Iran MO 2nd Round 1983 - 2018 64p

geometry problems from 2nd Round of Iranian Mathematical Olympiads
with aops links in the names

1983 - 2018

1983 Iran MO 2nd Round P4
The point $M$ moves such that the sum of squares of the lengths from $M$ to faces of a cube, is fixed. Find the locus of $M.$

1984 Iran MO 2nd Round P7
Let $B$ and $C$ be two fixed point on the plane $P.$ Find the locus of the points $M$ on the plane $P$ for which $MB^2 + kMC^2 = a^2.$ ($k$ and $a$ are two given numbers and $k>0.$)

1985 Iran MO 2nd Round G2 P1
Inscribe in the triangle $ABC$ a triangle with minimum perimeter.

1985 Iran MO 2nd Round G2 P2
In the triangle $ABC$ the length of side $AB$, and height $AH$ are known. also we know that $\angle B = 2 \angle C.$ Plot this triangle.

1986 Iran MO 2nd Round G1
$O$ is a point in the plane. Let $O'$ be an arbitrary point on the axis $Ox$ of the plane and let $M$ be an arbitrary point. Rotate $M$, $90^\circ$ clockwise around $O$ to get the point $M'$ and rotate $M$, $90^\circ$ anticlockwise around $O'$ to get the point $M''.$ Prove that the midpoint of the segment $MM''$ is a fixed point.

1986 Iran MO 2nd Round G2
In a trapezoid $ABCD$, the legs $AB$ and $CD$ meet in $M$ and the diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ meet in $N.$ Let $AC=a$ and $BC=b.$ Find the area of triangles $AMD$ and $AND$ in terms of $a$ and $b.$

1987 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
In the following diagram, let $ABCD$ be a square and let $M,N,P$ and $Q$ be the midpoints of its sides. Prove that $S_{A'B'C'D'} = \frac 15 S_{ABCD}.$


1988 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
In a cyclic quadrilateral $ABCD$, let $I,J$ be the midpoints of diagonals $AC, BD$ respectively and let $O$ be the center of the circle inscribed in $ABCD.$ Prove that $I, J$ and $O$ are collinear.

1988 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
In tetrahedron $ABCD$ let $h_a, h_b, h_c$ and $h_d$ be the lengths of the altitudes from each vertex to the opposite side of that vertex. Prove that
$\frac{1}{h_a} <\frac{1}{h_b}+\frac{1}{h_c}+\frac{1}{h_d}.$

1989 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
A sphere $S$ with center $O$ and radius $R$ is given. Let $P$ be a fixed point on this sphere. Points $A,B,C$ move on the sphere $S$ such that we have $\angle APB = \angle BPC = \angle CPA = 90^\circ.$ Prove that the plane of triangle $ABC$ passes through a fixed point.

A line $d$ is called faithful to triangle $ABC$ if $d$ be in plane of triangle $ABC$ and the reflections of $d$ over the sides of $ABC$ be concurrent. Prove that for any two triangles with acute angles lying in the same plane, either there exists exactly one faithful line to both of them, or there exist infinitely faithful lines to them.

1990 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
Let $ABCD$ be a parallelogram. The line $\Delta$ meets the lines $AB, BC, CD$ and $DA$ at $M, N, P$ and $Q,$ respectively. Let $R$ be the intersection point of the lines $AB,DN$ and let $S$ be intersection point of the lines $AD, BP.$ Prove that $RS \parallel \Delta.$

(a) Consider the set of all triangles $ABC$ which are inscribed in a circle with radius $R.$ When is $AB^2+BC^2+CA^2$ maximum? Find this maximum.
(b) Consider the set of all tetragonals $ABCD$ which are inscribed in a sphere with radius $R.$ When is the sum of squares of the six edges of $ABCD$ maximum? Find this maximum, and in this case prove that all of the edges are equal.

