geometry problems from Iranian Team Selection Tests (TST)

with aops links in the names

2004 Iran TST1 P3

2005 Iran TST1 P2

Assume $ABC$ is an isosceles triangle that $AB=AC$ Suppose $P$ is a point on extension of side $BC$. $X$ and $Y$ are points on $AB$ and $AC$ that: $PX || AC \ , \ PY ||AB $ .Also $T$ is midpoint of arc $BC$. Prove that $PT \perp XY$

2006 Iran TST2 P3

Let $l,m$ be two parallel lines in the plane. Let $P$ be a fixed point between them. Let $E,F$ be variable points on $l,m$ such that the angle $EPF$ is fixed to a number like $\alpha$ where $0<\alpha<\frac{\pi}2$. (By angle $EPF$ we mean the directed angle) Show that there is another point (not $P$) such that it sees the segment $EF$ with a fixed angle too.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle and $A',B',C'$ be the midpoints of $BC,CA,AB$ respectively. Let $P$ and $P'$ be points in plane such that $PA=P'A',PB=P'B',PC=P'C'$. Prove that all $PP'$ pass through a fixed point.

2012 Iran TST1 P2

Consider $\omega$ is circumcircle of an acute triangle $ABC$. $D$ is midpoint of arc $BAC$ and $I$ is incenter of triangle $ABC$. Let $DI$ intersect $BC$ in $E$ and $\omega$ for second time in $F$. Let $P$ be a point on line $AF$ such that $PE$ is parallel to $AI$. Prove that $PE$ is bisector of angle $BPC$.

The pentagon $ABCDE$ is inscirbed in a circle $w$. Suppose that $w_a,w_b,w_c,w_d,w_e$ are reflections of $w$ with respect to sides $AB,BC,CD,DE,EA$ respectively. Let $A'$ be the second intersection point of $w_a,w_e$ and define $B',C',D',E'$ similarly. Prove that

\[2\le \frac{S_{A'B'C'D'E'}}{S_{ABCDE}}\le 3,\]

where $S_X$ denotes the surface of figure $X$.

In acute-angled triangle $ABC$, let $H$ be the foot of perpendicular from $A$ to $BC$ and also suppose that $J$ and $I$ are excenters oposite to the side $AH$ in triangles $ABH$ and $ACH$. If $P$ is the point that incircle touches $BC$, prove that $I,J,P,H$ are concyclic.

Points $A, B, C$ and $D$ lie on line $l$ in this order. Two circular arcs $C_1$ and $C_2$, which both lie on one side of line $l$, pass through points $A$ and $B$ and two circular arcs $C_3$ and $C_4$ pass through points $C$ and $D$ such that $C_1$ is tangent to $C_3$ and $C_2$ is tangent to $C_4$. Prove that the common external tangent of $C_2$ and $C_3$ and the common external tangent of $C_1$ and $C_4$ meet each other on line $l$.

In triangle $ABC$, $AD$ and $AH$ are the angle bisector and the altitude of vertex $A$, respectively. The perpendicular bisector of $AD$, intersects the semicircles with diameters $AB$ and $AC$ which are drawn outside triangle $ABC$ in $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Prove that the quadrilateral $XYDH$ is concyclic.

Suppose that $O$ is the circumcenter of acute triangle $ABC$. We have circle with center $O$ that is tangent too $BC$ that named $w$ . Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are the points of intersection of the tangent from $A$ to $w$ with line $BC$($X$ and $B$ are in the same side of $AO$) . $T$ is the intersection of the line tangent to circumcirle of $ABC$ in $B$ and the line from $X$ parallel to $AC$. $S$ is the intersection of the line tangent to circumcirle of $ABC$ in $C$ and the line from $Y$ parallel to $AB$. Prove that $ST$ is tangent $ABC$.

2014 Iran TST1 P6

$I$ is the incenter of triangle $ABC$. perpendicular from $I$ to $AI$ meet $AB$ and $AC$ at ${B}'$ and ${C}'$ respectively . Suppose that ${B}''$ and ${C}''$ are points on half-line $BC$ and $CB$ such that $B{B}''=BA$ and $C{C}''=CA$. Suppose that the second intersection of circumcircles of $A{B}'{B}''$ and $A{C}'{C}''$ is $T$. Prove that the circumcenter of $AIT$ is on the $BC$.

2015 Iran TST1 P2

$I_b$ is the $B$-excenter of the triangle $ABC$ and $\omega$ is the circumcircle of this triangle. $M$ is the middle of arc $BC$ of $\omega$ which doesn't contain $A$. $MI_b$ meets $\omega$ at $T\not =M$. Prove that $ TB\cdot TC=TI_b^2.$

2015 Iran TST1 P6

$ABCD$ is a circumscribed and inscribed quadrilateral. $O$ is the circumcenter of the quadrilateral. $E,F$ and $S$ are the intersections of $AB,CD$ , $AD,BC$ and $AC,BD$ respectively. $E'$ and $F'$ are points on $AD$ and $AB$ such that $A\hat{E}E'=E'\hat{E}D$ and $A\hat{F}F'=F'\hat{F}B$. $X$ and $Y$ are points on $OE'$ and $OF'$ such that $\frac{XA}{XD}=\frac{EA}{ED}$ and $\frac{YA}{YB}=\frac{FA}{FB}$. $M$ is the midpoint of arc $BD$ of $(O)$ which contains $A$. Prove that the circumcircles of triangles $OXY$ and $OAM$ are coaxal with the circle with diameter $OS$.

