Korea 2nd Round 2004-18 (KMO) 29p

geometry problems from South Korean Mathematical Olympiads (KMO) - Second Round
with aops links in the names
[2 days, 4p per day]

2004 - 2018

2004 Korean MO p5
$A, B, C$, and $D$ are the four different points on the circle $O$ in the order. Let the centre of the scribed circle of triangle $ABC$, which is tangent to $BC$, be $O_1$. Let the centre of the scribed circle of triangle $ACD$, which is tangent to $CD$, be $O_2$.
i) Show that the circumcentre of triangle $ABO_1$ is on the circle $O$.
ii) Show that the circumcircle of triangle $CO_1O_2$ always pass through a fixed point on the circle $O$, when $C$ is moving along arc $BD$.


2005 Korean MO p2
For triangle $ABC$, $P$ and $Q$ satisfy $\angle BPA + \angle AQC=90^{\circ}$. It is provided that the vertices of the triangle $BAP$ and $ACQ$ are ordered counterclockwise(or clockwise). Let the intersection of the circumcircles of the two triangles be $N$ ($A \neq N$, however if $A$ is the only intersection $A=N$), and the midpoint of segment $BC$ be $M$. Show that the length of $MN$ does not depend on $P$ and $Q$.

2005 Korean MO p5
Let $P$ be a point that lies outside of circle $O$. A line passes through $P$ and meets the circle at $A$ and $B$, and another line passes through $P$ and meets the circle at $C$ and $D$. The point $A$ is between $P$ and $B$, $C$ is between $P$ and $D$. Let the intersection of segment $AD$ and $BC$ be $L$ and construct $E$ on ray $(PA$ so that $BL \cdot PE = DL \cdot PD$. Show that $M$ is the midpoint of the segment $DE$, where $M$ is the intersection of lines $PL$ and $DE$.

2006 Korean MO p4
On the circle $O,$ six points $A,B,C,D,E,F$ are  on the circle counterclockwise. $BD$ is the diameter of the circle and it is perpendicular to $CF.$ Also, lines $CF, BE, AD$ is concurrent. Let $M$ be the foot of altitude from $B$ to $AC$ and let $N$ be the foot of altitude from $D$ to $CE.$ Prove that the area of $\triangle MNC$ is less than half the area of $\square ACEF.$

2006 Korean MO p7
Points $A,B,C,D,E,F$ is on the circle $O.$ A line $\ell$ is tangent to $O$ at $E$ is parallel to $AC$ and $DE>EF.$ Let $P,Q$ be the intersection of $\ell$ and $BC,CD$ ,respectively and let $R,S$ be the intersection of $\ell$ and $CF,DF$ ,respectively. Show that $PQ=RS$ if and only if $QE=ER.$

2007 Korean MO p2
$ A_{1}B_{1}B_{2}A_{2}$ is a convex quadrilateral, and $ A_{1}B_{1}\neq A_{2}B_{2}$. Show that there exists a point $ M$ such that
$\frac{A_{1}B_{1}}{A_{2}B_{2}}=\frac{MA_{1}}{MA_{2}}=\frac{MB_{1}}{MB_{2}}$

2007 Korean MO p6
$ ABC$ is a triangle which is not isosceles. Let the circumcenter and orthocenter of $ ABC$ be $ O$, $ H$, respectively, and the altitudes of $ ABC$ be $ AD$, $ BC$, $ CF$. Let $ K\neq A$ be the intersection of $ AD$ and circumcircle of triangle $ ABC$, $ L$ be the intersection of $ OK$ and $ BC$, $ M$ be the midpoint of $ BC$, $ P$ be the intersection of $ AM$ and the line that passes $ L$ and perpendicular to $ BC$, $ Q$ be the intersection of $ AD$ and the line that passes $ P$ and parallel to $ MH$, $ R$ be the intersection of line $ EQ$ and $ AB$, $ S$ be the intersection of $ FD$ and $ BE$.  If $ OL = KL$, then prove that two lines $ OH$ and $ RS$ are orthogonal.

2008 Korean MO p3
Points $A,B,C,D,E$ lie in a counterclockwise order on a circle $O$, and $AC = CE$
$P=BD \cap AC$, $Q=BD \cap CE$ . Let $O_1$ be the circle which is tangent to $\overline {AP}, \overline {BP}$ and arc $AB$ (which doesn't contain $C$) . Let $O_2$ be the circle which is tangent $\overline {DQ}, \overline {EQ}$ and arc $DE$ (which doesn't contain $C$) . Let $O_1 \cap O = R, O_2 \cap O = S, RP \cap QS = X$ . Prove that $XC$ bisects $\angle ACE$

2008 Korean MO p6
Let $ABCD$ be inscribed in a circle $\omega$. Let the line parallel to the tangent to $\omega$ at $A$ and passing $D$ meet $\omega$ at $E$. $F$ is a point on $\omega$ such that lies on the different side of $E$ wrt $CD$.  If $AE \cdot AD \cdot CF = BE \cdot BC \cdot DF$ and $\angle CFD = 2\angle AFB$, Show that the tangent to $\omega$ at $A, B$ and line $EF$ concur at one point. ($A$ and $E$ lies on the same side of $CD$)

2009 Korean MO p1
Let $I, O$ be the incenter and the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$, and $D,E,F$ be the circumcenters of triangle $ BIC, CIA, AIB$. Let $ P, Q, R$ be the midpoints of segments $ DI, EI, FI $. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $PQR $, $M$, is the midpoint of segment $IO$.

