geometry problems

with aops links in the names from

Geometrical Olympiad in Honour of I.F.Sharygin (also known as Sharygin Geometry Olympiad)

1st round: 2007- 2018 (solutions in 2009-18)

final round: 2007- 2010, 2011-2018 (solutions in 2008-09, 2011- 2018)

final round: 2010 (solutions in 2005-07, 2010)

To be more exact, the Russian pdf collects all the problems and all solutions that are not contained in the English pdf.

The incircle of a right-angled triangle $ABC$ ($\angle C = 90^\circ$) touches $BC$ at point $K$. Prove that the chord of the incircle cut by line $AK$ is twice as large as the distance from $C$ to that line.

sources: geometry.ru/olimp/olimpsharygin.php, sasja.shap.homedns.org/Turniry/Shar-eng/

with aops links in the names from

Geometrical Olympiad in Honour of I.F.Sharygin (also known as Sharygin Geometry Olympiad)

page under construction

below are 2008-09, 2012, 2014-18: First & Final Round

2010: First Round

below are 2008-09, 2012, 2014-18: First & Final Round

2010: First Round

This Olympiad started in 2005 and has two rounds (first and final). Since 2007 problems are also published in English (besides 2010 final). In the following pdfs are in the English one, everything that was published in English, and the Russian one, everything missing from the english collection. The only problems without solution, not even in Russian are the final round in 2005.

The first round is officially called as correspodence.

collecting in English:

final round: 2007- 2010, 2011-2018 (solutions in 2008-09, 2011- 2018)

collecting in Russian:

1st round: 2005- 2006 (solutions in 2005-08)final round: 2010 (solutions in 2005-07, 2010)

To be more exact, the Russian pdf collects all the problems and all solutions that are not contained in the English pdf.

2007-2008 First Round

2008-2009 First Round

Points $ B_1$ and $ B_2$ lie on ray $ AM$, and points $ C_1$ and $ C_2$ lie on ray $ AK$. The circle with center $ O$ is inscribed into triangles $ AB_1C_1$ and $ AB_2C_2$. Prove that the angles $ B_1OB_2$ and $ C_1OC_2$ are equal.

Given nonisosceles triangle $ ABC$. Consider three segments passing through different vertices of this triangle and bisecting its perimeter. Are the lengths of these segments certainly different?

Let $ P$ and $ Q$ be the common points of two circles. The ray with origin $ Q$ reflects from the first circle in points $ A_1$, $ A_2$,$ \ldots$ according to the rule ''the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of reflection''. Another ray with origin $ Q$ reflects from the second circle in the points $ B_1$, $ B_2$,$ \ldots$ in the same manner. Points $ A_1$, $ B_1$ and $ P$ occurred to be collinear. Prove that all lines $ A_iB_i$ pass through P.

Given triangle $ ABC$. Point $ O$ is the center of the excircle touching the side $ BC$. Point $ O_1$ is the reflection of $ O$ in $ BC$. Determine angle $ A$ if $ O_1$ lies on the circumcircle of $ ABC$.

Find the locus of excenters of right triangles with given hypotenuse.

Given triangle $ ABC$. Points $ M$, $ N$ are the projections of $ B$ and $ C$ to the bisectors of angles $ C$ and $ B$ respectively. Prove that line $ MN$ intersects sides $ AC$ and $ AB$ in their points of contact with the incircle of $ ABC$.

Some polygon can be divided into two equal parts by three different ways. Is it certainly valid that this polygon has an axis or a center of symmetry?

Given $ n$ points on the plane, which are the vertices of a convex polygon, $ n > 3$. There exists $ k$ regular triangles with the side equal to $ 1$ and the vertices at the given points.

Given triangle $ ABC$ and two points $ X$, $ Y$ not lying on its circumcircle. Let $ A_1$, $ B_1$, $ C_1$ be the projections of $ X$ to $ BC$, $ CA$, $ AB$, and $ A_2$, $ B_2$, $ C_2$ be the projections of $ Y$. Prove that the perpendiculars from $ A_1$, $ B_1$, $ C_1$ to $ B_2C_2$, $ C_2A_2$, $ A_2B_2$, respectively, concur if and only if line $ XY$ passes through the circumcenter of $ ABC$.

Minor base $BC$ of trapezoid $ABCD$ is equal to side $AB$, and diagonal $AC$ is equal to base $AD$. The line passing through B and parallel to $AC$ intersects line $DC$ in point $M$. Prove that $AM$ is the bisector of angle $\angle BAC$.

A cyclic quadrilateral is divided into four quadrilaterals by two lines passing through its inner point. Three of these quadrilaterals are cyclic with equal circumradii. Prove that the fourth part also is cyclic quadrilateral and its circumradius is the same.

The midpoint of triangle's side and the base of the altitude to this side are symmetric wrt the touching point of this side with the incircle. Prove that this side equals one third of triangle's perimeter.

Given a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$. Let $R_a, R_b, R_c$ and $R_d$ be the circumradii of triangles $DAB, ABC, BCD, CDA$. Prove that inequality $R_a < R_b < R_c < R_d$ is equivalent to $180^o - \angle CDB < \angle CAB < \angle CDB$ .

Let $a, b, c$ be the lengths of some triangle's sides, $p, r$ be the semiperimeter and the inradius of triangle. Prove an inequality $\sqrt{\frac{ab(p- c)}{p}} +\sqrt{\frac{ca(p- b)}{p}} +\sqrt{\frac{bc(p-a)}{p}} \ge 6r$

Given quadrilateral $ABCD$. Its sidelines$ AB$ and $CD$ intersect in point $K$. It's diagonals intersect in point $L$. It is known that line $KL$ pass through the centroid of $ABCD$. Prove that $ABCD$ is trapezoid.

2009-2010 First Round

Point $D$ lies on side $AB$ of triangle $ABC$. Let $\omega_1$ and $\Omega_1,\omega_2$ and $\Omega_2$ be the incircles and the excircles (touching segment $AB$) of triangles $ACD$ and $BCD.$ Prove that the common external tangents to $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2,$ $\Omega_1$ and $\Omega_2$ meet on $AB$.

Two perpendicular lines pass through the orthocenter of an acute-angled triangle. The sidelines of the triangle cut on each of these lines two segments: one lying inside the triangle and another one lying outside it. Prove that the product of two internal segments is equal to the product of two external segments.

A circle $\omega$ with center $I$ is inscribed into a segment of the disk, formed by an arc and a chord $AB$. Point $M$ is the midpoint of this arc $AB$, and point $N$ is the midpoint of the complementary arc. The tangents from $N$ touch $\omega$ in points $C$ and $D$. The opposite sidelines $AC$ and $BD$ of quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet in point $X$, and the diagonals of $ABCD$ meet in point $Y$. Prove that points $X, Y, I$ and $M$ are collinear.

An arbitrary point is selected on each of twelve diagonals of the faces of a cube.The centroid of these twelve points is determined. Find the locus of all these centroids.

Given are $n$ $(n > 2)$ points on the plane such that no three of them are collinear. In how many ways this set of points can be divided into two non-empty subsets with non-intersecting convex envelops?

The incircle of a right-angled triangle $ABC$ touches its catheti $AC$ and $BC$ at points $B_1$ and $A_1$, the hypotenuse touches the incircle at point $C_1$. Lines $C_1A_1$ and $C_1B_1$ meet $CA$ and $CB$ respectively at points $B_0$ and $A_0$. Prove that $AB_0 = BA_0$.

Let ABCD be a cyclic quadrilateral. Prove that $AC > BD$ if and only if $(AD-BC)(AB- CD) > 0$.

(V. Yasinsky)

In a quadrilateral $ABCD$ angles $A$ and $C$ are right. Two circles with diameters $AB$ and $CD$ meet at points $X$ and $Y$ . Prove that line $XY$ passes through the midpoint of $AC$.

The vertices and the circumcenter of an isosceles triangle lie on four different sides of a square. Find the angles of this triangle.

In trapezoid $ABCD$ angles $A$ and $B$ are right, $AB = AD, CD = BC + AD, BC < AD$. Prove that $\angle ADC = 2\angle ABE$, where $E$ is the midpoint of segment $AD$.

A circle passing through $A, B$ and the orthocenter of triangle $ABC$ meets sides $AC, BC$ at their inner points. Prove that $60^o < \angle C < 90^o$ .

In triangle $ABC$ we have $AB = BC, \angle B = 20^o$. Point $M$ on $AC$ is such that $AM : MC = 1 : 2$, point $H$ is the projection of $C$ to $BM$. Find angle $AHB$.

Prove that an arbitrary convex quadrilateral can be divided into five polygons having symmetry axes.

Two equal hard triangles are given. One of their angles is equal to $ \alpha$ (these angles are marked). Dispose these triangles on the plane in such a way that the angle formed by some three vertices would be equal to $ \alpha / 2$.

(No instruments are allowed, even a pencil.)

Lines $b$ and $c$ passing through vertices $B$ and $C$ of triangle $ABC$ are perpendicular to sideline $BC$. The perpendicular bisectors to $AC$ and $AB$ meet $b$ and $c$ at points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. Prove that line $PQ$ is perpendicular to median $AM$ of triangle $ABC$.

Point $M$ on side $AB$ of quadrilateral $ABCD$ is such that quadrilaterals $AMCD$ and $BMDC$ are circumscribed around circles centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$ respectively. Line $O_1O_2$ cuts an isosceles triangle with vertex M from angle $CMD$. Prove that $ABCD$ is a cyclic quadrilateral.

2015-2016 First Round

2015-2016 Final Round

Does a regular polygon exist such that just half of its diagonals are parallel to its sides?

by B.Frenkin

For a given pair of circles, construct two concentric circles such that both are tangent to the given two. What is the number of solutions, depending on location of the circles?
by V.Protasov

A triangle can be dissected into three equal triangles. Prove that some its angle is equal to $ 60^{\circ}$.

by A.Zaslavsky

The bisectors of two angles in a cyclic quadrilateral are parallel. Prove that the sum of squares of some two sides in the quadrilateral equals the sum of squares of two remaining sides.

by D.Shnol

Reconstruct the square $ ABCD$, given its vertex $ A$ and distances of vertices $ B$ and $ D$ from a fixed point $ O$ in the plane.

by Kiev olympiad

In the plane, given two concentric circles with the center $ A$. Let $ B$ be an arbitrary point on some of these circles, and $ C$ on the other one. For every triangle $ ABC$, consider two equal circles mutually tangent at the point $ K$, such that one of these circles is tangent to the line $ AB$ at point $ B$ and the other one is tangent to the line $ AC$ at point $ C$. Determine the locus of points $ K$.

by A. Myakishev

Given a circle and a point $ O$ on it. Another circle with center $ O$ meets the first one at points $ P$ and $ Q$. The point $ C$ lies on the first circle, and the lines $ CP$, $ CQ$ meet the second circle for the second time at points $ A$ and $ B$. Prove that $ AB=PQ$.

Let $ h$ be the least altitude of a tetrahedron, and $ d$ the least distance between its opposite edges. For what values of $ t$ the inequality $ d>th$ is possible?

by A.Zaslavsky

a) Prove that for $ n > 4$, any convex $ n$-gon can be dissected into $ n$ obtuse triangles.

b) Prove that for any $n$, there exists a convex $n$-gon which cannot be dissected into less than $n$ obtuse triangles.

c) In a dissection of a rectangle into obtuse triangles, what is the least possible number of triangles?

by T.Golenishcheva-Kutuzova, B.Frenkin

The reflections of diagonal $ BD$ of a quadrilateral $ ABCD$ in the bisectors of angles $ B$ and $ D$ pass through the midpoint of diagonal $ AC$. Prove that the reflections of diagonal $ AC$ in the bisectors of angles $ A$ and $ C$ pass through the midpoint of diagonal $ BD$

(There was an error in published condition of this problem).

(There was an error in published condition of this problem).

by A.Zaslavsky

Quadrilateral $ ABCD$ is circumscribed arounda circle with center $ I$. Prove that the projections of points $ B$ and $ D$ to the lines $ IA$ and $ IC$ lie on a single circle.
by A.Zaslavsky

Given four points $ A$, $ B$, $ C$, $ D$. Any two circles such that one of them contains $ A$ and $ B$, and the other one contains $ C$ and $ D$, meet. Prove that common chords of all these pairs of circles pass through a fixed point.

by A.Zaslavsky

Given a triangle $ ABC$. Point $ A_1$ is chosen on the ray $ BA$ so that segments $ BA_1$ and $ BC$ are equal. Point $ A_2$ is chosen on the ray $ CA$ so that segments $ CA_2$ and $ BC$ are equal. Points $ B_1$, $ B_2$ and $ C_1$, $ C_2$ are chosen similarly. Prove that lines $ A_1A_2$, $ B_1B_2$, $ C_1C_2$ are parallel.

by A.Myakishev

Given triangle $ ABC$. One of its excircles is tangent to the side $ BC$ at point $ A_1$ and to the extensions of two other sides. Another excircle is tangent to side $ AC$ at point $ B_1$. Segments $ AA_1$ and $ BB_1$ meet at point $ N$. Point $ P$ is chosen on the ray $ AA_1$ so that $ AP= NA_1$. Prove that $ P$ lies on the incircle.

by A.Myakishev

The Euler line of a non-isosceles triangle is parallel to the bisector of one of its angles. Determine this angle

(There was an error in published condition of this problem).

(There was an error in published condition of this problem).

by V.Protasov

Given two circles and point $ P$ not lying on them. Draw a line through $ P$ which cuts chords of equal length from these circles.

by M.Volchkevich

Given two circles. Their common external tangent is tangent to them at points $ A$ and $ B$. Points $ X$, $ Y$ on these circles are such that some circle is tangent to the given two circles at these points, and in similar way (external or internal). Determine the locus of intersections of lines $ AX$ and $ BY$.

by A.Zaslavsky

Given triangle $ ABC$ and a ruler with two marked intervals equal to $ AC$ and $ BC$. By this ruler only, find the incenter of the triangle formed by medial lines of triangle $ ABC$.

by A.Myakishev

Prove that the triangle having sides $ a$, $ b$, $ c$ and area $ S$ satisfies the inequality

$a^2 + b^2 + c^2 - \frac12(|a -b|+|b-c| + |c-a|)^2\geq 4\sqrt3 S.$

$a^2 + b^2 + c^2 - \frac12(|a -b|+|b-c| + |c-a|)^2\geq 4\sqrt3 S.$

by A.Abdullayev

Given parallelogram $ ABCD$ such that $ AB = a$, $ AD = b$. The first circle has its center at vertex $ A$ and passes through $ D$, and the second circle has its center at $ C$ and passes through $ D$. A circle with center $ B$ meets the first circle at points $ M_1$, $ N_1$, and the second circle at points $ M_2$, $ N_2$. Determine the ratio $ M_1N_1/M_2N_2$.

by V.Protasov

a) Some polygon has the following property:

if a line passes through two points which bisect its perimeter then this line bisects the area of the polygon. Is it true that the polygon is central symmetric?

b) Is it true that any figure with the property from part a) is central symmetric?

if a line passes through two points which bisect its perimeter then this line bisects the area of the polygon. Is it true that the polygon is central symmetric?

b) Is it true that any figure with the property from part a) is central symmetric?

by A.Zaslavsky

In a triangle, one has drawn perpendicular bisectors to its sides and has measured their segments lying inside the triangle.

a) All three segments are equal. Is it true that the triangle is equilateral?

b) Two segments are equal. Is it true that the triangle is isosceles?

c) Can the segments have length 4, 4 and 3?

a) All three segments are equal. Is it true that the triangle is equilateral?

b) Two segments are equal. Is it true that the triangle is isosceles?

c) Can the segments have length 4, 4 and 3?

by A.Zaslavsky, B.Frenkin

a) All vertices of a pyramid lie on the facets of a cube but not on its edges, and each facet contains at least one vertex. What is the maximum possible number of the vertices of the pyramid?

b) All vertices of a pyramid lie in the facet planes of a cube but not on the lines including its edges, and each facet plane contains at least one vertex. What is the maximum possible number of the vertices of the pyramid?

b) All vertices of a pyramid lie in the facet planes of a cube but not on the lines including its edges, and each facet plane contains at least one vertex. What is the maximum possible number of the vertices of the pyramid?

by A.Khachaturyan

In the space, given two intersecting spheres of different radii and a point $ A$ belonging to both spheres. Prove that there is a point $ B$ in the space with the following property:

if an arbitrary circle passes through points $ A$ and $ B$ then the second points of its meet with the given spheres are equidistant from $ B$.

if an arbitrary circle passes through points $ A$ and $ B$ then the second points of its meet with the given spheres are equidistant from $ B$.

by V.Protasov

by I.Bogdanov

2007-2008 Final Round

Does a convex quadrilateral without parallel sidelines exist such that it can be divided into four equal triangles?

by B.Frenkin

Given right triangle $ ABC$ with hypothenuse $ AC$ and $ \angle A =50^{\circ}$. Points $ K$ and $ L$ on the cathetus $ BC$ are such that $ \angle KAC = \angle LAB = 10^{\circ}$. Determine the ratio $ CK/LB$.

by F.Nilov

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 8

Two opposite angles of a convex quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals are equal. Prove that a circle can be inscribed in this quadrilateral.