In triangle $ABC$ let $I_a$ be the $A$-excenter. Let $\omega$ be an arbitrary circle that passes through $A,I_a$ and intersects the extensions of sides $AB,AC$ (extended from $B,C$) at $X,Y$ respectively. Let $S,T$ be points on segments $I_aB,I_aC$ respectively such that $\angle AXI_a=\angle BTI_a$ and $\angle AYI_a=\angle CSI_a$.Lines $BT,CS$ intersect at $K$. Lines $KI_a,TS$ intersect at $Z$. Prove that $X,Y,Z$ are collinear.

In triangle $ABC$, arbitrary points $P,Q$ lie on side $BC$ such that $BP=CQ$ and $P$ lies between $B,Q$.The circumcircle of triangle $APQ$ intersects sides $AB,AC$ at $E,F$ respectively.The point $T$ is the intersection of $EP,FQ$.Two lines passing through the midpoint of $BC$ and parallel to $AB$ and $AC$, intersect $EP$ and $FQ$ at points $X,Y$ respectively.

Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $TXY$ and triangle $APQ$ are tangent to each other.

In triangle $ABC$ let $M$ be the midpoint of $BC$. Let $\omega$ be a circle inside of $ABC$ and is tangent to $AB,AC$ at $E,F$, respectively. The tangents from $M$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $P,Q$ such that $P$ and $B$ lie on the same side of $AM$. Let $X \equiv PM \cap BF $ and $Y \equiv QM \cap CE $. If $2PM=BC$ prove that $XY$ is tangent to $\omega$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle ($\angle A\neq 90^\circ$). $BE,CF$ are the altitudes of the triangle. The bisector of $\angle A$ intersects $EF,BC$ at $M,N$. Let $P$ be a point such that $MP\perp EF$ and $NP\perp BC$. Prove that $AP$ passes through the midpoint of $BC$.

with aops links in the names

(

**only those not in IMO Shortlist**)
2004 - 2019

Suppose that $ ABCD$ is a convex quadrilateral. Let $ F = AB\cap CD$, $ E = AD\cap BC$ and $ T = AC\cap BD$. Suppose that $ A,B,T,E$ lie on a circle which intersects with $ EF$ at $ P$. Prove that if $ M$ is midpoint of $ AB$, then $ \angle APM = \angle BPT$.

Let $ M,M'$ be two conjugates point in triangle $ ABC$ (in the sense that $ \angle MAB=\angle M'AC,\dots$). Let $ P,Q,R,P',Q',R'$ be foots of perpendiculars from $ M$ and $ M'$ to $ BC,CA,AB$. Let $ E=QR\cap Q'R'$, $ F=RP\cap R'P'$ and $ G=PQ\cap P'Q'$. Prove that the lines $ AG, BF, CE$ are parallel.

Assume $ABC$ is an isosceles triangle that $AB=AC$ Suppose $P$ is a point on extension of side $BC$. $X$ and $Y$ are points on $AB$ and $AC$ that: $PX || AC \ , \ PY ||AB $ .Also $T$ is midpoint of arc $BC$. Prove that $PT \perp XY$

2006 Iran TST1 P5

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that it's circumcircle radius is equal to the radius of outer inscribed circle with respect to $A$. Suppose that the outer inscribed circle with respect to $A$ touches $BC,AC,AB$ at $M,N,L$. Prove that $O$ (Center of circumcircle) is the orthocenter of $MNL$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that it's circumcircle radius is equal to the radius of outer inscribed circle with respect to $A$. Suppose that the outer inscribed circle with respect to $A$ touches $BC,AC,AB$ at $M,N,L$. Prove that $O$ (Center of circumcircle) is the orthocenter of $MNL$.

2006 Iran TST2 P3

Let $l,m$ be two parallel lines in the plane. Let $P$ be a fixed point between them. Let $E,F$ be variable points on $l,m$ such that the angle $EPF$ is fixed to a number like $\alpha$ where $0<\alpha<\frac{\pi}2$. (By angle $EPF$ we mean the directed angle) Show that there is another point (not $P$) such that it sees the segment $EF$ with a fixed angle too.

Let $ABC$ be an acute angle triangle. Suppose that $D,E,F$ are the feet of perpendicluar lines from $A,B,C$ to $BC,CA,AB$. Let $P,Q,R$ be the feet of perpendicular lines from $A,B,C$ to $EF,FD,DE$. Prove that $ 2(PQ+QR+RP)\geq DE+EF+FD $

2007 Iran TST1 P1

In triangle $ABC$, $M$ is midpoint of $AC$, and $D$ is a point on $BC$ such that $DB=DM$. We know that $2BC^{2}-AC^{2}=AB.AC$. Prove that $ BD.DC=\frac{AC^{2}.AB}{2(AB+AC)}$

In triangle $ABC$, $M$ is midpoint of $AC$, and $D$ is a point on $BC$ such that $DB=DM$. We know that $2BC^{2}-AC^{2}=AB.AC$. Prove that $ BD.DC=\frac{AC^{2}.AB}{2(AB+AC)}$

2007 Iran TST1 P6

Let $\omega$ be incircle of $ABC$. $P$ and $Q$ are on $AB$ and $AC$, such that $PQ$ is parallel to $BC$ and is tangent to $\omega$. $AB,AC$ touch $\omega$ at $F,E$. Prove that if $M$ is midpoint of $PQ$, and $T$ is intersection point of $EF$ and $BC$, then $TM$ is tangent to $\omega$.

