geometry problems from Romanian Team Selection Tests (TST)

with aops links in the names

with aops links in the names

(

**only those not in IMO Shortlist**)
1996 - 2017

Let $ ABCD $ be a cyclic quadrilateral and let $ M $ be the set of incenters and excenters of the triangles $ BCD $, $ CDA $, $ DAB $, $ ABC $ (so 16 points in total). Prove that there exist two sets $ \mathcal{K} $ and $ \mathcal{L} $ of four parallel lines each, such that every line in $ \mathcal{K} \cup \mathcal{L} $ contains exactly four points of $ M $.

1996 Romania TST 2.1

Let $A$ and $B$ be points on a circle $\mathcal{C}$ with center $O$ such that $\angle AOB = \dfrac {\pi}2$. Circles $\mathcal{C}_1$ and $\mathcal{C}_2$ are internally tangent to $\mathcal{C}$ at $A$ and $B$ respectively and are also externally tangent to one another. The circle $\mathcal{C}_3$ lies in the interior of $\angle AOB$ and it is tangent externally to $\mathcal{C}_1$, $\mathcal{C}_2$ at $P$ and $R$ and internally tangent to $\mathcal{C}$ at $S$. Evaluate the value of $\angle PSR$.

1997 Romania TST 1.1

We are given in the plane a line $\ell$ and three circles with centres $A,B,C$ such that they are all tangent to $\ell$ and pairwise externally tangent to each other. Prove that the triangle $ABC$ has an obtuse angle and find all possible values of this this angle.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, $D$ be a point on side $BC$, and let $\mathcal{O}$ be the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$. Show that the circles tangent to $\mathcal{O},AD,BD$ and to $\mathcal{O},AD,DC$ are tangent to each other if and only if $\angle BAD=\angle CAD$.

Let $VA_1A_2\ldots A_n$ be a pyramid, where $n\ge 4$. A plane $\Pi$ intersects the edges $VA_1,VA_2,\ldots, VA_n$ at the points $B_1,B_2,\ldots,B_n$ respectively such that the polygons $A_1A_2\ldots A_n$ and $B_1B_2\ldots B_n$ are similar. Prove that the plane $\Pi$ is parallel to the plane containing the base $A_1A_2\ldots A_n$.

Let $A$ and $B$ be points on a circle $\mathcal{C}$ with center $O$ such that $\angle AOB = \dfrac {\pi}2$. Circles $\mathcal{C}_1$ and $\mathcal{C}_2$ are internally tangent to $\mathcal{C}$ at $A$ and $B$ respectively and are also externally tangent to one another. The circle $\mathcal{C}_3$ lies in the interior of $\angle AOB$ and it is tangent externally to $\mathcal{C}_1$, $\mathcal{C}_2$ at $P$ and $R$ and internally tangent to $\mathcal{C}$ at $S$. Evaluate the value of $\angle PSR$.

1997 Romania TST 1.1

We are given in the plane a line $\ell$ and three circles with centres $A,B,C$ such that they are all tangent to $\ell$ and pairwise externally tangent to each other. Prove that the triangle $ABC$ has an obtuse angle and find all possible values of this this angle.

Mircea Becheanu

1997 Romania TST 1.4Let $ABC$ be a triangle, $D$ be a point on side $BC$, and let $\mathcal{O}$ be the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$. Show that the circles tangent to $\mathcal{O},AD,BD$ and to $\mathcal{O},AD,DC$ are tangent to each other if and only if $\angle BAD=\angle CAD$.

Dan Branzei

1997 Romania TST 2.1Let $VA_1A_2\ldots A_n$ be a pyramid, where $n\ge 4$. A plane $\Pi$ intersects the edges $VA_1,VA_2,\ldots, VA_n$ at the points $B_1,B_2,\ldots,B_n$ respectively such that the polygons $A_1A_2\ldots A_n$ and $B_1B_2\ldots B_n$ are similar. Prove that the plane $\Pi$ is parallel to the plane containing the base $A_1A_2\ldots A_n$.

Laurentiu Panaitopol

1997 Romania TST 3.1

Let $ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon, and let $P= AB \cap CD$, $Q = CD \cap EF$, $R = EF \cap AB$, $S = BC \cap DE$, $T = DE \cap FA$, $U = FA \cap BC$. Prove that

$\frac{PQ}{CD} = \frac{QR}{EF} = \frac{RP}{AB}$ if and only if $\frac{ST}{DE} = \frac{TU}{FA} = \frac{US}{BC}$

Let $ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon, and let $P= AB \cap CD$, $Q = CD \cap EF$, $R = EF \cap AB$, $S = BC \cap DE$, $T = DE \cap FA$, $U = FA \cap BC$. Prove that

$\frac{PQ}{CD} = \frac{QR}{EF} = \frac{RP}{AB}$ if and only if $\frac{ST}{DE} = \frac{TU}{FA} = \frac{US}{BC}$

Let $w$ be a circle and $AB$ a line not intersecting $w$. Given a point $P_{0}$ on $w$, define the sequence $P_{0},P_{1},\ldots $ as follows: $P_{n+1}$ is the second intersection with $w$ of the line passing through $B$ and the second intersection of the line $AP_{n}$ with $w$. Prove that for a positive integer $k$, if $P_{0}=P_{k}$ for some choice of $P_{0}$, then $P_{0}=P_{k}$ for any choice of $P_{0}$.

Gheorge Eckstein

1998 Romania TST 1.2

A parallelepiped has surface area $216$ and volume $216$. Show that it is a cube.

A parallelepiped has surface area $216$ and volume $216$. Show that it is a cube.

1998 Romania TST 2.1

We are given an isosceles triangle $ABC$ such that $BC=a$ and $AB=BC=b$. The variable points $M\in (AC)$ and $N\in (AB)$ satisfy $a^2\cdot AM \cdot AN = b^2 \cdot BN \cdot CM$. The straight lines $BM$ and $CN$ intersect in $P$. Find the locus of the variable point $P$.

We are given an isosceles triangle $ABC$ such that $BC=a$ and $AB=BC=b$. The variable points $M\in (AC)$ and $N\in (AB)$ satisfy $a^2\cdot AM \cdot AN = b^2 \cdot BN \cdot CM$. The straight lines $BM$ and $CN$ intersect in $P$. Find the locus of the variable point $P$.

Dan Branzei

1999 Romania TST 1.2

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle. The interior angle bisectors of $\angle ABC$ and $\angle ACB$ meet the opposite sides in $L$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that there is a point $K$ in the interior of the side $BC$ such that the triangle $KLM$ is equilateral if and only if $\angle BAC = 60^\circ$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle. The interior angle bisectors of $\angle ABC$ and $\angle ACB$ meet the opposite sides in $L$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that there is a point $K$ in the interior of the side $BC$ such that the triangle $KLM$ is equilateral if and only if $\angle BAC = 60^\circ$.

1999 Romania TST 3.2

Let $O,A,B,C$ be variable points in the plane such that $OA=4$, $OB=2\sqrt3$ and $OC=\sqrt {22}$. Find the maximum value of the area $ABC$.

Let $O,A,B,C$ be variable points in the plane such that $OA=4$, $OB=2\sqrt3$ and $OC=\sqrt {22}$. Find the maximum value of the area $ABC$.

Mihai Baluna

1999 Romania TST 4.2

Two circles intersect at two points $A$ and $B$. A line $\ell$ which passes through the point $A$ meets the two circles again at the points $C$ and $D$, respectively. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $BD$ (which do not contain the point $A$) on the respective circles. Let $K$ be the midpoint of the segment $CD$. Prove that $\measuredangle MKN = 90^{\circ}$.

