geometry problems from Team Selection Tests (TST) of Bosnia and Herzegovina

In isosceles triangle $ABC$ with base side $AB$, on side $BC$ it is given point $M$. Let $O$ be a circumcenter and $S$ incenter of triangle $ABC$. Prove that $$ SM \mid \mid AC \Leftrightarrow OM \perp BS$$

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**only those not in IMO Shortlist**)
1996 - 2017

Let $M$ be a point inside quadrilateral $ABCD$ such that $ABMD$ is parallelogram. If $\angle CBM = \angle CDM$ prove that $\angle ACD = \angle BCM$

b) Tetrahedron $ABCD$ has three pairs of equal opposing sides. Find length of height of tetrahedron in function od lengths of sides

Angle bisectors of angles by vertices $A$, $B$ and $C$ in triangle $ABC$ intersect opposing sides in points $A_1$, $B_1$ and $C_1$, respectively. Let $M$ be an arbitrary point on one of the lines $A_1B_1$, $B_1C_1$ and $C_1A_1$. Let $M_1$, $M_2$ and $M_3$ be orthogonal projections of point $M$ on lines $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively. Prove that one of the lines $MM_1$, $MM_2$ and $MM_3$ is equal to sum of other two.

Circle $k$ with radius $r$ touches the line $p$ in point $A$. Let $AB$ be a dimeter of circle and $C$ an arbitrary point of circle distinct from points $A$ and $B$. Let $D$ be a foot of perpendicular from point $C$ to line $AB$. Let $E$ be a point on extension of line $CD$, over point $D$, such that $ED=BC$. Let tangents on circle from point $E$ intersect line $p$ in points $K$ and $N$. Prove that length of $KN$ does not depend from $C$

Let angle bisectors of angles $\angle BAC$ and $\angle ABC$ of triangle $ABC$ intersect sides $BC$ and $AC$ in points $D$ and $E$, respectively. Let points $F$ and $G$ be foots of perpendiculars from point $C$ on lines $AD$ and $BE$, respectively. Prove that $FG \mid \mid AB$

Let $S$ be a point inside triangle $ABC$ and let lines $AS$, $BS$ and $CS$ intersect sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$ in points $X$, $Y$ and $Z$, respectively. Prove that $$\frac{BX\cdot CX}{AX^2}+\frac{CY\cdot AY}{BY^2}+\frac{AZ\cdot BZ}{CZ^2}=\frac{R}{r}-1$$ iff $S$ is incenter of $ABC$

It is given triangle $ABC$ such that $\angle ABC = 3 \angle CAB$. On side $AC$ there are two points $M$ and $N$ in order $A - N - M - C$ and $\angle CBM = \angle MBN = \angle NBA$. Let $L$ be an arbitrary point on side $BN$ and $K$ point on $BM$ such that $LK \mid \mid AC$. Prove that lines $AL$, $NK$ and $BC$ are concurrent.

On circle there are points $A$, $B$ and $C$ such that they divide circle in ratio $3:5:7$. Find angles of triangle $ABC$

In plane there are two circles with radiuses $r_1$ and $r_2$, one outside the other. There are two external common tangents on those circles and one internal common tangent. The internal one intersects external ones in points $A$ and $B$ and touches one of the circles in point $C$. Prove that $AC \cdot BC=r_1\cdot r_2$

Triangle $ABC$ is given in a plane. Draw the bisectors of all three of its angles. Then draw the line that connects the points where the bisectors of angles $ABC$ and $ACB$ meet the opposite sides of the triangle. Through the point of intersection of this line and the bisector of angle $BAC$, draw another line parallel to $BC$. Let this line intersect $AB$ in $M$ and $AC$ in $N$. Prove that $2MN = BM+CN$.

The vertices of the convex quadrilateral $ABCD$ and the intersection point $S$ of its diagonals are integer points in the plane. Let $P$ be the area of $ABCD$ and $P_1$ the area of triangle $ABS$. Prove that $\sqrt{P} \ge \sqrt{P_1}+\frac{\sqrt2}2$

2003 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P2

Upon sides $AB$ and $BC$ of triangle $ABC$ are constructed squares $ABB_{1}A_{1}$ and $BCC_{1}B_{2}$. Prove that lines $AC_{1}$, $CA_{1}$ and altitude from $B$ to side $AC$ are concurrent.

2003 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P4

In triangle $ABC$ $AD$ and $BE$ are altitudes. Let $L$ be a point on $ED$ such that $ED$ is orthogonal to $BL$. If $LB^2=LD\cdot LE$ prove that triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

2004 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P1

Circle $k$ with center $O$ is touched from inside by two circles in points $S$ and $T,$ respectively. Let those two circles intersect at points $M$ and $N$, such that $N$ is closer to line $ST$. Prove that $OM$ and $MN$ are perpendicular iff $S$, $N$ and $T$ are collinear.