Let $\omega$ be incircle of $ABC$. $P$ and $Q$ are on $AB$ and $AC$, such that $PQ$ is parallel to $BC$ and is tangent to $\omega$. $AB,AC$ touch $\omega$ at $F,E$. Prove that if $M$ is midpoint of $PQ$, and $T$ is intersection point of $EF$ and $BC$, then $TM$ is tangent to $\omega$.

by Ali Khezeli

$O$ is a point inside triangle $ABC$ such that $OA=OB+OC$. Suppose $B',C'$ be midpoints of arcs $AOC$ and $AOB$. Prove that circumcircles $COC'$ and $BOB'$ are tangent to each other.

Triangle $ABC$ is isosceles ($AB=AC$). From $A$, we draw a line $\ell$ parallel to $BC$. $P,Q$ are on perpendicular bisectors of $AB,AC$ such that $PQ\perp BC$. $M,N$ are points on $\ell$ such that angles $\angle APM$ and $\angle AQN$ are $\frac\pi2$. Prove that $\frac{1}{AM}+\frac1{AN}\leq\frac2{AB}$

Suppose that $ I$ is incenter of triangle $ ABC$ and $ l'$ is a line tangent to the incircle. Let $ l$ be another line such that intersects $ AB,AC,BC$ respectively at $ C',B',A'$. We draw a tangent from $ A'$ to the incircle other than $ BC$, and this line intersects with $ l'$ at $ A_1$. $ B_1,C_1$ are similarly defined. Prove that $ AA_1,BB_1,CC_1$ are concurrent.

Let $ P_1,P_2,P_3,P_4$ be points on the unit sphere. Prove that $ \sum_{i\neq j}\frac1{|P_i-P_j|}$ takes its minimum value if and only if these four points are vertices of a regular pyramid.

$ I_a$ is the excenter of the triangle $ ABC$ with respect to $ A$, and $ AI_a$ intersects the circumcircle of $ ABC$ at $ T$. Let $ X$ be a point on $ TI_a$ such that $ XI_a^2=XA.XT$. Draw a perpendicular line from $ X$ to $ BC$ so that it intersects $ BC$ in $ A'$. Define $ B'$ and $ C'$ in the same way. Prove that $ AA'$, $ BB'$ and $ CC'$ are concurrent.

In the acute-angled triangle $ ABC$, $ D$ is the intersection of the altitude passing through $ A$ with $ BC$ and $ I_a$ is the excenter of the triangle with respect to $ A$. $ K$ is a point on the extension of $ AB$ from $ B$, for which $ \angle AKI_a=90^\circ+\frac 34\angle C$. $ I_aK$ intersects the extension of $ AD$ at $ L$. Prove that $ DI_a$ bisects the angle $ \angle AI_aB$ iff $ AL=2R$. ($ R$ is the circumradius of $ ABC$)

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle and $ A'$ , $ B'$ and $ C'$ lie on $ BC$ , $ CA$ and $ AB$ respectively such that the incenter of $ A'B'C'$ and $ ABC$ are coincide and the inradius of $ A'B'C'$ is half of inradius of $ ABC$ . Prove that $ ABC$ is equilateral .

$ ABC$ is a triangle and $ AA'$ , $ BB'$ and $ CC'$ are three altitudes of this triangle . Let $ P$ be the feet of perpendicular from $ C'$ to $ A'B'$ , and $ Q$ is a point on $ A'B'$ such that $ QA = QB$ . Prove that : $ \angle PBQ = \angle PAQ = \angle PC'C$

In triangle $ABC$, $D$, $E$ and $F$ are the points of tangency of incircle with the center of $I$ to $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ respectively. Let $M$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $D$ to $EF$. $P$ is on $DM$ such that $DP = MP$. If $H$ is the orthocenter of $BIC$, prove that $PH$ bisects $ EF$.

Let $ ABC$ be a triangle and $ AB\ne AC$ . $ D$ is a point on $ BC$ such that $ BA = BD$ and $ B$ is between $ C$ and $ D$ . Let $ I_{c}$ be center of the circle which touches $ AB$ and the extensions of $ AC$ and $ BC$ . $ CI_{c}$ intersect the circumcircle of $ ABC$ again at $ T$ . If $ \angle TDI_{c} = \frac {\angle B + \angle C}{4}$ then find $ \angle A$

Circles $W_1,W_2$ intersect at $P,K$. $XY$ is common tangent of two circles which is nearer to $P$ and $X$ is on $W_1$ and $Y$ is on $W_2$. $XP$ intersects $W_2$ for the second time in $C$ and $YP$ intersects $W_1$ in $B$. Let $A$ be intersection point of $BX$ and $CY$. Prove that if $Q$ is the second intersection point of circumcircles of $ABC$ and $AXY$, $\angle QXA=\angle QKP$

Let $M$ be an arbitrary point on side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$. $W$ is a circle which is tangent to $AB$ and $BM$ at $T$ and $K$ and is tangent to circumcircle of $AMC$ at $P$. Prove that if $TK||AM$, circumcircles of $APT$ and $KPC$ are tangent together.

2010 Iran TST2 P2

Let $ABC$ an isosceles triangle and $BC>AB=AC$. $D,M$ are respectively midpoints of $BC, AB$. $X$ is a point such that $BX\perp AC$ and $XD||AB$. $BX$ and $AD$ meet at $H$. If $P$ is intersection point of $DX$ and circumcircle of $AHX$ (other than $X$), prove that tangent from $A$ to circumcircle of triangle $AMP$ is parallel to $BC$.

Let $ABC$ an isosceles triangle and $BC>AB=AC$. $D,M$ are respectively midpoints of $BC, AB$. $X$ is a point such that $BX\perp AC$ and $XD||AB$. $BX$ and $AD$ meet at $H$. If $P$ is intersection point of $DX$ and circumcircle of $AHX$ (other than $X$), prove that tangent from $A$ to circumcircle of triangle $AMP$ is parallel to $BC$.

