Turkey 1993 - 2017 43p (-16)

geometry problems from Turkish Mathematical Olympiads   (2nd Round)
with aops links in the names

1993 - 2017
(missing 2016)

1993 Turkish P2
I centered incircle of triangle $ABC$ $(m(\hat{B})=90^\circ)$ touches $\left[AB\right], \left[BC\right], \left[AC\right]$ respectively at $F, D, E$. $\left[CI\right]\cap\left[EF\right]={L}$ and $\left[DL\right]\cap\left[AB\right]=N$. Prove that $\left[AI\right]=\left[ND\right]$.

1993 Turkish P5
Prove that we can draw a line (by a ruler and a compass) from a vertice of a convex quadrilateral such that, the line divides the quadrilateral to two equal areas.

1994 Turkish P2
Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral $\angle{BAD}< 90^\circ$ and $\angle BCA = \angle DCA$. Point $E$ is taken on segment $DA$ such that $BD=2DE$. The line through $E$ parallel to $CD$ intersects the diagonal $AC$ at $F$. Prove that $ \frac{AC\cdot BD}{AB\cdot FC}=2.$
1994 Turkish P6
The incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches $BC$ at $D$ and $AC$ at $E$. Let $K$ be the point on $CB$ with $CK=BD$, and $L$ be the point on $CA$ with $AE=CL$. Lines $AK$ and $BL$ meet at $P$. If $Q$ is the midpoint of $BC$, $I$ the incenter, and $G$ the centroid of $\triangle ABC$, show that:
(a) $IQ$ and $AK$ are parallel,
(b) the triangles $AIG$ and $QPG$ have equal area.
1995 Turkish P2
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle and let $k_{1},k_{2},k_{3}$ be the circles with diameters $BC,CA,AB$, respectively. Let $K$ be the radical center of these circles. Segments $AK,CK,BK$ meet $k_{1},k_{2},k_{3}$ again at $D,E,F$, respectively. If the areas of triangles $ABC,DBC,ECA,FAB$ are $u,x,y,z$, respectively, prove that $ u^{2}=x^{2}+y^{2}+z^{2}.$

1995 Turkish P4
In a triangle $ABC$ with $AB\neq AC$, the internal and external bisectors of angle $A$ meet the line $BC$ at $D$ and $E$ respectively. If the feet of the perpendiculars from a point $F$ on the circle with diameter $DE$ to $BC,CA,AB$ are $K,L,M$, respectively, show that $KL=KM$.

1996 Turkish P2
Let $ABCD$ be a square of side length 2, and let $M$ and $N$ be points on the sides $AB$ and $CD$ respectively. The lines $CM$ and $BN$ meet at $P$, while the lines $AN$ and $DM$ meet at $Q$. Prove that $\left| PQ \right|\ge 1$.

1996 Turkish P4
A circle is tangent to sides $AD,\text{ }DC,\text{ }CB$ of a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ at $\text{K},\text{ L},\text{ M}$ respectively. A line $l$, passing through $L$ and parallel to $AD$, meets $KM$ at $N$ and $KC$ at $P$. Prove that $PL=PN$.

1997 Turkish P2
Let $F$ be a point inside a convex pentagon $ABCDE$, and let $a_{1}$, $a_{2}$, $a_{3}$, $a_{4}$, $a_{5}$ denote the distances from $F$ to the lines $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $DE$, $EA$, respectively. The points $F_{1}$, $F_{2}$, $F_{3}$, $F_{4}$, $F_{5}$ are chosen on the inner bisectors of the angles $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$, $E$ of the pentagon respectively, so that $AF_{1} = AF$ , $BF_{2} = BF$ , $CF_{3} = CF$ , $DF_{4} = DF$ and $EF_{5} = EF$ . If the distances from $F_{1}$, $F_{2}$, $F_{3}$, $F_{4}$, $F_{5}$ to the lines $EA$, $AB$, $BC$, $CD$, $DE$ are $b_{1}$, $b_{2}$, $b_{3}$, $b_{4}$, $b_{5}$, respectively. Prove that $a_{1} + a_{2} + a_{3} + a_{4} + a_{5} \leq b_{1} + b_{2} + b_{3} + b_{4} + b_{5}$
1997 Turkish P5
In a triangle $ABC$, the inner and outer bisectors of the $\angle A$ meet the line $BC$ at $D$ and $E$, respectively. Let $d$ be a common tangent of the circumcircle $(O)$ of  $\triangle ABC$ and the circle with diameter $DE$ and center $F$. The projections of the tangency points onto $FO$ are denoted by $P$ and $Q$, and the length of their common chord is denoted by $m$. Prove that $PQ = m$

1998 Turkish P1
Let $D$ be the point on the base $BC$ of an isosceles $\vartriangle ABC$ triangle such that $\frac{\left| BD \right|}{\left| DC \right|}=\text{ }2$, and let $P$ be the point on the segment $\left[ AD \right]$ such that $\angle BAC=\angle BPD$. Prove that $\angle DPC=\frac{1}{2}\angle BAC$.