2005 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P1

Upon sides $AB$ and $BC$ of triangle $ABC$ are constructed squares $ABB_{1}A_{1}$ and $BCC_{1}B_{2}$. Prove that lines $AC_{1}$, $CA_{1}$ and altitude from $B$ to side $AC$ are concurrent.

2003 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P4

In triangle $ABC$ $AD$ and $BE$ are altitudes. Let $L$ be a point on $ED$ such that $ED$ is orthogonal to $BL$. If $LB^2=LD\cdot LE$ prove that triangle $ABC$ is isosceles.

2004 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P1

Circle $k$ with center $O$ is touched from inside by two circles in points $S$ and $T,$ respectively. Let those two circles intersect at points $M$ and $N$, such that $N$ is closer to line $ST$. Prove that $OM$ and $MN$ are perpendicular iff $S$, $N$ and $T$ are collinear.

It is given triangle $ABC$ and parallelogram $ASCR$ with diagonal $AC$. Let line constructed through point $B$ parallel with $CS$ intersects line $AS$ and $CR$ in $M$ and $P$, respectively. Let line constructed through point $B$ parallel with $AS$ intersects line $AR$ and $CS$ in $N$ and $Q$, respectively. Prove that lines $RS$, $MN$ and $PQ$ are concurrent.

Let $H$ be an orthocenter of an acute triangle $ABC$. Prove that midpoints of $AB$ and $CH$ and intersection point of angle bisectors of $\angle CAH$ and $\angle CBH$ lie on the same line.

On the line which contains diameter $PQ$ of circle $k(S,r)$, point $A$ is chosen outside the circle such that tangent $t$ from point $A$ touches the circle in point $T$. Tangents on circle $k$ in points $P$ and $Q$ are $p$ and $q$, respectively. If $PT \cap q={N}$ and $QT \cap p={M}$, prove that points $A$, $M$ and $N$ are collinear.

It is given a triangle $\triangle ABC$. Determine the locus of center of rectangle inscribed in triangle $ABC$ such that one side of rectangle lies on side $AB$.

Triangle $ABC$ is inscribed in circle with center $O$. Let $P$ be a point on arc $AB$ which does not contain point $C$. Perpendicular from point $P$ on line $BO$ intersects side $AB$ in point $S$, and side $BC$ in $T$. Perpendicular from point $P$ on line $AO$ intersects side $AB$ in point $Q$, and side $AC$ in $R$.

i) Prove that triangle $PQS$ is isosceles

ii) Prove that $\frac{PQ}{QR}=\frac{ST}{PQ}$

i) Prove that triangle $PQS$ is isosceles

ii) Prove that $\frac{PQ}{QR}=\frac{ST}{PQ}$

Let $ABC$ be a triangle such that length of internal angle bisector from $B$ is equal to $s$. Also, length of external angle bisector from $B$ is equal to $s_1$. Find area of triangle $ABC$ if $\frac{AB}{BC} = k$

Triangle $ABC$ is right angled such that $\angle ACB=90^{\circ}$ and $\frac {AC}{BC} = 2$. Let the line parallel to side $AC$ intersects line segments $AB$ and $BC$ in $M$ and $N$ such that $\frac {CN}{BN} = 2$. Let $O$ be the intersection point of lines $CM$ and $AN$. On segment $ON$ lies point $K$ such that $OM+OK=KN$. Let $T$ be the intersection point of angle bisector of $\angle ABC$ and line from $K$ perpendicular to $AN$. Determine value of $\angle MTB$.

Prove that in an isosceles triangle $ \triangle ABC$ with $ AC=BC=b$ following inequality holds $ b> \pi r$, where $ r$ is inradius.

2008 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P5

2008 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P5

Let $ AD$ be height of triangle $ \triangle ABC$ and $ R$ circumradius. Denote by $ E$ and $ F$ feet of perpendiculars from point $ D$ to sides $ AB$ and $ AC$. If $ AD=R\sqrt{2}$, prove that circumcenter of triangle $ \triangle ABC$ lies on line $ EF$.