Two opposite angles of a convex quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals are equal. Prove that a circle can be inscribed in this quadrilateral.

by D.Shnol

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 8

Let $ CC_0$ be a median of triangle $ ABC$; the perpendicular bisectors to $ AC$ and $ BC$ intersect $ CC_0$ in points $ A'$, $ B'$; $ C_1$ is the meet of lines $ AA'$ and $ BB'$. Prove that $ \angle C_1CA= \angle C_0CB$.

Let $ CC_0$ be a median of triangle $ ABC$; the perpendicular bisectors to $ AC$ and $ BC$ intersect $ CC_0$ in points $ A'$, $ B'$; $ C_1$ is the meet of lines $ AA'$ and $ BB'$. Prove that $ \angle C_1CA= \angle C_0CB$.

by F.Nilov, A.Zaslavsky

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 5 grade 8

Given two triangles $ ABC$, $ A'B'C'$. Denote by $ \alpha$ the angle between the altitude and the median from vertex $ A$ of triangle $ ABC$. Angles $ \beta$, $ \gamma$, $ \alpha'$, $ \beta'$, $ \gamma'$ are defined similarly. It is known that $ \alpha = \alpha'$, $ \beta =\beta'$, $ \gamma = \gamma'$. Can we conclude that the triangles are similar?

Given two triangles $ ABC$, $ A'B'C'$. Denote by $ \alpha$ the angle between the altitude and the median from vertex $ A$ of triangle $ ABC$. Angles $ \beta$, $ \gamma$, $ \alpha'$, $ \beta'$, $ \gamma'$ are defined similarly. It is known that $ \alpha = \alpha'$, $ \beta =\beta'$, $ \gamma = \gamma'$. Can we conclude that the triangles are similar?

by A.Zaslavsky

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 6 grade 8

Consider the triangles such that all their vertices are vertices of a given regular $2008$-gon. What triangles are more numerous among them: acute-angled or obtuse-angled?

Consider the triangles such that all their vertices are vertices of a given regular $2008$-gon. What triangles are more numerous among them: acute-angled or obtuse-angled?

by B.Frenkin

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 7 grade 8

Given isosceles triangle $ ABC$ with base $ AC$ and $ \angle B =\alpha$. The arc $ AC$ constructed outside the triangle has angular measure equal to $ \beta$. Two lines passing through $ B$ divide the segment and the arc $ AC$ into three equal parts. Find the ratio $ \alpha / \beta$.

Given isosceles triangle $ ABC$ with base $ AC$ and $ \angle B =\alpha$. The arc $ AC$ constructed outside the triangle has angular measure equal to $ \beta$. Two lines passing through $ B$ divide the segment and the arc $ AC$ into three equal parts. Find the ratio $ \alpha / \beta$.

by F.Nilov

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 8 grade 8

A convex quadrilateral was drawn on the blackboard. Boris marked the centers of four excircles each touching one side of the quadrilateral and the extensions of two adjacent sides. After this, Alexey erased the quadrilateral. Can Boris define its perimeter?

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 1 grade 9

A convex quadrilateral was drawn on the blackboard. Boris marked the centers of four excircles each touching one side of the quadrilateral and the extensions of two adjacent sides. After this, Alexey erased the quadrilateral. Can Boris define its perimeter?

by B.Frenkin, A.Zaslavsky

grade 92008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 1 grade 9

A convex polygon can be divided into $2008$ congruent quadrilaterals. Is it true that this polygon has a center or an axis of symmetry?

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 2 grade 9

Given quadrilateral $ ABCD$. Find the locus of points such that their projections to the lines $ AB$, $ BC$, $ CD$, $ DA$ form a quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals.

by A.Zaslavsky

Given quadrilateral $ ABCD$. Find the locus of points such that their projections to the lines $ AB$, $ BC$, $ CD$, $ DA$ form a quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals.

by F.Nilov

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 9

Prove the inequality $ \frac1{\sqrt {2\sin A}} + \frac1{\sqrt {2\sin B}} +\frac1{\sqrt {2\sin C}}\leq\sqrt {\frac {p}{r}}, $ where $ p$ and $ r$ are the semiperimeter and the inradius of triangle $ ABC$.

Prove the inequality $ \frac1{\sqrt {2\sin A}} + \frac1{\sqrt {2\sin B}} +\frac1{\sqrt {2\sin C}}\leq\sqrt {\frac {p}{r}}, $ where $ p$ and $ r$ are the semiperimeter and the inradius of triangle $ ABC$.

by R.Pirkuliev

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 9

Let $ CC_0$ be a median of triangle $ ABC$; the perpendicular bisectors to $ AC$ and $ BC$ intersect $ CC_0$ in points $ A_c$, $ B_c$; $ C_1$ is the common point of $ AA_c$ and $ BB_c$. Points $ A_1$, $ B_1$ are defined similarly. Prove that circle $ A_1B_1C_1$ passes through the circumcenter of triangle $ ABC$.

Let $ CC_0$ be a median of triangle $ ABC$; the perpendicular bisectors to $ AC$ and $ BC$ intersect $ CC_0$ in points $ A_c$, $ B_c$; $ C_1$ is the common point of $ AA_c$ and $ BB_c$. Points $ A_1$, $ B_1$ are defined similarly. Prove that circle $ A_1B_1C_1$ passes through the circumcenter of triangle $ ABC$.

by F.Nilov, A.Zaslavsky

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 5 grade 9

Can the surface of a regular tetrahedron be glued over with equal regular hexagons?

Can the surface of a regular tetrahedron be glued over with equal regular hexagons?

by N.Avilov

2008 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 6 grade 9

Construct the triangle, given its centroid and the feet of an altitude and a bisector from the same vertex.

Construct the triangle, given its centroid and the feet of an altitude and a bisector from the same vertex.

by B.Frenkin

The circumradius of triangle $ ABC$ is equal to $ R$. Another circle with the same radius passes through the orthocenter $ H$ of this triangle and intersect its circumcirle in points $ X$, $ Y$. Point $ Z$ is the fourth vertex of parallelogram $ CXZY$. Find the circumradius of triangle $ ABZ$.
by A.Zaslavsky

Points $ P$, $ Q$ lie on the circumcircle $ \omega$ of triangle $ ABC$. The perpendicular bisector $ l$ to $ PQ$ intersects $ BC$, $ CA$, $ AB$ in points $ A'$, $ B'$, $ C'$. Let $ A"$, $ B"$, $ C"$ be the second common points of $ l$ with the circles $ A'PQ$, $ B'PQ$, $ C'PQ$. Prove that $ AA"$, $ BB"$, $ CC"$ concur.

by J.-L.Ayme, France

An inscribed and circumscribed $ n$-gon is divided by some line into two inscribed and circumscribed polygons with different numbers of sides. Find $ n$.

Let triangle $ A_1B_1C_1$ be symmetric to $ ABC$ wrt the incenter of its medial triangle. Prove that the orthocenter of $ A_1B_1C_1$ coincides with the circumcenter of the triangle formed by the excenters of $ ABC$.
by B.Frenkin

by A.Myakishev

Suppose $ X$ and $ Y$ are the common points of two circles $ \omega_1$ and $ \omega_2$. The third circle $ \omega$ is internally tangent to $ \omega_1$ and $ \omega_2$ in $ P$ and $ Q$ respectively. Segment $ XY$ intersects $ \omega$ in points $ M$ and $ N$. Rays $ PM$ and $ PN$ intersect $ \omega_1$ in points $ A$ and $ D$; rays $ QM$ and $ QN$ intersect $ \omega_2$ in points $ B$ and $ C$ respectively. Prove that $ AB = CD$.

by V.Yasinsky, Ukraine

Given three points $ C_0$, $ C_1$, $ C_2$ on the line $ l$. Find the locus of incenters of triangles $ ABC$ such that points $ A$, $ B$ lie on $ l$ and the feet of the median, the bisector and the altitude from $ C$ coincide with $ C_0$, $ C_1$, $ C_2$.

by A.Zaslavsky

A section of a regular tetragonal pyramid is a regular pentagon. Find the ratio of its side to the side of the base of the pyramid.

by I.Bogdanov

The product of two sides in a triangle is equal to $ 8Rr$, where $ R$ and $ r$ are the circumradius and the inradius of the triangle. Prove that the angle between these sides is less than $ 60^{\circ}$.

by B.Frenkin

Two arcs with equal angular measure are constructed on the medians $ AA'$ and $ BB'$ of triangle $ ABC$ towards vertex $ C$. Prove that the common chord of the respective circles passes through $ C$.

by F.Nilov

Given a set of points inn the plane. It is known that among any three of its points there are two such that the distance between them doesn't exceed 1. Prove that this set can be divided into three parts such that the diameter of each part does not exceed 1.

by A.Akopyan, V.Dolnikov

2008-2009 First Round

The bisectors of trapezoid's angles form a quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals. Prove that this trapezoid is isosceles.

- Prove that $ k < \frac {2}{3}n$.
- Construct the configuration with $ k > 0.666n$.

Let $ ABC$ be an acute triangle, $ CC_1$ its bisector, $ O$ its circumcenter. The perpendicular from $ C$ to $ AB$ meets line $ OC_1$ in a point lying on the circumcircle of $ AOB$. Determine angle $ C$.

Given quadrilateral $ ABCD$. The circumcircle of $ ABC$ is tangent to side $ CD$, and the circumcircle of $ ACD$ is tangent to side $ AB$. Prove that the length of diagonal $ AC$ is less than the distance between the midpoints of $ AB$ and $ CD$.

Let $ CL$ be a bisector of triangle $ ABC$. Points $ A_1$ and $ B_1$ are the reflections of $ A$ and $ B$ in $ CL$, points $ A_2$ and $ B_2$ are the reflections of $ A$ and $ B$ in $ L$. Let $ O_1$ and $ O_2$ be the circumcenters of triangles $ AB_1B_2$ and $ BA_1A_2$ respectively. Prove that angles $ O_1CA$ and $ O_2CB$ are equal.

In triangle $ ABC$, one has marked the incenter, the foot of altitude from vertex $ C$ and the center of the excircle tangent to side $ AB$. After this, the triangle was erased. Restore it.
Given triangle $ ABC$ of area 1. Let $ BM$ be the perpendicular from $ B$ to the bisector of angle $ C$. Determine the area of triangle $ AMC$.

Given a circle and a point $ C$ not lying on this circle. Consider all triangles $ ABC$ such that points $ A$ and $ B$ lie on the given circle. Prove that the triangle of maximal area is isosceles.

Three lines passing through point $ O$ form equal angles by pairs. Points $ A_1$, $ A_2$ on the first line and $ B_1$, $ B_2$ on the second line are such that the common point $ C_1$ of $ A_1B_1$ and $ A_2B_2$ lies on the third line. Let $ C_2$ be the common point of $ A_1B_2$ and $ A_2B_1$. Prove that angle $ C_1OC_2$ is right.

Given three parallel lines on the plane. Find the locus of incenters of triangles with vertices lying on these lines (a single vertex on each line).

Given convex $ n$-gon $ A_1\ldots A_n$. Let $ P_i$ ($ i =1,\ldots , n$) be such points on its boundary that $ A_iP_i$ bisects the area of polygon. All points $ P_i$ don't coincide with any vertex and lie on $ k$ sides of $ n$-gon. What is the maximal and the minimal value of $ k$ for each given $ n$?

Suppose $ H$ and $ O$ are the orthocenter and the circumcenter of acute triangle $ ABC$; $ AA_1$, $ BB_1$ and $ CC_1$ are the altitudes of the triangle. Point $ C_2$ is the reflection of $ C$ in $ A_1B_1$. Prove that $ H$, $ O$, $ C_1$ and $ C_2$ are concyclic.

The opposite sidelines of quadrilateral $ ABCD$ intersect at points $ P$ and $ Q$. Two lines passing through these points meet the side of $ ABCD$ in four points which are the vertices of a parallelogram. Prove that the center of this parallelogram lies on the line passing through the midpoints of diagonals of $ ABCD$.

Construct a quadrilateral which is inscribed and circumscribed, given the radii of the respective circles and the angle between the diagonals of quadrilateral.

Is it true that for each $ n$, the regular $ 2n$-gon is a projection of some polyhedron having not greater than $ n + 2$ faces?

2009 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 24 grade 11

2009 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 24 grade 11

A sphere is inscribed into a quadrangular pyramid. The point of contact of the sphere with the base of the pyramid is projected to the edges of the base. Prove that these projections are concyclic.

2008-2009 Final Round

grade 8

by A.Blinkov, Y.Blinkov

by A.Blinkov

Let $AH_a $ and $BH_b$ be the altitudes of triangle $ABC$. Points $P$ and $Q$ are the projections of $H_a$ to $AB$ and $AC$. Prove that line $PQ $ bisects segment $H_aH_b$.

by A.Akopjan, K.Savenkov

Given is $\triangle ABC$ such that $\angle A = 57^o, \angle B = 61^o$ and $\angle C = 62^o$. Which segment is longer: the angle bisector through $A$ or the median through $B$?

by N.Beluhov

Given triangle $ABC$. Point $M$ is the projection of vertex $B$ to bisector of angle $C$. $K$ is the touching point of the incircle with side $BC$. Find angle $\angle MKB$ if $\angle BAC = \alpha$

by V.Protasov

Can four equal polygons be placed on the plane in such a way that any two of them don't have common interior points, but have a common boundary segment?

by S.Markelov

Let $s$ be the circumcircle of triangle $ABC, L$ and $W$ be common points of angle's $A$ bisector with side $BC$ and $s$ respectively, $O$ be the circumcenter of triangle $ACL$. Restore triangle $ABC$, if circle $s$ and points $W$ and $O$ are given.

by D.Prokopenko

A triangle $ABC$ is given, in which the segment $BC$ touches the incircle and the corresponding excircle in points $M$ and $N$. If $\angle BAC = 2 \angle MAN$, show that $BC = 2MN$.

by N.Beluhov

grade 9

by A.Blinkov, Y.Blinkov

by O.Musin

Quadrilateral $ABCD$ is circumscribed, rays $BA$ and $CD$ intersect in point $E$, rays $BC$ and $AD$ intersect in point $F$. The incircle of the triangle formed by lines $AB, CD$ and the bisector of angle $B$, touches $AB$ in point $K$, and the incircle of the triangle formed by lines $AD, BC$ and the bisector of angle $B$, touches $BC$ in point $L$. Prove that lines $KL, AC$ and $EF$ concur.

by I.Bogdanov

Given regular $17$-gon $A_1 ... A_{17}$. Prove that two triangles formed by lines $A_1A_4, A_2A_{10}, A_{13}A_{14}$ and $A_2A_3, A_4A_6 A_{14}A_{15} $ are equal.

by N.Beluhov

Let $n$ points lie on the circle. Exactly half of triangles formed by these points are acute-angled. Find all possible $n$.

by B.Frenkin

Given triangle $ABC$ such that $AB- BC = \frac{AC}{\sqrt2}$ . Let $M$ be the midpoint of $AC$, and $N$ be the base of the bisector from $B$. Prove that $\angle BMC + \angle BNC = 90^o$.

by A.Akopjan

Given two intersecting circles with centers $O_1, O_2$. Construct the circle touching one of them externally and the second one internally such that the distance from its center to $O_1O_2$ is maximal.

by M.Volchkevich

Given cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$. Four circles each touching its diagonals and the circumcircle internally are equal. Is $ABCD$ a square?

by C.Pohoata, A.Zaslavsky

grade 10

by D.Shvetsov

by F.Nilov

The cirumradius and the inradius of triangle $ABC$ are equal to $R$ and $r, O, I$ are the centers of respective circles. External bisector of angle $C$ intersect $AB$ in point $P$. Point $Q$ is the projection of $P$ to line $OI$. Find distance $OQ.$

by A.Zaslavsky, A.Akopjan

Three parallel lines $d_a, d_b, d_c$ pass through the vertex of triangle $ABC$. The reflections of $d_a, d_b, d_c$ in $BC, CA, AB$ respectively form triangle $XYZ$. Find the locus of incenters of such triangles.

by C.Pohoata

Rhombus $CKLN$ is inscribed into triangle $ABC$ in such way that point $L$ lies on side $AB$, point $N$ lies on side $AC$, point $K$ lies on side $BC$. $O_1, O_2$ and $O$ are the circumcenters of triangles $ACL, BCL$ and $ABC$ respectively. Let $P$ be the common point of circles $ANL$ and $BKL$, distinct from $L$. Prove that points $O_1, O_2, O$ and $P$ are concyclic.

by D.Prokopenko

Let $M, I$ be the centroid and the incenter of triangle $ABC, A_1$ and $B_1$ be the touching points of the incircle with sides $BC$ and $AC, G$ be the common point of lines $AA_1$ and $BB_1$. Prove that angle $\angle CGI$ is right if and only if $GM // AB$.

by A.Zaslavsky

Given points $O, A_1, A_2, ..., A_n$ on the plane. For any two of these points the square of distance between them is natural number. Prove that there exist two vectors $\vec{x}$ and $\vec{y}$, such that for any point $A_i$, $\vec{OA_i }= k\vec{x}+l \vec{y}$, where $k$ and $l$ are some integer numbers.

by A.Glazyrin

Can the regular octahedron be inscribed into regular dodecahedron in such way that all vertices of octahedron be the vertices of dodecahedron?

by B.Frenkin

Does there exist a triangle, whose side is equal to some of its altitudes, another side is equal to some of its bisectors, and the third is equal to some of its medians?