Two circles intersect at two points $A$ and $B$. A line $\ell$ which passes through the point $A$ meets the two circles again at the points $C$ and $D$, respectively. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the arcs $BC$ and $BD$ (which do not contain the point $A$) on the respective circles. Let $K$ be the midpoint of the segment $CD$. Prove that $\measuredangle MKN = 90^{\circ}$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle and $M$ be the midpoint of the side $BC$. Let $N$ be a point in the interior of the triangle $ABC$ such that $\angle NBA=\angle BAM$ and $\angle NCA=\angle CAM$. Prove that $\angle NAB=\angle MAC$.

Gabriel Nagy

The vertices $A,B,C$ and $D$ of a square lie outside a circle centred at $M$. Let $AA',BB',CC',DD'$ be tangents to the circle. Assume that the segments $AA',BB',CC',DD'$ are the consecutive sides of a quadrilateral $p$ in which a circle is inscribed. Prove that $p$ has an axis of symmetry.

Dan Branzei

2002 Romania TST 1.3

Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the respective sides $AB$ and $AC$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $N$ onto $BC$ and let $A_1$ be the midpoint of $MP$. Points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are obtained similarly. If $AA_1$, $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ are concurrent, show that the triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of the respective sides $AB$ and $AC$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $N$ onto $BC$ and let $A_1$ be the midpoint of $MP$. Points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are obtained similarly. If $AA_1$, $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ are concurrent, show that the triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

Mircea Becheanu

Let $ABCDE$ be a cyclic pentagon inscribed in a circle of centre $O$ which has angles $\angle B=120^{\circ},\angle C=120^{\circ},$ $\angle D=130^{\circ},\angle E=100^{\circ}$. Show that the diagonals $BD$ and $CE$ meet at a point belonging to the diameter $AO$.

Dinu Șerbănescu

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $AC\not= BC,AB<AC$ and let $K$ be it's circumcircle. The tangent to $K$ at the point $A$ intersects the line $BC$ at the point $D$. Let $K_1$ be the circle tangent to $K$ and to the segments $(AD),(BD)$. We denote by $M$ the point where $K_1$ touches $(BD)$. Show that $AC=MC$ if and only if $AM$ is the bisector of the $\angle DAB$.

Two circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ with radii $r_1$ and $r_2$, $r_2>r_1$, are externally tangent. The line $t_1$ is tangent to the circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ at points $A$ and $D$ respectively. The parallel line $t_2$ to the line $t_1$ is tangent to the circle $\omega_1$ and intersects the circle $\omega_2$ at points $E$ and $F$. The line $t_3$ passing through $D$ intersects the line $t_2$ and the circle $\omega_2$ in $B$ and $C$ respectively, both different of $E$ and $F$ respectively. Prove that the circumcircle of the triangle $ABC$ is tangent to the line $t_1$.

Neculai Roman

2003 Romania TST 1.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle BAC=60^\circ$. Consider a point $P$ inside the triangle having $PA=1$, $PB=2$ and $PC=3$. Find the maximum possible area of the triangle $ABC$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle BAC=60^\circ$. Consider a point $P$ inside the triangle having $PA=1$, $PB=2$ and $PC=3$. Find the maximum possible area of the triangle $ABC$.

Dinu Serbanescu

Given is a rhombus $ABCD$ of side 1. On the sides $BC$ and $CD$ we are given the points $M$ and $N$ respectively, such that $MC+CN+MN=2$ and $2\angle MAN = \angle BAD$. Find the measures of the angles of the rhombus.

Cristinel Mortici

2003 Romania TST 6.1

Let $ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon and denote by $A',B',C',D',E',F'$ the middle points of the sides $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $DE$, $EF$ and $FA$ respectively. Given are the areas of the triangles $ABC'$, $BCD'$, $CDE'$, $DEF'$, $EFA'$ and $FAB'$. Find the area of the hexagon.

Let $ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon and denote by $A',B',C',D',E',F'$ the middle points of the sides $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $DE$, $EF$ and $FA$ respectively. Given are the areas of the triangles $ABC'$, $BCD'$, $CDE'$, $DEF'$, $EFA'$ and $FAB'$. Find the area of the hexagon.

Kvant Magazine

2004 Romania TST 2.4

Let $\Gamma$ be a circle, and let $ABCD$ be a square lying inside the circle $\Gamma$. Let $\mathcal{C}_a$ be a circle tangent interiorly to $\Gamma$, and also tangent to the sides $AB$ and $AD$ of the square, and also lying inside the opposite angle of $\angle BAD$. Let $A'$ be the tangency point of the two circles. Define similarly the circles $\mathcal{C}_b$, $\mathcal{C}_c$, $\mathcal{C}_d$ and the points $B',C',D'$ respectively. Prove that the lines $AA'$, $BB'$, $CC'$ and $DD'$ are concurrent.

Let $\Gamma$ be a circle, and let $ABCD$ be a square lying inside the circle $\Gamma$. Let $\mathcal{C}_a$ be a circle tangent interiorly to $\Gamma$, and also tangent to the sides $AB$ and $AD$ of the square, and also lying inside the opposite angle of $\angle BAD$. Let $A'$ be the tangency point of the two circles. Define similarly the circles $\mathcal{C}_b$, $\mathcal{C}_c$, $\mathcal{C}_d$ and the points $B',C',D'$ respectively. Prove that the lines $AA'$, $BB'$, $CC'$ and $DD'$ are concurrent.

2004 Romania TST 3.3

Let $I$ be the incenter of the non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ and let $A',B',C'$ be the tangency points of the incircle with the sides $BC,CA,AB$ respectively. The lines $AA'$ and $BB'$ intersect in $P$, the lines $AC$ and $A'C'$ in $M$ and the lines $B'C'$ and $BC$ intersect in $N$. Prove that the lines $IP$ and $MN$ are perpendicular.

alternative formulation

The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ has center $I$ and touches the sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ in $A^{\prime}$, $B^{\prime}$ and $C^{\prime}$, respectively. The lines $AA^{\prime}$ and $BB^{\prime}$ intersect in $P$, the lines $AC$ and $A^{\prime}C^{\prime}$ intersect in $M$, and the lines $BC$ and $B^{\prime}C^{\prime}$ intersect in $N$. Prove that the lines $IP$ and $MN$ are perpendicular.

Let $I$ be the incenter of the non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ and let $A',B',C'$ be the tangency points of the incircle with the sides $BC,CA,AB$ respectively. The lines $AA'$ and $BB'$ intersect in $P$, the lines $AC$ and $A'C'$ in $M$ and the lines $B'C'$ and $BC$ intersect in $N$. Prove that the lines $IP$ and $MN$ are perpendicular.

alternative formulation

The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ has center $I$ and touches the sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ in $A^{\prime}$, $B^{\prime}$ and $C^{\prime}$, respectively. The lines $AA^{\prime}$ and $BB^{\prime}$ intersect in $P$, the lines $AC$ and $A^{\prime}C^{\prime}$ intersect in $M$, and the lines $BC$ and $B^{\prime}C^{\prime}$ intersect in $N$. Prove that the lines $IP$ and $MN$ are perpendicular.

Kvant Magazine

2004 Romania TST 4.2

Let $O$ be a point in the plane of the triangle $ABC$. A circle $\mathcal{C}$ which passes through $O$ intersects the second time the lines $OA,OB,OC$ in $P,Q,R$ respectively. The circle $\mathcal{C}$ also intersects for the second time the circumcircles of the triangles $BOC$, $COA$ and $AOB$ respectively in $K,L,M$. Prove that the lines $PK,QL$ and $RM$ are concurrent.

