China South East 2005-19 42p

geometry problems from Chinese South Eastern Mathematical Olympiads
with aops links in the names

2005 - 2019 

2004 China South East MO problem 2
In $\triangle$ABC, points D, M lie on side BC and AB respectively, point P lies on segment AD. Line DM intersects segments BP, AC (extended part), PC (extended part) at E, F and N respectively. Show that if DE=DF, then DM=DN.

2004 China South East MO problem 6
ABC is an isosceles triangle with AB=AC. Point D lies on side BC. Point F is inside $\triangle$ABC and lies on the circumcircle of triangle ADC. The circumcircle of triangle BDF intersects side AB at point E. Prove that $CD\cdot EF+DF\cdot AE=BD\cdot AF$.

2005 China South East MO problem 2
Circle $C$ (with center $O$) does not have common point with line $l$. Draw $OP$ perpendicular to $l$, $P \in l$. Let $Q$ be a point on $l$ ($Q$ is different from $P$), $QA$ and $QB$ are tangent to circle $C$, and intersect the circle at $A$ and $B$ respectively. $AB$ intersects $OP$ at $K$. $PM$, $PN$ are perpendicular to $QB$, $QA$, respectively, $M \in QB$, $N \in QA$. Prove that segment $KP$ is bisected by line $MN$.

2005 China South East MO problem 5
Line $l$ tangents unit circle $S$ in point $P$. Point $A$ and circle $S$ are on the same side of $l$, and the distance from $A$ to $l$ is $h$ ($h > 2$). Two tangents of circle $S$ are drawn from $A$, and intersect line $l$ at points $B$ and $C$ respectively. Find the value of $PB \cdot PC$.

2006 China South East MO problem 2
In $\triangle ABC$, $\angle ABC=90^{\circ}$. Points $D,G$ lie on side $AC$. Points $E, F$ lie on segment $BD$, such that $AE \perp BD $ and $GF \perp BD$. Show that if $BE=EF$, then $\angle ABG=\angle DFC$.

2006 China South East problem 5
In $\triangle ABC$, $\angle A=60^\circ$. $\odot I$ is the incircle of $\triangle ABC$. $\odot I$ is tangent to sides $AB$, $AC$ at $D$, $E$, respectively. Line $DE$ intersects line $BI$ and $CI$ at $F$, $G$ respectively. Prove that [/size]$FG=\frac{BC}{2}$.

2007 China South East MO problem 2
$AB$ is the diameter of semicircle $O$. $C$,$D$ are two arbitrary points on semicircle $O$. Point $P$ lies on line $CD$ such that line $PB$ is tangent to semicircle $O$ at $B$. Line $PO$ intersects line $CA$, $AD$ at point $E$, $F$ respectively. Prove that $OE$=$OF$.

2007 China South East MO problem 6
In right-angle triangle $ABC$, $\angle C=90$°, Point $D$ is the midpoint of side $AB$. Points $M$ and $C$ lie on the same side of $AB$ such that $MB\bot AB$, line $MD$ intersects side $AC$ at $N$, line $MC$ intersects side $AB$ at $E$. Show that $\angle DBN=\angle BCE$.

2008 China South East MO problem 3
In $\triangle ABC$, side $BC>AB$. Point $D$ lies on side $AC$ such that $\angle ABD=\angle CBD$. Points $Q,P$ lie on line $BD$ such that $AQ\bot BD$ and $CP\bot BD$. $M,E$ are the midpoints of side $AC$ and $BC$ respectively. Circle $O$ is the circumcircle of $\triangle PQM$ intersecting side $AC$ at $H$. Prove that $O,H,E,M$ lie on a circle.

2008 China South East MO problem 6
Circle $I$ is the incircle of $\triangle ABC$. Circle $I$ is tangent to sides $BC$ and $AC$ at $M,N$ respectively. $E,F$ are midpoints of sides $AB$ and $AC$ respectively. Lines $EF, BI$ intersect at $D$. Show that $M,N,D$ are collinear.