A circle touches the sides of an angle with vertex $A$ at points $B$ and $C.$ A line passing through $A$ intersects this circle in points $D$ and $E.$ A chord $BX$ is parallel to $DE.$ Prove that $XC$ passes through the midpoint of the segment $DE.$

For two different regular icosahedrons it is known that some six of their vertices are vertices of a regular octahedron. Find the ratio of the edges of these icosahedrons.

In triangle $ABC$ point $M$ is the midpoint of side $AB$, and point $D$ is the foot of altitude $CD$. Prove that $\angle A = 2\angle B$ if and only if $AC = 2 MD$

A cyclic $n$-gon is divided by non-intersecting (inside the $n$-gon) diagonals to $n-2$ triangles. Each of these triangles is similar to at least one of the remaining ones. For what $n$ this is possible?

Given triangle $ABC$ and point $P$. Points $A', B', C'$ are the projections of $P$ to $BC, CA, AB$. A line passing through $P$ and parallel to $AB$ meets the circumcircle of triangle $PA'B'$ for the second time in point $C_{1}$. Points $A_{1}, B_{1}$ are defined similarly. Prove that

a) lines $AA_{1}, BB_{1}, CC_{1}$ concur;

b) triangles $ABC$ and $A_{1}B_{1}C_{1}$ are similar.

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. A line passing through $O$ and parallel to $BC$ meets $AB$ and $AC$ in points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. The sum of distances from $O$ to $AB$ and $AC$ is equal to $OA$. Prove that $PB + QC = PQ$.

Points $A, B$ are given. Find the locus of points $C$ such that $C$, the midpoints of $AC, BC$ and the centroid of triangle $ABC$ are concyclic.

Given triangle $ABC$. Consider lines $l$ with the next property: the reflections of $l$ in the sidelines of the triangle concur. Prove that all these lines have a common point.

Given right-angled triangle $ABC$ with hypothenuse $AB$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $AB$ and $O$ be the center of circumcircle $\omega$ of triangle $CMB$. Line $AC$ meets $\omega$ for the second time in point $K$. Segment $KO$ meets the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ in point $L$. Prove that segments $AL$ and $KM$ meet on the circumcircle of triangle $ACM$.

A square $ABCD$ is inscribed into a circle. Point $M$ lies on arc $BC$, $AM$ meets $BD$ in point $P$, $DM$ meets $AC$ in point $Q$. Prove that the area of quadrilateral $APQD$ is equal to the half of the area of the square.

A triangle and two points inside it are marked. It is known that one of the triangle’s angles is equal to $58^{\circ}$, one of two remaining angles is equal to $59^{\circ}$, one of two given points is the incenter of the triangle and the second one is its circumcenter. Using only the ruler without partitions determine where is each of the angles and where is each of the centers.

Bisectors $AA_1$ and $BB_1$ of a right triangle $ABC \ (\angle C=90^\circ )$ meet at a point $I.$ Let $O$ be the circumcenter of triangle $CA_1B_1.$ Prove that $OI \perp AB.$

Points $A', B', C'$ lie on sides $BC, CA, AB$ of triangle $ABC.$ for a point $X$ one has $\angle AXB =\angle A'C'B' + \angle ACB$ and $\angle BXC = \angle B'A'C' +\angle BAC.$ Prove that the quadrilateral $XA'BC'$ is cyclic.

The diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ meet in a point $N.$ The circumcircles of triangles $ANB$ and $CND$ intersect the sidelines $BC$ and $AD$ for the second time in points $A_1,B_1,C_1,D_1.$ Prove that the quadrilateral $A_1B_1C_1D_1$ is inscribed in a circle centered at $N.$

A point $E$ lies on the altitude $BD$ of triangle $ABC$, and $\angle AEC=90^\circ.$ Points $O_1$ and $O_2$ are the circumcenters of triangles $AEB$ and $CEB$; points $F, L$ are the midpoints of the segments $AC$ and $O_1O_2.$ Prove that the points $L,E,F$ are collinear.

Points $M$ and $N$ lie on the side $BC$ of the regular triangle $ABC$ ($M$ is between $B$ and $N$), and $\angle MAN=30^\circ.$ The circumcircles of triangles $AMC$ and $ANB$ meet at a point $K.$ Prove that the line $AK$ passes through the circumcenter of triangle $AMN.$

The line passing through the vertex $B$ of a triangle $ABC$ and perpendicular to its median $BM$ intersects the altitudes dropped from $A$ and $C$ (or their extensions) in points $K$ and $N.$ Points $O_1$ and $O_2$ are the circumcenters of the triangles $ABK$ and $CBN$ respectively. Prove that $O_1M=O_2M.$

Let $AH$ be the altitude of a given triangle $ABC.$ The points $I_b$ and $I_c$ are the incenters of the triangles $ABH$ and $ACH$ respectively. $BC$ touches the incircle of the triangle $ABC$ at a point $L.$ Find $\angle LI_bI_c.$

A point inside a triangle is called

*good*if three cevians passing through it are equal. Assume for an isosceles triangle $ABC \ (AB=BC)$ the total number of*good*points is odd. Find all possible values of this number.
Let three lines forming a triangle $ABC$ be given. Using a two-sided ruler and drawing at most eight lines construct a point $D$ on the side $AB$ such that $\frac{AD}{BD}=\frac{BC}{AC}.$

A convex $n-$gon is split into three convex polygons. One of them has $n$ sides, the second one has more than $n$ sides, the third one has less than $n$ sides. Find all possible values of $n.$

Let $AC$ be the greatest leg of a right triangle $ABC,$ and $CH$ be the altitude to its hypotenuse. The circle of radius $CH$ centered at $H$ intersects $AC$ in point $M.$ Let a point $B'$ be the reflection of $B$ with respect to the point $H.$ The perpendicular to $AB$ erected at $B'$ meets the circle in a point $K$. Prove that

a) $B'M \parallel BC$

b) $AK$ is tangent to the circle.

a) $B'M \parallel BC$

b) $AK$ is tangent to the circle.

Let us have a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ such that $AB=BC.$ A point $K$ lies on the diagonal $BD,$ and $\angle AKB+\angle BKC=\angle A + \angle C.$ Prove that $AK \cdot CD = KC \cdot AD.$

We have a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ and a point $M$ on its side $AD$ such that $CM$ and $BM$ are parallel to $AB$ and $CD$ respectively. Prove that $S_{ABCD} \geq 3 S_{BCM}.$

Remark. $S$ denotes the area function.

Remark. $S$ denotes the area function.

Let $AA_1, BB_1$ and $CC_1$ be the altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC.$ $AA_1$ meets $B_1C_1$ in a point $K.$ The circumcircles of triangles $A_1KC_1$ and $A_1KB_1$ intersect the lines $AB$ and $AC$ for the second time at points $N$ and $L$ respectively. Prove that

a) The sum of diameters of these two circles is equal to $BC,$

b) $\frac{A_1N}{BB_1} + \frac{A_1L}{CC_1}=1.$

a) The sum of diameters of these two circles is equal to $BC,$

b) $\frac{A_1N}{BB_1} + \frac{A_1L}{CC_1}=1.$

Construct a triangle, if the lengths of the bisectrix and of the altitude from one vertex, and of the median from another vertex are given.

A point $B$ lies on a chord $AC$ of circle $\omega.$ Segments $AB$ and $BC$ are diameters of circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$ respectively. These circles intersect $\omega$ for the second time in points $D$ and $E$ respectively. The rays $O_1D$ and $O_2E$ meet in a point $F,$ and the rays $AD$ and $CE$ do in a point $G.$ Prove that the line $FG$ passes through the midpoint of the segment $AC.$

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is inscribed into a circle with center $O.$ Points $P$ and $Q$ are opposite to $C$ and $D$ respectively. Two tangents drawn to that circle at these points meet the line $AB$ in points $E$ and $F.$ ($A$ is between $E$ and $B$, $B$ is between $A$ and $F$). The line $EO$ meets $AC$ and $BC$ in points $X$ and $Y$ respectively, and the line $FO$ meets $AD$ and $BD$ in points $U$ and $V$ respectively. Prove that $XV=YU.$

The incircle of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ touches $AB, BC, CA$ at points $C_1, A_1, B_1$ respectively. Points $A_2, B_2$ are the midpoints of the segments $B_1C_1, A_1C_1$ respectively. Let $P$ be a common point of the incircle and the line $CO$, where $O$ is the circumcenter of triangle $ABC.$ Let also $A'$ and $B'$ be the second common points of $PA_2$ and $PB_2$ with the incircle. Prove that a common point of $AA'$ and $BB'$ lies on the altitude of the triangle dropped from the vertex $C.$

A given convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ is such that $\angle ABD + \angle ACD > \angle BAC + \angle BDC.$ Prove that $ S_{ABD}+S_{ACD} > S_{BAC}+S_{BDC}.$

A circle centered at a point $F$ and a parabola with focus $F$ have two common points. Prove that there exist four points $A, B, C, D$ on the circle such that the lines $AB, BC, CD$ and $DA$ touch the parabola.

A cyclic hexagon $ABCDEF$ is such that $AB \cdot CF= 2BC \cdot FA, CD \cdot EB = 2 DE \cdot BC$ and $EF \cdot AD = 2FA \cdot DE.$ Prove that the lines $AD, BE$ and $CF$ are concurrent.

Let us have a line $\ell$ in the space and a point $A$ not lying on $\ell.$ For an arbitrary line $\ell'$ passing through $A$, $XY$ ($Y$ is on $\ell'$) is a common perpendicular to the lines $\ell$ and $\ell'.$ Find the locus of points $Y.$

2011-2012 First Round

A cyclic $n$-gon is divided by non-intersecting (inside the $n$-gon) diagonals to $n-2$ triangles. Each of these triangles is similar to at least one of the remaining ones. For what $n$ this is possible?

A circle with center $I$ touches sides $AB,BC,CA$ of triangle $ABC$ in points $C_{1},A_{1},B_{1}$. Lines $AI, CI, B_{1}I$ meet $A_{1}C_{1}$ in points $X, Y, Z$ respectively. Prove that $\angle Y B_{1}Z = \angle XB_{1}Z$.

Given triangle $ABC$. Point $M$ is the midpoint of side $BC$, and point $P$ is the projection of $B$ to the perpendicular bisector of segment $AC$. Line $PM$ meets $AB$ in point $Q$. Prove that triangle $QPB$ is isosceles.

On side $AC$ of triangle $ABC$ an arbitrary point is selected $D$. The tangent in $D$ to the circumcircle of triangle $BDC$ meets $AB$ in point $C_{1}$; point $A_{1}$ is defined similarly. Prove that $A_{1}C_{1}\parallel AC$.

2012 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 7 grades 8-9

In a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ the bisectors of angles $A$ and $B$ are inversely proportional to the respective sidelengths. Find angle $C$.

In triangle $ABC$, given lines $l_{b}$ and $l_{c}$ containing the bisectors of angles $B$ and $C$, and the foot $L_{1}$ of the bisector of angle $A$. Restore triangle $ABC$.

In a convex quadrilateral all sidelengths and all angles are pairwise different.

a) Can the greatest angle be adjacent to the greatest side and at the same time the smallest angle be adjacent to the smallest side?

b) Can the greatest angle be non-adjacent to the smallest side and at the same time the smallest angle be non-adjacent to the greatest side?

Point $C_{1}$ of hypothenuse $AC$ of a right-angled triangle $ABC$ is such that $BC = CC_{1}$. Point $C_{2}$ on cathetus $AB$ is such that $AC_{2} = AC_{1}$; point $A_{2}$ is defined similarly. Find angle $AMC$, where $M$ is the midpoint of $A_{2}C_{2}$.

In a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ the bisectors of angles $A$ and $B$ are inversely proportional to the respective sidelengths. Find angle $C$.

Let $BM$ be the median of right-angled triangle $ABC (\angle B = 90^{\circ})$. The incircle of triangle $ABM$ touches sides $AB, AM$ in points $A_{1},A_{2}$; points $C_{1}, C_{2}$ are defined similarly. Prove that lines $A_{1}A_{2}$ and $C_{1}C_{2}$ meet on the bisector of angle $ABC$.

a) Can the greatest angle be adjacent to the greatest side and at the same time the smallest angle be adjacent to the smallest side?

b) Can the greatest angle be non-adjacent to the smallest side and at the same time the smallest angle be non-adjacent to the greatest side?

a) lines $AA_{1}, BB_{1}, CC_{1}$ concur;

b) triangles $ABC$ and $A_{1}B_{1}C_{1}$ are similar.

In a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ suppose $AC \cap BD = O$ and $M$ is the midpoint of $BC$. Let $MO \cap AD = E$. Prove that $\frac{AE}{ED} = \frac{S_{\triangle ABO}}{S_{\triangle CDO}}$.

Two circles with radii 1 meet in points $X, Y$, and the distance between these points also is equal to $1$. Point $C$ lies on the first circle, and lines $CA, CB$ are tangents to the second one. These tangents meet the first circle for the second time in points $B', A'$. Lines $AA'$ and $BB'$ meet in point $Z$. Find angle $XZY$.

2011-2012 Final Round

grade 8

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the base $AC$ of an acute-angled isosceles triangle $ABC$. Let $N$ be the reflection of $M$ in $BC$. The line parallel to $AC$ and passing through $N$ meets $AB$ at point $K$. Determine the value of $\angle AKC$.
(A.Blinkov)

In a triangle $ABC$ the bisectors $BB'$ and $CC'$ are drawn. After that, the whole picture except the points $A, B'$, and $C'$ is erased. Restore the triangle using a compass and a ruler.

(A.Karlyuchenko)

2012 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 8
A paper square was bent by a line in such way that one vertex came to a side not containing this vertex. Three circles are inscribed into three obtained triangles (see Figure). Prove that one of their radii is equal to the sum of the two remaining ones.

(L.Steingarts)

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with $\angle B = 120^o$ . Points $P$ and $Q$ are chosen on the prolongations of segments $AB$ and $CB$ beyond point $B$ so that the rays $AQ$ and $CP$ intersect and are perpendicular to each other. Prove that $\angle PQB = 2\angle PCQ$.

(A.Akopyan, D.Shvetsov)

Do there exist a convex quadrilateral and a point $P$ inside it such that the sum of distances from $P$ to the vertices of the quadrilateral is greater than its perimeter?

(A.Akopyan)

Let $\omega$ be the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$. A point $B_1$ is chosen on the prolongation of side $AB$ beyond point B so that $AB_1 = AC$. The angle bisector of $\angle BAC$ meets $\omega$ again at point $W$. Prove that the orthocenter of triangle $AWB_1$ lies on $\omega$ .

The altitudes $AA_1$ and $CC_1$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ meet at point $H$. Point $Q$ is the reflection of the midpoint of $AC$ in line $AA_1$, point $P$ is the midpoint of segment $A_1C_1$. Prove that $\angle QPH = 90^o$.
(A.Tumanyan)

(D.Shvetsov)

A square is divided into several (greater than one) convex polygons with mutually different numbers of sides. Prove that one of these polygons is a triangle.

(A.Zaslavsky)

grade 9

The altitudes $AA_1$ and $BB_1$ of an acute-angled triangle ABC meet at point $O$. Let $A_1A_2$ and $B_1B_2$ be the altitudes of triangles $OBA_1$ and $OAB_1$ respectively. Prove that $A_2B_2$ is parallel to $AB$.

(L.Steingarts)

Three parallel lines passing through the vertices $A, B$, and $C$ of triangle $ABC$ meet its circumcircle again at points $A_1, B_1$, and $C_1$ respectively. Points $A_2, B_2$, and $C_2$ are the reflections of points $A_1, B_1$, and $C_1$ in $BC, CA$, and $AB$ respectively. Prove that the lines $AA_2, BB_2, CC_2$ are concurrent.

(D.Shvetsov, A.Zaslavsky)

In triangle $ABC$, the bisector $CL$ was drawn. The incircles of triangles $CAL$ and $CBL$ touch $AB$ at points $M$ and $N$ respectively. Points $M$ and $N$ are marked on the picture, and then the whole picture except the points $A, L, M$, and $N$ is erased. Restore the triangle using a compass and a ruler.

(V.Protasov)

Determine all integer $n > 3$ for which a regular $n$-gon can be divided into equal triangles by several (possibly intersecting) diagonals.

(B.Frenkin)

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles right-angled triangle. Point $D$ is chosen on the prolongation of the hypothenuse $AB$ beyond point $A$ so that $AB = 2AD$. Points $M$ and $N$ on side $AC$ satisfy the relation $AM = NC$. Point $K$ is chosen on the prolongation of $CB$ beyond point $B$ so that $CN = BK$. Determine the angle between lines $NK$ and $DM$.

(M.Kungozhin)

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with $BC = a$ and $AB = AC = b$. Segment $AC$ is the base of an isosceles triangle $ADC$ with $AD = DC = a$ such that points $D$ and $B$ share the opposite sides of AC. Let $CM$ and $CN$ be the bisectors in triangles $ABC$ and $ADC$ respectively. Determine the circumradius of triangle $CMN$.