2009 Korean MO p6
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and $ P, Q ( \ne A, B, C ) $ are the points lying on segments $ BC , CA $. Let $ I, J, K $ be the incenters of triangle $ ABP, APQ, CPQ $. Prove that $ PIJK $ is a convex quadrilateral.

2010 Korean MO p3
Let $ I $ be the incenter of triangle $ ABC $. The incircle touches $ BC, CA, AB$ at points $ P, Q, R $. A circle passing through $ B , C $ is tangent to the circle $I$ at point $ X $, a circle passing through $ C , A $ is tangent to the circle $I$ at point $ Y $, and a circle passing through $ A , B $ is tangent to the circle $I$ at point $ Z $, respectively. Prove that three lines $ PX, QY, RZ $ are concurrent.

2010 Korean MO p6
Let $ ABCD$ be a cyclic convex quadrilateral. Let $ E $ be the intersection of lines $ AB, CD $. $ P $ is the intersection of line passing $ B $ and perpendicular to $ AC $, and line passing $ C $ and perpendicular to $ BD$. $ Q $ is the intersection of line passing $ D $ and perpendicular to $ AC $, and line passing $ A $ and perpendicular to $ BD $. Prove that three points $ E, P, Q $ are collinear.

2011 Korean MO p1
Two circles $ O, O'$ having same radius meet at two points, $ A,B (A \not = B) $. Point $ P,Q $ are each on circle $ O $ and $ O' $ $(P \not = A,B ~ Q\not = A,B )$. Select the point $ R $ such that $ PAQR $ is a parallelogram. Assume that $ B, R, P, Q $ is cyclic. Now prove that $ PQ = OO' $.

2011 Korean MO p6
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and its incircle meets $BC, AC, AB$ at $D, E$ and $F$ respectively. Let point $ P $ on the incircle and inside $ \triangle AEF $. Let $ X=PB \cap DF , Y=PC \cap DE, Q=EX \cap FY $. Prove that the points $ A$ and $Q$ lies on $DP$ simultaneously or located opposite sides from $DP$.

2012 Korean MO p1
Let $ ABC $ be an obtuse triangle with $ \angle A > 90^{\circ} $. Let circle $ O $ be the circumcircle of $ ABC $. $ D $ is a point lying on segment $ AB $ such that $ AD = AC $. Let $ AK $ be the diameter of circle $ O $. Two lines $ AK $ and $ CD $ meet at $ L $. A circle passing through $ D, K, L $ meets with circle $ O $ at $ P ( \ne K ) $ . Given that $ AK = 2, \angle BCD = \angle BAP = 10^{\circ} $, prove that $ DP = \sin ( \frac{ \angle A}{2} )$.

2012 Korean MO p6
Let $ w $ be the incircle of triangle $ ABC $. Segments $ BC, CA $ meet with $ w $ at points $ D, E$. A line passing through $ B $ and parallel to $ DE $ meets $ w $ at $ F $ and $ G $. ($ F $ is nearer to $ B $ than $ G $.) Line $ CG $ meets $ w $ at $ H ( \ne G ) $. A line passing through $ G $ and parallel to $ EH $ meets with line $ AC $ at $ I $. Line $ IF $ meets with circle $ w $ at $ J (\ne F ) $. Lines $ CJ $ and $ EG $ meets at $ K $. Let $ l $ be the line passing through $ K $ and parallel to $ JD $. Prove that $ l, IF, ED $ meet at one point.

2013 Korean MO p1
Let $P$ be a point on segment $BC$. $Q, R$ are points on $AC, AB$ such that $PQ \parallel AB $ and $ PR \parallel AC$. $O, O_{1}, O_{2} $ are the circumcenters of triangle $ABC, BPR, PCQ$. The circumcircles of $BPR, PCQ $ meet at point $K (\ne P)$. Prove that $OO_{1} = KO_{2} $.

2013 Korean MO p6
Let $ O $ be circumcenter of triangle $ABC$. For a point $P$ on segmet $BC$, the circle passing through $ P, B $ and tangent to line $AB $ and the circle passing through $ P, C $ and tangent to line $AC $ meet at point $ Q ( \ne P ) $. Let $ D, E $ be foot of perpendicular from $Q$ to $ AB, AC$. ($D \ne B, E \ne C $) Two lines $DE $ and $ BC $ meet at point $R$. Prove that $ O, P, Q $ are collinear if and only if $ A, R, Q $ are collinear.


