India pre-Regional 2012-19 (PRMO) 55p (-15)

geometry problems from Indian pre-Regional Mathematical Olympiads (pre-RMO or PRMO)
with aops links in the names

aops post collections

India PRMO: 2012 ,  2013 ,  2014 ,  2015 (empty),  2016 ,2017 , 2018 , 2019


2012-14, 2016-19 complete
2015 missing from aops


2012

A triangle with perimeter $7$ has integer sidelengths. What is the maximum possible area of such a triangle?

In $\vartriangle ABC$, we have $AC = BC = 7$ and $AB = 2$. Suppose that $D$ is a point on line $AB$ such that $B$ lies between $A$ and $D$ and $CD = 8$. What is the length of the segment $BD$?

In rectangle $ABCD, AB= 5$ and $BC = 3$. Points $F$ and $G$ are on line segment $CD$ so that $DF = 1$ and $GC = 2$. Lines $AF$ and $BG$ intersect at $E$. What is the area of $\vartriangle AEB$?

$ABCD$ is a square and $AB = 1$. Equilateral triangles $AYB$ and $CXD$ are drawn such that $X$ and $Y$ are inside the square. What is the length of $XY$?

$O$ and $I$ are the circumcentre and incentre of  $\vartriangle ABC$ respectively. Suppose $O$ lies in the interior of  $\vartriangle ABC$ and $I$ lies on the circle passing through $B, O$, and $C$. What is the magnitude of $\angle B AC$ in degrees?

$PS$ is a line segment of length $4$ and $O$ is the midpoint of $PS$. A semicircular arc is drawn with $PS$ as diameter. Let $X$ be the midpoint of this arc. $Q$ and $R$ are points on the arc $PXS$ such that $QR$ is parallel to $PS$ and the semicircular arc drawn with $QR$ as diameter is tangent to $PS$. What is the area of the region $QXROQ$ bounded by the two semicircular arcs?

2013

2013 India PRMO p4
Three points $X, Y,Z$ are on a striaght line such that $XY = 10$ and $XZ = 3$. What is the product of all possible values of $YZ$?

2013 India PRMO p8
Let $AD$ and $BC$ be the parallel sides of a trapezium $ABCD$. Let $P$ and $Q$ be the midpoints of the diagonals $AC$ and $BD$. If $AD = 16$ and $BC = 20$, what is the length of $PQ$?

2013 India PRMO p9
In a triangle $ABC$, let $H, I$ and $O$ be the orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre, respectively. If the points $B, H, I, C$ lie on a circle, what is the magnitude of  $\angle BOC$ in degrees?

2013 India PRMO p12
Let $ABC$ be an equilateral triangle. Let $P$ and $S$ be points on $AB$ and $AC$, respectively, and let $Q$ and $R$ be points on $BC$ such that $PQRS$ is a rectangle. If  $PQ = \sqrt3 PS$ and the area of $PQRS$ is $28\sqrt3$, what is the length of $PC$?

2013 India PRMO p15
Let $A_1,B_1,C_1,D_1$ be the midpoints of the sides of a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ and let $A_2, B_2, C_2, D_2$ be the midpoints of the sides of the quadrilateral $A_1B_1C_1D_1$. If $A_2B_2C_2D_2$ is a rectangle with sides $4$ and $6$, then what is the product of the lengths of the diagonals of $ABCD$ ?

2013 India PRMO p17
Let $S$ be a circle with centre $O$. A chord $AB$, not a diameter, divides $S$ into two regions $R_1$ and $R_2$ such that $O$ belongs to $R_2$. Let $S_1$ be a circle with centre in $R_1$, touching $AB$ at $X$ and $S$ internally. Let $S_2$ be a circle with centre in $R_2$, touching $AB$ at $Y$, the circle $S$ internally and passing through the centre of $S$. The point $X$ lies on the diameter passing through the centre of $S_2$ and $\angle YXO=30^o$. If the radius of $S_2$ is $100 $ then what is the radius of $S_1$?

2013 India PRMO p19
In a triangle $ABC$ with $\angle BC A = 90^o$, the perpendicular bisector of $AB$ intersects segments $AB$ and $AC$ at $X$ and $Y$, respectively. If the ratio of the area of quadrilateral $BXYC$ to the area of triangle $ABC$ is $13 : 18$ and $BC = 12$ then what is the length of $AC$?

2014

2014 India PRMO p3
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral with perpendicular diagonals. If $AB = 20, BC = 70$ and $CD = 90$, then what is the value of $DA$?

2014 India PRMO p4
In a triangle with integer side lengths, one side is three times as long as a second side, and the length of the third side is $17$. What is the greatest possible perimeter of the triangle?