(M.Rozhkova)

A convex pentagon $P $ is divided by all its diagonals into ten triangles and one smaller pentagon $P'$. Let $N$ be the sum of areas of five triangles adjacent to the sides of $P$ decreased by the area of $P'$. The same operations are performed with the pentagon $P'$, let $N'$ be the similar difference calculated for this pentagon. Prove that $N > N'$.

(A.Belov)

Let $AH$ be an altitude of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Points $K$ and $L$ are the projections of $H$ onto sides $AB$ and $AC$. The circumcircle of $ABC$ meets line $KL$ at points $P$ and $Q$, and meets line $AH$ at points $A$ and $T$. Prove that $H$ is the incenter of triangle $PQT$.

(M.Plotnikov)

grade 10

Determine all integer $n$ such that a surface of an $n \times n \times n$ grid cube can be pasted in one layer by paper $1 \times 2$ rectangles so that each rectangle has exactly five neighbors (by a line segment).

Consider a tetrahedron $ABCD$. A point $X$ is chosen outside the tetrahedron so that segment $XD$ intersects face $ABC$ in its interior point. Let $A' , B'$ , and $C'$ be the projections of $D$ onto the planes $XBC, XCA$, and $XAB$ respectively. Prove that $A' B' + B' C' + C' A' \le DA + DB + DC$.

2012 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 7 grade 10

(A.Shapovalov)

We say that a point inside a triangle is good if the lengths of the cevians passing through this point are inversely proportional to the respective side lengths. Find all the triangles for which the number of good points is maximal.

(A.Zaslavsky, B.Frenkin)

Let $M$ and $I$ be the centroid and the incenter of a scalene triangle $ABC$, and let $r$ be its inradius. Prove that $MI = r/3$ if and only if $MI$ is perpendicular to one of the sides of the triangle.

(A.Karlyuchenko)

Consider a square. Find the locus of midpoints of the hypothenuses of rightangled triangles with the vertices lying on three different sides of the square and not coinciding with its vertices.

(B.Frenkin)

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ with perpendicular diagonals is inscribed into a circle $\omega$. Two arcs $\alpha$ and $\beta$ with diameters AB and $CD$ lie outside $\omega$. Consider two crescents formed by the circle $\omega$ and the arcs $\alpha$ and $\beta$ (see Figure). Prove that the maximal radii of the circles inscribed into these crescents are equal.

(F.Nilov)

(V.Yassinsky)

Consider a triangle $ABC$. The tangent line to its circumcircle at point $C$ meets line $AB$ at point $D$. The tangent lines to the circumcircle of triangle $ACD$ at points $A$ and $C$ meet at point $K$. Prove that line $DK$ bisects segment $BC$.

(F.Ivlev)

A point $M$ lies on the side $BC$ of square $ABCD$. Let $X$, $Y$ , and $Z$ be the incenters of triangles $ABM$, $CMD$, and $AMD$ respectively. Let $H_x$, $H_y$, and $H_z$ be the orthocenters of triangles $AXB$, $CY D$, and $AZD$. Prove that $H_x$, $H_y$, and $H_z$ are collinear.

(D.Shvetsov)

2013-2014 First Round

A right-angled triangle $ABC$ is given. Its catheus $AB$ is the base of a regular triangle $ADB$ lying in the exterior of $ABC$, and its hypotenuse $AC$ is the base of a regular triangle $AEC$ lying in the interior of $ABC$. Lines $DE$ and $AB$ meet at point $M$. The whole configuration except points $A$ and $B$ was erased. Restore the point $M$.

A paper square with sidelength $2$ is given. From this square, can we cut out a $12$-gon having all sidelengths equal to $1$ and all angles divisible by $45^\circ$?

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with base $AB$. Line $\ell$ touches its circumcircle at point $B$. Let $CD$ be a perpendicular from $C$ to $\ell$, and $AE$, $BF$ be the altitudes of $ABC$. Prove that $D$, $E$, and $F$ are collinear.

A square is inscribed into a triangle (one side of the triangle contains two vertices and each of two remaining sides contains one vertex. Prove that the incenter of the triangle lies inside the square.

In an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, $AM$ is a median, $AL$ is a bisector and $AH$ is an altitude ($H$ lies between $L$ and $B$). It is known that $ML=LH=HB$. Find the ratios of the sidelengths of $ABC$.

Given a circle with center $O$ and a point $P$ not lying on it, let $X$ be an arbitrary point on this circle and $Y$ be a common point of the bisector of angle $POX$ and the perpendicular bisector to segment $PX$. Find the locus of points $Y$.

A parallelogram $ABCD$ is given. The perpendicular from $C$ to $CD$ meets the perpendicular from $A$ to $BD$ at point $F$, and the perpendicular from $B$ to $AB$ meets the perpendicular bisector to $AC$ at point $E$. Find the ratio in which side $BC$ divides segment $EF$.

Let $ABCD$ be a rectangle. Two perpendicular lines pass through point $B$. One of them meets segment $AD$ at point $K$, and the second one meets the extension of side $CD$ at point $L$. Let $F$ be the common point of $KL$ and $AC$. Prove that $BF\perp KL$.

Two circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ touching externally at point $L$ are inscribed into angle $BAC$. Circle $\omega_1$ touches ray $AB$ at point $E$, and circle $\omega_2$ touches ray $AC$ at point $M$. Line $EL$ meets $\omega_2$ for the second time at point $Q$. Prove that $MQ\parallel AL$.

2014 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 10 grades 8-9

Two disjoint circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ are inscribed into an angle. Consider all pairs of parallel lines $l_1$ and $l_2$ such that $l_1$ touches $\omega_1$ and $l_2$ touches $\omega_2$ ($\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ lie between $l_1$ and $l_2$). Prove that the medial lines of all trapezoids formed by $l_1$ and $l_2$ and the sides of the angle touch some fixed circle.

Points $K, L, M$ and $N$ lying on the sides $AB, BC, CD$ and $DA$ of a square $ABCD$ are vertices of another square. Lines $DK$ and $N M$ meet at point $E$, and lines $KC$ and $LM$ meet at point $F$ . Prove that $EF\parallel AB$.

Circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ meet at points $A$ and $B$. Let points $K_1$ and $K_2 $ of $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ respectively be such that $K_1A$ touches $\omega_2$, and $K_2A$ touches $\omega_1$. The circumcircle of triangle $K_1BK_2$ meets lines $AK_1$ and $AK_2$ for the second time at points $L_1$ and $L_2$ respectively. Prove that $L_1$ and $L_2$ are equidistant from line $AB$.

Let $AC$ be a fixed chord of a circle $\omega$ with center $O$. Point $B$ moves along the arc $AC$. A fixed point $P$ lies on $AC$. The line passing through $P$ and parallel to $AO$ meets $BA$ at point $A_1$, the line passing through $P$ and parallel to $CO$ meets $BC$ at point $C_1$. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $A_1BC_1$ moves along a straight line.

In a given disc, construct a subset such that its area equals the half of the disc area and its intersection with its reflection over an arbitrary diameter has the area equal to the quarter of the disc area.

Let $ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle. The altitude from $A$, the bisector from $B$ and the median from $C$ concur at point $K$.

a) Which of the sidelengths of the triangle is medial (intermediate in length)?

b) Which of the lengths of segments $AK, BK, CK$ is medial (intermediate in length)?

Given a triangle $ABC$ and an arbitrary point $D$.The lines passing through $D$ and perpendicular to segments $DA, DB, DC$ meet lines $BC, AC, AB$ at points $A_1, B_1, C_1$ respectively. Prove that the midpoints of segments $AA_1, BB_1, CC_1$ are collinear.

Let $AC$ be the hypothenuse of a right-angled triangle $ABC$. The bisector $BD$ is given, and the midpoints $E$ and $F$ of the arcs $BD$ of the circumcircles of triangles $ADB$ and $CDB$ respectively are marked (the circles are erased). Construct the centers of these circles using only a ruler.

Let $I$ be the incenter of a circumscribed quadrilateral $ABCD$. The tangents to circle $AIC$ at points $A, C$ meet at point $X$. The tangents to circle $BID$ at points $B, D$ meet at point $Y$ . Prove that $X, I, Y$ are collinear.

Two circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ touch externally at point $P$.Let $A$ be a point on $\omega_2$ not lying on the line through the centres of the two circles.Let $AB$ and $AC$ be the tangents to $\omega_1$.Lines $BP$ and $CP$ meet $\omega_2$ for the second time at points $E$ and $F$.Prove that the line $EF$,the tangent to $\omega_2$ at $A$ and the common tangent at $P$ concur.

A quadrilateral $KLMN$ is given. A circle with center $O$ meets its side $KL$ at points $A$ and $A_1$, side $LM$ at points $B$ and $B_1$, etc. Prove that if the circumcircles of triangles $KDA, LAB, MBC$ and $NCD$ concur at point $P$, then

a) the circumcircles of triangles $KD_1A_1, LA_1B_1, MB_1C_1$ and $NC1D1$ also concur at some point $Q$;

b) point $O$ lies on the perpendicular bisector to $PQ$.

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral. Its incircle $\omega$ touches the sides $BC$ and $DA$ at points $E$ and $F$ respectively. It is known that lines $AB,FE$ and $CD$ concur. The circumcircles of triangles $AED$ and $BFC$ meet $\omega$ for the second time at points $E_1$ and $F_1$. Prove that $EF$ is parallel to $E_1 F_1$.

Does there exist a convex polyhedron such that it has diagonals and each of them is shorter than each of its edges?

Let $A, B, C$ and $D$ be a triharmonic quadruple of points, i.e $AB\cdot CD = AC \cdot BD = AD \cdot BC.$

Let $A_1$ be a point distinct from $A$ such that the quadruple $A_1, B, C$ and $D$ is triharmonic.

Points $B_1, C_1$ and $D_1$ are defined similarly. Prove that

a) $A, B, C_1, D_1$ are concyclic;

b) the quadruple $A_1, B_1, C_1, D_1$ is triharmonic.

A circumscribed pyramid $ABCDS$ is given. The opposite sidelines of its base meet at points $P$ and $Q$ in such a way that $A$ and $B$ lie on segments $PD$ and $PC$ respectively. The inscribed sphere touches faces $ABS$ and $BCS$ at points $K$ and $L$. Prove that if $PK$ and $QL$ are complanar then the touching point of the sphere with the base lies on $BD$.

A paper square with sidelength $2$ is given. From this square, can we cut out a $12$-gon having all sidelengths equal to $1$ and all angles divisible by $45^\circ$?

Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with base $AB$. Line $\ell$ touches its circumcircle at point $B$. Let $CD$ be a perpendicular from $C$ to $\ell$, and $AE$, $BF$ be the altitudes of $ABC$. Prove that $D$, $E$, and $F$ are collinear.

In an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, $AM$ is a median, $AL$ is a bisector and $AH$ is an altitude ($H$ lies between $L$ and $B$). It is known that $ML=LH=HB$. Find the ratios of the sidelengths of $ABC$.

Given a circle with center $O$ and a point $P$ not lying on it, let $X$ be an arbitrary point on this circle and $Y$ be a common point of the bisector of angle $POX$ and the perpendicular bisector to segment $PX$. Find the locus of points $Y$.

A parallelogram $ABCD$ is given. The perpendicular from $C$ to $CD$ meets the perpendicular from $A$ to $BD$ at point $F$, and the perpendicular from $B$ to $AB$ meets the perpendicular bisector to $AC$ at point $E$. Find the ratio in which side $BC$ divides segment $EF$.

2014 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 10 grades 8-9

Two disjoint circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ are inscribed into an angle. Consider all pairs of parallel lines $l_1$ and $l_2$ such that $l_1$ touches $\omega_1$ and $l_2$ touches $\omega_2$ ($\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ lie between $l_1$ and $l_2$). Prove that the medial lines of all trapezoids formed by $l_1$ and $l_2$ and the sides of the angle touch some fixed circle.

Points $K, L, M$ and $N$ lying on the sides $AB, BC, CD$ and $DA$ of a square $ABCD$ are vertices of another square. Lines $DK$ and $N M$ meet at point $E$, and lines $KC$ and $LM$ meet at point $F$ . Prove that $EF\parallel AB$.

Let $AC$ be a fixed chord of a circle $\omega$ with center $O$. Point $B$ moves along the arc $AC$. A fixed point $P$ lies on $AC$. The line passing through $P$ and parallel to $AO$ meets $BA$ at point $A_1$, the line passing through $P$ and parallel to $CO$ meets $BC$ at point $C_1$. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $A_1BC_1$ moves along a straight line.

In a given disc, construct a subset such that its area equals the half of the disc area and its intersection with its reflection over an arbitrary diameter has the area equal to the quarter of the disc area.

Let $ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle. The altitude from $A$, the bisector from $B$ and the median from $C$ concur at point $K$.

a) Which of the sidelengths of the triangle is medial (intermediate in length)?

b) Which of the lengths of segments $AK, BK, CK$ is medial (intermediate in length)?

Given a triangle $ABC$ and an arbitrary point $D$.The lines passing through $D$ and perpendicular to segments $DA, DB, DC$ meet lines $BC, AC, AB$ at points $A_1, B_1, C_1$ respectively. Prove that the midpoints of segments $AA_1, BB_1, CC_1$ are collinear.

a) the circumcircles of triangles $KD_1A_1, LA_1B_1, MB_1C_1$ and $NC1D1$ also concur at some point $Q$;

b) point $O$ lies on the perpendicular bisector to $PQ$.

Does there exist a convex polyhedron such that it has diagonals and each of them is shorter than each of its edges?

Let $A_1$ be a point distinct from $A$ such that the quadruple $A_1, B, C$ and $D$ is triharmonic.

Points $B_1, C_1$ and $D_1$ are defined similarly. Prove that

a) $A, B, C_1, D_1$ are concyclic;

b) the quadruple $A_1, B_1, C_1, D_1$ is triharmonic.

A circumscribed pyramid $ABCDS$ is given. The opposite sidelines of its base meet at points $P$ and $Q$ in such a way that $A$ and $B$ lie on segments $PD$ and $PC$ respectively. The inscribed sphere touches faces $ABS$ and $BCS$ at points $K$ and $L$. Prove that if $PK$ and $QL$ are complanar then the touching point of the sphere with the base lies on $BD$.

2013-2014 Final Round

grade 8

(J. Zajtseva, D. Shvetsov )

Let $AH_a$ and $BH_b$ be altitudes, $AL_a$ and $BL_b$ be angle bisectors of a triangle $ABC$. It is known that $H_aH_b // L_aL_b$. Is it necessarily true that $AC = BC$?
(B. Frenkin)

Points $M$ and $N$ are the midpoints of sides $AC$ and $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$. It is known that $\angle MAN = 15^o$ and $\angle BAN = 45^o$. Find the value of angle $\angle ABM$.
(A. Blinkov)

Tanya has cut out a triangle from checkered paper as shown in the picture. The lines of the grid have faded. Can Tanya restore them without any instruments only folding the triangle (she remembers the triangle sidelengths)?
(T. Kazitsyna)

A triangle with angles of $30, 70$ and $80$ degrees is given. Cut it by a straight line into two triangles in such a way that an angle bisector in one of these triangles and a median in the other one drawn from two endpoints of the cutting segment are parallel to each other. (It suffices to find one such cutting.)
(A. Shapovalov)

Two circles $k_1$ and $k_2$ with centers $O_1$ and $O_2$ are tangent to each other externally at point $O$. Points $X$ and $Y$ on $k_1$ and $k_2$ respectively are such that rays $O_1X$ and $O_2Y$ are parallel and codirectional. Prove that two tangents from $X$ to $k_2$ and two tangents from $Y$ to $k_1$ touch the same circle passing through $O$.
(V. Yasinsky)

Two points on a circle are joined by a broken line shorter than the diameter of the circle. Prove that there exists a diameter which does not intersect this broken line.
(Folklor)

Let $M$ be the midpoint of the chord $AB$ of a circle centered at $O$. Point $K$ is symmetric to $M$ with respect to $O$, and point $P$ is chosen arbitrarily on the circle. Let $Q$ be the intersection of the line perpendicular to $AB$ through $A$ and the line perpendicular to $PK$ through $P$. Let $H$ be the projection of $P$ onto $AB$. Prove that $QB$ bisects $PH$.
(Tran Quang Hung)

grade 9

(V. Yasinsky)

In a quadrilateral $ABCD$ angles $A$ and $C$ are right. Two circles with diameters $AB$ and $CD$ meet at points $X$ and $Y$ . Prove that line $XY$ passes through the midpoint of $AC$.

