NIMO Summer & Winter Contests 2011-17 29p

geometry problems from National Internet Math Olympiads (NIMO) Summer & Winter Contests     
with aops links in the names



Winter Contests 2011 -2014
lasted only these years


Circle $\odot O$ with diameter $\overline{AB}$ has chord $\overline{CD}$ drawn such that $\overline{AB}$ is perpendicular to $\overline{CD}$ at $P$. Another circle $\odot A$ is drawn, sharing chord $\overline{CD}$. A point $Q$ on minor arc $\overline{CD}$ of $\odot A$ is chosen so that $\text{m} \angle AQP + \text{m} \angle QPB = 60^\circ$. Line $l$ is tangent to $\odot A$ through $Q$ and a point $X$ on $l$ is chosen such that $PX=BX$. If $PQ = 13$ and $BQ = 35$, find $QX$.

Proposed by Aaron Lin
2012 NIMO Winter Contest p5
In convex hexagon $ABCDEF$, $\angle A \cong \angle B$, $\angle C \cong \angle D$, and $\angle E \cong \angle F$. Prove that the perpendicular bisectors of $\overline{AB}$, $\overline{CD}$, and $\overline{EF}$ pass through a common point.

Proposed by Lewis Chen
2013 NIMO Winter Contest p3
Let $ABC$ be a triangle. Prove that there exists a unique point $P$ for which one can find points $D$, $E$ and $F$ such that the quadrilaterals $APBF$, $BPCD$, $CPAE$, $EPFA$, $FPDB$, and $DPEC$ are all parallelograms.

Proposed by Lewis Chen
In convex hexagon $AXBYCZ$, sides $AX$, $BY$ and $CZ$ are parallel to diagonals $BC$, $XC$ and $XY$, respectively. Prove that $\triangle ABC$ and $\triangle XYZ$ have the same area.

Proposed by Evan Chen
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with orthocenter $H$ and let $M$ be the midpoint of $\overline{BC}$. (The orthocenter is the point at the intersection of the three altitudes.) Denote by $\omega_B$ the circle passing through $B$, $H$, and $M$, and denote by $\omega_C$ the circle passing through $C$, $H$, and $M$. Lines $AB$ and $AC$ meet $\omega_B$ and $\omega_C$ again at $P$ and $Q$, respectively. Rays $PH$ and $QH$ meet $\omega_C$ and $\omega_B$ again at $R$ and $S$, respectively. Show that $\triangle BRS$ and $\triangle CRS$ have the same area.

Proposed by Aaron Lin
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and let $Q$ be a point such that $\overline{AB} \perp \overline{QB}$ and $\overline{AC} \perp \overline{QC}$. A circle with center $I$ is inscribed in $\triangle ABC$, and is tangent to $\overline{BC}$, $\overline{CA}$ and $\overline{AB}$ at points $D$, $E$, and $F$, respectively. If ray $QI$ intersects $\overline{EF}$ at $P$, prove that $\overline{DP} \perp \overline{EF}$.

Proposed by Aaron Lin


Summer Contests 2011 -2017
lasted only these years


2011 NIMO Summer Contest p5
In equilateral triangle $ABC$, the midpoint of $\overline{BC}$ is $M$. If the circumcircle of triangle $MAB$ has area $36\pi$, then find the perimeter of the triangle.

Proposed by Isabella Grabski

2011 NIMO Summer Contest p8
Triangle $ABC$ with $\measuredangle A = 90^\circ$ has incenter $I$. A circle passing through $A$ with center $I$ is drawn, intersecting $\overline{BC}$ at $E$ and $F$ such that $BE < BF$. If $\tfrac{BE}{EF} = \tfrac{2}{3}$, then $\tfrac{CF}{FE} = \tfrac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Find $m+n$.

Proposed by Lewis Chen

2011 NIMO Summer Contest p12
In triangle $ABC$, $AB = 100$, $BC = 120$, and $CA = 140$. Points $D$ and $F$ lie on $\overline{BC}$ and $\overline{AB}$, respectively, such that $BD = 90$ and $AF = 60$. Point $E$ is an arbitrary point on $\overline{AC}$. Denote the intersection of $\overline{BE}$ and $\overline{CF}$ as $K$, the intersection of $\overline{AD}$ and $\overline{CF}$ as $L$, and the intersection of $\overline{AD}$ and $\overline{BE}$ as $M$. If $[KLM] = [AME] + [BKF] + [CLD]$, where $[X]$ denotes the area of region $X$, compute $CE$.