2009 China South East MO problem 2
In the convex pentagon $ABCDE$ we know that $AB=DE, BC=EA$ but $AB \neq EA$.
$B,C,D,E$ are concyclic .Prove that $A,B,C,D$ are concyclic if and only if  $AC=AD.$

2009 China South East MO problem 6
Let $\odot O$ , $\odot I$ be the circumcircle and inscribed circles of triangle$ABC$ . Prove that : From every point $D$ on $\odot O$ ,we can construct a triangle $DEF$ such that $ABC$ and $DEF$ have the same circumcircle and inscribed circles.

2010 China South East MO problem 3
The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches $BC$ at $D$ and $AB$ at $F$, intersects the line $AD$ again at $H$ and the line $CF$ again at $K$. Prove that $\frac{FD\times HK}{FH\times DK}=3$.

2010 China South East MO problem 5
$ABC$ is a triangle with a right angle at $C$. $M_1$ and $M_2$ are two arbitrary points inside $ABC$, and $M$ is the midpoint of $M_1M_2$. The extensions of $BM_1,BM$ and $BM_2$ intersect $AC$ at $N_1,N$ and $N_2$ respectively. Prove that $\frac{M_1N_1}{BM_1}+\frac{M_2N_2}{BM_2}\geq 2\frac{MN}{BM}$

2011 China South East MO problem 4
Let $O$ be the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$ , a line passes through $O$ intersects sides $AB,AC$ at points $M,N$ , $E$ is the midpoint of $MC$ , $F$ is the midpoint of $NB$ , prove that : $\angle FOE= \angle BAC$.

2011 China South East MO problem 5
In triangle $ABC$ , $AA_0,BB_0,CC_0$ are the angle bisectors , $A_0,B_0,C_0$are on sides $BC,CA,AB,$ draw $A_0A_1//BB_0,A_0A_2//CC_0$ ,$A_1$ lies on $AC$ ,$A_2$ lies on $AB$ , $A_1A_2$ intersects $BC$ at $A_3$.$B_3$ ,$C_3$ are constructed similarly. Prove that : $A_3,B_3,C_3$ are collinear.

2011 China South East MO problem 6
Let $P_i$  $i=1,2,......n$ be $n$ points on the plane , $M$ is a point on segment $AB$ in the same plane , prove : $\sum_{i=1}^{n} |P_iM| \le \max( \sum_{i=1}^{n} |P_iA| ,  \sum_{i=1}^{n} |P_iB| )$. (Here $|AB|$ means the length of segment $AB$) .

2012 China South East MO problem 2
The incircle $I$ of $\triangle ABC$ is tangent to sides $AB,BC,CA$ at $D,E,F$ respectively. Line $EF$ intersects lines $AI,BI,DI$ at $M,N,K$ respectively. Prove that $DM\cdot KE=DN\cdot KF$.

2012 China South East MO problem 7
In $\triangle ABC$, point $D$ lies on side $AC$ such that $\angle ABD=\angle C$. Point $E$ lies on side $AB$ such that $BE=DE$. $M$ is the midpoint of segment $CD$. Point $H$ is the foot of the perpendicular from $A$ to $DE$. Given $AH=2-\sqrt{3}$ and $AB=1$, find the size of $\angle AME$.

2013 China South East MO problem 2
$\triangle ABC$, $AB>AC$. the incircle $I$ of $\triangle ABC$ meet $BC$ at point $D$, $AD$ meet $I$ again at $E$.  $EP$ is a tangent of $I$, and $EP$ meet the extension line of $BC$ at $P$. $CF\parallel PE$, $CF\cap AD=F$. the line $BF$ meet $I$ at $M,N$, point $M$ is on the line segment $BF$, the line segment $PM$ meet $I$ again at $Q$. Show that $\angle ENP=\angle ENQ$ .
2014 China South East MO grade 10 problem 3
In an obtuse triangle $ABC$ $(AB>AC)$,$O$ is the circumcentre and $D,E,F$ are the midpoints of $BC,CA,AB$ respectively.Median $AD$ intersects $OF$ and $OE$ at $M$ and $N$ respectively. $BM$ meets $CN$ at point $P$.Prove that $OP\perp AP$ .