Let $O$ be a point in the plane of the triangle $ABC$. A circle $\mathcal{C}$ which passes through $O$ intersects the second time the lines $OA,OB,OC$ in $P,Q,R$ respectively. The circle $\mathcal{C}$ also intersects for the second time the circumcircles of the triangles $BOC$, $COA$ and $AOB$ respectively in $K,L,M$. Prove that the lines $PK,QL$ and $RM$ are concurrent.

2005 Romania TST 3.1

Let $A_0A_1A_2A_3A_4A_5$ be a convex hexagon inscribed in a circle. Define the points $A_0'$, $A_2'$, $A_4'$ on the circle, such that $A_0A_0' \parallel A_2A_4, \quad A_2A_2' \parallel A_4A_0, \quad A_4A_4' \parallel A_2A_0 . $ Let the lines $A_0'A_3$ and $A_2A_4$ intersect in $A_3'$, the lines $A_2'A_5$ and $A_0A_4$ intersect in $A_5'$ and the lines $A_4'A_1$ and $A_0A_2$ intersect in $A_1'$. Prove that if the lines $A_0A_3$, $A_1A_4$ and $A_2A_5$ are concurrent then the lines $A_0A_3'$, $A_4A_1'$ and $A_2A_5'$ are also concurrent.

Let $A_0A_1A_2A_3A_4A_5$ be a convex hexagon inscribed in a circle. Define the points $A_0'$, $A_2'$, $A_4'$ on the circle, such that $A_0A_0' \parallel A_2A_4, \quad A_2A_2' \parallel A_4A_0, \quad A_4A_4' \parallel A_2A_0 . $ Let the lines $A_0'A_3$ and $A_2A_4$ intersect in $A_3'$, the lines $A_2'A_5$ and $A_0A_4$ intersect in $A_5'$ and the lines $A_4'A_1$ and $A_0A_2$ intersect in $A_1'$. Prove that if the lines $A_0A_3$, $A_1A_4$ and $A_2A_5$ are concurrent then the lines $A_0A_3'$, $A_4A_1'$ and $A_2A_5'$ are also concurrent.

2005 Romania TST 3.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, and let $D$, $E$, $F$ be 3 points on the sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ respectively, such that the inradii of the triangles $AEF$, $BDF$ and $CDE$ are equal with half of the inradius of the triangle $ABC$. Prove that $D$, $E$, $F$ are the midpoints of the sides of the triangle $ABC$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, and let $D$, $E$, $F$ be 3 points on the sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ respectively, such that the inradii of the triangles $AEF$, $BDF$ and $CDE$ are equal with half of the inradius of the triangle $ABC$. Prove that $D$, $E$, $F$ are the midpoints of the sides of the triangle $ABC$.

2006 Romania TST 1.1

Let $ABC$ and $AMN$ be two similar triangles with the same orientation, such that $AB=AC$, $AM=AN$ and having disjoint interiors. Let $O$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $MAB$. Prove that the points $O$, $C$, $N$, $A$ lie on the same circle if and only if the triangle $ABC$ is equilateral.

Let $ABC$ and $AMN$ be two similar triangles with the same orientation, such that $AB=AC$, $AM=AN$ and having disjoint interiors. Let $O$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $MAB$. Prove that the points $O$, $C$, $N$, $A$ lie on the same circle if and only if the triangle $ABC$ is equilateral.

Valentin Vornicu

2006 Romania TST 2.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle B = 30^{\circ }$. We consider the closed disks of radius $\frac{AC}3$, centered in $A$, $B$, $C$. Does there exist an equilateral triangle with one vertex in each of the 3 disks?

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle B = 30^{\circ }$. We consider the closed disks of radius $\frac{AC}3$, centered in $A$, $B$, $C$. Does there exist an equilateral triangle with one vertex in each of the 3 disks?

Radu Gologan, Dan Schwarz

2006 Romania TST 3.1

The circle of center $I$ is inscribed in the convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. Let $M$ and $N$ be points on the segments $AI$ and $CI$, respectively, such that $\angle MBN = \frac 12 \angle ABC$. Prove that $\angle MDN = \frac 12 \angle ADC$.

The circle of center $I$ is inscribed in the convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. Let $M$ and $N$ be points on the segments $AI$ and $CI$, respectively, such that $\angle MBN = \frac 12 \angle ABC$. Prove that $\angle MDN = \frac 12 \angle ADC$.

2006 Romania TST 3.2

Let $A$ be point in the exterior of the circle $\mathcal C$. Two lines passing through $A$ intersect the circle $\mathcal C$ in points $B$ and $C$ (with $B$ between $A$ and $C$) respectively in $D$ and $E$ (with $D$ between $A$ and $E$). The parallel from $D$ to $BC$ intersects the second time the circle $\mathcal C$ in $F$. Let $G$ be the second point of intersection between the circle $\mathcal C$ and the line $AF$ and $M$ the point in which the lines $AB$ and $EG$ intersect. Prove that$ \frac 1{AM} = \frac 1{AB} + \frac 1{AC}. $

Let $A$ be point in the exterior of the circle $\mathcal C$. Two lines passing through $A$ intersect the circle $\mathcal C$ in points $B$ and $C$ (with $B$ between $A$ and $C$) respectively in $D$ and $E$ (with $D$ between $A$ and $E$). The parallel from $D$ to $BC$ intersects the second time the circle $\mathcal C$ in $F$. Let $G$ be the second point of intersection between the circle $\mathcal C$ and the line $AF$ and $M$ the point in which the lines $AB$ and $EG$ intersect. Prove that$ \frac 1{AM} = \frac 1{AB} + \frac 1{AC}. $

2006 Romania TST 3.3

Let $\gamma$ be the incircle in the triangle $A_0A_1A_2$. For all $i\in\{0,1,2\}$ we make the following constructions (all indices are considered modulo 3): $\gamma_i$ is the circle tangent to $\gamma$ which passes through the points $A_{i+1}$ and $A_{i+2}$; $T_i$ is the point of tangency between $\gamma_i$ and $\gamma$; finally, the common tangent in $T_i$ of $\gamma_i$ and $\gamma$ intersects the line $A_{i+1}A_{i+2}$ in the point $P_i$. Prove that

a) the points $P_0$, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are collinear;

b) the lines $A_0T_0$, $A_1T_1$ and $A_2T_2$ are concurrent.

Let $\gamma$ be the incircle in the triangle $A_0A_1A_2$. For all $i\in\{0,1,2\}$ we make the following constructions (all indices are considered modulo 3): $\gamma_i$ is the circle tangent to $\gamma$ which passes through the points $A_{i+1}$ and $A_{i+2}$; $T_i$ is the point of tangency between $\gamma_i$ and $\gamma$; finally, the common tangent in $T_i$ of $\gamma_i$ and $\gamma$ intersects the line $A_{i+1}A_{i+2}$ in the point $P_i$. Prove that

a) the points $P_0$, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are collinear;

b) the lines $A_0T_0$, $A_1T_1$ and $A_2T_2$ are concurrent.