2014 India PRMO p10
In a triangle $ABC, X$ and $Y$ are points on the segments $AB$ and $AC$, respectively, such that $AX : XB = 1 : 2$ and $AY :YC = 2:1$. If the area of triangle $AXY$ is $10$, then what is the area of triangle $ABC$?

2014 India PRMO p12
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral with $\angle DAB =\angle B DC = 90^o$. Let the incircles of triangles $ABD$ and $BCD$ touch $BD$ at $P$ and $Q$, respectively, with $P$ lying in between $B$ and $Q$. If $AD = 999$ and $PQ = 200$ then what is the sum of the radii of the incircles of triangles $ABD$ and $BDC$ ?

2014 India PRMO p15
Let $XOY$ be a triangle with $\angle XOY = 90^o$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of legs $OX$ and $OY$, respectively. Suppose that $XN = 19$ and $YM =22$. What is $XY$?

2014 India PRMO p16
In a triangle $ABC$, let $I$ denote the incenter. Let the lines $AI,BI$ and $CI$ intersect the incircle at $P,Q$ and $R$, respectively. If $\angle BAC = 40^o$, what is the value of $\angle QPR$ in degrees ?

2015 missing from aops

2016

West Bengal Region

2016 India PRMO p4
Consider a right-angled triangle $ABC$ with $\angle C = 90^o$. Suppose that the hypotenuse $AB$ is divided into four equal parts by the points $D,E,F$, such that $AD = DE = EF = FB$. If $CD^2 +CE^2 +CF^2 = 350$, find the length of $AB$.

2016 India PRMO p5
Consider a triangle $ABC$ with $AB = 13, BC = 14, CA = 15$. A line perpendicular to $BC$ divides the interior of $\vartriangle BC$ into two regions of equal area. Suppose that the aforesaid perpendicular cuts $BC$ at $D$, and cuts $\vartriangle ABC$ again at $E$. If $L$ is the length of the line segment $DE$, find $L^2$.

2016 India PRMO p6
Suppose a circle $C$ of radius $\sqrt2$ touches the $Y$ -axis at the origin $(0, 0)$. A ray of light $L$, parallel to the $X$-axis, reflects on a point $P$ on the circumference of $C$, and after reflection, the reflected ray $L'$ becomes parallel to the $Y$ -axis. Find the distance between the ray $L$ and the $X$-axis.

2017

2017 India PRMO p13 
In a rectangle $ABCD, E$ is the midpoint of $AB, F$ is a point on $AC$ such that $BF$ is perpendicular to $AC$, and $FE$ perpendicular to $BD$. Suppose $BC = 8\sqrt3$. Find $AB$.

2017 India PRMO p24
Let $P$ be an interior point of a triangle $ABC$ whose sidelengths are 26, 65, 78. The line through $P$ parallel to $BC$ meets $AB$ in $K$ and $AC$ in $L$. The line through $P$ parallel to $CA$ meets $BC$ in $M$ and $BA$ in $N$. The line through $P$ parallel to $AB$ meets $CA$ in $S$ and $CB$ in $T$. If $KL,MN,ST$ are of equal lengths, find this common length.

2017 India PRMO p25
Let $ABCD$ be a rectangle and let $E$ and $F$ be points on $CD$ and $BC$ respectively such that area $(ADE) = 16$, area $(CEF) = 9$ and area $(ABF) = 25$. What is the area of triangle $AEF$ ?
2017 India PRMO p26
Let $AB$ and $CD$ be two parallel chords in a circle with radius $5$ such that the centre $O$ lies between these chords. Suppose $AB = 6, CD = 8$. Suppose further that the area of the part of the circle lying between the chords $AB$ and $CD$ is $(m\pi + n) / k$, where $m, n, k$ are positive integers with gcd$(m, n, k) = 1$. What is the value of $m + n + k$ ?

2017 India PRMO p27
Let $\Omega_1$ be a circle with centre $O$ and let $AB$ be diameter of $\Omega_1$. Let $P$ be a point on the segment $OB$ different from $O$. Suppose another circle $\Omega_2$ with centre $P$ lies in the interior of $\Omega_1$. Tangents are drawn from $A$ and $B$ to the circle $\Omega_2$ intersecting $\Omega_1$ again at $A_1$ and B1 respectively such that $A_1$ and $B_1$ are on the opposite sides of $AB$. Given that $A_1 B = 5, AB_1 = 15$ and $OP = 10$, find the radius of $\Omega_1$.