Let $O, H$ be circumcenter and orthogonal center of triangle $ABC$. $M,N$ are midpoints of $BH$ and $CH$. $BB'$ is diagonal of circumcircle. If $HONM$ is a cyclic quadrilateral, prove that $B'N=\frac12AC$.

In acute triangle $ABC$ angle $B$ is greater than$C$. Let $M$ is midpoint of $BC$. $D$ and $E$ are the feet of the altitude from $C$ and $B$ respectively. $K$ and $L$ are midpoint of $ME$ and $MD$ respectively. If $KL$ intersect the line through $A$ parallel to $BC$ in $T$, prove that $TA=TM$.

The circle $\omega$ with center $O$ has given. From an arbitrary point $T$ outside of $\omega$ draw tangents $TB$ and $TC$ to it. $K$ and $H$ are on $TB$ and $TC$ respectively.

a) $B'$ and $C'$ are the second intersection point of $OB$ and $OC$ with $\omega$ respectively. $K'$ and $H'$ are on angle bisectors of $\angle BCO$ and $\angle CBO$ respectively such that $KK' \bot BC$ and $HH'\bot BC$. Prove that $K,H',B'$ are collinear if and only if $H,K',C'$ are collinear.

b) Consider there exist two circle in $TBC$ such that they are tangent two each other at $J$ and both of them are tangent to $\omega$.and one of them is tangent to $TB$ at $K$ and other one is tangent to $TC$ at $H$. Prove that two quadrilateral $BKJI$ and $CHJI$ are cyclic ($I$ is incenter of triangle $OBC$).

a) $B'$ and $C'$ are the second intersection point of $OB$ and $OC$ with $\omega$ respectively. $K'$ and $H'$ are on angle bisectors of $\angle BCO$ and $\angle CBO$ respectively such that $KK' \bot BC$ and $HH'\bot BC$. Prove that $K,H',B'$ are collinear if and only if $H,K',C'$ are collinear.

b) Consider there exist two circle in $TBC$ such that they are tangent two each other at $J$ and both of them are tangent to $\omega$.and one of them is tangent to $TB$ at $K$ and other one is tangent to $TC$ at $H$. Prove that two quadrilateral $BKJI$ and $CHJI$ are cyclic ($I$ is incenter of triangle $OBC$).

Find the locus of points $P$ in an equilateral triangle $ABC$ for which the square root of the distance of $P$ to one of the sides is equal to the sum of the square root of the distance of $P$ to the two other sides.

Consider $\omega$ is circumcircle of an acute triangle $ABC$. $D$ is midpoint of arc $BAC$ and $I$ is incenter of triangle $ABC$. Let $DI$ intersect $BC$ in $E$ and $\omega$ for second time in $F$. Let $P$ be a point on line $AF$ such that $PE$ is parallel to $AI$. Prove that $PE$ is bisector of angle $BPC$.

by Mr.Etesami

2012 Iran TST1 P6The pentagon $ABCDE$ is inscirbed in a circle $w$. Suppose that $w_a,w_b,w_c,w_d,w_e$ are reflections of $w$ with respect to sides $AB,BC,CD,DE,EA$ respectively. Let $A'$ be the second intersection point of $w_a,w_e$ and define $B',C',D',E'$ similarly. Prove that

\[2\le \frac{S_{A'B'C'D'E'}}{S_{ABCDE}}\le 3,\]

where $S_X$ denotes the surface of figure $X$.

by Morteza Saghafian, Ali khezeli

2012 Iran TST2 P3

Suppose $ABCD$ is a parallelogram. Consider circles $w_1$ and $w_2$ such that $w_1$ is tangent to segments $AB$ and $AD$ and $w_2$ is tangent to segments $BC$ and $CD$. Suppose that there exists a circle which is tangent to lines $AD$ and $DC$ and externally tangent to $w_1$ and $w_2$. Prove that there exists a circle which is tangent to lines $AB$ and $BC$ and also externally tangent to circles $w_1$ and $w_2$.

Suppose $ABCD$ is a parallelogram. Consider circles $w_1$ and $w_2$ such that $w_1$ is tangent to segments $AB$ and $AD$ and $w_2$ is tangent to segments $BC$ and $CD$. Suppose that there exists a circle which is tangent to lines $AD$ and $DC$ and externally tangent to $w_1$ and $w_2$. Prove that there exists a circle which is tangent to lines $AB$ and $BC$ and also externally tangent to circles $w_1$ and $w_2$.

by Ali Khezeli

2012 Iran TST2 P5

Points $A$ and $B$ are on a circle $\omega$ with center $O$ such that $\tfrac{\pi}{3}< \angle AOB <\tfrac{2\pi}{3}$. Let $C$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $AOB$. Let $l$ be a line passing through $C$ such that the angle between $l$ and the segment $OC$ is $\tfrac{\pi}{3}$. $l$ cuts tangents in $A$ and $B$ to $\omega$ in $M$ and $N$ respectively. Suppose circumcircles of triangles $CAM$ and $CBN$, cut $\omega$ again in $Q$ and $R$ respectively and theirselves in $P$ (other than $C$). Prove that $OP\perp QR$.