Proposed by Lewis Chen

2011 NIMO Summer Contest p14
In circle $\theta_1$ with radius $1$, circles $\phi_1, \phi_2, \dots, \phi_8$, with equal radii, are drawn such that for $1 \le i \le 8$, $\phi_i$ is tangent to $\omega_1$, $\phi_{i-1}$, and $\phi_{i+1}$, where $\phi_0 = \phi_8$ and $\phi_1 = \phi_9$. There exists a circle $\omega_2$ such that $\omega_1 \neq \omega_2$ and $\omega_2$ is tangent to $\phi_i$ for $1 \le i \le 8$. The radius of $\omega_2$ can be expressed in the form $a - b\sqrt{c}  -d\sqrt{e - \sqrt{f}} + g \sqrt{h - j \sqrt{k}}$ such that $a, b, \dots, k$ are positive integers and the numbers $e, f, k, \gcd(h, j)$ are squarefree. What is $a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h+j+k$.

Proposed by Eugene Chen
2012 NIMO Summer Contest p5
In the diagram below, three squares are inscribed in right triangles. Their areas are $A$, $M$, and $N$, as indicated in the diagram. If $M = 5$ and $N = 12$, then $A$ can be expressed as $a + b\sqrt{c}$, where $a$, $b$, and $c$ are positive integers and $c$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Compute $a + b + c$.

Proposed by Aaron Lin

2012 NIMO Summer Contest p8
Points $A$, $B$, and $O$ lie in the plane such that $\measuredangle AOB = 120^\circ$. Circle $\omega_0$ with radius $6$ is constructed tangent to both $\overrightarrow{OA}$ and $\overrightarrow{OB}$. For all $i \ge 1$, circle $\omega_i$ with radius $r_i$ is constructed such that $r_i < r_{i - 1}$ and $\omega_i$ is tangent to $\overrightarrow{OA}$, $\overrightarrow{OB}$, and $\omega_{i - 1}$. If    $ S = \sum_{i = 1}^\infty r_i, $
then $S$ can be expressed as $a\sqrt{b} + c$, where $a, b, c$ are integers and $b$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Compute $100a + 10b + c$.

Proposed by Aaron Lin
2012 NIMO Summer Contest p15
In the diagram below, square $ABCD$ with side length 23 is cut into nine rectangles by two lines parallel to $\overline{AB}$ and two lines parallel to $\overline{BC}$. The areas of four of these rectangles are indicated in the diagram. Compute the largest possible value for the area of the central rectangle.
Proposed by Lewis Chen


Let $ABC$ and $DEF$ be two triangles, such that $AB=DE=20$, $BC=EF=13$, and $\angle A = \angle D$. If $AC-DF=10$, determine the area of $\triangle ABC$.

Proposed by Lewis Chen
2013 NIMO Summer Contest p12
In $\triangle ABC$, $AB = 40$, $BC = 60$, and $CA = 50$. The angle bisector of $\angle A$ intersects the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC$ at $A$ and $P$. Find $BP$.

Proposed by Eugene Chen
2013 NIMO Summer Contest p13
In trapezoid $ABCD$, $AD \parallel BC$ and $\angle ABC + \angle CDA = 270^{\circ}$. Compute $AB^2$ given that $AB \cdot \tan(\angle BCD) = 20$ and $CD = 13$.

Proposed by Lewis Chen

2014 NIMO Summer Contest p3
A square and equilateral triangle have the same perimeter. If the triangle has area $16\sqrt3$, what is the area of the square?

Proposed by Evan Chen
2014 NIMO Summer Contest p8
Aaron takes a square sheet of paper, with one corner labeled $A$. Point $P$ is chosen at random inside of the square and Aaron folds the paper so that points $A$ and $P$ coincide. He cuts the sheet along the crease and discards the piece containing $A$. Let $p$ be the probability that the remaining piece is a pentagon. Find the integer nearest to $100p$.

Proposed by Aaron Lin
2014 NIMO Summer Contest p14
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcenter $O$ and let $X$, $Y$, $Z$ be the midpoints of arcs $BAC$, $ABC$, $ACB$ on its circumcircle. Let $G$ and $I$ denote the centroid of $\triangle XYZ$ and the incenter of $\triangle ABC$.

Given that $AB = 13$, $BC = 14$, $CA = 15$, and $\frac {GO}{GI} = \frac mn$ for relatively prime positive integers $m$ and $n$, compute $100m+n$.

Proposed by Evan Chen

2015 NIMO Summer Contest p5
Let $\triangle ABC$ have $AB=3$, $AC=5$, and $\angle A=90^\circ$. Point $D$ is the foot of the altitude from $A$ to $\overline{BC}$, and $X$ and $Y$ are the feet of the altitudes from $D$ to $\overline{AB}$ and $\overline{AC}$ respectively. If $XY^2$ can be written in the form $\tfrac mn$ where $m$ and $n$ are positive relatively prime integers, what is $100m+n$?

Proposed by David Altizio
2015 NIMO Summer Contest p10
Let $ABCD$ be a tetrahedron with $AB=CD=1300$, $BC=AD=1400$, and $CA=BD=1500$. Let $O$ and $I$ be the centers of the circumscribed sphere and inscribed sphere of $ABCD$, respectively. Compute the smallest integer greater than the length of $OI$.