2014 China South East MO grade 10 problem 7 / grade 11 problem 6
Let $\omega_{1}$ be a circle with centre $O$. $P$ is a point on $\omega_{1}$. $\omega_{2}$ is a circle with centre $P$, with radius smaller than $\omega_{1}$. $\omega_{1}$ meets $\omega_{2}$ at points $T$ and $Q$. Let $TR$ be a diameter of $\omega_{2}$. Draw another two circles with $RQ$ as the radius, $R$ and $P$ as the centres. These two circles meet at point $M$, with $M$ and $Q$ lie on the same side of $PR$. A circle with centre $M$ and radius $MR$ intersects $\omega_{2}$ at $R$ and $N$. Prove that a circle with centre $T$ and radius $TN$ passes through $O$.

2014 China South East MO grade 11 problem 1
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB<AC$ and let $M $ be the midpoint of $BC$. $MI$ ($I$ incenter) intersects $AB$ at $D$  and $CI$ intersects the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $E$. Prove that $\frac{ED }{ EI} = \frac{IB }{IC}$

2014 China South East MO grade 11 problem 6 / grade 10 problem 7
Let $\omega_{1}$ be a circle with centre $O$. $P$ is a point on $\omega_{1}$. $\omega_{2}$ is a circle with centre $P$, with radius smaller than $\omega_{1}$. $\omega_{1}$ meets $\omega_{2}$ at points $T$ and $Q$. Let $TR$ be a diameter of $\omega_{2}$. Draw another two circles with $RQ$ as the radius, $R$ and $P$ as the centres. These two circles meet at point $M$, with $M$ and $Q$ lie on the same side of $PR$. A circle with centre $M$ and radius $MR$ intersects $\omega_{2}$ at $R$ and $N$. Prove that a circle with centre $T$ and radius $TN$ passes through $O$.

2015 China South East MO grade 10 problem 2 / grade 11 problem 1
Let $I$ be the incenter of $\triangle ABC$ with $AB>AC$. Let $\Gamma$ be the circle with diameter $AI$. The circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ intersects $\Gamma$ at points $A,D$, with point $D$ lying on  arc ${AC}$ (not containing $B$). Let the line passing through $A$ and parallel to $BC$ intersect $\Gamma$ at points $A,E$. If $DI$ is the angle bisector of $\angle CDE$, and $\angle ABC = 33^{\circ}$, find the value of $\angle BAC$.

2015 China South East MO grade 10 problem 6
In $\triangle ABC$, we have three edges with lengths $BC=a, \, CA=b \, AB=c$, and $c<b<a<2c$. $P$ and $Q$ are two points of the edges of $\triangle ABC$, and the straight line $PQ$ divides $\triangle ABC$ into two parts with the same area. Find the minimum value of the length of the line segment $PQ$.

In $\triangle ABC$, we have $AB>AC>BC$. $D,E,F$ are the tangent points of the inscribed circle of $\triangle ABC$ with the line segments $AB,BC,AC$ respectively. The points $L,M,N$ are the midpoints of the line segments $DE,EF,FD$. The straight line $NL$ intersects with ray $AB$ at $P$, straight line $LM$ intersects ray $BC$ at $Q$ and the straight line $NM$ intersects ray $AC$ at $R$. Prove that $PA \cdot QB \cdot RC = PD \cdot QE \cdot RF$.

2015 China South East MO grade 11 problem1 / grade 10 problem 2 
Let $I$ be the incenter of $\triangle ABC$ with $AB>AC$. Let $\Gamma$ be the circle with diameter $AI$. The circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ intersects $\Gamma$ at points $A,D$, with point $D$ lying on arc ${AC}$ (not containing $B$). Let the line passing through $A$ and parallel to $BC$ intersect $\Gamma$ at points $A,E$. If $DI$ is the angle bisector of $\angle CDE$, and $\angle ABC = 33^{\circ}$, find the value of $\angle BAC$.

