prime X$ doesn't intersect with $\omega$.The tangents from $X$ to $\omega$ intersect with $BC$ at $Y,Z$.Prove that the sum $XY+XZ$ not depends to point $X$.

by Mitrofanov

Diagonals $AC,BD$ of cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ intersect at $P$.Point $Q$ is on$BC$ (between $B$ and $C$) such that $PQ \perp AC$.Prove that the line passes through the circumcenters of triangles $APD$ and $BQD$ is parallel to $AD$.

A.Kuznetsov

In acute triangle $ABC$,$AC<BC$,$M$ is midpoint of $AB$ and $\Omega$ is it's circumcircle.Let $C^\prime$ be antipode of $C$ in $\Omega$. $AC^\prime$ and $BC^\prime$ intersect with $CM$ at $K,L$,respectively.The perpendicular drawn from $K$ to $AC^\prime$ and perpendicular drawn from $L$ to $BC^\prime$ intersect with $AB$ and each other and form a triangle $\Delta$.Prove that circumcircles of $\Delta$ and $\Omega$ are tangent.

by M.Kungozhin

In the space given three segments $A_1A_2, B_1B_2$ and $C_1C_2$, do not lie in one plane and intersect at a point $P$. Let $O_{ijk}$ be center of sphere that passes through the points $A_i, B_j, C_k$ and $P$. Prove that $O_{111}O_{222}, O_{112}O_{221}, O_{121}O_{212}$ and$O_{211}O_{122}$ intersect at one point.

by P.Kozhevnikov

Medians $AM_A,BM_B,CM_C$ of triangle $ABC$ intersect at $M$.Let $\Omega_A$ be circumcircle of triangle passes through midpoint of $AM$ and tangent to $BC$ at $M_A$.Define $\Omega_B$ and $\Omega_C$ analogusly.Prove that $\Omega_A,\Omega_B$ and $\Omega_C$ intersect at one point.

by A.Yakubov

$ABCD$ is an isosceles trapezoid with $BC || AD$. A circle $\omega$ passing through $B$ and $C$ intersects the side $AB$ and the diagonal $BD$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. Tangent to $\omega$ at $C$ intersects the line $AD$ at $Z$. Prove that the points $X$, $Y$, and $Z$ are collinear.

2017 All Russian grade IX P7

In the scalene triangle $ABC$,$\angle ACB=60^ο$ and $\Omega$ is its cirumcirle.On the bisectors of the angles $BAC$ and $CBA$ points $A'$,$B'$ are chosen respectively such that $AB' \parallel BC$ and $BA' \parallel AC$.$A' B'$ intersects with $\Omega$ at $D,E$. Prove that triangle $CDE$ is isosceles.

by A. Kuznetsov

2017 All Russian grade X P2, grade XI 2

Let $ABC$ be an acute angled isosceles triangle with $AB=AC$ and circumcentre $O$. Lines $BO$ and $CO$ intersect $AC, AB$ respectively at $B', C'$. A straight line $l$ is drawn through $C'$ parallel to $AC$. Prove that the line $l$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $\triangle B'OC$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute angled isosceles triangle with $AB=AC$ and circumcentre $O$. Lines $BO$ and $CO$ intersect $AC, AB$ respectively at $B', C'$. A straight line $l$ is drawn through $C'$ parallel to $AC$. Prove that the line $l$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $\triangle B'OC$.

2017 All Russian grade Χ P8

In a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$,$O$ and $I$ are circumcenter and incenter,r espectively. $B'$ is reflection of $B$ with respect to $OI$ and lies inside the angle $ABI$. Prove that the tangents to circumcirle of $\triangle BB' I$ at $B'$,$I$ intersect on $AC$.

In a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$,$O$ and $I$ are circumcenter and incenter,r espectively. $B'$ is reflection of $B$ with respect to $OI$ and lies inside the angle $ABI$. Prove that the tangents to circumcirle of $\triangle BB' I$ at $B'$,$I$ intersect on $AC$.

by A. Kuznetsov

Given a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. We denote $I_A,I_B, I_C$ and $I_D$ centers of $\omega_A, \omega_B,\omega_C $and $\omega_D$,inscribed In the triangles $DAB, ABC, BCD$ and $CDA$, respectively.It turned out that $\angle BI_AA + \angle I_CI_AI_D = 180^\circ$. Prove that $\angle BI_BA + \angle I_CI_BI_D = 180^{\circ}$.

by A. Kuznetsov

Circle $\omega$ is tangent to sides $AB, AC$ of triangle $ABC$. A circle $\Omega$ touches the side $AC$ and line $AB$ (produced beyond $B$), and touches $\omega$ at a point $L$ on side $BC$. Line $AL$ meets $\omega, \Omega$ again at $K, M$. It turned out that $KB \parallel CM$. Prove that $\triangle LCM$ is isosceles.

2018 All Russian grade IX P8, grade X P7

$ABCD$ is a convex quadrilateral. Angles $A$ and $C$ are equal. Points $M$ and $N$ are on the sides $AB$ and $BC$ such that $MN||AD$ and $MN=2AD$. Let $K$ be the midpoint of $MN$ and $H$ be the orthocenter of $\triangle ABC$. Prove that $HK$ is perpendicular to $CD$.

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle with $AB<AC$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of $AB$ and $AC$, respectively; let $AD$ be an altitude in this triangle. A point $K$ is chosen on the segment $MN$ so that $BK=CK$. The ray $KD$ meets the circumcircle $\Omega$ of $ABC$ at $Q$. Prove that $C, N, K, Q$ are concyclic.

2018 All Russian grade XI P4

On the sides $AB$ and $AC$ of the triangle $ABC$, the points $P$ and $Q$ are chosen, respectively, so that $PQ||BC$. Segments of $BQ$ and $CP$ intersect at point $O$. Point $A'$ is symmetric to point $A$ relative to line$ BC$. The segment $A'O$ intersects circle $w$ circumcircle of the triangle $APQ$, at the point $S$. Prove that circumcircle of $BSC$ is tangent to the circle $w$.

Three diagonals of a regular $n$-gon prism intersect at an interior point $O$. Show that $O$ is the center of the prism.

(The diagonal of the prism is a segment joining two vertices not lying on the same face of the prism.)

related link in Russian: vos.olimpiada.ru/main/table/tasks/

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