(F. Nilov )

An acute angle $A$ and a point $E$ inside it are given. Construct points $B, C$ on the sides of the angle such that $E$ is the center of the Euler circle of triangle $ABC$.
(E. Diomidov)

Let $H$ be the orthocenter of a triangle $ABC$. Given that $H$ lies on the incircle of $ABC$ , prove that three circles with centers $A, B, C$ and radii $AH, BH, CH$ have a common tangent.
(Mahdi Etesami Fard)

In triangle $ABC$ $\angle B = 60^o, O$ is the circumcenter, and $L$ is the foot of an angle bisector of angle $B$. The circumcirle of triangle $BOL$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ at point $D \ne B$. Prove that $BD \perp AC$.
(D. Shvetsov)

Let $I$ be the incenter of triangle $ABC$, and $M, N$ be the midpoints of arcs $ABC$ and $BAC$ of its circumcircle. Prove that points $M, I, N$ are collinear if and only if$ AC + BC = 3AB$.
(A. Polyansky)

Nine circles are drawn around an arbitrary triangle as in the figure. All circles tangent to the same side of the triangle have equal radii. Three lines are drawn, each one connecting one of the triangle’s vertices to the center of one of the circles touching the opposite side, as in the figure. Show that the three lines are concurrent.
(N. Beluhov)

A convex polygon $P$ lies on a flat wooden table. You are allowed to drive some nails into the table. The nails must not go through $P$, but they may touch its boundary. We say that a set of nails blocks $P$ if the nails make it impossible to move $P$ without lifting it off the table. What is the minimum number of nails that suffices to block any convex polygon $P$?
(N. Beluhov, S. Gerdgikov)

grade 10

(I. Bogdanov, B. Frenkin)

A circle, its chord $AB$ and the midpoint $W$ of the minor arc $AB$ are given. Take an arbitrary point $C$ on the major arc $AB$. The tangent to the circle at $C$ meets the tangents at $A$ and $B$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. Lines $WX$ and WY meet AB at points $N$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that the length of segment $NM$ does not depend on point $C$.
(A. Zertsalov, D. Skrobot)

Do there exist convex polyhedra with an arbitrary number of diagonals (a diagonal is a segment joining two vertices of a polyhedron and not lying on the surface of this polyhedron)?
(A. Blinkov)

Let $ABC$ be a fixed triangle in the plane. Let $D$ be an arbitrary point in the plane. The circle with center $D$, passing through $A$, meets $AB$ and $AC$ again at points $A_b$ and $A_c$ respectively. Points $B_a, B_c, C_a$ and $C_b$ are defined similarly. A point $D$ is called good if the points $A_b, A_c,B_a, B_c, C_a$, and $C_b$ are concyclic. For a given triangle $ABC$, how many good points can there be?
(A. Garkavyj, A. Sokolov )

The altitude from one vertex of a triangle, the bisector from the another one and the median from the remaining vertex were drawn, the common points of these three lines were marked, and after this everything was erased except three marked points. Restore the triangle. (For every two erased segments, it is known which of the three points was their intersection point.)
(A. Zaslavsky)

The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ touches $AB$ at point $C'$. The circle with diameter $BC'$ meets the incircle and the bisector of angle $B$ again at points $A_1$ and $A_2$ respectively. The circle with diameter $AC'$ meets the incircle and the bisector of angle $A$ again at points $B_1$ and $B_2$ respectively. Prove that lines $AB, A_1B_1, A_2B_2$ concur.
(E. H. Garsia)

Prove that the smallest dihedral angle between faces of an arbitrary tetrahedron is not greater than the dihedral angle between faces of a regular tetrahedron.
(S. Shosman, O. Ogievetsky)

Given is a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$. The point $L_a$ lies in the interior of $BCD$ and is such that its distances to the sides of this triangle are proportional to the lengths of corresponding sides. The points $L_b, L_c$, and $L_d$ are defined analogously. Given that the quadrilateral $L_aL_bL_cL_d$ is cyclic, prove that the quadrilateral $ABCD$ has two parallel sides.
(N. Beluhov)

2014-2015 First Round

Tanya cut out a convex polygon from the paper, fold it several times and obtained a two-layers quadrilateral. Can the cutted polygon be a heptagon?

Let $O$ and $H$ be the circumcenter and the orthocenter of a triangle $ABC$. The line passing through the midpoint of $OH$ and parallel to $BC$ meets $AB$ and $AC$ at points $D$ and $E$. It is known that $O$ is the incenter of triangle $ADE$. Find the angles of $ABC$.

The side $AD$ of a square $ABCD$ is the base of an obtuse-angled isosceles triangle $AED$ with vertex $E$ lying inside the square. Let $AF$ be a diameter of the circumcircle of this triangle, and $G$ be a point on $CD$ such that $CG = DF$. Prove that angle $BGE$ is less than half of angle $AED$.

In a parallelogram $ABCD$ the trisectors of angles $A$ and $B$ are drawn. Let $O$ be the common points of the trisectors nearest to $AB$. Let $AO$ meet the second trisector of angle $B$ at point $A_1$, and let $BO$ meet the second trisector of angle $A$ at point $B_1$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $A_1B_1$. Line $MO$ meets $AB$ at point $N$ Prove that triangle $A_1B_1N$ is equilateral.

Let a triangle $ABC$ be given. Two circles passing through $A$ touch $BC$ at points $B$ and $C$ respectively. Let $D$ be the second common point of these circles ($A$ is closer to $BC$ than $D$). It is known that $BC = 2BD$. Prove that $\angle DAB = 2\angle ADB.$

Let $AA', BB'$ and $CC'$ be the altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Points $C_a, C_b$ are symmetric to $C' $ wrt $AA'$ and $BB'$. Points $A_b, A_c, B_c, B_a$ are defined similarly. Prove that lines $A_bB_a, B_cC_b$ and $C_aA_c$ are parallel.

The altitudes $AA_1$ and $CC_1$ of a triangle $ABC$ meet at point $H$. Point $H_A$ is symmetric to $H$ about $A$. Line $H_AC_1$ meets $BC$ at point $C' $, point $A' $ is defined similarly. Prove that $A' C' // AC$.

Diagonals of an isosceles trapezoid $ABCD$ with bases $BC$ and $AD$ are perpendicular. Let $DE$ be the perpendicular from $D$ to $AB$, and let $CF$ be the perpendicular from $C$ to $DE$. Prove that angle $DBF$ is equal to half of angle $FCD$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle. Construct points $A', B', C'$ on its sides $BC, CA, AB$ such that:

- $A'B' // AB$,

- $C'C$ is the bisector of angle $A'C'B'$,

- $A'C' + B'C'= AB$.

The diagonals of a convex quadrilateral divide it into four similar triangles. Prove that is possible to inscribe a circle into this quadrilateral.

Let $H$ be the orthocenter of an acute-angled triangle A$BC$. The perpendicular bisector to segment $BH$ meets $BA$ and $BC$ at points $A_0, C_0$ respectively. Prove that the perimeter of triangle $A_0OC_0$ ($O$ is the circumcenter of \triangle $ABC$) is equal to $AC$.

Find the maximal number of discs which can be disposed on the plane so that each two of them have a common point and no three have it

Let $AH_1, BH_2$ and $CH_3$ be the altitudes of a triangle $ABC$. Point $M$ is the midpoint of $H_2H_3$. Line $AM$ meets $H_2H_1$ at point $K$. Prove that $K$ lies on the medial line of $ABC$ parallel to $AC$.

The sidelengths of a triangle $ABC$ are not greater than $1$. Prove that $p(1 -2Rr)$ is not greater than $1$, where $p$ is the semiperimeter, $R$ and $r$ are the circumradius and the inradius of $ABC$.

he diagonals of a convex quadrilateral divide it into four triangles. Restore the quadrilateral by the circumcenters of two adjacent triangles and the incenters of two mutually opposite triangles.

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of a triangle $ABC$. The projections of points $D$ and $X$ to the sidelines of the triangle lie on lines $\ell $ and $L $ such that $\ell // XO$. Prove that the angles formed by $L$ and by the diagonals of quadrilateral $ABCD$ are equal.

Let $ABCDEF$ be a cyclic hexagon, points $K, L, M, N$ be the common points of lines $AB$ and $CD$, $AC$ and $BD$, $AF$ and $DE$, $AE$ and $DF$ respectively. Prove that if three of these points are collinear then the fourth point lies on the same line.

Let $L$ and $K$ be the feet of the internal and the external bisector of angle $A$ of a triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ be the common point of the tangents to the circumcircle of the triangle at $B$ and $C$. The perpendicular from $L$ to $BC$ meets $AP$ at point $Q$. Prove that $Q$ lies on the medial line of triangle $LKP$.

Let $L$ and $K$ be the feet of the internal and the external bisector of angle $A$ of a triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ be the common point of the tangents to the circumcircle of the triangle at $B$ and $C$. The perpendicular from $L$ to $BC$ meets $AP$ at point $Q$. Prove that $Q$ lies on the medial line of triangle $LKP$.

- $A'B' // AB$,

- $C'C$ is the bisector of angle $A'C'B'$,

- $A'C' + B'C'= AB$.

Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled, nonisosceles triangle. Point $A_1, A_2$ are symmetric to the feet of the internal and the external bisectors of angle $A$ wrt the midpoint of $BC$. Segment $A_1A_2$ is a diameter of a circle $\alpha$. Circles $\beta$ and $\gamma$ are defined similarly. Prove that these three circles have two common points

Let $L$ and $K$ be the feet of the internal and the external bisector of angle $A$ of a triangle $ABC$. Let $P$ be the common point of the tangents to the circumcircle of the triangle at $B$ and $C$. The perpendicular from $L$ to $BC$ meets $AP$ at point $Q$. Prove that $Q$ lies on the medial line of triangle $LKP$.

The faces of an icosahedron are painted into $5$ colors in such a way that two faces painted into the same color have no common points, even a vertices. Prove that for any point lying inside the icosahedron the sums of the distances from this point to the red faces and the blue faces are equal.

A tetrahedron $ABCD$ is given. The incircles of triangles $ ABC$ and $ABD$ with centers $O_1, O_2$, touch $AB$ at points $T_1, T_2$. The plane $\pi_{AB}$ passing through the midpoint of $T_1T_2$ is perpendicular to $O_1O_2$. The planes $\pi_{AC},\pi_{BC}, \pi_{AD}, \pi_{BD}, \pi_{CD}$ are defined similarly. Prove that these six planes have a common point.

The insphere of a tetrahedron ABCD with center $O$ touches its faces at points $A_1,B_1,C_1$ and $D_1$.

a) Let $P_a$ be a point such that its reflections in lines $OB,OC$ and $OD$ lie on plane $BCD$.

Points $P_b, P_c$ and $P_d$ are defined similarly. Prove that lines $A_1P_a,B_1P_b,C_1P_c$ and $D_1P_d$ concur at some point $ P$.

b) Let $I$ be the incenter of $A_1B_1C_1D_1$ and $A_2$ the common point of line $A_1I $ with plane $B_1C_1D_1$. Points $B_2, C_2, D_2$ are defined similarly. Prove that $P$ lies inside $A_2B_2C_2D_2$.

2014 -2015 Final Round

grade 8

(V. Yasinsky)

(A. Blinkov)

(M. Yevdokimov)

(N. Belukhov)

(No instruments are allowed, even a pencil.)

(E. Bakayev, A. Zaslavsky)

(D. Prokopenko)

(M. Kungozhin)

Points $C_1, B_1$ on sides $AB, AC$ respectively of triangle $ABC$ are such that $BB_1 \perp CC_1$. Point $X$ lying inside the triangle is such that $\angle XBC = \angle B_1BA, \angle XCB = \angle C_1CA$. Prove that $\angle B_1XC_1 =90^o- \angle A$.

(A. Antropov, A. Yakubov)

grade 9

Circles $\alpha$ and $\beta$ pass through point $C$. The tangent to $\alpha$ at this point meets $\beta$ at point $B$, and the tangent to $\beta$ at $C$ meets $\alpha$ at point $A$ so that $A$ and $B$ are distinct from $C$ and angle $ACB$ is obtuse. Line $AB$ meets $\alpha$ and $\beta$ for the second time at points $N$ and $M$ respectively. Prove that $2MN < AB$.

A convex quadrilateral is given. Using a compass and a ruler construct a point such that its projections to the sidelines of this quadrilateral are the vertices of a parallelogram.

Let $100$ discs lie on the plane in such a way that each two of them have a common point. Prove that there exists a point lying inside at least $15$ of these discs.

A fixed triangle $ABC$ is given. Point $P$ moves on its circumcircle so that segments $BC$ and $AP$ intersect. Line $AP$ divides triangle $BPC$ into two triangles with incenters $I_1$ and $I_2$. Line $I_1I_2$ meets $BC$ at point $Z$. Prove that all lines $ZP$ pass through a fixed point.

Let $BM$ be a median of nonisosceles right-angled triangle $ABC$ ($\angle B = 90^o$), and $Ha, Hc$ be the orthocenters of triangles $ABM, CBM$ respectively. Prove that lines $AH_c$ and $CH_a$ meet on the medial line of triangle $ABC$.

The diagonals of convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ are perpendicular. Points $A' , B' , C' , D' $ are the circumcenters of triangles $ABD, BCA, CDB, DAC$ respectively. Prove that lines $AA' , BB' , CC' , DD' $ concur.

Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled, nonisosceles triangle. Altitudes $AA'$ and $BB' $meet at point $H$, and the medians of triangle $AHB$ meet at point $M$. Line $CM$ bisects segment $A'B'$. Find angle $C$.

A perpendicular bisector of side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$ meets lines $AB$ and $AC$ at points $A_B$ and $A_C$ respectively. Let $O_a$ be the circumcenter of triangle $AA_BA_C$. Points $O_b$ and $O_c$ are defined similarly. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $O_aO_bO_c$ touches the circumcircle of the original triangle.

(D. Mukhin)

(A. Zaslavsky)

(M. Kharitonov, A. Polyansky)

(R. Krutovsky, A. Yakubov)

(D. Svhetsov)

(A. Zaslavsky)

(D. Krekov)

grade 10

Let $K$ be an arbitrary point on side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$, and $KN$ be a bisector of triangle $AKC$. Lines $BN$ and $AK$ meet at point $F$, and lines $CF$ and $AB$ meet at point $D$. Prove that $KD$ is a bisector of triangle $AKB$.

Prove that an arbitrary triangle with area $1$ can be covered by an isosceles triangle with area less than $\sqrt{2}$.

Let $A_1$, $B_1$ and $C_1$ be the midpoints of sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ of triangle $ABC$, respectively. Points $B_2$ and $C_2$ are the midpoints of segments $BA_1$ and $CA_1$ respectively. Point $B_3$ is symmetric to $C_1$ wrt $B$, and $C_3$ is symmetric to $B_1$ wrt $C$. Prove that one of common points of circles $BB_2B_3$ and $CC_2C_3$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$.

Let $AA_1$, $BB_1$, $CC_1$ be the altitudes of an acute-angled, nonisosceles triangle $ABC$, and $A_2$, $B_2$, $C_2$ be the touching points of sides $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ with the correspondent excircles. It is known that line $B_1C_1$ touches the incircle of $ABC$. Prove that $A_1$ lies on the circumcircle of $A_2B_2C_2$.

Let $BM$ be a median of right-angled nonisosceles triangle $ABC$ ($\angle B = 90$), and $H_a$, $H_c$ be the orthocenters of triangles $ABM$, $CBM$ respectively. Lines $AH_c$ and $CH_a$ meet at point $K$. Prove that $\angle MBK = 90$.

Let $H$ and $O$ be the orthocenter and the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$. The circumcircle of triangle $AOH$ meets the perpendicular bisector of $BC$ at point $A_1 \neq O$. Points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are defined similarly. Prove that lines $AA_1$, $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ concur.

Let $SABCD$ be an inscribed pyramid, and $AA_1$, $BB_1$, $CC_1$, $DD_1$ be the perpendiculars from $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$ to lines $SC$, $SD$, $SA$, $SB$ respectively. Points $S$, $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$, $D_1$ are distinct and lie on a sphere. Prove that points $A_1$, $B_1$, $C_1$ and $D_1$ are coplanar.

Does there exist a rectangle which can be divided into a regular hexagon with sidelength $1$ and several congruent right-angled triangles with legs $1$ and $\sqrt{3}$?

A trapezoid $ABCD$ with bases $AD$ and $BC$ is such that $AB = BD$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $DC$. Prove that $\angle MBC$ = $\angle BCA$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 2 grade 8

Mark three nodes on a cellular paper so that the semiperimeter of the obtained triangle would be equal to the sum of its two smallest medians.

a) A vertex is called uninteresting if the closest vertex is adjacent to it. What is the minimal possible number of uninteresting vertices (for a given $n$)?

b) A vertex is called unusual if the farthest vertex is adjacent to it. What is the maximal possible number of unusual vertices (for a given $n$)?