2014 Korean MO p3
$AB$ is a chord of $O$ and $AB$ is not a diameter of $O$. The tangent lines to $O$ at $A$ and $B$ meet at $C$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoint of the segments $AC$ and $BC$, respectively. A circle passing through $C$ and tangent to $O$ meets line $MN$ at $P$ and $Q$. Prove that $\angle PCQ = \angle CAB$.

2014 Korean MO p5
There is a convex quadrilateral $ ABCD $ which satisfies $ \angle A=\angle D $. Let the midpoints of $ AB, AD, CD $ be $ L,M,N $. Let's say the intersection point of $ AC, BD $ be $ E $ . Let's say point $ F $ which lies on $ \overrightarrow{ME} $ satisfies $ \overline{ME}\times \overline{MF}=\overline{MA}^{2} $. Prove that $ \angle LFM=\angle MFN $.

2015 Korean MO p2
Let the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ be $\omega$. A point $D$ lies on segment $BC$, and $E$ lies on segment $AD$. Let ray $AD \cap \omega = F$. A point $M$, which lies on $\omega$, bisects $AF$ and it is on the other side of $C$ with respect to $AF$. Ray $ME \cap \omega = G$, ray $GD \cap \omega = H$, and $MH \cap AD = K$. Prove that $B, E, C, K$ are cyclic.

2015 Korean MO p6
An isosceles trapezoid $ABCD$, inscribed in $\omega$, satisfies $AB=CD, AD<BC, AD<CD$.
A circle with center $D$ and passing $A$ hits $BD, CD, \omega$ at $E, F, P(\not= A)$, respectively.
Let $AP \cap EF = Q$, and $\omega$ meet $CQ$ and the circumcircle of $\triangle BEQ$ at $R(\not= C), S(\not= B)$, respectively.  Prove that $\angle BER= \angle FSC$.

2016 Korean MO p2
A non-isosceles triangle $\triangle ABC$ has its incircle tangent to $BC, CA, AB$ at points $D, E, F$.  Let the incenter be $I$. Say $AD$ hits the incircle again at $G$, at let the tangent to the incircle at $G$ hit $AC$ at $H$. Let $IH \cap AD = K$, and let the foot of the perpendicular from $I$ to $AD$ be $L$. Prove that $IE \cdot IK= IC \cdot IL$.

2016 Korean MO p5
A non-isosceles triangle $\triangle ABC$ has incenter $I$ and the incircle hits $BC, CA, AB$ at $D, E, F$. Let $EF$ hit the circumcircle of $CEI$ at $P \not= E$. Prove that $\triangle ABC = 2 \triangle ABP$.

2017 Korean MO p3
Let there be a scalene triangle $ABC$, and its incircle hits $BC, CA, AB$ at $D, E, F$. The perpendicular bisector of $BC$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $P, Q$, where $P$ is on the same side with $A$ with respect to $BC$. Let the line parallel to $AQ$ and passing through $D$ meet $EF$ at $R$. Prove that the intersection between $EF$ and $PQ$ lies on the circumcircle of $BCR$.

2017 Korean MO p6
In a quadrilateral $ABCD$, we have $\angle ACB = \angle ADB = 90$ and $CD < BC$. Denote $E$ as the intersection of $AC$ and $BD$, and let the perpendicular bisector of $BD$ hit $BC$ at $F$. The circle with center $F$ which passes through $B$ hits $AB$ at $P (\neq B)$ and $AC$ at $Q$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $EP$. Prove that the circumcircle of $EPQ$ is tangent to $AB$ if and only if $B, M, Q$ are colinear.

2018 Korean MO p1
Let there be an acute triangle $\triangle ABC$ with incenter $I$. $E$ is the foot of the perpendicular from $I$ to $AC$. The line which passes through $A$ and is perpendicular to $BI$ hits line $CI$ at $K$. The line which passes through $A$ and is perpendicular to $CI$ hits the line which passes through $C$ and is perpendicular to $BI$ at $L$. Prove that $E, K, L$ are colinear.

2018 Korean MO p5
Let there be a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. The angle bisector of $\angle A$ meets the angle bisector of $\angle B$, the angle bisector of $\angle D$ at $P, Q$ respectively. The angle bisector of $\angle C$ meets the angle bisector of $\angle D$, the angle bisector of $\angle B$ at $R, S$ respectively. $P, Q, R, S$ are all distinct points. $PR$ and $QS$ meets perpendicularly at point $Z$. Denote $l_A, l_B, l_C, l_D$ as the exterior angle bisectors of $\angle A, \angle B, \angle C, \angle D$. Denote $E = l_A \cap l_B$, $F= l_B \cap l_C$, $G = l_C \cap l_D$, and $H= l_D \cap l_A$. Let $K, L, M, N$ be the midpoints of $FG, GH, HE, EF$ respectively.
Prove that the area of quadrilateral $KLMN$ is equal to $ZM \cdot ZK + ZL \cdot ZN$

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