1998 Turkish P5
Variable points $M$ and $N$ are considered on the arms $\left[ OX \right.$ and $\left[ OY \right.$ , respectively, of an angle $XOY$ so that $\left| OM \right|+\left| ON \right|$ is constant. Determine the locus of the midpoint of $\left[ MN \right]$.

1999 Turkish P2
Given a circle with center $O$, the two tangent lines from a point $S$ outside the circle touch the circle at points $P$ and $Q$. Line $SO$ intersects the circle at $A$ and $B$, with $B$ closer to $S$. Let $X$ be an interior point of minor arc  $PB$, and let line $OS$ intersect lines $QX$ and $PX$ at $C$ and $D$, respectively. Prove that
$\frac{1}{\left| AC \right|}+\frac{1}{\left| AD \right|}=\frac{2}{\left| AB \right|}$.

In an acute triangle $\vartriangle ABC$ with circumradius $R$, altitudes $\overline{AD},\overline{BE},\overline{CF}$ have lengths ${{h}_{1}},{{h}_{2}},{{h}_{3}}$, respectively. If ${{t}_{1}},{{t}_{2}},{{t}_{3}}$ are lengths of the tangents from $A,B,C$, respectively, to the circumcircle of triangle $\vartriangle DEF$, prove that
$\sum\limits_{i=1}^{3}{{{\left( \frac{t{}_{i}}{\sqrt{h{}_{i}}} \right)}^{2}}\le }\frac{3}{2}R$.

2000 Turkish P1
A circle with center $O$ and a point $A$ in this circle are given. Let $P_{B}$ is the intersection point of $[AB]$ and the internal bisector of $\angle AOB$ where $B$ is a point on the circle such that $B$ doesn't lie on the line $OA$, Find the locus of $P_{B}$ as $B$ varies.

A positive real number $a$ and two rays wich intersect at point $A$ are given. Show that all the circles which pass through $A$ and intersect these rays at points $B$ and $C$ where $|AB|+|AC|=a$ have a common point other than $A$.
2001 Turkish P1
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral. The perpendicular bisectors of the sides $[AD]$ and $[BC]$ intersect at a point $P$ inside the quadrilateral and the perpendicular bisectors of the sides $[AB]$ and $[CD]$ also intersect at a point $Q$ inside the quadrilateral. Show that, if $\angle APD = \angle BPC$ then $\angle AQB = \angle CQD$

2001 Turkish P5
Two nonperpendicular lines throught the point $A$ and a point $F$ on one of these lines different from $A$ are given. Let $P_{G}$ be the intersection point of tangent lines at $G$ and $F$ to the circle through the point $A$, $F$ and $G$ where $G$ is a point on the given line different from the line $FA$. What is the locus of $P_{G}$ as $G$ varies.

2002 Turkish P2
Two circles are externally tangent to each other at a point $A$ and internally tangent to a third circle $\Gamma$ at points $B$ and $C.$ Let $D$ be the midpoint of the secant of $\Gamma$ which is tangent to the smaller circles at $A.$ Show that $A$ is the incenter of the triangle $BCD$ if the centers of the circles are not collinear.

2002 Turkish P5
Let $ABC$ be a triangle, and points $D,E$ are on $BA,CA$ respectively such that $DB=BC=CE$. Let $O,I$ be the circumcenter, incenter of $\triangle ABC$. Prove that the circumradius of $\triangle ADE$ is equal to $OI$.

2003 Turkish P2
Let $ABCD$ be a convex quadrilateral and $K,L,M,N$ be points on $[AB],[BC],[CD],[DA]$, respectively. Show that, $\sqrt[3]{s_{1}}+\sqrt[3]{s_{2}}+\sqrt[3]{s_{3}}+\sqrt[3]{s_{4}}\leq 2\sqrt[3]{s}$ where $s_1=\text{Area}(AKN)$, $s_2=\text{Area}(BKL)$, $s_3=\text{Area}(CLM)$, $s_4=\text{Area}(DMN)$ and $s=\text{Area}(ABCD)$.