Restore a triangle $ABC$ by vertex $B$, the centroid and the common point of the symmedian from $B$ with the circumcircle.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 12 grades 9-10

Let $BB_1$ be the symmedian of a nonisosceles acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Ray $BB_1$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ for the second time at point $L$. Let $AH_A, BH_B, CH_C$ be the altitudes of triangle $ABC$. Ray $BH_B$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ for the second time at point $T$. Prove that $H_A, H_C, T, L$ are concyclic.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 13 grades 9-10

Given are a triangle $ABC$ and a line $\ell$ meeting $BC, AC, AB$ at points $L_a, L_b, L_c$ respectively. The perpendicular from $L_a$ to $BC$ meets AB and AC at points $A_B$ and $A_C$ respectively. Point $O_a$ is the circumcenter of triangle $AA_bA_c$. Points $O_b$ and $O_c$ are defined similarly. Prove that $O_a, O_b$ and $O_c$ are collinear.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 14 grades 9-11

Let a triangle $ABC$ be given. Consider the circle touching its circumcircle at $A$ and touching externally its incircle at some point $A_1$. Points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are defined similarly.

a) Prove that lines $AA_1, BB_1$ and $CC1$ concur.

b) Let $A_2$ be the touching point of the incircle with $BC$. Prove that lines $AA_1$ and $AA_2$ are symmetric about the bisector of angle $\angle A$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 15 grades 9-11

Let $O, M, N$ be the circumcenter, the centroid and the Nagel point of a triangle. Prove that angle $MON$ is right if and only if one of the triangle’s angles is equal to $60^o$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 2 grade 8

Mark three nodes on a cellular paper so that the semiperimeter of the obtained triangle would be equal to the sum of its two smallest medians.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 3 grade 8

Let $AH_1, BH_2$ be two altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC, D$ be the projection of $H_1$ to $AC, E$ be the projection of $D$ to $AB, F$ be the common point of $ED$ and $AH_1$. Prove that $H_2F // BC$.

Let $AH_1, BH_2$ be two altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC, D$ be the projection of $H_1$ to $AC, E$ be the projection of $D$ to $AB, F$ be the common point of $ED$ and $AH_1$. Prove that $H_2F // BC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 4 grade 8

In quadrilateral $ABCD$ , $ \angle B = \angle D = 90^o $ and $AC = BC + DC$. Point $P$ of ray $BD$ is such that $BP = AD$. Prove that line $CP$ is parallel to the bisector of angle $ABD$.

In quadrilateral $ABCD$ , $ \angle B = \angle D = 90^o $ and $AC = BC + DC$. Point $P$ of ray $BD$ is such that $BP = AD$. Prove that line $CP$ is parallel to the bisector of angle $ABD$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 5 grade 8

In quadrilateral $ABCD$, $AB = CD, M$ and $K$ are the midpoints of $BC$ and $AD$. Prove that the angle between $MK$ and $AC$ is equal to the half-sum of angles $BAC$ and $DCA$.

In quadrilateral $ABCD$, $AB = CD, M$ and $K$ are the midpoints of $BC$ and $AD$. Prove that the angle between $MK$ and $AC$ is equal to the half-sum of angles $BAC$ and $DCA$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 6 grade 8

Let $M$ be the midpoint of side $AC$ of triangle $ABC,MD$ and $ME$ be the perpendiculars

from $M$ to $AB$ and $BC$ respectively. Prove that the distance between the circumcenters

of triangles $ABE$ and $BCD$ is equal to $AC /4$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 7 grades 8-9

Let all distances between the vertices of a convex $n$-gon ($n > 3$) be different.Let $M$ be the midpoint of side $AC$ of triangle $ABC,MD$ and $ME$ be the perpendiculars

from $M$ to $AB$ and $BC$ respectively. Prove that the distance between the circumcenters

of triangles $ABE$ and $BCD$ is equal to $AC /4$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 7 grades 8-9

a) A vertex is called uninteresting if the closest vertex is adjacent to it. What is the minimal possible number of uninteresting vertices (for a given $n$)?

b) A vertex is called unusual if the farthest vertex is adjacent to it. What is the maximal possible number of unusual vertices (for a given $n$)?

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 8 grades 8-9

Let $ABCDE$ be an inscribed pentagon such that $\angle B + \angle E = \angle C + \angle D$. Prove that $\angle CAD < \pi / 3 < \angle A$.

Let $ABCDE$ be an inscribed pentagon such that $\angle B + \angle E = \angle C + \angle D$. Prove that $\angle CAD < \pi / 3 < \angle A$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 9 grades 8-9

Let $ABC$ be a right-angled triangle and $CH$ be the altitude from its right angle $C$. Points $O_1$ and $O_2$ are the incenters of triangles $ACH$ and $BCH$ respectively, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are the touching points of their incircles with $AC$ and $BC$. Prove that lines $O_1P_1$ and $O_2P_2$ meet on $AB$.

Let $ABC$ be a right-angled triangle and $CH$ be the altitude from its right angle $C$. Points $O_1$ and $O_2$ are the incenters of triangles $ACH$ and $BCH$ respectively, $P_1$ and $P_2$ are the touching points of their incircles with $AC$ and $BC$. Prove that lines $O_1P_1$ and $O_2P_2$ meet on $AB$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 10 grades 8-9

Point $X$ moves along side $AB$ of triangle $ABC$, and point $Y$ moves along its circumcircle in such a way that line $XY$ passes through the midpoint of arc $AB$. Find the locus of the circumcenters of triangles $IXY$ , where I is the incenter of $ ABC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 11 grades 8-10Point $X$ moves along side $AB$ of triangle $ABC$, and point $Y$ moves along its circumcircle in such a way that line $XY$ passes through the midpoint of arc $AB$. Find the locus of the circumcenters of triangles $IXY$ , where I is the incenter of $ ABC$.

Restore a triangle $ABC$ by vertex $B$, the centroid and the common point of the symmedian from $B$ with the circumcircle.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 12 grades 9-10

Let $BB_1$ be the symmedian of a nonisosceles acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Ray $BB_1$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ for the second time at point $L$. Let $AH_A, BH_B, CH_C$ be the altitudes of triangle $ABC$. Ray $BH_B$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ for the second time at point $T$. Prove that $H_A, H_C, T, L$ are concyclic.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 13 grades 9-10

Given are a triangle $ABC$ and a line $\ell$ meeting $BC, AC, AB$ at points $L_a, L_b, L_c$ respectively. The perpendicular from $L_a$ to $BC$ meets AB and AC at points $A_B$ and $A_C$ respectively. Point $O_a$ is the circumcenter of triangle $AA_bA_c$. Points $O_b$ and $O_c$ are defined similarly. Prove that $O_a, O_b$ and $O_c$ are collinear.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 14 grades 9-11

Let a triangle $ABC$ be given. Consider the circle touching its circumcircle at $A$ and touching externally its incircle at some point $A_1$. Points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are defined similarly.

a) Prove that lines $AA_1, BB_1$ and $CC1$ concur.

b) Let $A_2$ be the touching point of the incircle with $BC$. Prove that lines $AA_1$ and $AA_2$ are symmetric about the bisector of angle $\angle A$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 15 grades 9-11

Let $O, M, N$ be the circumcenter, the centroid and the Nagel point of a triangle. Prove that angle $MON$ is right if and only if one of the triangle’s angles is equal to $60^o$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 16 grades 9-11

Let $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ be altitudes of triangle $ABC$. The tangents to the circumcircle of $AB_1C_1$ at $B_1$ and $C_1$ meet AB and $AC$ at points $M$ and $N$ respectively. Prove that the common point of circles $AMN$ and $AB_1C_1$ distinct from $A$ lies on the Euler line of $ABC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 17 grades 9-11

Let $D$ be an arbitrary point on side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$. Circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ pass through $A$ and $D$ in such a way that $BA$ touches $\omega_1$ and $CA$ touches $\omega_2$. Let $BX$ be the second tangent from $B$ to $\omega_1$, and $CY$ be the second tangent from $C$ to $\omega_2$. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $XDY$ touches $BC$.

Let $BB_1$ and $CC_1$ be altitudes of triangle $ABC$. The tangents to the circumcircle of $AB_1C_1$ at $B_1$ and $C_1$ meet AB and $AC$ at points $M$ and $N$ respectively. Prove that the common point of circles $AMN$ and $AB_1C_1$ distinct from $A$ lies on the Euler line of $ABC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 17 grades 9-11

Let $D$ be an arbitrary point on side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$. Circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ pass through $A$ and $D$ in such a way that $BA$ touches $\omega_1$ and $CA$ touches $\omega_2$. Let $BX$ be the second tangent from $B$ to $\omega_1$, and $CY$ be the second tangent from $C$ to $\omega_2$. Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $XDY$ touches $BC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 18 grades 9-11

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle C = 90^o$, and $K, L$ be the midpoints of the minor arcs $AC$ and $BC$ of its circumcircle. Segment $KL$ meets $AC$ at point $N$. Find angle $NIC$ where $I$ is the incenter of $ABC$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle C = 90^o$, and $K, L$ be the midpoints of the minor arcs $AC$ and $BC$ of its circumcircle. Segment $KL$ meets $AC$ at point $N$. Find angle $NIC$ where $I$ is the incenter of $ABC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 19 grades 9-11

Let $ABCDEF$ be a regular hexagon. Points $P$ and $Q$ on tangents to its circumcircle at $A$ and $D$ respectively are such that $PQ$ touches the minor arc $EF$ of this circle. Find the angle between $PB$ and $QC$.

Let $ABCDEF$ be a regular hexagon. Points $P$ and $Q$ on tangents to its circumcircle at $A$ and $D$ respectively are such that $PQ$ touches the minor arc $EF$ of this circle. Find the angle between $PB$ and $QC$.

The incircle $\omega$ of a triangle $ABC$ touches $BC, AC$ and $AB$ at points $A_0, B_0$ and $C_0$ respectively. The bisectors of angles $B$ and $C$ meet the perpendicular bisector to segment $AA_0$ at points $Q$ and $P$ respectively. Prove that $PC_0$ and $QB_0$ meet on $\omega$ .

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 21 grades 10-11

The areas of rectangles $P$ and $Q$ are equal, but the diagonal of $P$ is greater. Rectangle $Q$ can be covered by two copies of $P$. Prove that $P$ can be covered by two copies of $Q$.

The areas of rectangles $P$ and $Q$ are equal, but the diagonal of $P$ is greater. Rectangle $Q$ can be covered by two copies of $P$. Prove that $P$ can be covered by two copies of $Q$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 22 grades 10-11

Let $M_A, M_B, M_C$ be the midpoints of the sides of a nonisosceles triangle $ABC$.

Points $H_A,H_B,H_C$ lying on the correspondent sides and distinct from $M_A, M_B, M_C$ are

such that $M_AH_B = M_AHC, M_BH_A = M_BH_C, M_CH_A = M_CH_B$. Prove that $H_A, H_B, H_C$ are the bases of the altitudes of $ABC$.

Let $M_A, M_B, M_C$ be the midpoints of the sides of a nonisosceles triangle $ABC$.

Points $H_A,H_B,H_C$ lying on the correspondent sides and distinct from $M_A, M_B, M_C$ are

such that $M_AH_B = M_AHC, M_BH_A = M_BH_C, M_CH_A = M_CH_B$. Prove that $H_A, H_B, H_C$ are the bases of the altitudes of $ABC$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 23 grades 10-11

A sphere touches all edges of a tetrahedron. Let $a, b, c$ and d be the segments of the tangents to the sphere from the vertices of the tetrahedron. Is it true that that some of these segments necessarily form a triangle?

(It is not obligatory to use all segments. The side of the triangle can be formed by two segments)

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 24 grade 11A sphere touches all edges of a tetrahedron. Let $a, b, c$ and d be the segments of the tangents to the sphere from the vertices of the tetrahedron. Is it true that that some of these segments necessarily form a triangle?

(It is not obligatory to use all segments. The side of the triangle can be formed by two segments)

A sphere is inscribed into a prism $ABCA'B'C'$ and touches its lateral faces $BCC'B', CAA'C', ABB'A' $ at points $A_o, B_o, C_o$ respectively. It is known that $\angle A_oBB' = \angle B_oCC' =\angle C_oAA'$.

grade 8

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 1 grade 8

An altitude $AH$ of triangle $ABC$ bisects a median $BM$. Prove that the medians of triangle $ABM$ are sidelengths of a right-angled triangle.

An altitude $AH$ of triangle $ABC$ bisects a median $BM$. Prove that the medians of triangle $ABM$ are sidelengths of a right-angled triangle.

by Yu.Blinkov

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 2 grade 8

A circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ meets the sides $AD$ and $CD$ of a parallelogram $ABCD$ at points $K$ and $L$ respectively. Let $M$ be the midpoint of arc $KL$ not containing $B$. Prove that $DM \perp AC$.

A circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ meets the sides $AD$ and $CD$ of a parallelogram $ABCD$ at points $K$ and $L$ respectively. Let $M$ be the midpoint of arc $KL$ not containing $B$. Prove that $DM \perp AC$.

by E.Bakaev

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 8

A trapezoid $ABCD$ and a line $\ell$ perpendicular to its bases $AD$ and $BC$ are given. A point $X$ moves along $\ell$. The perpendiculars from

$A$ to $BX$ and from $D$ to $CX$ meet at point $Y$ . Find the locus of $Y$ .

A trapezoid $ABCD$ and a line $\ell$ perpendicular to its bases $AD$ and $BC$ are given. A point $X$ moves along $\ell$. The perpendiculars from

$A$ to $BX$ and from $D$ to $CX$ meet at point $Y$ . Find the locus of $Y$ .

by D.Prokopenko

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 8

Is it possible to dissect a regular decagon along some of its diagonals so that the resulting parts can form two regular polygons?

Is it possible to dissect a regular decagon along some of its diagonals so that the resulting parts can form two regular polygons?

by N.Beluhov

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 5 grade 8

Three points are marked on the transparent sheet of paper. Prove that the sheet can be folded along some line in such a way that these points form an equilateral triangle.

Three points are marked on the transparent sheet of paper. Prove that the sheet can be folded along some line in such a way that these points form an equilateral triangle.

by A.Khachaturyan

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 6 grade 8

A triangle ABC with $\angle A = 60^o$ is given. Points $M$ and $N$ on $AB$ and $AC$ respectively are such that the circumcenter of $ABC$ bisects segment $MN$. Find the ratio $AN:MB$.

A triangle ABC with $\angle A = 60^o$ is given. Points $M$ and $N$ on $AB$ and $AC$ respectively are such that the circumcenter of $ABC$ bisects segment $MN$. Find the ratio $AN:MB$.

by E.Bakaev

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 7 grade 8

Diagonals of a quadrilateral ABCD are equal and meet at point O. The perpendicular bisectors to segments AB and CD meet at point P, and the perpendicular bisectors to BC and AD meet at point Q. Find angle POQ.

Diagonals of a quadrilateral ABCD are equal and meet at point O. The perpendicular bisectors to segments AB and CD meet at point P, and the perpendicular bisectors to BC and AD meet at point Q. Find angle POQ.

by A.Zaslavsky

A criminal is at point $X$, and three policemen at points $A, B$ and $C$ block him up, i.e. the point $X$ lies inside the triangle $ABC$. Each evening one of the policemen is replaced in the following way: a new policeman takes the position equidistant from three former policemen, after this one of the former policemen goes away so that three remaining policemen block up the criminal too. May the policemen after some time occupy again the points $A, B$ and $C$ (it is known that at any moment $X$ does not lie on a side of the triangle)?

by V.Protasov

The diagonals of a parallelogram $ABCD$ meet at point $O$. The tangent to the circumcircle of triangle $BOC$ at $O$ meets ray $CB$ at point $F$. The circumcircle of triangle $FOD$ meets $BC$ for the second time at point $G$. Prove that $AG=AB$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 2 grade 9

Let $H$ be the orthocenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Point $X_A$ lying on the tangent at $H$ to the circumcircle of triangle $BHC$ is such that $AH=AX_A$ and $X_A \not= H$. Points $X_B,X_C$ are defined similarly. Prove that the triangle $X_AX_BX_C$ and the orthotriangle of $ABC$ are similar.

Let $H$ be the orthocenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. Point $X_A$ lying on the tangent at $H$ to the circumcircle of triangle $BHC$ is such that $AH=AX_A$ and $X_A \not= H$. Points $X_B,X_C$ are defined similarly. Prove that the triangle $X_AX_BX_C$ and the orthotriangle of $ABC$ are similar.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 9

Let $O$ and $I$ be the circumcenter and incenter of triangle $ABC$. The perpendicular from $I$ to $OI$ meets $AB$ and the external bisector of angle $C$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. In what ratio does $I$ divide the segment $XY$?

Let $O$ and $I$ be the circumcenter and incenter of triangle $ABC$. The perpendicular from $I$ to $OI$ meets $AB$ and the external bisector of angle $C$ at points $X$ and $Y$ respectively. In what ratio does $I$ divide the segment $XY$?

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 9

One hundred and one beetles are crawling in the plane. Some of the beetles are friends. Every one hundred beetles can position themselves so that two of them are friends if and only if they are at unit distance from each other. Is it always true that all one hundred and one beetles can do the same?

One hundred and one beetles are crawling in the plane. Some of the beetles are friends. Every one hundred beetles can position themselves so that two of them are friends if and only if they are at unit distance from each other. Is it always true that all one hundred and one beetles can do the same?

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 5 grade 9

The center of a circle $\omega_2$ lies on a circle $\omega_1$. Tangents $XP$ and $XQ$ to $\omega_2$ from an arbitrary point $X$ of $\omega_1$ ($P$ and $Q$ are the touching points) meet $\omega_1$ for the second time at points $R$ and $S$. Prove that the line $PQ$ bisects the segment $RS$.

The center of a circle $\omega_2$ lies on a circle $\omega_1$. Tangents $XP$ and $XQ$ to $\omega_2$ from an arbitrary point $X$ of $\omega_1$ ($P$ and $Q$ are the touching points) meet $\omega_1$ for the second time at points $R$ and $S$. Prove that the line $PQ$ bisects the segment $RS$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 6 grade 9

The sidelines $AB$ and $CD$ of a trapezoid meet at point $P$, and the diagonals of this trapezoid meet at point $Q$. Point $M$ on the smallest base $BC$ is such that $AM=MD$. Prove that $\angle PMB=\angle QMB$.