2017 India PRMO p30
Consider the areas of the four triangles obtained by drawing the diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ of a trapezium $ABCD$. The product of these areas, taken two at time, are computed. If among the six products so obtained, two products are 1296 and 576, determine the square root of the maximum possible area of the trapezium to the nearest integer.

2018

2018 India PRMO p2
In a quadrilateral $ABCD$, it is given that $AB = AD = 13, BC = CD = 20, BD = 24$. If $r$ is the radius of the circle inscribable in the quadrilateral, then what is the integer closest to $r$?

2018 India PRMO p5
Let $ABCD$ be a trapezium in which $AB //CD$ and $AD \perp AB$. Suppose $ABCD$ has an incircle which touches $AB$ at $Q$ and $CD$ at $P$. Given that $PC = 36$ and $QB = 49$, find $PQ$.

2018 India PRMO p7
A point $P$ in the interior of a regular hexagon is at distances $8,8,16$ units from three consecutive vertices of the hexagon, respectively. If $r$ is radius of the circumscribed circle of the hexagon, what is the integer closest to $r$?

2018 India PRMO p8
Let $AB$ be a chord of a circle with centre $O$. Let $C$ be a point on the circle such that $\angle ABC =30^o$ and $O$ lies inside the triangle $ABC$. Let $D$ be a point on $AB$ such that $\angle DCO = \angle OCB = 20^o$. Find the measure of $\angle CDO$ in degrees.

2018 India PRMO p10
In a triangle $ABC$, the median from $B$ to $CA$ is perpendicular to the median from $C$ to $AB$. If the median from $A$ to $BC$ is $30$, determine $\frac{BC^2 + CA^2 + AB^2}{100}$.

2018 India PRMO p13
In a triangle $ABC$, right­ angled at $A$, the altitude through $A$ and the internal bisector of $\angle A$ have lengths $3$ and $4$, respectively. Find the length of the median through $A$.

2018 India PRMO p17
Triangles $ABC$ and $DEF$ are such that $\angle A = \angle D, AB = DE = 17, BC = EF = 10$ and $AC - DF = 12$. What is $AC + DF$?

2018 India PRMO p21
Let $\Delta ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle and let $H$ be its orthocentre. Let $G_1, G_2$ and $G_3$ be the centroids of the triangles $\Delta HBC , \Delta HCA$ and $\Delta HAB$ respectively. If the area of $\Delta G_1G_2G_3$ is $7$ units, what is the area of $\Delta ABC $?

2018 India PRMO p29
Let $D$ be an interior point of the side $BC$ of a triangle $ABC$. Let $I_1$ and $I_2$ be the incentres of triangles $ABD$ and $ACD$ respectively. Let $AI_1$ and $AI_2$ meet $BC$ in $E$ and $F$ respectively. If $\angle BI_1E = 60^o$, what is the measure of $\angle CI_2F$ in degrees?

2019

leg 1

2019 India PRMO leg1 p1
Form a square with sides of length $5$, triangular pieces from the four coreners are removed to form a regular octagonn. Find the area removed to the nearest integer.

2019 India PRMO leg1 p4
An ant leaves the anthill for its morning exercise. It walks $4$ feet east and then makes a $160^\circ$ turn to the right and walks $4$ more feet. If the ant continues this patterns until it reaches the anthill again, what is the distance in feet it would have walked?

2019 India PRMO leg1 p10
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and let $\Omega$ be its circumcircle. The internal bisectors of angles $A, B$ and $C$ intersect $\Omega$ at $A_1, B_1$ and $C_1$, respectively, and the internal bisectors of angles $A_1, B_1$ and $C_1$ of the triangles $A_1 A_2 A_ 3$ intersect $\Omega$ at $A_2, B_2$ and $C_2$, respectively. If the smallest angle of the triangle $ABC$ is $40^{\circ}$, what is the magnitude of the smallest angle of the triangle $A_2 B_2 C_2$ in degrees?

2019 India PRMO leg1 p19
Let $AB$ be a diameter of a circle and let $C$ be a point on the segement $AB$ such that $AC : CB = 6 : 7$. Let $D$ be a point on the circle such that $DC$ is perpendicular to $AB$. Let $DE$ be the diameter through $D$. If $[XYZ]$ denotes the area of the triangle $XYZ$, find $[ABD]/[CDE]$ to the nearest integer.

2019 India PRMO leg1 p23
Let $ABCD$ be a convex cyclic quadilateral. Suppose $P$ is a point in the plane of the quadilateral such that the sum of its distances from the vertices of $ABCD$ is the least. If $\{PC, PB, PC, PD\} = \{3, 4, 6, 8\}$, what is the maxumum possible area of $ABCD$?