2006 Romania TST 5.4

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB \neq AC$. Let $D$ be the foot of the altitude from $A$ and $\omega$ the circumcircle of the triangle. Let $\omega_1$ be the circle tangent to $AD$, $BD$ and $\omega$. Let $\omega_2$ be the circle tangent to $AD$, $CD$ and $\omega$. Let $\ell$ be the interior common tangent to both $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$, different from $AD$. Prove that $\ell$ passes through the midpoint of $BC$ if and only if $2BC = AB + AC$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with $AB \neq AC$. Let $D$ be the foot of the altitude from $A$ and $\omega$ the circumcircle of the triangle. Let $\omega_1$ be the circle tangent to $AD$, $BD$ and $\omega$. Let $\omega_2$ be the circle tangent to $AD$, $CD$ and $\omega$. Let $\ell$ be the interior common tangent to both $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$, different from $AD$. Prove that $\ell$ passes through the midpoint of $BC$ if and only if $2BC = AB + AC$.

2007 Romania TST 1.4

Let $\mathcal O_{1}$ and $\mathcal O_{2}$ two exterior circles. Let $A$, $B$, $C$ be points on $\mathcal O_{1}$ and $D$, $E$, $F$ points on $\mathcal O_{2}$ such that $AD$ and $BE$ are the common exterior tangents to these two circles and $CF$ is one of the interior tangents to these two circles, and such that $C$, $F$ are in the interior of the quadrilateral $ABED$. If $CO_{1}\cap AB=\{M\}$ and $FO_{2}\cap DE=\{N\}$ then prove that $MN$ passes through the middle of $CF$.

Let $\mathcal O_{1}$ and $\mathcal O_{2}$ two exterior circles. Let $A$, $B$, $C$ be points on $\mathcal O_{1}$ and $D$, $E$, $F$ points on $\mathcal O_{2}$ such that $AD$ and $BE$ are the common exterior tangents to these two circles and $CF$ is one of the interior tangents to these two circles, and such that $C$, $F$ are in the interior of the quadrilateral $ABED$. If $CO_{1}\cap AB=\{M\}$ and $FO_{2}\cap DE=\{N\}$ then prove that $MN$ passes through the middle of $CF$.

2007 Romania TST 2.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, $E$ and $F$ the points where the incircle and $A$-excircle touch $AB$, and $D$ the point on $BC$ such that the triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ have equal in-radii. The lines $DB$ and $DE$ intersect the circumcircle of triangle $ADF$ again in the points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that $XY\parallel AB$ if and only if $AB=AC$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, $E$ and $F$ the points where the incircle and $A$-excircle touch $AB$, and $D$ the point on $BC$ such that the triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ have equal in-radii. The lines $DB$ and $DE$ intersect the circumcircle of triangle $ADF$ again in the points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that $XY\parallel AB$ if and only if $AB=AC$.

2007 Romania TST 4.2

Let $ A_{1}A_{2}A_{3}A_{4}A_{5}$ be a convex pentagon, such that

$ [A_{1}A_{2}A_{3}] = [A_{2}A_{3}A_{4}] = [A_{3}A_{4}A_{5}] = [A_{4}A_{5}A_{1}] = [A_{5}A_{1}A_{2}].$

Prove that there exists a point $ M$ in the plane of the pentagon such that

$[A_{1}MA_{2}] = [A_{2}MA_{3}] = [A_{3}MA_{4}] = [A_{4}MA_{5}] = [A_{5}MA_{1}].$

Here $ [XYZ]$ stands for the area of the triangle $ \Delta XYZ$.

2007 Romania TST 5.1

In a circle with center $O$ is inscribed a polygon, which is triangulated. Show that the sum of the squares of the distances from $O$ to the incenters of the formed triangles is independent of the triangulation.

Let $ A_{1}A_{2}A_{3}A_{4}A_{5}$ be a convex pentagon, such that

$ [A_{1}A_{2}A_{3}] = [A_{2}A_{3}A_{4}] = [A_{3}A_{4}A_{5}] = [A_{4}A_{5}A_{1}] = [A_{5}A_{1}A_{2}].$

Prove that there exists a point $ M$ in the plane of the pentagon such that

$[A_{1}MA_{2}] = [A_{2}MA_{3}] = [A_{3}MA_{4}] = [A_{4}MA_{5}] = [A_{5}MA_{1}].$

Here $ [XYZ]$ stands for the area of the triangle $ \Delta XYZ$.

2007 Romania TST 5.1

In a circle with center $O$ is inscribed a polygon, which is triangulated. Show that the sum of the squares of the distances from $O$ to the incenters of the formed triangles is independent of the triangulation.

2007 Romania TST 5.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, and $\omega_{a}$, $\omega_{b}$, $\omega_{c}$ be circles inside $ABC$, that are tangent (externally) one to each other, such that $\omega_{a}$ is tangent to $AB$ and $AC$, $\omega_{b}$ is tangent to $BA$ and $BC$, and $\omega_{c}$ is tangent to $CA$ and $CB$. Let $D$ be the common point of $\omega_{b}$ and $\omega_{c}$, $E$ the common point of $\omega_{c}$ and $\omega_{a}$, and $F$ the common point of $\omega_{a}$ and $\omega_{b}$. Show that the lines $AD$, $BE$ and $CF$ have a common point.

2007 Romania TST 5.3

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, and $\omega_{a}$, $\omega_{b}$, $\omega_{c}$ be circles inside $ABC$, that are tangent (externally) one to each other, such that $\omega_{a}$ is tangent to $AB$ and $AC$, $\omega_{b}$ is tangent to $BA$ and $BC$, and $\omega_{c}$ is tangent to $CA$ and $CB$. Let $D$ be the common point of $\omega_{b}$ and $\omega_{c}$, $E$ the common point of $\omega_{c}$ and $\omega_{a}$, and $F$ the common point of $\omega_{a}$ and $\omega_{b}$. Show that the lines $AD$, $BE$ and $CF$ have a common point.

2007 Romania TST 5.3

Let $ABCDE$ be a convex pentagon, such that $AB=BC$, $CD=DE$, $\angle B+\angle D=180^{\circ}$, and it's area is $\sqrt2$.

a) If $\angle B=135^{\circ}$, find the length of $[BD]$.

b) Find the minimum of the length of $[BD]$.

2007 Romania TST 6.1

Let $ ABCD$ be a parallelogram with no angle equal to $ 60^{\textrm{o}}$. Find all pairs of points $ E, F$, in the plane of $ ABCD$, such that triangles $ AEB$ and $ BFC$ are isosceles, of basis $ AB$, respectively $ BC$, and triangle $ DEF$ is equilateral.

Let $ ABCD$ be a parallelogram with no angle equal to $ 60^{\textrm{o}}$. Find all pairs of points $ E, F$, in the plane of $ ABCD$, such that triangles $ AEB$ and $ BFC$ are isosceles, of basis $ AB$, respectively $ BC$, and triangle $ DEF$ is equilateral.

Valentin Vornicu

2007 Romania TST 7.2

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle, let $ E, F$ be the tangency points of the incircle $ \Gamma(I)$ to the sides $ AC$, respectively $ AB$, and let $ M$ be the midpoint of the side $ BC$. Let $ N = AM \cap EF$, let $ \gamma(M)$ be the circle of diameter $ BC$, and let $ X, Y$ be the other (than $ B, C$) intersection points of $ BI$, respectively $ CI$, with $ \gamma$. Prove that $ \frac {NX} {NY} = \frac {AC} {AB}.$

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle, let $ E, F$ be the tangency points of the incircle $ \Gamma(I)$ to the sides $ AC$, respectively $ AB$, and let $ M$ be the midpoint of the side $ BC$. Let $ N = AM \cap EF$, let $ \gamma(M)$ be the circle of diameter $ BC$, and let $ X, Y$ be the other (than $ B, C$) intersection points of $ BI$, respectively $ CI$, with $ \gamma$. Prove that $ \frac {NX} {NY} = \frac {AC} {AB}.$

Cosmin Pohoata

2008 Romania TST 1.3

Let $ ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon with all the sides of length 1. Prove that one of the radii of the circumcircles of triangles $ ACE$ or $ BDF$ is at least 1.