2003 Turkish P5
A circle which is tangent to the sides $ [AB]$ and $ [BC]$ of $ \triangle ABC$ is also tangent to its circumcircle at the point $ T$. If $ I$ is the incenter of $ \triangle ABC$ , show that $ \widehat{ATI}=\widehat{CTI}$


2004 Turkish P1
In a triangle $\triangle ABC$ with$\angle B>\angle C$, the altitude, the angle bisector, and the median from $A$ intersect $BC$ at $H, L$ and $D$, respectively. Show that $\angle HAL=\angle DAL$ if and only if $\angle BAC=90^{\circ}$.

2004 Turkish P5
The excircle of a triangle $ABC$ corresponding to $A$ touches the lines $BC,CA,AB$ at $A_1,B_1,C_1$, respectively. The excircle corresponding to $B$ touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $A_2,B_2,C_2$, and the excircle corresponding to $C$ touches $BC,CA,AB$ at $A_3,B_3,C_3$, respectively. Find the maximum possible value of the ratio of the sum of the perimeters of $\triangle A_1B_1C_1$, $\triangle A_2B_2C_2$ and $\triangle A_3B_3C_3$ to the circumradius of $\triangle ABC$.

2005 Turkish P2
In a triangle $ABC$ with $AB<AC<BC$, the perpendicular bisectors of $AC$ and $BC$ intersect $BC$ and $AC$ at $K$ and $L$, respectively. Let $O$, $O_1$, and $O_2$ be the circumcentres of triangles $ABC$, $CKL$, and $OAB$, respectively. Prove that $OCO_1O_2$ is a parallelogram.

2005 Turkish P5
If $a,b,c$ are the sides of a triangle and $r$ the inradius of the triangle, prove that
$\frac{1}{a^2}+\frac{1}{b^2}+\frac{1}{c^2}\le \frac{1}{4r^2} $

2006 Turkish P1
Points $P$ and $Q$ on side $AB$ of a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ are given such that $AP = BQ.$ The circumcircles of triangles $APD$ and $BQD$ meet again at $K$ and those of $APC$ and $BQC$ meet again at $L$. Show that the points $D,C,K,L$ lie on a circle.

2006 Turkish P5
$ABC$ be a triangle. Its incircle touches the sides $CB, AC, AB$ respectively at $N_{A},N_{B},N_{C}$. The orthic triangle of $ABC$ is $H_{A}H_{B}H_{C}$ with $H_{A}, H_{B}, H_{C}$ are respectively on $BC, AC, AB$. The incenter of $AH_{C}H_{B}$ is $I_{A}$; $I_{B}$ and $I_{C}$ were defined similarly. Prove that the hexagon $I_{A}N_{B}I_{C}N_{A}I_{B}N_{C}$ has all sides equal.

2007 Turkish P1
In an acute triangle $ABC$, the circle with diameter $AC$ intersects $AB$ and $AC$ at $K$ and $L$ different from $A$ and $C$ respectively. The circumcircle of $ABC$ intersects the line $CK$ at the point $F$ different from $C$ and the line $AL$ at the point $D$ different from $A$. A point $E$ is choosen on the smaller arc of $AC$ of the circumcircle of $ABC$ . Let $N$ be the intersection of the lines $BE$ and $AC$ . If $AF^{2}+BD^{2}+CE^{2}=AE^{2}+CD^{2}+BF^{2}$ prove that $\angle KNB= \angle BNL$ .

2007 Turkish P5
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $\angle B=90$. The incircle of $ABC$ touches the side $BC$ at $D$. The incenters of triangles $ABD$ and $ADC$ are $X$ and $Z$ , respectively. The lines $XZ$ and $AD$ are intersecting at the point $K$. $XZ$ and circumcircle of $ABC$ are intersecting at $U$ and $V$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of line segment $[UV]$ . $AD$ intersects the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $Y$ other than $A$. Prove that $|CY|=2|MK|$ .