1991 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABCD$ be a tetragonal.
(a) If the plane $(P)$ cuts $ABCD,$ find the necessary and sufficient condition such that the area formed from the intersection of the plane $(P)$ and the tetragonal be a parallelogram. Prove that the problem has three solutions in this case.
(b) Consider one of the solutions of (a). Find the situation of the plane $(P)$ for which the parallelogram has maximum area.
(c) Find a plane $(P)$ for which the parallelogram be a lozenge and then find the length side of his lozenge in terms of the length of the edges of $ABCD.$

1991 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
Triangle $ABC$ is inscribed in circle $C.$ The bisectors of the angles $A,B$ and $C$ meet the circle $C$ again at the points $A', B', C'$. Let $I$ be the incenter of $ABC,$ prove that
\[\frac{IA'}{IA} + \frac{IB'}{IB}+\frac{IC'}{IC} \geq 3\]
 $ IA'+IB'+IC' \geq IA+IB+IC$


1992 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
Let $ABC$ be a right triangle with $\angle A=90^\circ.$ The bisectors of the angles $B$ and $C$ meet each other in $I$ and meet the sides $AC$ and $AB$ in $D$ and $E$, respectively. Prove that $S_{BCDE}=2S_{BIC},$ where $S$ is the area function.

In triangle $ABC,$ we have $\angle A \leq 90^\circ$ and $\angle B = 2 \angle C.$ The interior bisector of the angle $C$ meets the median $AM$ in $D.$ Prove that $\angle MDC \leq 45^\circ.$ When does equality hold?

Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle with sides and area equal to $a, b, c$ and $S$ respectively. Prove or disprove  that a necessary and sufficient condition for existence of a point $P$ inside the triangle $ABC$ such that the distance between $P$ and the vertices of $ABC$ be equal to $x, y$ and $z$ respectively is that there be a triangle with sides $a, y, z$ and area $S_1$, a triangle with sides $b, z, x$ and area $S_2$ and a triangle with sides $c, x, y$ and area $S_3$ where $S_1 + S_2 + S_3 = S.$

1994 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
In the following diagram, $O$ is the center of the circle. If three angles $\alpha, \beta$ and $\gamma$ be equal, find $\alpha.$

1994 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
The incircle of triangle $ABC$ meet the sides $AB, AC$ and $BC$ in $M,N$ and $P$, respectively. Prove that the orthocenter of triangle $MNP,$ the incenter and the circumcenter of triangle $ABC$ are collinear.




Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle and let $\ell$ be a line in the plane of triangle $ABC.$ We've drawn the reflection of the line $\ell$ over the sides $AB, BC$ and $AC$ and they intersect in the points $A', B'$ and $C'.$ Prove that the incenter of the triangle $A'B'C'$ lies on the circumcircle of the triangle $ABC.$

1995 Iran MO 2nd Round P6
In a quadrilateral $ABCD$ let $A', B', C'$ and $D'$ be the circumcenters of the triangles $BCD, CDA, DAB$ and $ABC$, respectively. Denote by $S(X, YZ)$ the plane which passes through the point $X$ and is perpendicular to the line $YZ.$ Prove that if $A', B', C'$ and $D'$ don't lie in a plane, then four planes $S(A, C'D'), S(B, A'D'), S(C, A'B')$ and $S(D, B'C')$ pass through a common point.

1996 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
Let $N$ be the midpoint of side $BC$ of triangle $ABC$. Right isosceles triangles $ABM$ and $ACP$ are constructed outside the triangle, with bases $AB$ and $AC$. Prove that $\triangle MNP$ is also a right isosceles triangle.


1997 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let segments $KN,KL$ be tangent to circle $C$ at points $N,L$, respectively. $M$ is a point on the extension of the segment $KN$ and $P$ is the other meet point of the circle $C$ and the circumcircle of $\triangle KLM$. $Q$ is on $ML$ such that $NQ$ is perpendicular to $ML$. Prove that
$ \angle MPQ=2\angle KML.$

1997 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
In triangle $ABC$, angles $B,C$ are acute. Point $D$ is on the side $BC$ such that $AD\perp{BC}$. Let the interior bisectors of $\angle B,\angle C$ meet $AD$ at $E,F$, respectively. If $BE=CF$, prove that $ABC$ is isosceles.