2015 China South East MO grade 11 problem 5
Given two points $E$ and $F$ lie on segment $AB$ and $AD$, respectively. Let the segments $BF$ and $DE$ intersects at point $C$. If it’s known that $AE+EC=AF+FC$, show that $AB+BC=AD+DC$

2015 China South East MO grade 11 problem 7 / grade 10 problem 7 
In $\triangle ABC$, we have $AB>AC>BC$. $D,E,F$ are the tangent points of the inscribed circle of $\triangle ABC$ with the line segments $AB,BC,AC$ respectively. The points $L,M,N$ are the midpoints of the line segments $DE,EF,FD$. The straight line $NL$ intersects with ray $AB$ at $P$, straight line $LM$ intersects ray $BC$ at $Q$ and the straight line $NM$ intersects ray $AC$ at $R$. Prove that $PA \cdot QB \cdot RC = PD \cdot QE \cdot RF$.

2016 China South East MO grade 10 problem 2 /grade 11 problem 1
Suppose $PAB$ and $PCD$ are two secants of circle $O$. Lines $AD \cap BC=Q$. Point $T$ lie on segment $BQ$ and point $K$ is intersection of segment $PT$ with circle $O$, $S=QK\cap PA$ . Given that $ST \parallel PQ$, prove that $B,S,K,T$ lie on a circle.

2016 China South East MO grade 10 problem 7 /grade 11 problem 6
$I$ is incenter of $\triangle{ABC}$. The incircle touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $D,E,F$, respectively .
Let $M,N,K=BI,CI,DI \cap EF$ respectively and $BN\cap CM=P,AK\cap BC=G$. Point $Q$ is intersection of the perpendicular line to $PG$ through $I$ and the perpendicular line to $PB$ through $P$. Prove that $BI$ bisect segment $PQ$.

Suppose $PAB$ and $PCD$ are two secants of circle $O$. Lines $AD \cap BC=Q$. Point $T$ lie on segment $BQ$ and point $K$ is intersection of segment $PT$ with circle $O$, $S=QK\cap PA$ . Given that $ST \parallel PQ$, prove that $B,S,K,T$ lie on a circle.

2016 China South East MO grade 11 problem 6 / grade 10 problem 7
$I$ is incenter of $\triangle{ABC}$. The incircle touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $D,E,F$, respectively .
Let $M,N,K=BI,CI,DI \cap EF$ respectively and $BN\cap CM=P,AK\cap BC=G$. Point $Q$ is intersection of the perpendicular line to $PG$ through $I$ and the perpendicular line to $PB$ through $P$. Prove that $BI$ bisect segment $PQ$.

2017 China South East MO grade 10 problem 2 / grade 11 problem 1
Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle. In $ABC$, $AB \neq AB$, $K$ is the midpoint of the the median $AD$, $DE \perp AB$ at $E$, $DF \perp AC$ at $F$. The lines $KE$, $KF$ intersect the line $BC$ at $M$, $N$, respectively. The circumcenters of $\triangle DEM$, $\triangle DFN$ are $O_1, O_2$, respectively. Prove that $O_1 O_2 \parallel BC$.

2017 China South East MO grade 10 problem 5
Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in circle $O$, where $AC\perp BD$. $M,N$ are the midpoint of arc $ADC,ABC$. $DO$ and $AN$ intersect each other at $G$, the line passes through $G$ and parellel to $NC$ intersect $CD$ at $K$. Prove that $AK\perp BM$.

2017 China South East MO grade 11 problem 1 / grade 10 problem 2 
Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle. In $ABC$, $AB \neq AB$, $K$ is the midpoint of the the median $AD$, $DE \perp AB$ at $E$, $DF \perp AC$ at $F$. The lines $KE$, $KF$ intersect the line $BC$ at $M$, $N$, respectively. The circumcenters of $\triangle DEM$, $\triangle DFN$ are $O_1, O_2$, respectively. Prove that $O_1 O_2 \parallel BC$.