Points $A$ and $B$ are on a circle $\omega$ with center $O$ such that $\tfrac{\pi}{3}< \angle AOB <\tfrac{2\pi}{3}$. Let $C$ be the circumcenter of the triangle $AOB$. Let $l$ be a line passing through $C$ such that the angle between $l$ and the segment $OC$ is $\tfrac{\pi}{3}$. $l$ cuts tangents in $A$ and $B$ to $\omega$ in $M$ and $N$ respectively. Suppose circumcircles of triangles $CAM$ and $CBN$, cut $\omega$ again in $Q$ and $R$ respectively and theirselves in $P$ (other than $C$). Prove that $OP\perp QR$.

by Mehdi E'tesami Fard, Ali Khezeli

2012 Iran TST3 P1

Consider a regular $2^k$-gon with center $O$ and label its sides clockwise by $l_1,l_2,...,l_{2^k}$. Reflect $O$ with respect to $l_1$, then reflect the resulting point with respect to $l_2$ and do this process until the last side. Prove that the distance between the final point and $O$ is less than the perimeter of the $2^k$-gon.

Consider a regular $2^k$-gon with center $O$ and label its sides clockwise by $l_1,l_2,...,l_{2^k}$. Reflect $O$ with respect to $l_1$, then reflect the resulting point with respect to $l_2$ and do this process until the last side. Prove that the distance between the final point and $O$ is less than the perimeter of the $2^k$-gon.

by Hesam Rajabzade

2012 Iran TST3 P6

Let $O$ be the circumcenter of the acute triangle $ABC$. Suppose points $A',B'$ and $C'$ are on sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ such that circumcircles of triangles $AB'C',BC'A'$ and $CA'B'$ pass through $O$. Let $\ell_a$ be the radical axis of the circle with center $B'$ and radius $B'C$ and circle with center $C'$ and radius $C'B$. Define $\ell_b$ and $\ell_c$ similarly. Prove that lines $\ell_a,\ell_b$ and $\ell_c$ form a triangle such that it's orthocenter coincides with orthocenter of triangle $ABC$.

2013 Iran TST1 P1Let $O$ be the circumcenter of the acute triangle $ABC$. Suppose points $A',B'$ and $C'$ are on sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ such that circumcircles of triangles $AB'C',BC'A'$ and $CA'B'$ pass through $O$. Let $\ell_a$ be the radical axis of the circle with center $B'$ and radius $B'C$ and circle with center $C'$ and radius $C'B$. Define $\ell_b$ and $\ell_c$ similarly. Prove that lines $\ell_a,\ell_b$ and $\ell_c$ form a triangle such that it's orthocenter coincides with orthocenter of triangle $ABC$.

by Mehdi E'tesami Fard

In acute-angled triangle $ABC$, let $H$ be the foot of perpendicular from $A$ to $BC$ and also suppose that $J$ and $I$ are excenters oposite to the side $AH$ in triangles $ABH$ and $ACH$. If $P$ is the point that incircle touches $BC$, prove that $I,J,P,H$ are concyclic.

by Mehdi E'tesami Fard

2013 Iran TST1 P6Points $A, B, C$ and $D$ lie on line $l$ in this order. Two circular arcs $C_1$ and $C_2$, which both lie on one side of line $l$, pass through points $A$ and $B$ and two circular arcs $C_3$ and $C_4$ pass through points $C$ and $D$ such that $C_1$ is tangent to $C_3$ and $C_2$ is tangent to $C_4$. Prove that the common external tangent of $C_2$ and $C_3$ and the common external tangent of $C_1$ and $C_4$ meet each other on line $l$.

by Ali Khezeli

2013 Iran TST2 P6

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral that inscribed in the circle $\omega$.Let $I_{1},I_{2}$ and $r_{1},r_{2}$ be incenters and radii of incircles of triangles $ACD$ and $ABC$,respectively.assume that $r_{1}=r_{2}$. let $\omega'$ be a circle that touches $AB,AD$ and touches $\omega$ at $T$. tangents from $A,T$ to $\omega$ meet at the point $K$.prove that $I_{1},I_{2},K$ lie on a line.

Let $ABCD$ be a cyclic quadrilateral that inscribed in the circle $\omega$.Let $I_{1},I_{2}$ and $r_{1},r_{2}$ be incenters and radii of incircles of triangles $ACD$ and $ABC$,respectively.assume that $r_{1}=r_{2}$. let $\omega'$ be a circle that touches $AB,AD$ and touches $\omega$ at $T$. tangents from $A,T$ to $\omega$ meet at the point $K$.prove that $I_{1},I_{2},K$ lie on a line.

2013 Iran TST3 P1

$P$ is an arbitrary point inside acute triangle $ABC$. Let $A_1,B_1,C_1$ be the reflections of point $P$ with respect to sides $BC,CA,AB$. Prove that the centroid of triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ lies inside triangle $ABC$.

2013 Iran TST3 P5$P$ is an arbitrary point inside acute triangle $ABC$. Let $A_1,B_1,C_1$ be the reflections of point $P$ with respect to sides $BC,CA,AB$. Prove that the centroid of triangle $A_1B_1C_1$ lies inside triangle $ABC$.

In triangle $ABC$, $AD$ and $AH$ are the angle bisector and the altitude of vertex $A$, respectively. The perpendicular bisector of $AD$, intersects the semicircles with diameters $AB$ and $AC$ which are drawn outside triangle $ABC$ in $X$ and $Y$, respectively. Prove that the quadrilateral $XYDH$ is concyclic.

by Mahan Malihi

2014 Iran TST1 P1Suppose that $O$ is the circumcenter of acute triangle $ABC$. We have circle with center $O$ that is tangent too $BC$ that named $w$ . Suppose that $X$ and $Y$ are the points of intersection of the tangent from $A$ to $w$ with line $BC$($X$ and $B$ are in the same side of $AO$) . $T$ is the intersection of the line tangent to circumcirle of $ABC$ in $B$ and the line from $X$ parallel to $AC$. $S$ is the intersection of the line tangent to circumcirle of $ABC$ in $C$ and the line from $Y$ parallel to $AB$. Prove that $ST$ is tangent $ABC$.