Let $ ABCDEF$ be a convex hexagon with all the sides of length 1. Prove that one of the radii of the circumcircles of triangles $ ACE$ or $ BDF$ is at least 1.

2008 Romania TST 3.1

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle with $ \measuredangle{BAC} < \measuredangle{ACB}$. Let $ D$, $ E$ be points on the sides $ AC$ and $ AB$, such that the angles $ ACB$ and $ BED$ are congruent. If $ F$ lies in the interior of the quadrilateral $ BCDE$ such that the circumcircle of triangle $ BCF$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $ DEF$ and the circumcircle of $ BEF$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $ CDF$, prove that the points $ A$, $ C$, $ E$, $ F$ are concyclic.

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle with $ \measuredangle{BAC} < \measuredangle{ACB}$. Let $ D$, $ E$ be points on the sides $ AC$ and $ AB$, such that the angles $ ACB$ and $ BED$ are congruent. If $ F$ lies in the interior of the quadrilateral $ BCDE$ such that the circumcircle of triangle $ BCF$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $ DEF$ and the circumcircle of $ BEF$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $ CDF$, prove that the points $ A$, $ C$, $ E$, $ F$ are concyclic.

Cosmin Pohoata

2008 Romania TST 3.2

Let $ ABC$ be an acute triangle with orthocenter $ H$ and let $ X$ be an arbitrary point in its plane. The circle with diameter $ HX$ intersects the lines $ AH$ and $ AX$ at $ A_{1}$ and $ A_{2}$, respectively. Similarly, define $ B_{1}$, $ B_{2}$, $ C_{1}$, $ C_{2}$. Prove that the lines $ A_{1}A_{2}$, $ B_{1}B_{2}$, $ C_{1}C_{2}$ are concurrent

Let $ ABC$ be an acute triangle with orthocenter $ H$ and let $ X$ be an arbitrary point in its plane. The circle with diameter $ HX$ intersects the lines $ AH$ and $ AX$ at $ A_{1}$ and $ A_{2}$, respectively. Similarly, define $ B_{1}$, $ B_{2}$, $ C_{1}$, $ C_{2}$. Prove that the lines $ A_{1}A_{2}$, $ B_{1}B_{2}$, $ C_{1}C_{2}$ are concurrent

2008 Romania TST 4.1

Let $ ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral and let $ O \in AC \cap BD$, $ P \in AB \cap CD$, $ Q \in BC \cap DA$. If $ R$ is the orthogonal projection of $ O$ on the line $ PQ$ prove that the orthogonal projections of $ R$ on the sidelines of $ ABCD$ are concyclic.

Let $ ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral and let $ O \in AC \cap BD$, $ P \in AB \cap CD$, $ Q \in BC \cap DA$. If $ R$ is the orthogonal projection of $ O$ on the line $ PQ$ prove that the orthogonal projections of $ R$ on the sidelines of $ ABCD$ are concyclic.

2008 Romania TST 5.2

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle and let $ \mathcal{M}_{a}$, $ \mathcal{M}_{b}$, $ \mathcal{M}_{c}$ be the circles having as diameters the medians $ m_{a}$, $ m_{b}$, $ m_{c}$ of triangle $ ABC$, respectively. If two of these three circles are tangent to the incircle of $ ABC$, prove that the third is tangent as well.

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle and let $ \mathcal{M}_{a}$, $ \mathcal{M}_{b}$, $ \mathcal{M}_{c}$ be the circles having as diameters the medians $ m_{a}$, $ m_{b}$, $ m_{c}$ of triangle $ ABC$, respectively. If two of these three circles are tangent to the incircle of $ ABC$, prove that the third is tangent as well.

Prove that pentagon $ ABCDE$ is cyclic if and only if $d(E,AB)\cdot d(E,CD) = d(E,AC)\cdot d(E,BD) = d(E,AD)\cdot d(E,BC)$ where $ d(X,YZ)$ denotes the distance from point $ X$ ot the line $YZ$.

2009 Romania TST 3.1

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral such that $AD>\max\{AB,BC,CD\}$, $M$ be the common point of $AB$ and $CD$ and $N$ be the common point of $AC$ and $BD$. Show that $90^{\circ}<m(\angle AND)<90^{\circ}+\frac{1}{2}m(\angle AMD).$

2009 Romania TST 3.1

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral such that $AD>\max\{AB,BC,CD\}$, $M$ be the common point of $AB$ and $CD$ and $N$ be the common point of $AC$ and $BD$. Show that $90^{\circ}<m(\angle AND)<90^{\circ}+\frac{1}{2}m(\angle AMD).$

2009 Romania TST 3.2

Prove that the circumcircle of a triangle contains exactly 3 points whose Simson lines are tangent to the triangle's Euler circle and these points are the vertices of an equilateral triangle.

Prove that the circumcircle of a triangle contains exactly 3 points whose Simson lines are tangent to the triangle's Euler circle and these points are the vertices of an equilateral triangle.

2009 Romania TST 3.3

Let $ ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle, in which $ X,Y,$ and $ Z$ are the tangency points of the incircle of center $ I$ with sides $ BC,CA$ and $ AB$ respectively. Denoting by $ O$ the circumcircle of $ \triangle{ABC}$, line $ OI$ meets $ BC$ at a point $ D.$ The perpendicular dropped from $ X$ to $ YZ$ intersects $ AD$ at $ E$. Prove that $ YZ$ is the perpendicular bisector of $ [EX]$.

Let $ ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle, in which $ X,Y,$ and $ Z$ are the tangency points of the incircle of center $ I$ with sides $ BC,CA$ and $ AB$ respectively. Denoting by $ O$ the circumcircle of $ \triangle{ABC}$, line $ OI$ meets $ BC$ at a point $ D.$ The perpendicular dropped from $ X$ to $ YZ$ intersects $ AD$ at $ E$. Prove that $ YZ$ is the perpendicular bisector of $ [EX]$.

The quadrilateral $ ABCD$ inscribed in a circle wich has diameter $ BD$. Let $ A',B'$ are symmetric to $ A,B$ with respect to the line $ BD$ and $ AC$ respectively. If $ A'C \cap BD = P$ and $ AC\cap B'D = Q$ then prove that $ PQ \perp AC$

Two circles in the plane, $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$, meet at points $M$ and $N$. Let $A$ be a point on $\gamma_1$, and let $D$ be a point on $\gamma_2$. The lines $AM$ and $AN$ meet again $\gamma_2$ at points $B$ and $C$, respectively, and the lines $DM$ and $DN$ meet again $\gamma_1$ at points $E$ and $F$, respectively. Assume the order $M$, $N$, $F$, $A$, $E$ is circular around $\gamma_1$, and the segments $AB$ and $DE$ are congruent. Prove that the points $A$, $F$, $C$ and $D$ lie on a circle whose centre does not depend on the position of the points $A$ and $D$ on the respective circles, subject to the assumptions above.