1998 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABC$ be a triangle. $I$ is the incenter of $\Delta ABC$ and $D$ is the meet point of $AI$ and the circumcircle of $\Delta ABC$. Let $E,F$ be on $BD,CD$, respectively such that $IE,IF$ are perpendicular to $BD,CD$, respectively. If $IE+IF=\frac{AD}{2}$, find the value of $\angle BAC$.

1998 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and $AB<AC<BC$. Let $D,E$ be points on the side $BC$ and the line $AB$, respectively ($A$ is between $B,E$) such that $BD=BE=AC$. The circumcircle of $\Delta BED$ meets the side $AC$ at $P$ and $BP$ meets the circumcircle of $\Delta ABC$ at $Q$. Prove that: $ AQ+CQ=BP. $

1999 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
$ABC$ is a triangle with $\angle{B}>45^{\circ}$ , $\angle{C}>45^{\circ}$. We draw the isosceles triangles $CAM,BAN$ on the sides $AC,AB$ and outside the triangle, respectively, such that $\angle{CAM}=\angle{BAN}=90^{\circ}$. And we draw isosceles triangle $BPC$ on the side $BC$ and inside the triangle such that $\angle{BPC}=90^{\circ}$. Prove that $\Delta{MPN}$ is an isosceles triangle, too, and $\angle{MPN}=90^{\circ}$.

Let $ABC$ be a triangle and points $P,Q,R$ be on the sides $AB,BC,AC$, respectively. Now, let $A',B',C'$ be on the segments $PR,QP,RQ$ in a way that $AB||A'B'$ , $BC||B'C'$ and $AC||A'C'$. Prove that: $ \frac{AB}{A'B'}=\frac{S_{PQR}}{S_{A'B'C'}}.$
Where $S_{XYZ}$ is the surface of the triangle $XYZ$.

2000 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
The points $D,E$ and $F$ are chosen on the sides $BC,AC$ and $AB$ of triangle $ABC$, respectively. Prove that triangles $ABC$ and $DEF$ have the same centroid if and only if
$\frac{BD}{DC} = \frac{CE}{EA}=\frac{AF}{FB}$

2000 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
In a tetrahedron we know that sum of angles of all vertices is $180^\circ.$ (e.g. for vertex $A$, we have $\angle BAC + \angle CAD + \angle DAB=180^\circ.$) Prove that faces of this tetrahedron are four congruent triangles.


2001 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABC$ be an acute triangle. We draw $3$ triangles $B'AC,C'AB,A'BC$ on the sides of $\Delta ABC$ at the out sides such that:
$\angle{B'AC}=\angle{C'BA}=\angle{A'BC}=30^{\circ} $ , $ \angle{B'CA}=\angle{C'AB}=\angle{A'CB}=60^{\circ} $
If $M$ is the midpoint of side $BC$, prove that $B'M$ is perpendicular to $A'C'$.

2001 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
In triangle $ABC$, $AB>AC$. The bisectors of $\angle{B},\angle{C}$ intersect the sides $AC,AB$ at $P,Q$, respectively. Let $I$ be the incenter of $\Delta ABC$. Suppose that $IP=IQ$. How much isthe value of $\angle A$?