2014 Iran TST1 P6

$I$ is the incenter of triangle $ABC$. perpendicular from $I$ to $AI$ meet $AB$ and $AC$ at ${B}'$ and ${C}'$ respectively . Suppose that ${B}''$ and ${C}''$ are points on half-line $BC$ and $CB$ such that $B{B}''=BA$ and $C{C}''=CA$. Suppose that the second intersection of circumcircles of $A{B}'{B}''$ and $A{C}'{C}''$ is $T$. Prove that the circumcenter of $AIT$ is on the $BC$.

Point $D$ is an arbitary point on side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$. $I$,$I_1$ and$I_2$ are the incenters of triangles $ABC$,$ABD$ and $ACD$ respectively. $M\not=A$ and $N\not=A$ are the intersections of circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ and circumcircles of triangles $IAI_1$ and $IAI_2$ respectively. Prove that regardless of point $D$, line $MN$ goes through a fixed point.

The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ with the center $I$ touches the sides $BC,AC,AB$ at $A_{1},B_{1},C_{1}$ . let $AI,BI,CI$ meets $BC,AC,AB$ at $A_{2},B_{2},C_{2}$. let $A'$ is a point on $AI$ such that $A_{1}A'\perp B_{2}C_{2}$ .$B',C'$ respectively. prove that two triangle $A'B'C',A_{1}B_{1}C_{1}$ are equal.

The incircle of a non-isosceles triangle $ABC$ with the center $I$ touches the sides $BC$ at $D$. let $X$ is a point on arc $BC$ from circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ such that if $E,F$ are feet of perpendicular from $X$ on $BI,CI$ and $M$ is midpoint of $EF$ we have $MB=MC$. prove that $\widehat{BAD}=\widehat{CAX}$2015 Iran TST1 P2

$I_b$ is the $B$-excenter of the triangle $ABC$ and $\omega$ is the circumcircle of this triangle. $M$ is the middle of arc $BC$ of $\omega$ which doesn't contain $A$. $MI_b$ meets $\omega$ at $T\not =M$. Prove that $ TB\cdot TC=TI_b^2.$

2015 Iran TST1 P6

$ABCD$ is a circumscribed and inscribed quadrilateral. $O$ is the circumcenter of the quadrilateral. $E,F$ and $S$ are the intersections of $AB,CD$ , $AD,BC$ and $AC,BD$ respectively. $E'$ and $F'$ are points on $AD$ and $AB$ such that $A\hat{E}E'=E'\hat{E}D$ and $A\hat{F}F'=F'\hat{F}B$. $X$ and $Y$ are points on $OE'$ and $OF'$ such that $\frac{XA}{XD}=\frac{EA}{ED}$ and $\frac{YA}{YB}=\frac{FA}{FB}$. $M$ is the midpoint of arc $BD$ of $(O)$ which contains $A$. Prove that the circumcircles of triangles $OXY$ and $OAM$ are coaxal with the circle with diameter $OS$.

2015 Iran TST2 P2

In triangle $ABC$(with incenter $I$) let the line parallel to $BC$ from $A$ intersect circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ at $A_1$ let $AI\cap BC=D$ and $E$ is tangency point of incircle with $BC$ let $ EA_1\cap \odot (\triangle ADE)=T$ prove that $AI=TI$.

In triangle $ABC$(with incenter $I$) let the line parallel to $BC$ from $A$ intersect circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ at $A_1$ let $AI\cap BC=D$ and $E$ is tangency point of incircle with $BC$ let $ EA_1\cap \odot (\triangle ADE)=T$ prove that $AI=TI$.

2015 Iran TST2 P4

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute triangle. Point $Z$ is on $A$ altitude and points $X$ and $Y$ are on the $B$ and $C$ altitudes out of the triangle respectively, such that: $\angle AYB=\angle BZC=\angle CXA=90$ .Prove that $X$,$Y$ and $Z$ are collinear, if and only if the length of the tangent drawn from $A$ to the nine point circle of $\triangle ABC$ is equal with the sum of the lengths of the tangents drawn from $B$ and $C$ to the nine point circle of $\triangle ABC$.

Let $\triangle ABC$ be an acute triangle. Point $Z$ is on $A$ altitude and points $X$ and $Y$ are on the $B$ and $C$ altitudes out of the triangle respectively, such that: $\angle AYB=\angle BZC=\angle CXA=90$ .Prove that $X$,$Y$ and $Z$ are collinear, if and only if the length of the tangent drawn from $A$ to the nine point circle of $\triangle ABC$ is equal with the sum of the lengths of the tangents drawn from $B$ and $C$ to the nine point circle of $\triangle ABC$.

2015 Iran TST3 P1

Point $A$ is outside of a given circle $\omega$. Let the tangents from $A$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $S, T$ points $X, Y$ are midpoints of $AT, AS$ let the tangent from $X$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $R\neq T$. points $P, Q$ are midpoints of $XT, XR$ let $XY\cap PQ=K, SX\cap TK=L$ prove that quadrilateral $KRLQ$ is cyclic.

Point $A$ is outside of a given circle $\omega$. Let the tangents from $A$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $S, T$ points $X, Y$ are midpoints of $AT, AS$ let the tangent from $X$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $R\neq T$. points $P, Q$ are midpoints of $XT, XR$ let $XY\cap PQ=K, SX\cap TK=L$ prove that quadrilateral $KRLQ$ is cyclic.