2008 Turkish P1
Given an acute angled triangle $ ABC$ , $ O$ is the circumcenter and $ H$ is the orthocenter.Let $ A_1$,$ B_1$,$ C_1$ be the midpoints of the sides $ BC$,$ AC$ and $ AB$ respectively. Rays $ [HA_1$,$ [HB_1$,$ [HC_1$ cut the circumcircle of $ ABC$ at $ A_0$,$ B_0$ and $ C_0$ respectively.Prove that $ O$,$ H$ and $ H_0$ are collinear if $ H_0$ is the orthocenter of $ A_0B_0C_0$

2008 Turkish P5
A circle $ \Gamma$ and a line $ \ell$ is given in a plane such that $ \ell$ doesn't cut $ \Gamma$.Determine the intersection set of the circles has $ [AB]$ as diameter for all pairs of $ \left\{A,B\right\}$ (lie on $ \ell$) and satisfy $ P,Q,R,S \in \Gamma$ such that $ PQ \cap RS=\left\{A\right\}$ and $ PS \cap QR=\left\{B\right\}$

2009 Turkish P2
Let $\Gamma$ be the circumcircle of a triangle $ABC,$ and let $D$ and $E$ be two points different from the vertices on the sides $AB$ and $AC,$ respectively. Let $A'$ be the second point where $\Gamma$ intersects the bisector of the angle $BAC,$ and let $P$ and $Q$ be the second points where $\Gamma$ intersects the lines $A'D$ and $A'E,$ respectively. Let $R$ and $S$ be the second points of intersection of the lines $AA'$ and the circumcircles of the triangles $APD$ and $AQE,$ respectively. Show that the lines $DS, \: ER$ and the tangent line to $\Gamma$ through $A$ are concurrent.

2009 Turkish P4
Let $H$ be the orthocenter of an acute triangle $ABC,$ and let $A_1, \: B_1, \: C_1$ be the feet of the altitudes belonging to the vertices $A, \: B, \: C,$ respectively. Let $K$ be a point on the smaller $AB_1$ arc of the circle with diameter $AB$ satisfying the condition $\angle HKB = \angle C_1KB.$ Let $M$ be the point of intersection of the line segment $AA_1$ and the circle with center $C$ and radius $CL$ where $KB \cap CC_1=\{L\}.$ Let $P$ and $Q$ be the points of intersection of the line $CC_1$ and the circle with center $B$ and radius $BM.$ Show that $A, \: K, \: P, \: Q$ are concyclic.

2010 Turkish P2
Let $P$ be an interior point of the triangle $ABC$ which is not on the median belonging to $BC$ and satisfying $\angle CAP = \angle BCP.  \: BP \cap CA = \{B'\} \: , \: CP \cap AB = \{C'\}$ and $Q$ is the second point of intersection of  $AP$ and the circumcircle of $ABC. \: B'Q$ intersects $CC'$ at $R$ and $B'Q$ intersects the line through $P$ parallel to $AC$ at $S.$ Let $T$ be the point of intersection of lines $B'C'$ and $QB$ and $T$ be on the other side of $AB$ with respect to $C.$ Prove that $\angle BAT = \angle BB'Q \: \Longleftrightarrow \: |SQ|=|RB'| $

2010 Turkish P4
Let $A$ and $B$ be two points on the circle with diameter $[CD]$ and on the different sides of the line $CD.$ A circle $\Gamma$ passing through $C$ and $D$ intersects $[AC]$ different from the endpoints at $E$ and intersects $BC$ at $F.$ The line tangent to $\Gamma$ at $E$ intersects $BC$ at $P$ and $Q$ is a point on the circumcircle of the triangle $CEP$ different from $E$ and satisfying $|QP|=|EP|. \: AB \cap EF =\{R\}$ and $S$ is the midpoint of $[EQ].$ Prove that $DR$ is parallel to $PS.$

2011 Turkish P2
Let $ABC$ be a triangle $D\in[BC]$ (different than $A$ and $B$).$E$ is the midpoint of $[CD]$. $F\in[AC]$ such that $\widehat{FEC}=90$ and $|AF|.|BC|=|AC|.|EC|.$ Circumcircle of $ADC$ intersect $[AB]$ at $G$ different than $A$.Prove that tangent to circumcircle of $AGF$ at $F$ is touch circumcircle of $BGE$ too.