The sidelines $AB$ and $CD$ of a trapezoid meet at point $P$, and the diagonals of this trapezoid meet at point $Q$. Point $M$ on the smallest base $BC$ is such that $AM=MD$. Prove that $\angle PMB=\angle QMB$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 7 grade 9

The sidelines $AB$ and $CD$ of a trapezoid meet at point $P$, and the diagonals of this trapezoid meet at point $Q$. Point $M$ on the smallest base $BC$ is such that $AM=MD$. Prove that $\angle PMB=\angle QMB$.

The sidelines $AB$ and $CD$ of a trapezoid meet at point $P$, and the diagonals of this trapezoid meet at point $Q$. Point $M$ on the smallest base $BC$ is such that $AM=MD$. Prove that $\angle PMB=\angle QMB$.

The diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral meet at point $M$. A circle $\omega$ touches segments $MA$ and $MD$ at points $P,Q$ respectively and touches the circumcircle of $ABCD$ at point $X$. Prove that $X$ lies on the radical axis of circles $ACQ$ and $BDP$.

by Ivan Frolov

A line parallel to the side $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$ meets the sides $AB$ and $AC$ at points $P$ and $Q$, respectively. A point $M$ is chosen inside the triangle $APQ$. The segments $MB$ and $MC$ meet the segment $PQ$ at points $E$ and $F$, respectively. Let $N$ be the second intersection point of the circumcircles of the triangles $PMF$ and $QME$. Prove that the points $A,M,N$ are collinear.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 2 grade 10

Let $I$ and $I_a$ be the incenter and excenter (opposite vertex $A$) of a triangle $ABC$, respectively. Let $A'$ be the point on its circumcircle opposite to $A$, and $A_1$ be the foot of the altitude from $A$. Prove that $\angle IA_1I_a=\angle IA'I_a$.

Let $I$ and $I_a$ be the incenter and excenter (opposite vertex $A$) of a triangle $ABC$, respectively. Let $A'$ be the point on its circumcircle opposite to $A$, and $A_1$ be the foot of the altitude from $A$. Prove that $\angle IA_1I_a=\angle IA'I_a$.

by Pavel Kozhevnikov

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 10

Assume that the two triangles $ABC$ and $A'B'C'$ have the common incircle and the common circumcircle. Let a point $P$ lie inside both the triangles. Prove that the sum of the distances from $P$ to the sidelines of triangle $ABC$ is equal to the sum of distances from $P$ to the sidelines of triangle $A'B'C'$.

Assume that the two triangles $ABC$ and $A'B'C'$ have the common incircle and the common circumcircle. Let a point $P$ lie inside both the triangles. Prove that the sum of the distances from $P$ to the sidelines of triangle $ABC$ is equal to the sum of distances from $P$ to the sidelines of triangle $A'B'C'$.

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 10

The Devil and the Man play a game. Initially, the Man pays some cash $s$ to the Devil. Then he lists some $97$ triples $\{i,j,k\}$ consisting of positive integers not exceeding $100$. After that, the Devil draws some convex polygon $A_1A_2...A_{100}$ with area $100$ and pays to the Man, the sum of areas of all triangles $A_iA_jA_k$. Determine the maximal value of $s$ which guarantees that the Man receives at least as much cash as he paid.

The Devil and the Man play a game. Initially, the Man pays some cash $s$ to the Devil. Then he lists some $97$ triples $\{i,j,k\}$ consisting of positive integers not exceeding $100$. After that, the Devil draws some convex polygon $A_1A_2...A_{100}$ with area $100$ and pays to the Man, the sum of areas of all triangles $A_iA_jA_k$. Determine the maximal value of $s$ which guarantees that the Man receives at least as much cash as he paid.

by Nikolai Beluhov, Bulgaria

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 5 grade 10

Does there exist a convex polyhedron having equal number of edges and diagonals?

(A diagonal of a polyhedron is a segment through two vertices not lying on the same face)

Does there exist a convex polyhedron having equal number of edges and diagonals?

(A diagonal of a polyhedron is a segment through two vertices not lying on the same face)

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 6 grade 10

A triangle $ABC$ is given. The point $K$ is the base of the external bisector of angle $A$. The point $M$ is the midpoint of the arc $AC$ of the circumcircle. The point $N$ on the bisector of angle $C$ is such that $AN \parallel BM$. Prove that the points $M,N,K$ are collinear.

A triangle $ABC$ is given. The point $K$ is the base of the external bisector of angle $A$. The point $M$ is the midpoint of the arc $AC$ of the circumcircle. The point $N$ on the bisector of angle $C$ is such that $AN \parallel BM$. Prove that the points $M,N,K$ are collinear.

by Ilya Bogdanov

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 7 grade 10

Restore a triangle by one of its vertices, the circumcenter and the Lemoine's point.

(The Lemoine's point is the intersection point of the reflections of the medians in the correspondent angle bisectors)

Restore a triangle by one of its vertices, the circumcenter and the Lemoine's point.

(The Lemoine's point is the intersection point of the reflections of the medians in the correspondent angle bisectors)

2016 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 8 grade 10

Let $ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle, let $AA_1$ be its angle bisector and $A_2$ be the touching point of the incircle with side $BC$. The points $B_1,B_2,C_1,C_2$ are defined similarly. Let $O$ and $I$ be the circumcenter and the incenter of triangle $ABC$. Prove that the radical center of the circumcircle of the triangles $AA_1A_2, BB_1B_2, CC_1C_2$ lies on the line $OI$.

Let $ABC$ be a non-isosceles triangle, let $AA_1$ be its angle bisector and $A_2$ be the touching point of the incircle with side $BC$. The points $B_1,B_2,C_1,C_2$ are defined similarly. Let $O$ and $I$ be the circumcenter and the incenter of triangle $ABC$. Prove that the radical center of the circumcircle of the triangles $AA_1A_2, BB_1B_2, CC_1C_2$ lies on the line $OI$.

2016-2017 First Round

Mark on a cellular paper four nodes forming a convex quadrilateral with the sidelengths equal to four different primes.

by A.Zaslavsky

A circle cuts off four right-angled triangles from rectangle $ABCD$.Let $A_0, B_0, C_0$ and $D_0$ be the midpoints of the correspondent hypotenuses. Prove that $A_0C_0 = B_0D_0$

by L.Shteingarts

Let $I$ be the incenter of triangle $ABC$; $H_B, H_C$ the orthocenters of triangles $ACI$ and $ABI$ respectively; $K$ the touching point of the incircle with the side $BC$. Prove that $H_B, H_C$ and K are collinear.

by M.Plotnikov

A triangle $ABC$ is given. Let $C'$ be the vertex of an isosceles triangle $ABC'$ with $\angle C' = 120^{\circ}$ constructed on the other side of $AB$ than $C$, and $B'$ be the vertex of an equilateral triangle $ACB'$ constructed on the same side of $AC$ as $ABC$. Let $K$ be the midpoint of $BB'$. Find the angles of triangle $KCC'$.

by A.Zaslavsky

A segment $AB$ is fixed on the plane. Consider all acute-angled triangles with side $AB$. Find the locus of

а) the vertices of their greatest angles,

b) their incenters.

а) the vertices of their greatest angles,

b) their incenters.

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 6 grades 8-9

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral with $AC = BD = AD$; $E$ and $F$ the midpoints of $AB$ and $CD$ respectively; $O$ the common point of the diagonals.Prove that $EF$ passes through the touching points of the incircle of triangle $AOD$ with $AO$ and $OD$

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral with $AC = BD = AD$; $E$ and $F$ the midpoints of $AB$ and $CD$ respectively; $O$ the common point of the diagonals.Prove that $EF$ passes through the touching points of the incircle of triangle $AOD$ with $AO$ and $OD$

by N.Moskvitin

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 7 grades 8-9

The circumcenter of a triangle lies on its incircle. Prove that the ratio of its greatest and smallest sides is less than two.

The circumcenter of a triangle lies on its incircle. Prove that the ratio of its greatest and smallest sides is less than two.

by B.Frenkin

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad First Round problem 8 grades 8-9

Let $AD$ be the base of trapezoid $ABCD$. It is known that the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$ lies on $BD$. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $ABD$ lies on $AC$.

Let $AD$ be the base of trapezoid $ABCD$. It is known that the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$ lies on $BD$. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $ABD$ lies on $AC$.

by Ye.Bakayev

Let $C_0$ be the midpoint of hypotenuse $AB$ of triangle $ABC$, $AA_1, BB_1$ the bisectors of this triangle; $I$ its incenter. Prove that the lines $C_0I$ and $A_1B_1$ meet on the altitude from $C$.

by A.Zaslavsky

Points $K$ and $L$ on the sides $AB$ and $BC$ of parallelogram $ABCD$ are such that $\angle AKD = \angle CLD$. Prove that the circumcenter of triangle $BKL$ is equidistant from $A$ and $C$.

by I.I.Bogdanov

A finite number of points is marked on the plane. Each three of them are not collinear. A circle is circumscribed around each triangle with marked vertices. Is it possible that all centers of these circles are also marked?

by A.Tolesnikov

Let $AA_1 , CC_1$ be the altitudes of triangle $ABC, B_0$ the common point of the altitude from $B$ and the circumcircle of $ABC$; and $Q$ the common point of the circumcircles of $ABC$ and $A_1C_1B_0$, distinct from $B_0$. Prove that $BQ$ is the symmedian of $ABC$.

by D.Shvetsov

Two circles pass through points $A$ and $B$. A third circle touches both these circles and meets $AB$ at points $C$ and $D$. Prove that the tangents to this circle at these points are parallel to the common tangents of two given circles.

by A.Zaslavsky

Let points $B$ and $C$ lie on the circle with diameter $AD$ and center $O$ on the same side of $AD$. The circumcircles of triangles $ABO$ and $CDO$ meet $BC$ at points $F$ and $E$ respectively. Prove that $R^2 = AF.DE$, where $R$ is the radius of the given circle.

by N.Moskvitin

Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle with incircle $\omega$ and incenter $I$. Let $\omega$ touch $AB, BC$ and $CA $ at points $D, E, F$ respectively. The circles $\omega_1$ and $\omega_2$ centered at $J_1$ and $J_2$ respectively are inscribed into A$DIF$ and $BDIE$. Let $J_1J_2$ intersect $AB$ at point $M$. Prove that $CD$ is perpendicular to $IM$.

The tangents to the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ at $A$ and $B$ meet at point $D$. The circle passing through the projections of $D$ to $BC, CA, AB$, meet $AB$ for the second time at point $C'$. Points $A', B'$ are defined similarly. Prove that $AA', BB', CC'$ concur.

Using a compass and a ruler, construct a point $K$ inside an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ so that $\angle KBA = 2\angle KAB$ and $ \angle KBC = 2\angle KCB$.

Let $L$ be the common point of the symmedians of triangle $ABC$, and $BH$ be its altitude. It is known that $\angle ALH = 180^o -2\angle A$. Prove that $\angle CLH = 180^o - 2\angle C$.

Let cevians $AA', BB'$ and $CC'$ of triangle $ABC$ concur at point $P.$ The circumcircle of triangle $PA'B'$ meets $AC$ and $BC$ at points $M$ and $N$ respectively, and the circumcircles of triangles $PC'B'$ and $PA'C'$ meet $AC$ and $BC$ for the second time respectively at points $K$ and $L$. The line $c$ passes through the midpoints of segments $MN$ and $KL$. The lines $a$ and $b$ are defined similarly. Prove that $a$, $b$ and $c$ concur.

Given a right-angled triangle $ABC$ and two perpendicular lines $x$ and $y$ passing through the vertex $A$ of its right angle. For an arbitrary point $X$ on $x$ define $y_B$ and $y_C$ as the reflections of $y$ about $XB$ and $ XC $ respectively. Let $Y$ be the common point of $y_b$ and $y_c$. Find the locus of $Y$ (when $y_b$ and $y_c$ do not coincide).

A convex hexagon is circumscribed about a circle of radius $1$. Consider the three segments joining the midpoints of its opposite sides. Find the greatest real number $r$ such that the length of at least one segment is at least $r.$

Let $P$ be an arbitrary point on the diagonal $AC$ of cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$, and $PK, PL, PM, PN, PO$ be the perpendiculars from $P$ to $AB, BC, CD, DA, BD$ respectively. Prove that the distance from $P$ to $KN$ is equal to the distance from $O$ to $ML$.

Let a line $m$ touch the incircle of triangle $ABC$. The lines passing through the incenter $I$ and perpendicular to $AI, BI, CI$ meet $m$ at points $A', B', C'$ respectively. Prove that $AA', BB'$ and $CC'$ concur.

Two tetrahedrons are given. Each two faces of the same tetrahedron are not similar, but each face of the first tetrahedron is similar to some face of the second one. Does this yield that these tetrahedrons are similar?

2016-2017 Final Round
Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral with $AB=BC$ and $AD = CD$. A point $M$ lies on the minor arc $CD$ of its circumcircle. The lines $BM$ and $CD$ meet at point $P$, the lines $AM$ and $BD$ meet at point $Q$. Prove that $PQ \parallel AC$.

Let $H$ and $O$ be the orthocenter and circumcenter of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, respectively. The perpendicular bisector of $BH$ meets $AB$ and $BC$ at points $A_1$ and $C_1$, respectively. Prove that $OB$ bisects the angle $A_1OC_1$.

Let $AD, BE$ and $CF$ be the medians of triangle $ABC$. The points $X$ and $Y$ are the reflections of $F$ about $AD$ and $BE$, respectively. Prove that the circumcircles of triangles $BEX$ and $ADY$ are concentric.

Alex dissects a paper triangle into two triangles. Each minute after this he dissects one of obtained triangles into two triangles. After some time (at least one hour) it appeared that all obtained triangles were congruent. Find all initial triangles for which this is possible.

A square $ABCD$ is given. Two circles are inscribed into angles $A$ and $B$, and the sum of their diameters is equal to the sidelength of the square. Prove that one of their common tangents passes through the midpoint of $AB$.

A median of an acute-angled triangle dissects it into two triangles. Prove that each of them can be covered by a semidisc congruent to a half of the circumdisc of the initial triangle.

Let $A_1A_2 \dots A_{13}$ and $B_1B_2 \dots B_{13}$ be two regular $13$-gons in the plane such that the points $B_1$ and $A_{13}$ coincide and lie on the segment $A_1B_{13}$, and both polygons lie in the same semiplane with respect to this segment. Prove that the lines $A_1A_9, B_{13}B_8$ and $A_8B_9$ are concurrent.

Let $ABCD$ be a square, and let $P$ be a point on the minor arc $CD$ of its circumcircle. The lines $PA, PB$ meet the diagonals $BD, AC$ at points $K, L$ respectively. The points $M, N$ are the projections of $K, L$ respectively to $CD$, and $Q$ is the common point of lines $KN$ and $ML$. Prove that $PQ$ bisects the segment $AB$.

grade 9

Let $ABC$ be a regular triangle. The line passing through the midpoint of $AB$ and parallel to $AC$ meets the minor arc $AB$ of the circumcircle at point $K$. Prove that the ratio $AK:BK$ is equal to the ratio of the side and the diagonal of a regular pentagon.

Let $I$ be the incenter of a triangle $ABC$, $M$ be the midpoint of $AC$, and $W$ be the midpoint of arc $AB$ of the circumcircle not containing $C$. It is known that $\angle AIM = 90^\circ$. Find the ratio $CI:IW$.

The angles $B$ and $C$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ are greater than $60^\circ$. Points $P,Q$ are chosen on the sides $AB,AC$ respectively so that the points $A,P,Q$ are concyclic with the orthocenter $H$ of the triangle $ABC$. Point $K$ is the midpoint of $PQ$. Prove that $\angle BKC > 90^\circ$.

by A. Mudgal

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 4 grade 9
Points $M$ and $K$ are chosen on lateral sides $AB,AC$ of an isosceles triangle $ABC$ and point $D$ is chosen on $BC$ such that $AMDK$ is a parallelogram. Let the lines $MK$ and $BC$ meet at point $L$, and let $X,Y$ be the intersection points of $AB,AC$ with the perpendicular line from $D$ to $BC$. Prove that the circle with center $L$ and radius $LD$ and the circumcircle of triangle $AXY$ are tangent.

Let $BH_b, CH_c$ be altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$. The line $H_bH_c$ meets the circumcircle of $ABC$ at points $X$ and $Y$. Points $P,Q$ are the reflections of $X,Y$ about $AB,AC$ respectively. Prove that $PQ \parallel BC$.

by Pavel Kozhevnikov

Let $ABC$ be a right-angled triangle ($\angle C = 90^\circ$) and $D$ be the midpoint of an altitude from C. The reflections of the line $AB$ about $AD$ and $BD$, respectively, meet at point $F$. Find the ratio $S_{ABF}:S_{ABC}$.

Note: $S_{\alpha}$ means the area of $\alpha$.

Note: $S_{\alpha}$ means the area of $\alpha$.