2002 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
In a convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ with $\angle ABC = \angle ADC = 135^\circ$, points $M$ and $N$ are taken on the rays $AB$ and $AD$ respectively such that $\angle MCD = \angle NCB = 90^\circ$. The circumcircles of triangles $AMN$ and $ABD$ intersect at $A$ and $K$. Prove that $AK \perp KC.$

2002 Iran MO 2nd Round P4
Let $A$ and $B$ be two fixed points in the plane. Consider all possible convex quadrilaterals $ABCD$ with $AB = BC, AD = DC$, and $\angle ADC = 90^\circ$. Prove that there is a fixed point $P$ such that, for every such quadrilateral $ABCD$ on the same side of $AB$, the line $DC$ passes through $P.$


$\angle{A}$ is the least angle in $\Delta{ABC}$. Point $D$ is on the arc $BC$ from the circumcircle of $\Delta{ABC}$. The perpendicular bisectors of the segments $AB,AC$ intersect the line $AD$ at $M,N$, respectively. Point $T$ is the meet point of $BM,CN$. Suppose that $R$ is the radius of the circumcircle of $\Delta{ABC}$. Prove that: $BT+CT\leq{2R}.$

2004 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
$ABC$ is a triangle and $\angle A=90^{\circ}$. Let $D$ be the meet point of the interior bisector of $\angle A$ and $BC$. And let $I_a$ be the $A-$excenter of $\triangle ABC$. Prove that:
$\frac{AD}{DI_a}\leq\sqrt{2}-1.$

2004 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
The interior bisector of $\angle A$ from $\triangle ABC$ intersects the side $BC$ and the circumcircle of $\Delta ABC$ at $D,M$, respectively. Let $\omega$ be a circle with center $M$ and radius $MB$. A line passing through $D$, intersects $\omega$ at $X,Y$. Prove that $AD$ bisects $\angle XAY$.

2005 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
In triangle $ABC$, $\angle A=60^{\circ}$. The point $D$ changes on the segment $BC$. Let $O_1,O_2$ be the circumcenters of the triangles $\Delta ABD,\Delta ACD$, respectively. Let $M$ be the meet point of $BO_1,CO_2$ and let $N$ be the circumcenter of $\Delta DO_1O_2$. Prove that, by changing $D$ on $BC$, the line $MN$ passes through a constant point.

2005 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
$BC$ is a diameter of a circle and the points $X,Y$ are on the circle such that $XY\perp BC$. The points $P,M$ are on $XY,CY$ (or their stretches), respectively, such that $CY||PB$ and $CX||PM$. Let $K$ be the meet point of the lines $XC,BP$. Prove that $PB\perp MK$.

2006 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
Let $C_1,C_2$ be two circles such that the center of $C_1$ is on the circumference of $C_2$. Let $C_1,C_2$ intersect each other at points $M,N$. Let $A,B$ be two points on the circumference of $C_1$ such that $AB$ is the diameter of it. Let lines $AM,BN$ meet $C_2$ for the second time at $A',B'$, respectively. Prove that $A'B'=r_1$ where $r_1$ is the radius of $C_1$.

2006 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
Let $ABCD$ be a convex cyclic quadrilateral. Prove that:
a) the number of points on the circumcircle of $ABCD$, like $M$, such that $\frac{MA}{MB}=\frac{MD}{MC}$ is $4$.
b) The diagonals of  the quadrilateral which is made with these points are perpendicular to each other.

2007 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
In triangle $ABC$, $\angle A=90^{\circ}$ and $M$ is the midpoint of $BC$. Point $D$ is chosen on segment $AC$ such that $AM=AD$ and $P$ is the second meet point of the circumcircles of triangles $\Delta AMC,\Delta BDC$. Prove that the line $CP$ bisects $\angle ACB$.

2007 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
Two circles $C,D$ are exterior tangent to each other at point $P$. Point $A$ is in the circle $C$. We draw $2$ tangents $AM,AN$ from $A$ to the circle $D$ ($M,N$ are the tangency points.). The second meet points of $AM,AN$ with $C$ are $E,F$, respectively. Prove that $\frac{PE}{PF}=\frac{ME}{NF}$.


2008 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $I_a$ be the $A$-excenter of $\Delta ABC$ and the $A$-excircle of $\Delta ABC$ be tangent to the lines $AB,AC$ at $B',C'$, respectively. $ I_aB,I_aC$ meet $B'C'$ at $P,Q$, respectively. $M$ is the meet point of $BQ,CP$. Prove that the length of the perpendicular from $M$ to $BC$ is equal to $r$ where $r$ is the radius of incircle of $\Delta ABC$.