Let $\gamma_1$ and $\gamma_2$ be two circles tangent at point $T$, and let $\ell_1$ and $\ell_2$ be two lines through $T$. The lines $\ell_1$ and $\ell_2$ meet again $\gamma_1$ at points $A$ and $B$, respectively, and $\gamma_2$ at points $A_1$ and $B_1$, respectively. Let further $X$ be a point in the complement of $\gamma_1 \cup \gamma_2 \cup \ell_1 \cup \ell_2$. The circles $ATX$ and $BTX$ meet again $\gamma_2$ at points $A_2$ and $B_2$, respectively. Prove that the lines $TX$, $A_1B_2$ and $A_2B_1$ are concurrent.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $AB \neq AC$. The internal bisector lines of the angles $ABC$ and $ACB$ meet the opposite sides of the triangle at points $B_0$ and $C_0$, respectively, and the circumcircle $ABC$ at points $B_1$ and $C_1$, respectively. Further, let $I$ be the incentre of the triangle $ABC$. Prove that the lines $B_0C_0$ and $B_1C_1$ meet at some point lying on the parallel through $I$ to the line $BC$.

Radu Gologan

Let $P$ be a point in the plane and let $\gamma$ be a circle which does not contain $P$. Two distinct variable lines $\ell$ and $\ell'$ through $P$ meet the circle $\gamma$ at points $X$ and $Y$, and $X'$ and $Y'$, respectively. Let $M$ and $N$ be the antipodes of $P$ in the circles $PXX'$ and $PYY'$, respectively. Prove that the line $MN$ passes through a fixed point.

Mihai Chis

Let $ABC$ be a scalene triangle. The tangents at the perpendicular foot dropped from $A$ on the line $BC$ and the midpoint of the side $BC$ to the nine-point circle meet at the point $A'$\,; the points $B'$ and $C'$ are defined similarly. Prove that the lines $AA'$, $BB'$ and $CC'$ are concurrent.

Gazeta Matematica .

Let $\ell$ be a line, and let $\gamma$ and $\gamma'$ be two circles. The line $\ell$ meets $\gamma$ at points $A$ and $B$, and $\gamma'$ at points $A'$ and $B'$. The tangents to $\gamma$ at $A$ and $B$ meet at point $C$, and the tangents to $\gamma'$ at $A'$ and $B'$ meet at point $C'$. The lines $\ell$ and $CC'$ meet at point $P$. Let $\lambda$ be a variable line through $P$ and let $X$ be one of the points where $\lambda$ meets $\gamma$, and $X'$ be one of the points where $\lambda$ meets $\gamma'$. Prove that the point of intersection of the lines $CX$ and $C'X'$ lies on a fixed circle.

Gazeta Matematica

Let $ABC$ be a scalene triangle, let $I$ be its incentre, and let $A_1$, $B_1$ and $C_1$ be the points of contact of the excircles with the sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively. Prove that the circumcircles of the triangles $AIA_1$, $BIB_1$ and $CIC_1$ have a common point different from $I$.

Cezar Lupu & Vlad Matei

2011 Romania TST 1.3

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $AB<AC$. The perpendicular bisector of the side $BC$ meets the side $AC$ at the point $D$, and the (interior) bisectrix of the angle $ADB$ meets the circumcircle $ABC$ at the point $E$. Prove that the (interior) bisectrix of the angle $AEB$ and the line through the incentres of the triangles $ADE$ and $BDE$ are perpendicular.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $AB<AC$. The perpendicular bisector of the side $BC$ meets the side $AC$ at the point $D$, and the (interior) bisectrix of the angle $ADB$ meets the circumcircle $ABC$ at the point $E$. Prove that the (interior) bisectrix of the angle $AEB$ and the line through the incentres of the triangles $ADE$ and $BDE$ are perpendicular.

2011 Romania TST 2.2

In triangle $ABC$, the incircle touches sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ in $D,E$ and $F$ respectively. Let $X$ be the feet of the altitude of the vertex $D$ on side $EF$ of triangle $DEF$. Prove that $AX,BY$ and $CZ$ are concurrent on the Euler line of the triangle $DEF$.

In triangle $ABC$, the incircle touches sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ in $D,E$ and $F$ respectively. Let $X$ be the feet of the altitude of the vertex $D$ on side $EF$ of triangle $DEF$. Prove that $AX,BY$ and $CZ$ are concurrent on the Euler line of the triangle $DEF$.

2011 Romania TST 4.1

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral. The lines $BC$ and $AD$ meet at a point $P$. Let $Q$ be the point on the line $BP$, different from $B$, such that $PQ=BP$. Consider the parallelograms $CAQR$ and $DBCS$. Prove that the points $C,Q,R,S$ lie on a circle.

2011 Romania TST 4.2

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrangle such that $AB=AC=BD$ (vertices are labelled in circular order). The lines $AC$ and $BD$ meet at point $O$, the circles $ABC$ and $ADO$ meet again at point $P$, and the lines $AP$ and $BC$ meet at the point $Q$. Show that the angles $COQ$ and $DOQ$ are equal.

2011 Romania TST 4.3

Given a triangle $ABC$, let $D$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ and let $M$ be the point that divides the segment $BD$ in the ratio $1/2$; that is, $MB/MD=1/2$. The rays $AM$ and $CM$ meet the sides $BC$ and $AB$ at points $E$ and $F$, respectively. Assume the two rays perpendicular: $AM\perp CM$. Show that the quadrangle $AFED$ is cyclic if and only if the median from $A$ in triangle $ABC$ meets the line $EF$ at a point situated on the circle $ABC$.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral. The lines $BC$ and $AD$ meet at a point $P$. Let $Q$ be the point on the line $BP$, different from $B$, such that $PQ=BP$. Consider the parallelograms $CAQR$ and $DBCS$. Prove that the points $C,Q,R,S$ lie on a circle.

2011 Romania TST 4.2

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrangle such that $AB=AC=BD$ (vertices are labelled in circular order). The lines $AC$ and $BD$ meet at point $O$, the circles $ABC$ and $ADO$ meet again at point $P$, and the lines $AP$ and $BC$ meet at the point $Q$. Show that the angles $COQ$ and $DOQ$ are equal.

2011 Romania TST 4.3

Given a triangle $ABC$, let $D$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ and let $M$ be the point that divides the segment $BD$ in the ratio $1/2$; that is, $MB/MD=1/2$. The rays $AM$ and $CM$ meet the sides $BC$ and $AB$ at points $E$ and $F$, respectively. Assume the two rays perpendicular: $AM\perp CM$. Show that the quadrangle $AFED$ is cyclic if and only if the median from $A$ in triangle $ABC$ meets the line $EF$ at a point situated on the circle $ABC$.

The incircle of a triangle $ABC$ touches the sides $BC,CA,AB$ at points $D,E,F$, respectively. Let $X$ be a point on the incircle, different from the points $D,E,F$. The lines $XD$ and $EF,XE$ and $FD,XF$ and $DE$ meet at points $J,K,L$, respectively. Let further $M,N,P$ be points on the sides $BC,CA,AB$, respectively, such that the lines $AM,BN,CP$ are concurrent. Prove that the lines $JM,KN$ and $LP$ are concurrent.

Dinu Serbanescu

2012 Romania TST 1.2

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral such that the triangles $BCD$ and $CDA$ are not equilateral. Prove that if the Simson line of $A$ with respect to $\triangle BCD$ is perpendicular to the Euler line of $BCD$, then the Simson line of $B$ with respect to $\triangle ACD$ is perpendicular to the Euler line of $\triangle ACD$.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral such that the triangles $BCD$ and $CDA$ are not equilateral. Prove that if the Simson line of $A$ with respect to $\triangle BCD$ is perpendicular to the Euler line of $BCD$, then the Simson line of $B$ with respect to $\triangle ACD$ is perpendicular to the Euler line of $\triangle ACD$.

2012 Romania TST 2.2

Let $ABCD$ be a convex circumscribed quadrilateral such that $\angle ABC+\angle ADC<180^{\circ}$ and $\angle ABD+\angle ACB=\angle ACD+\angle ADB$. Prove that one of the diagonals of quadrilateral $ABCD$ passes through the other diagonals midpoint.