Proposed by Michael Ren
2015 NIMO Summer Contest p13
Let $\triangle ABC$ be a triangle with $AB=85$, $BC=125$, $CA=140$, and incircle $\omega$. Let $D$, $E$, $F$ be the points of tangency of $\omega$ with $\overline{BC}$, $\overline{CA}$, $\overline{AB}$ respectively, and furthermore denote by $X$, $Y$, and $Z$ the incenters of $\triangle AEF$, $\triangle BFD$, and $\triangle CDE$, also respectively. Find the circumradius of $\triangle XYZ$.

Proposed by David Altizio
2016 NIMO Summer Contest p10
In rectangle $ABCD$, point $M$ is the midpoint of $AB$ and $P$ is a point on side $BC$. The perpendicular bisector of $MP$ intersects side $DA$ at point $X$. Given that $AB = 33$ and $BC = 56$, find the least possible value of $MX$.

Proposed by Michael Tang
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB=17$ and $AC=23$. Let $G$ be the centroid of $ABC$, and let $B_1$ and $C_1$ be on the circumcircle of $ABC$ with $BB_1\parallel AC$ and $CC_1\parallel AB$. Given that $G$ lies on $B_1C_1$, the value of $BC^2$ can be expressed in the form $\frac{m}{n}$, where $m$ and $n$ are relatively prime positive integers. Determine $100m+n$.

Proposed by Michael Ren 
2017 NIMO Summer Contest p4
The square $BCDE$ is inscribed in circle $\omega$ with center $O$. Point $A$ is the reflection of $O$ over $B$. A "hook" is drawn consisting of segment $AB$ and the major arc $\widehat{BE}$ of $\omega$ (passing through $C$ and $D$). Assume $BCDE$ has area $200$. To the nearest integer, what is the length of the hook?

Proposed by Evan Chen
2017 NIMO Summer Contest p10
In triangle $ABC$ we have $AB=36$, $BC=48$, $CA=60$. The incircle of $ABC$ is centered at $I$ and touches $AB$, $AC$, $BC$ at $M$, $N$, $D$, respectively. Ray $AI$ meets $BC$ at $K$. The radical axis of the circumcircles of triangles $MAN$ and $KID$ intersects lines $AB$ and $AC$ at $L_1$ and $L_2$, respectively. If $L_1L_2 = x$, compute $x^2$.

Proposed by Evan Chen
2017 NIMO Summer Contest p12
Triangle $ABC$ has $AB = 2$, $BC = 3$, $CA = 4$, and circumcenter $O$. If the sum of the areas of triangles $AOB$, $BOC$, and $COA$ is $\tfrac{a\sqrt{b}}{c}$ for positive integers $a$, $b$, $c$, where $\gcd(a, c) = 1$ and $b$ is not divisible by the square of any prime, find $a+b+c$.

Proposed by Michael Tang

April

Let $a,b,c$ be the answers to problems $4$, $5$, and $6$, respectively. In $\triangle ABC$, the measures of $\angle A$, $\angle B$, and $\angle C$ are $a$, $b$, $c$ in degrees, respectively. Let $D$ and $E$ be points on segments $AB$ and $AC$ with $\frac{AD}{BD} = \frac{AE}{CE} = 2013$. A point $P$ is selected in the interior of $\triangle ADE$, with barycentric coordinates $(x,y,z)$ with respect to $\triangle ABC$ (here $x+y+z=1$). Lines $BP$ and $CP$ meet line $DE$ at $B_1$ and $C_1$, respectively. Suppose that the radical axis of the circumcircles of $\triangle PDC_1$ and $\triangle PEB_1$ pass through point $A$. Find $100x$.

Proposed by Evan Chen
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with $AB = 130$, $BC = 140$, $CA = 150$. Let $G$, $H$, $I$, $O$, $N$, $K$, $L$ be the centroid, orthocenter, incenter, circumenter, nine-point center, the symmedian point, and the de Longchamps point. Let $D$, $E$, $F$ be the feet of the altitudes of $A$, $B$, $C$ on the sides $\overline{BC}$, $\overline{CA}$, $\overline{AB}$. Let $X$, $Y$, $Z$ be the  $A$, $B$, $C$ excenters and let $U$, $V$, $W$ denote the midpoints of $\overline{IX}$, $\overline{IY}$, $\overline{IZ}$ (i.e. the midpoints of the arcs of $(ABC)$.) Let $R$, $S$, $T$ denote the isogonal conjugates of the midpoints of $\overline{AD}$, $\overline{BE}$, $\overline{CF}$. Let $P$ and $Q$ denote the images of $G$ and $H$ under an inversion around the circumcircle of $ABC$ followed by a dilation at $O$ with factor $\frac 12$, and denote by $M$ the midpoint of $\overline{PQ}$. Then let $J$ be a point such that $JKLM$ is a parallelogram. Find the perimeter of the convex hull of the self-intersecting $17$-gon $LETSTRADEBITCOINS$ to the nearest integer. 
(A diagram has been included but may not be to scale.)




source:

Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια:

Δημοσίευση σχολίου