2008 Iran MO 2nd Round P6
In triangle $ABC$, $H$ is the foot of perpendicular from $A$ to $BC$. $O$ is the circumcenter of $\Delta ABC$. $T,T'$ are the feet of perpendiculars from $H$ to $AB,AC$, respectively. We know that $AC=2OT$. Prove that $AB=2OT'$.

Let $ ABC $ be a triangle and the point $ D $ is on the segment $ BC $ such that $ AD $ is the interior bisector of $ \angle A $. We stretch $ AD $ such that it meets the circumcircle of $ \Delta ABC $ at $ M $. We draw a line from $ D $ such that it meets the lines $ MB,MC $ at $ P,Q $, respectively ($ M $ is not between $ B,P $ and also is not between $ C,Q $). Prove that $ \angle PAQ\geq\angle BAC $.

2010 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
Circles $W_1,W_2$ meet at $D$and $P$. $A$ and $B$ are on $W_1,W_2$ respectively, such that $AB$ is tangent to $W_1$ and $W_2$. Suppose $D$ is closer than $P$ to the line $AB$. $AD$ meet circle $W_2$ for second time at $C$. Let $M$ be the midpoint of $BC$. Prove that $\angle{DPM}=\angle{BDC}$.

2010 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
In triangle $ABC$ we havev $\angle A=\frac{\pi}{3}$. Construct $E$ and $F$ on continue of $AB$ and $AC$ respectively such that $BE=CF=BC$. Suppose that $EF$ meets circumcircle of $\triangle ACE$ in $K$. ($K\not \equiv E$). Prove that $K$ is on the bisector of $\angle A$.

2011 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
In triangle $ABC$, we have $\angle ABC=60$. The line through $B$ perpendicular to side $AB$ intersects angle bisector of $\angle BAC$ in $D$ and the line through $C$ perpendicular $BC$ intersects angle bisector of $\angle ABC$ in $E$. prove that $\angle BED\le 30$.

2011 Iran MO 2nd Round P6
The line $l$ intersects the extension of $AB$ in $D$ ($D$ is nearer to $B$ than $A$) and the extension of $AC$ in $E$ ($E$ is nearer to $C$ than $A$) of triangle $ABC$. Suppose that reflection of line $l$ to perpendicular bisector of side $BC$ intersects the mentioned extensions in $D'$ and $E'$ respectively. Prove that if $BD+CE=DE$, then $BD'+CE'=D'E'$.

2012 Iran MO 2nd Round P1
Consider a circle $C_1$ and a point $O$ on it. Circle $C_2$ with center $O$, intersects $C_1$ in two points $P$ and $Q$. $C_3$ is a circle which is externally tangent to $C_2$ at $R$ and internally tangent to $C_1$ at $S$ and suppose that $RS$ passes through $Q$. Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are second intersection points of $PR$ and $OR$ with $C_1$. Prove that $QX$ is parallel with $SY$.

2012 Iran MO 2nd Round P6
The incircle of triangle $ABC$, is tangent to sides $BC,CA$ and $AB$ in $D,E$ and $F$ respectively. The reflection of $F$ with respect to $B$ and the reflection of $E$ with respect to $C$ are $T$ and $S$ respectively. Prove that the incenter of triangle $AST$ is inside or on the incircle of triangle $ABC$.

by Mehdi E'tesami Fard
2013 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
Let $M$ be the midpoint of (the smaller) arc $BC$ in circumcircle of triangle $ABC$. Suppose that the altitude drawn from $A$ intersects the circle at $N$. Draw two lines through circumcenter $O$ of $ABC$ paralell to $MB$ and $MC$, which intersect $AB$ and $AC$ at $K$ and $L$, respectively. Prove that $NK=NL$.