2019 India PRMO leg1 p25
A village has a circular wall around it, and the wall has four gates pointing north, south, east and west. A tree stands outside the village,  $16 \, \mathrm{m}$ north of the north gate, and it can be just seen appearing on the horizon from a point $48 \, \mathrm{m}$ east of the south gate. What is the diamter in meters, of the wall that surrounds the village?

2019 India PRMO leg1 p28
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with sides $51, 52, 53$. Let $\Omega$ denote the incircle of $\bigtriangleup ABC$. Draw tangents to $\Omega$ which are parallel to the sides of $ABC$. Let $r_1, r_2, r_3$ be the inradii of the three corener triangles so formed, Find the largest integer that does not exceed $r_1 + r_2 + r_3$.

2019 India PRMO leg1 p29
In a triangle $ABC$, the median $AD$ (with $D$ on $BC$) and the angle bisector $BE$ (with $E$ on $AC$) are perpedicular to each other. If $AD = 7$ and $BE = 9$, find the integer nearest to the area of triangle $ABC$.

leg 2


2019 India PRMO leg 2 p6
Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $AB=AC$. Suppose the tangent to the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $B$ is perpendicular to $AC$. Find angle $ABC$ measured in degrees.

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p9
The centre of the circle passing through the midpoints of the sides of am isosceles triangle $ABC$ lies on the circumcircle of triangle $ABC$. If the larger angle of triangle $ABC$ is $\alpha^{\circ}$ and the smaller one $\beta^{\circ}$ then what is the value of $\alpha-\beta$?

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p14
Let $\mathcal{R}$ denote the circular region in the $xy-$plane bounded by the circle $x^2+y^2=36$. The lines $x=4$ and $y=3$ divide $\mathcal{R}$ into four regions $\mathcal{R}_i ~ , ~i=1,2,3,4$. If $\mid \mathcal{R}_i \mid$ denotes the area of the region $\mathcal{R}_i$ and if $\mid \mathcal{R}_1 \mid >$ $\mid \mathcal{R}_2 \mid >$ $\mid \mathcal{R}_3 \mid > $ $\mid \mathcal{R}_4 \mid $, determine $\mid \mathcal{R}_1 \mid $ $-$ $\mid \mathcal{R}_2 \mid $ $-$ $\mid \mathcal{R}_3 \mid $ $+$ $\mid \mathcal{R}_4 \mid $.

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p19
If $15$ and $9$ are lengths of two medians of a triangle, what is the maximum possible area of the triangle to the nearest integer ?

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p22
In parallelogram $ABCD$, $AC=10$ and $BD=28$. The points $K$ and $L$ in the plane of $ABCD$ move in such a way that $AK=BD$ and $BL=AC$. Let $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of $CK$ and $DL$, respectively. What is the maximum walue of $\cot^2 (\tfrac{\angle BMD}{2})+\tan^2(\tfrac{\angle ANC}{2})$ ?

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p25
Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with $AB=BC$. A trisector of $\angle B$ meets $AC$ at $D$. If $AB,AC$ and $BD$ are integers and $AB-BD$ $=$ $3$, find $AC$.



A friction-less board has the shape of an equilateral triangle of side length $1$ meter with bouncing walls along the sides. A tiny super bouncy ball is fired from vertex $A$ towards the side $BC$. The ball bounces off the walls of the board nine times before it hits a vertex for the first time. The bounces are such that the angle of incidence equals the angle of reflection. The distance travelled by the ball in meters is of the form $\sqrt{N}$, where $N$ is an integer. What is the value of $N$ ?

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p27
A conical glass is in the form of a right circular cone. The slant height is $21$ and the radius of the top rim of the glass is $14$. An ant at the mid point of a slant line on the outside wall of the glass sees a honey drop diametrically opposite to it on the inside wall of the glass. If $d$ the shortest distance it should crawl to reach the honey drop, what is the integer part of $d$ ?

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p28
In a triangle $ABC$, it is known that $\angle A=100^{\circ}$ and $AB=AC$. The internal angle bisector $BD$ has length $20$ units. Find the length of $BC$ to the nearest integer, given that $\sin 10^{\circ} \approx 0.174$

2019 India PRMO leg 2 p29
Let $ABC$ be an acute angled triangle with $AB=15$ and $BC=8$. Let $D$ be a point on $AB$ such that $BD=BC$. Consider points $E$ on $AC$ such that $\angle DEB=\angle BEC$. If $\alpha$ denotes the product of all possible values of $AE$, find $\lfloor \alpha \rfloor$ the integer part of $\alpha$.

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