Let $a$ and $b$ be parallel lines with $50$ distinct points marked on $a$ and $50$ distinct points marked on $b$. Find the greatest possible number of acute-angled triangles all of whose vertices are marked.

Let $AK$ and $BL$ be the altitudes of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$, and let $\omega$ be the excircle of $ABC$ touching side $AB$. The common internal tangents to circles $CKL$ and $\omega$ meet $AB$ at points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that $AP =BQ$.

by I.Frolov

Let $A$ and $B$ be the common points of two circles, and $CD$ be their common tangent ($C$ and

$D$ are the tangency points). Let $Oa, Ob$ be the circumcenters of triangles $CAD, CBD$ respectively. Prove that the midpoint of segment $OaOb$ lies on the line $AB$.

$D$ are the tangency points). Let $Oa, Ob$ be the circumcenters of triangles $CAD, CBD$ respectively. Prove that the midpoint of segment $OaOb$ lies on the line $AB$.

Prove that the distance from any vertex of an acute-angled triangle to the corresponding excenter is less than the sum of two greatest sidelengths.

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 10

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 3 grade 10

Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral, and let $\omega_A, \omega_B, \omega_C, \omega_D$ be the circumcircles of triangles $BCD, ACD, ABD, ABC$, respectively. Denote by $X_A$ the product of the power of $A$ with respect to $\omega_A$ and the area of triangle $BCD$. Define $X_B,X_C,X_D$ similarly. Prove that $X_A + X_B + X_C + X_D = 0$.

A scalene triangle $ABC$ and its incircle $\omega$ are given. Using only a ruler and drawing at most eight lines, rays or segments, construct points $A', B', C'$ on $\omega$ such that the rays $B'C', C'A', A'B'$ pass through $A, B, C$, respectively.

Let $BB', CC'$ be the altitudes of an acuteangled triangle $ABC$. Two circles passing through $A$

and $C'$ are tangent to $BC$ at points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that $A, B', P, Q$ are concyclic.

and $C'$ are tangent to $BC$ at points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that $A, B', P, Q$ are concyclic.

Let the insphere of a pyramid $SABC$ touch the faces $SAB, SBC, SCA$ at points $D, E, F$ respectively. Find all possible values of the sum of angles $SDA, SEB$ and $SFC$.

A quadrilateral $ABCD$ is circumscribed around circle $\omega$ centered at $I$ and inscribed into

circle $\Gamma$ . The lines $AB$ and $CD$ meet at point $P$, the lines $BC$ and $AD$ meet at point $Q$. Prove that the circles $PIQ$ and $\Gamma$ are orthogonal.

circle $\Gamma$ . The lines $AB$ and $CD$ meet at point $P$, the lines $BC$ and $AD$ meet at point $Q$. Prove that the circles $PIQ$ and $\Gamma$ are orthogonal.

2017 Sharygin Geometry Olympiad Final Round problem 8 grade 10

Suppose $S$ is a set of points in the plane, $|S|$ is even, no three points of $S$ are collinear. Prove that $S$ can be partitioned into two sets $S_1$ and $S_2$ so that their convex hulls have equal number of vertices.

Suppose $S$ is a set of points in the plane, $|S|$ is even, no three points of $S$ are collinear. Prove that $S$ can be partitioned into two sets $S_1$ and $S_2$ so that their convex hulls have equal number of vertices.

2017-2018 First Round

Three circles lie inside a square. Each of them touches externally two remaining circles. Also each circle touches two sides of the square. Prove that two of these circles are congruent.

A cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ is given. The lines $AB$ and $DC$ meet at point $E$, and the lines $BC$ and $AD$ meet at point $F$. Let $I$ be the incenter of triangle $AED$, and a ray with origin $F$ be perpendicular to the bisector of angle $AID$. In what ratio does this ray dissect the angle $AFB$?

Let $AL$ be a bisector of triangle $ABC$, $D$ be its midpoint, and $E$ be the projection of $D$ to $AB$. It is known that $AC = 3AE$. Prove that $CEL$ is an isosceles triangle.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral. A point $P$ moves along the arc $AD$ which does not contain $B$ and $C$. A fixed line $\ell$, perpendicular to $BC$, meets the rays $BP, CP$ at points $B_0, C_0$ respectively. Prove that the tangent at $P$ to the circumcircle of triangle $PB_0C_0 $ passes through some fixed point.

The vertex $C$ of equilateral triangles $ABC$ and $CDE$ lies on the segment $AE$, and the vertices $B$ and $D$ lie on the same side with respect to this segment. The circumcircles of these triangles centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$ meet for the second time at point $F$. The lines $O_1O_2$ and $AD$ meet at point $K$. Prove that $AK = BF$.

Let $CH$ be the altitude of a right-angled triangle $ABC$ ($\angle C = 90^o$) with $BC = 2AC$. Let $O_1, O_2$ and $O$ be the incenters of triangles $ACH, BCH$ and $ABC$ respectively, and $H_1, H_2, H_0$ be the projections of $O_1, O_2, O$ respectively to $AB$. Prove that $H_1H = HH_0 = H_0H_2$.

Let $E$ be a common point of circles $w_1$ and $w_2$. Let $AB$ be a common tangent to these circles, and $CD$ be a line parallel to $AB$, such that $A$ and $C$ lie on $w_1, B$ and $D$ lie on $w_2$. The circles ABE and $CDE$ meet for the second time at point $F$. Prove that $F$ bisects one of arcs $CD$ of circle $CDE$.

Restore a triangle $ABC$ by the Nagel point, the vertex $B$ and the foot of the altitude from this vertex.

A square is inscribed into an acute-angled triangle: two vertices of this square lie on the same side of the triangle and two remaining vertices lies on two remaining sides. Two similar squares are constructed for the remaining sides. Prove that three segments congruent to the sides of these squares can be the sides of an acute-angled triangle.

In the plane, $2018$ points are given such that all distances between them are different. For each point, mark the closest one of the remaining points. What is the minimal number of marked points?

Let $I$ be the incenter of a nonisosceles triangle $ABC$. Prove that there exists a unique pair of points $M, N$ lying on the sides $AC, BC$ respectively, such that $\angle AIM = \angle BIN$ and $MN // AB$.

Let $BD$ be the external bisector of a triangle $ABC$ with $AB> BC, K$ and $K_1$ be the touching points of side $AC$ with the incicrle and the excircle centered at $ I $ and $I_1$ respectively. The lines $BK$ and $DI_1$ meet at point $X$, and the lines $BK_1$ and $DI $ meet at point $Y$ . Prove that $XY \perp AC$.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral, and $M, N$ be the midpoints of arcs $AB$ and $CD$ respectively. Prove that $MN$ bisects the segment between the incenters of triangles $ABC$ and $ADC$.

Let $ABC$ be a right-angled triangle with $\angle C = 90^o, K, L, M$ be the midpoints of sides $AB, BC, CA$ respectively, and $N$ be a point of side $AB$. The line $CN$ meets $KM$ and $KL$ at points $P $ and $Q$ respectively. Points $S, T$ lying on $AC$ and $BC$ respectively are such that $APQS$ and $BPQT$ are cyclic quadrilaterals. Prove that

a) if $CN$ is a bisector, then $CN, ML$ and $ST$ concur;

b) if $CN$ is an altitude, then $ST$ bisects $ML$.

The altitudes $AH_1,BH_2,CH_3$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ meet at point $H$. Points $P$ and $Q$ are the reflections of $H_2$ and $H_3$ with respect to $H$. The circumcircle of triangle $PH_1Q$ meets for the second time $BH_2$ and $CH_3$ at points $R$ and $S$. Prove that $RS$ is a medial line of triangle $ABC$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB < BC$. The bisector of angle $C$ meets the line parallel to $AC$ and passing through $B$, at point $P$. The tangent at $B$ to the circumcircle of $ABC$ meets this bisector at point $R$. Let $R'$ be the reflection of R with respect to $AB$. Prove that $\angle R'PB =\angle RPA$.

Let each of circles $\alpha, \beta, \gamma$ touch two remaining circles externally, and all of them touch a circle $\Omega$ internally at points $A_1, B_1, C_1$ respectively. The common internal tangent to $\alpha$ and $\beta$ meets the arc $A_1B_1$ not containing $C_1$, at point $C_2$. Points $A_2, B_2$ are defined similarly. Prove that the lines $A1A2, B_1B_2, C_1C_2$ concur.

Let $C_1,A_1,B_1$ be points on sides $AB,BC,CA$ of triangle $ABC$, such that $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1$ concur. The rays $B_1A_1$ and $B_1C_1$ meet the circumcircle of the triangle atnpoints $A_2$ and $C_2$ respectively. Prove that $A,C,$ the common point of $A_2C_2$ and $BB_1$, and the midpoint of $A_2C_2$ are concyclic.

Let a triangle $ABC$ be given. On a ruler, three segments congruent to the sides of this triangle are marked. Using this ruler construct the orthocenter of the triangle formed by the tangency points of the sides of $ABC$ with its incircle.

Let the incircle of a nonisosceles triangle $ABC$ touch $AB$, $AC$ and$ BC$ at points $D, E$ and $F$ respectively. The corresponding excircle touches the side $BC$ at point $N$. Let $T$ be the common point of $AN$ and the incircle, closest to $N$, and $K$ be the common point of $DE$ and $FT$. Prove that $AK//BC$.

In the plane, a line $\ell$ and a point $A$ outside it are given. Find the locus of the incenters of acute-angled triangles having the vertex $A $and the opposite side lying on $\ell$ .

Six circles of unit radius lie in the plane so that the distance between the centers of any two of them is greater than d. What is the least value of d such that there always exists a straight line which does not intersect any of the circles and separates the circles into two groups of three?

The plane is divided into convex heptagons with diameters less than $1$. Prove that an arbitrary disc with radius $200$ intersects more than a billion of them.

A crystal of pyrite is a parallelepiped with dashed faces. The dashes on any two adjacent faces are perpendicular. Does there exist a convex polytope with the number of faces not equal to $6$, such that its faces can be dashed in such a manner?

2017 -2018 Final Round

grade 8

A rectangle $ABCD$ and its circumcircle are given. Let $E$ be an arbitrary point on the minor arc $BC$. The tangent to the circle at $B$ meets $CE$ at point $G$. The segments $AE$ and $BD$ meet at point $K$. Prove that $GK$ and $AD$ are perpendicular.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle A = 60^\circ$, and $AA', BB', CC'$ be its internal angle bisectors. Prove that $\angle B'A'C' \le 60^\circ$.

Find all sets of six points in the plane, no three collinear, such that if we partition the set into two sets, then the obtained triangles are congruent.

The side $AB$ of a square $ABCD$ is the base of an isosceles triangle $ABE$ such that $AE=BE$ lying outside the square. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $AE$, $O$ be the intersection of $AC$ and $BD$. $K$ is the intersection of $OM$ and $ED$. Prove that $EK=KO$.

Suppose $ABCD$ and $A_1B_1C_1D_1$ be quadrilaterals with corresponding angles equal. Also $AB=A_1B_1$, $AC=A_1C_1$, $BD=B_1D_1$. Are the quadrilaterals necessarily congruent?

Let $\omega_1,\omega_2$ be two circles centered at $O_1$ and $O_2$ and lying outside each other. Points $C_1$ and $C_2$ lie on these circles in the same semi plane with respect to $O_1O_2$. The ray $O_1C_1$ meets $\omega _2$ at $A_2,B_2$ and $O_2C_2$ meets $\omega_1$ at $A_1,B_1$. Prove that $\angle A_1O_1B_1=\angle A_2O_2B_2$ if and only if $C_1C_2||O_1O_2$.

Let $I$ be the incenter of fixed triangle $ABC$, and $D$ be an arbitrary point on $BC$. The perpendicular bisector of $AD$ meets $BI,CI$ at $F$ and $E$ respectively. Find the locus of orthocenters of $\triangle IEF$ as $D$ varies.

grade 9

grade 9

Let $M$ be the midpoint of $AB$ in a right angled triangle $ABC$ with $\angle C = 90^\circ$. A circle passing through $C$ and $M$ meets segments $BC, AC$ at $P, Q$ respectively. Let $c_1, c_2$ be the circles with centers $P, Q$ and radii $BP, AQ$ respectively. Prove that $c_1, c_2$ and the circumcircle of $ABC$ are concurrent.

A triangle $ABC$ is given. A circle $\gamma$ centered at $A$ meets segments $AB$ and $AC$. The common chord of $\gamma$ and the circumcircle of $ABC$ meets $AB$ and $AC$ at $X$ and $Y$, respectively. The segments $CX$ and $BY$ meet $\gamma$ at point $S$ and $T$, respectively. The circumcircles of triangles $ACT$ and $BAS$ meet at points $A$ and $P$. Prove that $CX, BY$ and $AP$ concur.

The vertices of a triangle $DEF$ lie on different sides of a triangle $ABC$. The lengths of the tangents from the incenter of $DEF$ to the excircles of $ABC$ are equal. Prove that $4S_{DEF} \ge S_{ABC}$.

Note: By $S_{XYZ}$ we denote the area of triangle $XYZ$.

Note: By $S_{XYZ}$ we denote the area of triangle $XYZ$.

Let $BC$ be a fixed chord of a circle $\omega$. Let $A$ be a variable point on the major arc $BC$ of $\omega$. Let $H$ be the orthocenter of $ABC$. The points $D, E$ lie on $AB, AC$ such that $H$ is the midpoint of $DE$. $O_A$ is the circumcenter of $ADE$. Prove that as $A$ varies, $O_A$ lies on a fixed circle.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral, $BL$ and $CN$ be the internal angle bisectors in triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ respectively. The circumcircles of triangles $ABL$ and $CDN$ meet at points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that the line $PQ$ passes through the midpoint of the arc $AD$ not containing $B$.

Let $ABCD$ be a circumscribed quadrilateral. Prove that the common point of the diagonals, the incenter of triangle $ABC$ and the centre of excircle of triangle $CDA$ touching the side $AC$ are collinear.

Let $B_1,C_1$ be the midpoints of sides $AC,AB$ of a triangle $ABC$ respectively. The tangents to the circumcircle at $B$ and $C$ meet the rays $CC_1,BB_1$ at points $K$ and $L$ respectively. Prove that $\angle BAK = \angle CAL$.

Consider a fixed regular $n$-gon of unit side. When a second regular $n$-gon of unit size rolls around the first one, one of its vertices successively pinpoints the vertices of a closed broken line $\kappa$ as in the figure. Let $A$ be the area of a regular $n$-gon of unit side, and let $B$ be the area of a regular $n$-gon of unit circumradius. Prove that the area enclosed by $\kappa$ equals $6A-2B$.

The altitudes $AH, CH$ of an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ meet the internal bisector of angle $B$ at points $L_1, P_1$, and the external bisector of this angle at points $L_2, P_2$. Prove that the orthocenters of triangles $HL_1P_1, HL_2P_2$ and the vertex $B$ are collinear.

grade 10

A fixed circle $\omega$ is inscribed into an angle with vertex $C$. An arbitrary circle passing through $C$, touches $\omega$ externally and meets the sides of the angle at points $A$ and $B$. Prove that the perimeters of all triangles $ABC$ are equal.

A cyclic $n$-gon is given. The midpoints of all its sides are concyclic. The sides of the $n$-gon cut $n$ arcs of this circle lying outside the $n$-gon. Prove that these arcs can be coloured red and blue in such a way that the sum of the lengths of the red arcs is equal to the sum of the lengths of the blue arcs.

We say that a finite set $S$ of red and green points in the plane is [i]separable[/i] if there exists a triangle $\delta$ such that all points of one colour lie strictly inside $\delta$ and all points of the other colour lie strictly outside of $\delta$. Let $A$ be a finite set of red and green points in the plane, in general position. Is it always true that if every $1000$ points in $A$ form a separable set then $A$ is also separable?

Let $\omega$ be the incircle of a triangle $ABC$. The line passing though the incenter $I$ and parallel to $BC$ meets $\omega$ at $A_b$ and $A_c$ ($A_b$ lies in the same semi plane with respect to $AI$ as $B$). The lines $BA_b$ and $CA_c$ meet at $A_1$. The points $B_1$ and $C_1$ are defined similarly. prove that $AA_1,BB_1,CC_1$ concur.

Let $\omega$ be the circumcircle of $ABC$, and $KL$ be the diameter of $\omega$ passing through $M$ midpoint of $AB$ ($K,C$ lies on different sides of $AB$). A circle passing through $L$ and $M$ meets $CK$ at points $P$ and $Q$ ($Q$ lies on $KP$). Let $LQ$ meet the circumcircle of $KMQ$ again at $R$. Prove that $APBR$ is cyclic.

A convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ is circumscribed about a circle of radius $r$. What is the maximum value of $\frac{1}{AC^2}+\frac{1}{BD^2}$?

Two triangles $ABC$ and $A'B'C'$ are given. The lines $AB$ and $A'B'$ meet at $C_1$ and the lines parallel to them and passing through $C$ and $C'$ meet at $C_2$. The points $A_1,A_2$, $B_1,B_2$ are defined similarly. Prove that $A_1A_2,B_1B_2,C_1C_1$ are either parallel or concurrent.

sources: geometry.ru/olimp/olimpsharygin.php, sasja.shap.homedns.org/Turniry/Shar-eng/

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