2012 Turkish P2
Let $ABC$ be a isosceles triangle with $AB=AC$ an $D$ be the foot of perpendicular of $A$. $P$ be an interior point of triangle $ADC$ such that $m(APB)>90$ and $m(PBD)+m(PAD)=m(PCB)$. $CP$ and $AD$ intersects at $Q$, $BP$ and $AD$ intersects at $R$. Let $T$ be a point on $[AB]$ and $S$ be a point on $[AP$ and not belongs to $[AP]$ satisfying $m(TRB)=m(DQC)$ and $m(PSR)=2m(PAR)$. Show that $RS=RT$

2012 Turkish P6
Let $B$ and $D$ be points on segments $[AE]$ and $[AF]$ respectively. Excircles of triangles $ABF$ and $ADE$ touching sides $BF$ and $DE$ is the same, and its center is $I$. $BF$ and $DE$ intersects at $C$. Let $P_1, P_2, P_3, P_4, Q_1, Q_2, Q_3, Q_4$ be the circumcenters of triangles $IAB, IBC, ICD, IDA, IAE, IEC, ICF, IFA$ respectively.
a) Show that points $P_1, P_2, P_3, P_4$ concylic and points $Q_1, Q_2, Q_3, Q_4$ concylic.
b) Denote centers of theese circles as $O_1$ and $O_2$. Prove that $O_1, O_2$ and $I$ are collinear.

2013 Turkish P1
The circle $\omega_1$ with diameter $[AB]$ and the circle $\omega_2$ with center $A$ intersects at points $C$ and $D$. Let $E$ be a point on the circle $\omega_2$, which is outside $\omega_1$ and at the same side as $C$ with respect to the line $AB$. Let the second point of intersection of the line $BE$ with $\omega_2$ be $F$. For a point $K$ on the circle $\omega_1$ which is on the same side as $A$ with respect to the diameter of $\omega_1$ passing through $C$ we have $2\cdot CK \cdot AC =  CE \cdot AB$. Let the second point of intersection of the line $KF$ with $\omega_1$ be $L$. Show that the symmetric of the point $D$ with respect to the line $BE$ is on the circumcircle of the triangle $LFC$.

2014 Turkish P3
Let $D, E, F$ be points on the sides $BC, CA, AB$ of a triangle $ABC$, respectively such that the lines $AD, BE, CF$ are concurrent at the point $P$. Let a line  $\ell$ through $A$ intersect the rays $[DE$ and $[DF$ at the points $Q$ and $R$, respectively. Let $M$ and $N$ be points on the rays $[DB$ and $[DC$, respectively such that the equation $ \frac{QN^2}{DN}+\frac{RM^2}{DM}=\frac{(DQ+DR)^2-2\cdot RQ^2+2\cdot DM\cdot DN}{MN} $ holds. Show that the lines $AD$ and $BC$ are perpendicular to each other.

2014 Turkish P4
Let $P$ and $Q$ be the midpoints of non-parallel chords $k_1$ and $k_2$ of a circle $\omega$, respectively. Let the tangent lines of $\omega$ passing through the endpoints of $k_1$ intersect at $A$ and the tangent lines passing through the endpoints of $k_2$ intersect at $B$. Let the symmetric point of the orthocenter of triangle $ABP$ with respect to the line $AB$ be $R$ and let the feet of the perpendiculars from $R$ to the lines $AP, BP, AQ, BQ$ be $R_1, R_2, R_3, R_4$, respectively. Prove that
$ \frac{AR_1}{PR_1} \cdot \frac{PR_2}{BR_2} = \frac{AR_3}{QR_3} \cdot \frac{QR_4}{BR_4} $

2015 Turkish P5
In a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$ whose largest interior angle is $D$, lines $BC$ and $AD$ intersect at point $E$, while lines $AB$ and $CD$ intersect at point $F$. A point $P$ is taken in the interior of quadrilateral $ABCD$ for which $\angle EPD=\angle FPD=\angle BAD$. $O$ is the circumcenter of quadrilateral $ABCD$. Line $FO$ intersects the lines $AD$, $EP$, $BC$ at $X$, $Q$, $Y$, respectively. If $\angle DQX = \angle CQY$, show that $\angle AEB=90^\circ$.

2016 is missing from aops

2017 Turkish P2
Let $ABCD$ be a quadrilateral such that line $AB$ intersects $CD$ at $X$. Denote circles with inradius $r_1$ and centers $A, B$ as $w_a$ and $w_b$ with inradius $r_2$ and centers $C, D$ as $w_c$ and $w_d$. $w_a$ intersects $w_d$ at $P, Q$. $w_b$ intersects $w_c$ at $R, S$. Prove that if $XA.XB+r_2^2=XC.XD+r_1^2$, then $P,Q,R,S$ are cyclic.


source:
geomania.org/forum/index.php?action=forum#c12

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