2015 Iran TST3 P6

$AH$ is the altitude of triangle $ABC$ and $H^\prime$ is the reflection of $H$ trough the midpoint of $BC$. If the tangent lines to the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $B$ and $C$, intersect each other at $X$ and the perpendicular line to $XH^\prime$ at $H^\prime$, intersects $AB$ and $AC$ at $Y$ and $Z$ respectively, prove that $\angle ZXC=\angle YXB$.

$AH$ is the altitude of triangle $ABC$ and $H^\prime$ is the reflection of $H$ trough the midpoint of $BC$. If the tangent lines to the circumcircle of $ABC$ at $B$ and $C$, intersect each other at $X$ and the perpendicular line to $XH^\prime$ at $H^\prime$, intersects $AB$ and $AC$ at $Y$ and $Z$ respectively, prove that $\angle ZXC=\angle YXB$.

2016 Iran TST3 P2

Let $ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle and $O$ is the circumcenter of $\triangle {ABC}$.Points $X,Y$ lie on $AB,AC$,respectively such that the reflection of $BC$ WRT $XY$ is tangent to circumcircle of $\triangle {AXY}$.Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $AXY$ is tangent to circumcircle of triangle $BOC$.

Let $ABC$ be an arbitrary triangle and $O$ is the circumcenter of $\triangle {ABC}$.Points $X,Y$ lie on $AB,AC$,respectively such that the reflection of $BC$ WRT $XY$ is tangent to circumcircle of $\triangle {AXY}$.Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $AXY$ is tangent to circumcircle of triangle $BOC$.

2016 Iran TST3 P5

Let $AD,BF,CE$ be altitudes of triangle $ABC$.$Q$ is a point on $EF$ such that $QF=DE$ and $F$ is between $E,Q$.$P$ is a point on $EF$ such that $EP=DF$ and $E$ is between $P,F$.Perpendicular bisector of $DQ$ intersect with $AB$ at $X$ and perpendicular bisector of $DP$ intersect with $AC$ at $Y$.Prove that midpoint of $BC$ lies on $XY$.

2017 Iran TST1 P3Let $AD,BF,CE$ be altitudes of triangle $ABC$.$Q$ is a point on $EF$ such that $QF=DE$ and $F$ is between $E,Q$.$P$ is a point on $EF$ such that $EP=DF$ and $E$ is between $P,F$.Perpendicular bisector of $DQ$ intersect with $AB$ at $X$ and perpendicular bisector of $DP$ intersect with $AC$ at $Y$.Prove that midpoint of $BC$ lies on $XY$.

In triangle $ABC$ let $I_a$ be the $A$-excenter. Let $\omega$ be an arbitrary circle that passes through $A,I_a$ and intersects the extensions of sides $AB,AC$ (extended from $B,C$) at $X,Y$ respectively. Let $S,T$ be points on segments $I_aB,I_aC$ respectively such that $\angle AXI_a=\angle BTI_a$ and $\angle AYI_a=\angle CSI_a$.Lines $BT,CS$ intersect at $K$. Lines $KI_a,TS$ intersect at $Z$. Prove that $X,Y,Z$ are collinear.

by Hooman Fattahi

2017 Iran TST1 P5In triangle $ABC$, arbitrary points $P,Q$ lie on side $BC$ such that $BP=CQ$ and $P$ lies between $B,Q$.The circumcircle of triangle $APQ$ intersects sides $AB,AC$ at $E,F$ respectively.The point $T$ is the intersection of $EP,FQ$.Two lines passing through the midpoint of $BC$ and parallel to $AB$ and $AC$, intersect $EP$ and $FQ$ at points $X,Y$ respectively.

Prove that the circumcircle of triangle $TXY$ and triangle $APQ$ are tangent to each other.

by Iman Maghsoudi

2017 Iran TST2 P1

$ABCD$ is a trapezoid with $AB \parallel CD$. The diagonals intersect at $P$. Let $\omega _1$ be a circle passing through $B$ and tangent to $AC$ at $A$. Let $\omega _2$ be a circle passing through $C$ and tangent to $BD$ at $D$. $\omega _3$ is the circumcircle of triangle $BPC$.

Prove that the common chord of circles $\omega _1,\omega _3$ and the common chord of circles $\omega _2, \omega _3$ intersect each other on $AD$.

$ABCD$ is a trapezoid with $AB \parallel CD$. The diagonals intersect at $P$. Let $\omega _1$ be a circle passing through $B$ and tangent to $AC$ at $A$. Let $\omega _2$ be a circle passing through $C$ and tangent to $BD$ at $D$. $\omega _3$ is the circumcircle of triangle $BPC$.

Prove that the common chord of circles $\omega _1,\omega _3$ and the common chord of circles $\omega _2, \omega _3$ intersect each other on $AD$.

by Kasra Ahmadi

Let $P$ be a point in the interior of quadrilateral $ABCD$ such that: $\angle BPC=2\angle BAC \ , \angle PCA = \angle PAD \ , \angle PDA=\angle PAC$ . Prove that: $\angle PBD= \left | \angle BCA - \angle PCA \right |$