Let $ABCD$ be a convex circumscribed quadrilateral such that $\angle ABC+\angle ADC<180^{\circ}$ and $\angle ABD+\angle ACB=\angle ACD+\angle ADB$. Prove that one of the diagonals of quadrilateral $ABCD$ passes through the other diagonals midpoint.

2012 Romania TST 3.2

Let $\gamma$ be a circle and $l$ a line in its plane. Let $K$ be a point on $l$, located outside of $\gamma$. Let $KA$ and $KB$ be the tangents from $K$ to $\gamma$, where $A$ and $B$ are distinct points on $\gamma$. Let $P$ and $Q$ be two points on $\gamma$. Lines $PA$ and $PB$ intersect line $l$ in two points $R$ and respectively $S$. Lines $QR$ and $QS$ intersect the second time circle $\gamma$ in points $C$ and $D$. Prove that the tangents from $C$ and $D$ to $\gamma$ are concurrent on line $l$.

Let $\gamma$ be a circle and $l$ a line in its plane. Let $K$ be a point on $l$, located outside of $\gamma$. Let $KA$ and $KB$ be the tangents from $K$ to $\gamma$, where $A$ and $B$ are distinct points on $\gamma$. Let $P$ and $Q$ be two points on $\gamma$. Lines $PA$ and $PB$ intersect line $l$ in two points $R$ and respectively $S$. Lines $QR$ and $QS$ intersect the second time circle $\gamma$ in points $C$ and $D$. Prove that the tangents from $C$ and $D$ to $\gamma$ are concurrent on line $l$.

2013 Romania TST 1.2

Circles $\Omega $ and $\omega $ are tangent at a point $P$ ($\omega $ lies inside $\Omega $). A chord $AB$ of $\Omega $ is tangent to $\omega $ at $C;$ the line $PC$ meets $\Omega $ again at $Q.$ Chords $QR$ and $QS$ of $ \Omega $ are tangent to $\omega .$ Let $I,X,$ and $Y$ be the incenters of the triangles $APB,$ $ARB,$ and $ASB,$ respectively. Prove that $\angle PXI+\angle PYI=90^{\circ }.$

Circles $\Omega $ and $\omega $ are tangent at a point $P$ ($\omega $ lies inside $\Omega $). A chord $AB$ of $\Omega $ is tangent to $\omega $ at $C;$ the line $PC$ meets $\Omega $ again at $Q.$ Chords $QR$ and $QS$ of $ \Omega $ are tangent to $\omega .$ Let $I,X,$ and $Y$ be the incenters of the triangles $APB,$ $ARB,$ and $ASB,$ respectively. Prove that $\angle PXI+\angle PYI=90^{\circ }.$

2013 Romania TST 2.2

The vertices of two acute-angled triangles lie on the same circle. The Euler circle (nine-point circle) of one of the triangles passes through the midpoints of two sides of the other triangle. Prove that the triangles have the same Euler circle.

original version

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcenter $\Gamma$ and nine-point center $\gamma$. Let $X$ be a point on $\Gamma$ and let $Y$, $Z$ be on $\Gamma$ so that the midpoints of segments $XY$ and $XZ$ are on $\gamma$. Prove that the midpoint of $YZ$ is on $\gamma$.

The vertices of two acute-angled triangles lie on the same circle. The Euler circle (nine-point circle) of one of the triangles passes through the midpoints of two sides of the other triangle. Prove that the triangles have the same Euler circle.

original version

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcenter $\Gamma$ and nine-point center $\gamma$. Let $X$ be a point on $\Gamma$ and let $Y$, $Z$ be on $\Gamma$ so that the midpoints of segments $XY$ and $XZ$ are on $\gamma$. Prove that the midpoint of $YZ$ is on $\gamma$.

2013 Romania TST 3.2

Let $\gamma$ a circle and $P$ a point who lies outside the circle. Two arbitrary lines $l$ and $l'$ which pass through $P$ intersect the circle at the points $X$, $Y$ , respectively $X'$, $Y'$ , such that $X$ lies between $P$ and $Y$ and $X'$ lies between $P$ and $Y'$. Prove that the line determined by the circumcentres of the triangles $PXY'$ and $PX'Y$ passes through a fixed point.

Let $\gamma$ a circle and $P$ a point who lies outside the circle. Two arbitrary lines $l$ and $l'$ which pass through $P$ intersect the circle at the points $X$, $Y$ , respectively $X'$, $Y'$ , such that $X$ lies between $P$ and $Y$ and $X'$ lies between $P$ and $Y'$. Prove that the line determined by the circumcentres of the triangles $PXY'$ and $PX'Y$ passes through a fixed point.

Let $K$ be a convex quadrangle and let $l$ be a line through the point of intersection of the diagonals of $K$. Show that the length of the segment of intersection $l\cap K$ does not exceed the length of (at least) one of the diagonals of $K$.

2014 Romania TST 1.1

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, let ${A}'$, ${B}'$, ${C}'$ be the orthogonal projections of the vertices $A$ ,$B$ ,$C$ on the lines $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively, and let $X$ be a point on the line $A{A}'$.Let $\gamma_{B}$ be the circle through $B$ and $X$, centred on the line $BC$, and let $\gamma_{C}$ be the circle through $C$ and $X$, centred on the line $BC$.The circle $\gamma_{B}$ meets the lines $AB$ and $B{B}'$ again at $M$ and ${M}'$, respectively, and the circle $\gamma_{C}$ meets the lines $AC$ and $C{C}'$ again at $N$ and ${N}'$, respectively.Show that the points $M$, ${M}'$, $N$ and ${N}'$ are collinear.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, let ${A}'$, ${B}'$, ${C}'$ be the orthogonal projections of the vertices $A$ ,$B$ ,$C$ on the lines $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively, and let $X$ be a point on the line $A{A}'$.Let $\gamma_{B}$ be the circle through $B$ and $X$, centred on the line $BC$, and let $\gamma_{C}$ be the circle through $C$ and $X$, centred on the line $BC$.The circle $\gamma_{B}$ meets the lines $AB$ and $B{B}'$ again at $M$ and ${M}'$, respectively, and the circle $\gamma_{C}$ meets the lines $AC$ and $C{C}'$ again at $N$ and ${N}'$, respectively.Show that the points $M$, ${M}'$, $N$ and ${N}'$ are collinear.

2014 Romania TST 2.1

Let $ABC$ be a triangle and let $X$,$Y$,$Z$ be interior points on the sides $BC$, $CA$, $AB$, respectively. Show that the magnified image of the triangle $XYZ$ under a homothety of factor $4$ from its centroid covers at least one of the vertices $A$, $B$, $C$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle and let $X$,$Y$,$Z$ be interior points on the sides $BC$, $CA$, $AB$, respectively. Show that the magnified image of the triangle $XYZ$ under a homothety of factor $4$ from its centroid covers at least one of the vertices $A$, $B$, $C$.

2014 Romania TST 3.1

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle, $AB = AC$, and let $M$ and $N$ be points on the sides $BC$ and $CA$, respectively, such that $\angle BAM=\angle CNM$. The lines $AB$ and $MN$ meet at $P$. Show that the internal angle bisectors of the angles $BAM$ and $BPM$ meet at a point on the line $BC$.

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle, $AB = AC$, and let $M$ and $N$ be points on the sides $BC$ and $CA$, respectively, such that $\angle BAM=\angle CNM$. The lines $AB$ and $MN$ meet at $P$. Show that the internal angle bisectors of the angles $BAM$ and $BPM$ meet at a point on the line $BC$.