2013 Iran MO 2nd Round P4
Let $P$ be a point out of circle $C$. Let $PA$ and $PB$ be the tangents to the circle drawn from $C$. Choose a point $K$ on $AB$ . Suppose that the circumcircle of triangle $PBK$ intersects $C$ again at $T$. Let ${P}'$ be the reflection of $P$ with respect to $A$. Prove that $ \angle PBT = \angle {P}'KA $

2014 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABCD$ be a square. Let $N,P$ be two points on sides $AB, AD$, respectively such that $NP=NC$, and let $Q$ be a point on $AN$ such that $\angle QPN = \angle NCB$. Prove that $ \angle BCQ = \dfrac{1}{2} \angle AQP .$

2015 Iran MO 2nd Round P3
Consider a triangle $ABC$ . The points $D,E$ are on sides $AB,AC$ such that $BDEC$ is a cyclic quadrilateral. Let $P$ be the intersection of $BE$ and $CD$. $H$ is a point on $AC$ such that $\angle PHA = 90^{\circ}$. Let $M,N$ be the midpoints of $AP,BC$. Prove that: $ ACD \sim MNH $.

2015 Iran MO 2nd Round P4
In quadrilateral $ABCD$ , $AC$ is bisector of $\hat{A}$ and $\widehat{ADC}=\widehat{ACB}$. $X$ and $Y$ are feet of perpendicular from $A$ to $BC$ and $CD$,respectively.Prove that orthocenter of triangle $AXY$ is on $BD$.

2016 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that $\angle C=2\angle B$ and $\omega$ be its circumcircle. a tangent from $A$ to $\omega$ intersect $BC$ at $E$. $\Omega$ is a circle passing throw $B$ that is tangent to $AC$ at $C$. Let $\Omega\cap AB=F$. $K$ is a point on $\Omega$ such that $EK$ is tangent to $\Omega$ ($A,K$ aren't in one side of $BC$). Let $M$ be the midpoint of arc $BC$ of $\omega$ (not containing $A$). Prove that $AFMK$ is a cyclic quadrilateral.

2016 Iran MO 2nd Round P5
$ABCD$ is a quadrilateral such that $\angle ACB=\angle ACD$. $T$ is inside of $ABCD$ such that $\angle ADC-\angle ATB=\angle BAC$ and $\angle ABC-\angle ATD=\angle CAD$. Prove that $\angle BAT=\angle DAC$.

2017 Iran MO 2nd Round P2
Let $ABCD$ be an isosceles trapezoid such that $AB \parallel CD$. Suppose that there exists a point $P$ in $ABCD$ such that $\angle APB > \angle ADC$ and  $\angle DPC > \angle ABC$. Prove that $AB+CD>DA+BC.$

2017 Iran MO 2nd Round P6
Let $ABC$ be a triangle and $X$ be a point on its circumcircle. $Q,P$ lie on a line $BC$ such that $XQ\perp AC , XP\perp AB$. Let $Y$ be the circumcenter of $\triangle XQP$. Prove that $ABC$ is equilateral triangle if and if only $Y$ moves on a circle when $X$ varies on the circumcircle of $ABC$.

Let $P $ be the intersection of $AC $ and $BD $ in isosceles trapezoid  $ABCD $ ($AB\parallel CD$ , $BC=AD $) . The circumcircle of triangle $ABP $ inersects $BC $ for the second time at $X $. Point $Y $ lies on $AX $ such that $DY\parallel BC $. Prove that $\angle YDA =2.\angle YCA $

Two circles $\omega_1,\omega_2$ intersect at $P,Q $. An arbitrary line passing through $P $ intersects $\omega_1 , \omega_2$ at $A,B $ respectively. Another line parallel to  $AB $ intersects $\omega_1$ at $D,F $ and $\omega_2$ at $E,C $ such that $E,F $ lie between  $C,D $.Let $X\equiv AD\cap BE $ and $Y\equiv BC\cap AF $. Let $R $ be the reflection of $P $ about $CD$. Prove that:
a. $R $ lies on $XY $.
b. PR is the bisector of $\hat {XPY}$.

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