In triangle $ABC$ let $O$ and $H$ be the circumcenter and the orthocenter. The point $P$ is the reflection of $A$ with respect to $OH$. Assume that $P$ is not on the same side of $BC$ as $A$. Points $E,F$ lie on $AB,AC$ respectively such that $BE=PC \ , CF=PB$. Let $K$ be the intersection point of $AP,OH$. Prove that $\angle EKF = 90 ^{\circ}$
by Ali Zamani

by Iman Maghsoudi

2018 Iran TST1 P3In triangle $ABC$ let $M$ be the midpoint of $BC$. Let $\omega$ be a circle inside of $ABC$ and is tangent to $AB,AC$ at $E,F$, respectively. The tangents from $M$ to $\omega$ meet $\omega$ at $P,Q$ such that $P$ and $B$ lie on the same side of $AM$. Let $X \equiv PM \cap BF $ and $Y \equiv QM \cap CE $. If $2PM=BC$ prove that $XY$ is tangent to $\omega$.

by Iman Maghsoudi

2018 Iran TST1 P4Let $ABC$ be a triangle ($\angle A\neq 90^\circ$). $BE,CF$ are the altitudes of the triangle. The bisector of $\angle A$ intersects $EF,BC$ at $M,N$. Let $P$ be a point such that $MP\perp EF$ and $NP\perp BC$. Prove that $AP$ passes through the midpoint of $BC$.

by Iman Maghsoudi, Hooman Fattahi

2018 Iran TST2 P5
Let $\omega$ be the circumcircle of isosceles triangle $ABC$ ($AB=AC$). Points $P$ and $Q$ lie on $\omega$ and $BC$ respectively such that $AP=AQ$ .$AP$ and $BC$ intersect at $R$. Prove that the tangents from $B$ and $C$ to the incircle of $\triangle AQR$ (different from $BC$) are concurrent on $\omega$.

Two circles $\omega_1(O)$ and $\omega_2$ intersect each other at $A,B$ ,and $O$ lies on $\omega_2$. Let $S$ be a point on $AB$ such that $OS\perp AB$. Line $OS$ intersects $\omega_2$ at $P$ (other than $O$). The bisector of $\hat{ASP}$ intersects $\omega_1$ at $L$ ($A$ and $L$ are on the same side of the line $OP$). Let $K$ be a point on $\omega_2$ such that $PS=PK$ ($A$ and $K$ are on the same side of the line $OP$). Prove that $SL=KL$.

by Ali Zamani, Hooman Fattahi

2018 Iran TST3 P1Two circles $\omega_1(O)$ and $\omega_2$ intersect each other at $A,B$ ,and $O$ lies on $\omega_2$. Let $S$ be a point on $AB$ such that $OS\perp AB$. Line $OS$ intersects $\omega_2$ at $P$ (other than $O$). The bisector of $\hat{ASP}$ intersects $\omega_1$ at $L$ ($A$ and $L$ are on the same side of the line $OP$). Let $K$ be a point on $\omega_2$ such that $PS=PK$ ($A$ and $K$ are on the same side of the line $OP$). Prove that $SL=KL$.

by Ali Zamani

Consider quadrilateral $ABCD $ inscribed in circle $\omega $. $P\equiv AC\cap BD$. $E$, $F$ lie on sides $AB$, $CD$ respectively such that $\hat {APE}=\hat {DPF} $. Circles $\omega_1$, $\omega_2$ are tangent to $\omega$ at $X $, $Y $ respectively and also both tangent to the circumcircle of $\triangle PEF $ at $P $. Prove that: $\frac {EX}{EY}=\frac {FX}{FY} $

by Ali Zamani

Point $P$ lies inside of parallelogram $ABCD$. Perpendicular lines to $PA,PB,PC$ and $PD$ through $A,B,C$ and $D$ construct convex quadrilateral $XYZT$. Prove that $S_{XYZT}\geq 2S_{ABCD}$.

by Siamak Ahmadpour

Consider triangle $ABC$ with orthocenter $H$. Let points $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of segments $BC$ and $AH$. Point $D$ lies on line $MH$ so that $AD\parallel BC$ and point $K$ lies on line $AH$ so that $DNMK$ is cyclic. Points $E$ and $F$ lie on lines $AC$ and $AB$ such that $\angle EHM=\angle C$ and $\angle FHM=\angle B$. Prove that points $D,E,F$ and $K$ lie on a circle.

by Alireza Dadgarnia

In a triangle $ABC$, $\angle A$ is $60^\circ$. On sides $AB$ and $AC$ we make two equilateral triangles (outside the triangle $ABC$) $ABK$ and $ACL$. $CK$ and $AB$ intersect at $S$ , $AC$ and $BL$ intersect at $R$ , $BL$ and $CK$ intersect at $T$. Prove the radical centre of circumcircle of triangles $BSK, CLR$ and $BTC$ is on the median of vertex $A$ in triangle $ABC$.

Let $P$ be a simple polygon completely in $C$, a circle with radius $1$, such that $P$ does not pass through the center of $C$. The perimeter of $P$ is $36$. Prove that there is a radius of $C$ that intersects $P$ at least $6$ times, or there is a circle which is concentric with $C$ and have at least $6$ common points with $P$.

by Seyed Reza Hossein

In triangle $ABC$, $M,N$ and $P$ are midpoints of sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$. Point $K$ lies on segment $NP$ so that $AK$ bisects $\angle BKC$. Lines $MN,BK$ intersects at $E$ and lines $MP,CK$ intersects at $F$. Suppose that $H$ be the foot of perpendicular line from $A$ to $BC$ and $L$ the second intersection of circumcircle of triangles $AKH, HEF$. Prove that $MK,EF$ and $HL$ are concurrent.

by Alireza Dadgarnia

Given an acute-angled triangle $ABC$ with orthocenter $H$. Reflection of nine-point circle about $AH$ intersects circumcircle at points $X$ and $Y$. Prove that $AH$ is the external bisector of $\angle XHY$.

by Mohammad Javad Shaba

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