2014 Romania TST 4.1

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute triangle of circumcentre $O$. Let the tangents to the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ in points $B$ and $C$ meet at point $P$. The circle of centre $P$ and radius $PB=PC$ meets the internal angle bisector of $\angle BAC$ inside $\triangle ABC$ at point $S$, and $OS \cap BC = D$. The projections of $S$ on $AC$ and $AB$ respectively are $E$ and $F$. Prove that $AD$, $BE$ and $CF$ are concurrent.

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute triangle of circumcentre $O$. Let the tangents to the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ in points $B$ and $C$ meet at point $P$. The circle of centre $P$ and radius $PB=PC$ meets the internal angle bisector of $\angle BAC$ inside $\triangle ABC$ at point $S$, and $OS \cap BC = D$. The projections of $S$ on $AC$ and $AB$ respectively are $E$ and $F$. Prove that $AD$, $BE$ and $CF$ are concurrent.

Cosmin Pohoata

2014 Romania TST 5.1

Let $ABC$ a triangle and $O$ his circumcentre.The lines $OA$ and $BC$ intersect each other at $M$ ; the points $N$ and $P$ are defined in an analogous way.The tangent line in $A$ at the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ intersect $NP$ in the point $X$ ; the points $Y$ and $Z$ are defined in an analogous way.Prove that the points $X$ , $Y$ and $Z$ are collinear.

Let $ABC$ a triangle and $O$ his circumcentre.The lines $OA$ and $BC$ intersect each other at $M$ ; the points $N$ and $P$ are defined in an analogous way.The tangent line in $A$ at the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ intersect $NP$ in the point $X$ ; the points $Y$ and $Z$ are defined in an analogous way.Prove that the points $X$ , $Y$ and $Z$ are collinear.

2015 Romania TST 1.1

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, let $O$ be its circumcenter, let $A'$ be the orthogonal projection of $A$ on the line $BC$, and let $X$ be a point on the open ray $AA'$ emanating from $A$. The internal bisectrix of the angle $BAC$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ again at $D$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the segment $DX$. The line through $O$ and parallel to the line $AD$ meets the line $DX$ at $N$. Prove that the angles $BAM$ and $CAN$ are equal.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle, let $O$ be its circumcenter, let $A'$ be the orthogonal projection of $A$ on the line $BC$, and let $X$ be a point on the open ray $AA'$ emanating from $A$. The internal bisectrix of the angle $BAC$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ again at $D$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of the segment $DX$. The line through $O$ and parallel to the line $AD$ meets the line $DX$ at $N$. Prove that the angles $BAM$ and $CAN$ are equal.

2015 Romania TST 2.2

Let $ABC$ be a triangle . Let $A'$ be the center of the circle through the midpoint of the side $BC$ and the orthogonal projections of $B$ and $C$ on the lines of support of the internal bisectrices of the angles $ACB$ and $ABC$ , respectively ; the points $B'$ and $C'$ are defined similarly . Prove that the nine-point circle of the triangle $ABC$ and the circumcircle of $A'B'C'$ are concentric.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle . Let $A'$ be the center of the circle through the midpoint of the side $BC$ and the orthogonal projections of $B$ and $C$ on the lines of support of the internal bisectrices of the angles $ACB$ and $ABC$ , respectively ; the points $B'$ and $C'$ are defined similarly . Prove that the nine-point circle of the triangle $ABC$ and the circumcircle of $A'B'C'$ are concentric.

2015 Romania TST 3.1

Two circles $\gamma $ and $\gamma'$ cross one another at points $A$ and $B$ . The tangent to $\gamma'$ at $A$ meets $\gamma$ again at $C$ , the tangent to $\gamma$ at $A$ meets $\gamma'$ again at $C'$ , and the line $CC'$ separates the points $A$ and $B$ . Let $\Gamma$ be the circle externally tangent to $\gamma$ , externally tangent to $\gamma'$ , tangent to the line $CC'$, and lying on the same side of $CC'$ as $B$ . Show that the circles $\gamma$ and $\gamma'$ intercept equal segments on one of the tangents to $\Gamma$ through $A$

Two circles $\gamma $ and $\gamma'$ cross one another at points $A$ and $B$ . The tangent to $\gamma'$ at $A$ meets $\gamma$ again at $C$ , the tangent to $\gamma$ at $A$ meets $\gamma'$ again at $C'$ , and the line $CC'$ separates the points $A$ and $B$ . Let $\Gamma$ be the circle externally tangent to $\gamma$ , externally tangent to $\gamma'$ , tangent to the line $CC'$, and lying on the same side of $CC'$ as $B$ . Show that the circles $\gamma$ and $\gamma'$ intercept equal segments on one of the tangents to $\Gamma$ through $A$

2015 Romania TST 4.1

Let $ABC$ and $ABD$ be coplanar triangles with equal perimeters. The lines of support of the internal bisectrices of the angles $CAD$ and $CBD$ meet at $P$. Show that the angles $APC$ and $BPD$ are congruent.

Let $ABC$ and $ABD$ be coplanar triangles with equal perimeters. The lines of support of the internal bisectrices of the angles $CAD$ and $CBD$ meet at $P$. Show that the angles $APC$ and $BPD$ are congruent.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle. Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ be points on the side $AB$ such that $P_2$ lies on the segment $BP_1$ and $AP_1 = BP_2$; similarly, let $Q_1$ and $Q_2$ be points on the side $BC$ such that $Q_2$ lies on the segment $BQ_1$ and $BQ_1 = CQ_2$. The segments $P_1Q_2$ and $P_2Q_1$ meet at $R$, and the circles $P_1P_2R$ and $Q_1Q_2R$ meet again at $S$, situated inside triangle $P_1Q_1R$. Finally, let $M$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$. Prove that the angles $P_1RS$ and $Q_1RM$ are equal.

2016 Romania TST 1.1

Two circles, $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$, centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$, respectively, meet at points $A$ and $B$. A line through $B$ meet $\omega_1$ again at $C$, and $\omega_2$ again at $D$. The tangents to $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ at $C$ and $D$, respectively, meet at $E$, and the line $AE$ meets the circle $\omega$ through $A, O_1,O_2$ again at $F$. Prove that the length of the segment $EF$ is equal to the diameter of $\omega$.

2017 Romania TST 1.1

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral and let $P$ and $Q$ be variable points inside this quadrilateral

so that $\angle APB=\angle CPD=\angle AQB=\angle CQD$. Prove that the lines $PQ$ obtained in this

way all pass through a fixed point , or they are all parallel.

Two circles, $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$, centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$, respectively, meet at points $A$ and $B$. A line through $B$ meet $\omega_1$ again at $C$, and $\omega_2$ again at $D$. The tangents to $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ at $C$ and $D$, respectively, meet at $E$, and the line $AE$ meets the circle $\omega$ through $A, O_1,O_2$ again at $F$. Prove that the length of the segment $EF$ is equal to the diameter of $\omega$.

2017 Romania TST 1.1

Let $ABCD$ be a trapezium, $AD\parallel BC$, and let $E,F$ be points on the sides $AB$ and $CD$,

respectively. The circumcircle of $AEF$ meets $AD$ again at $A_1$, and the circumcircle of $CEF$

meets $BC$ again at $C_1$. Prove that $A_1C_1,BD,EF$ are concurrent.

so that $\angle APB=\angle CPD=\angle AQB=\angle CQD$. Prove that the lines $PQ$ obtained in this

way all pass through a fixed point , or they are all parallel.

missing 2018

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