2017 China South East MO grade 11 problem 6
Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in circle $O$, where $AC\perp BD$. $M$ be the midpoint of arc $ADC$. Circle $(DOM)$ intersect $DA,DC$ at $E,F$. Prove that $BE=BF$.

2018 China South East MO grade 10 problem 3
Let $O$ be the circumcenter of acute $\triangle ABC$($AB<AC$), the angle bisector of $\angle BAC$ meets $BC$ at $T$ and $M$ is the midpoint of $AT$. Point $P$ lies inside $\triangle ABC$ such that $PB\perp PC$. $D,E$ distinct from $P$ lies on the perpendicular to $AP$ through $P$ such that $BD=BP, CE=CP$. If $AO$ bisects segment $DE$, prove that $AO$ is tangent to the circumcircle of $\triangle AMP$.

2018 China South East MO grade 10 problem 6 / grade 11 problem 5
In the isosceles triangle $ABC$ with $AB=AC$, the center of $\odot O$ is the midpoint of the side $BC$, and $AB,AC$ are tangent to the circle at points $E,F$ respectively. Point $G$ is on $\odot O$ with $\angle AGE = 90^{\circ}$. A tangent line of $\odot O$ passes through $G$, and meets $AC$ at $K$. Prove that line $BK$ bisects $EF$.

2018 China South East MO grade 11 problem 3
Let $O$ be the circumcenter of $\triangle ABC$, where $\angle ABC> 90^{\circ}$ and $M$ is the midpoint of $BC$. Point $P$ lies inside $\triangle ABC$ such that $PB\perp PC$. $D,E$ distinct from $P$ lies on the perpendicular to $AP$ through $P$ such that $BD=BP, CE=CP$. If quadrilateral $ADOE$ is a parallelogram, prove that $\angle OPE = \angle AMB.$

2019 China South East MO grade 10 problem 2
Two circles $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ intersect at $A,B$. Points $C,D$ lie on $\Gamma_1$, points $E,F$ lie on $\Gamma_2$ such that $A,B$ lies on segments $CE,DF$ respectively and segments $CE,DF$ do not intersect. Let $CF$ meet $\Gamma_1,\Gamma_2$ again at $K,L$ respectively, and $DE$ meet $\Gamma_1,\Gamma_2$ at $M,N$ respectively. If the circumcircles of $\triangle ALM$ and $\triangle BKN$ are tangent, prove that the radii of these two circles are equal.

2019 China South East MO grade 10 problem 7
Let $ABCD$ be a given convex quadrilateral in a plane. Prove that there exist a line with four different points $P,Q,R,S$ on it and a square $A’B’C’D’$ such that $P$ lies on both line $AB$ and $A’B’,$ $Q$ lies on both line $BC$ and $B’C’,$ $R$ lies on both line $CD$ and $C’D’,$ $S$ lies on both line $DA$ and $D’A’.$

2019 China South East MO grade 11 problem 5
$ABCD$ is a parallelogram with $\angle BAD \neq 90$. Circle centered at $A$ radius $BA$ denoted as $\omega _1$ intersects the extended side of $AB,CB$ at points $E,F$ respectively. Suppose the circle centered at $D$ with radius $DA$, denoted as $\omega _2$, intersects $AD,CD$ at points $M,N$ respectively. Suppose $EN,FM$ intersects at $G$, $AG$ intersects $ME$ at point $T$. $MF$ intersects $\omega _1$ at $Q \neq F$, and $EN$ intersects $\omega _2$ at $P \neq N$. Prove that $G,P,T,Q$ concyclic.

In $\triangle ABC$, $AB>AC$, the bisectors of $\angle ABC, \angle ACB$ meet sides $AC,AB$ at $D,E$ respectively. The tangent at $A$ to the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ intersects $ED$ extended at $P$. Suppose that $AP=BC$. Prove that $BD\parallel CP$.


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