Denote by $M$ and $N$ feets of perpendiculars from $A$ to angle bisectors of exterior angles at $B$ and $C,$ in triangle $\triangle ABC.$ Prove that the length of segment $MN$ is equal to semiperimeter of triangle $\triangle ABC.$

Line $p$ intersects sides $AB$ and $BC$ of triangle $\triangle ABC$ at points $M$ and $K.$ If area of triangle $\triangle MBK$ is equal to area of quadrilateral $AMKC,$ prove that $\frac{\left|MB\right|+\left|BK\right|}{\left|AM\right|+\left|CA\right|+\left|KC\right|}\geq\frac{1}{3}$

Let $AB$ and $FD$ be chords in circle, which does not intersect and $P$ point on arc $AB$ which does not contain chord $FD$. Lines $PF$ and $PD$ intersect chord $AB$ in $Q$ and $R$. Prove that $\frac{AQ \cdot RB}{QR}$ is constant, while point $P$ moves along the ray $AB$.

Convex quadrilateral is divided by diagonals into four triangles with congruent inscribed circles. Prove that this quadrilateral is rhombus.

In triangle $ABC$ it holds $|BC|= \frac{1}{2}(|AB|+|AC|)$. Let $M$ and $N$ be midpoints of $AB$ and $AC$, and let $I$ be the incenter of $ABC$. Prove that $A, M, I, N$ are concyclic.

In quadrilateral $ABCD$ sides $AD$ and $BC$ aren't parallel. Diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ intersect in $E$. $F$ and $G$ are points on sides $AB$ and $DC$ such $\frac{AF}{FB}=\frac{DG}{GC}=\frac{AD}{BC}$ Prove that if $E, F, G$ are collinear then $ABCD$ is cyclic.

Let $D$ be the midpoint of the arc $B-A-C$ of the circumcircle of $\triangle ABC (AB<AC)$. Let $E$ be the foot of perpendicular from $D$ to $AC$. Prove that $|CE|=\frac{|BA|+|AC|}{2}$.

Given is a triangle $\triangle ABC$ and points $M$ and $K$ on lines $AB$ and $CB$ such that $AM=AC=CK$. Prove that the length of the radius of the circumcircle of triangle $\triangle BKM$ is equal to the lenght $OI$, where $O$ and $I$ are centers of the circumcircle and the incircle of $\triangle ABC$, respectively. Also prove that $OI\perp MK$.

Triangle $ABC$ is right angled at $C$. Lines $AM$ and $BN$ are internal angle bisectors. $AM$ and $BN$ intersect altitude $CH$ at points $P$ and $Q$ respectively. Prove that the line which passes through the midpoints of segments $QN$ and $PM$ is parallel to $AB$.

In triangle $ABC$, $I$ is the incenter. We have chosen points $P,Q,R$ on segments $IA,IB,IC$ respectively such that $IP\cdot IA=IQ \cdot IB=IR\cdot IC$. Prove that the points $I$ and $O$ belong to Euler line of triangle $PQR$ where $O$ is circumcenter of $ABC$.

Let $k$ be the circle and $A$ and $B$ points on circle which are not diametrically opposite. On minor arc $AB$ lies point arbitrary point $C$. Let $D$, $E$ and $F$ be foots of perpendiculars from $C$ on chord $AB$ and tangents of circle $k$ in points $A$ and $B$. Prove that $CD= \sqrt {CE \cdot CF}$

Let $D$ and $E$ be foots of altitudes from $A$ and $B$ of triangle $ABC$, $F$ be intersection point of angle bisector from $C$ with side $AB$, and $O$, $I$ and $H$ be circumcenter, center of inscribed circle and orthocenter of triangle $ABC$, respectively. If $\frac{CF}{AD}+ \frac{CF}{BE}=2$, prove that $OI = IH$.

Let $D$ be an arbitrary point on side $AB$ of triangle $ABC$. Circumcircles of triangles $BCD$ and $ACD$ intersect sides $AC$ and $BC$ at points $E$ and $F$, respectively. Perpendicular bisector of $EF$ cuts $AB$ at point $M$, and line perpendicular to $AB$ at $D$ at point $N$. Lines $AB$ and $EF$ intersect at point $T$, and the second point of intersection of circumcircle of triangle $CMD$ and line $TC$ is $U$. Prove that $NC=NU$

Let $D$, $E$ and $F$ be points in which incircle of triangle $ABC$ touches sides $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively, and let $I$ be a center of that circle.Furthermore, let $P$ be a foot of perpendicular from point $I$ to line $AD$, and let $M$ be midpoint of $DE$. If $\{N\}=PM\cap{AC}$, prove that $PN \parallel EF$

Let $ABCD$ be a quadrilateral inscribed in circle $k$. Lines $AB$ and $CD$ intersect at point $E$ such that $AB=BE$. Let $F$ be the intersection point of tangents on circle $k$ in points $B$ and $D$, respectively. If the lines $AB$ and $DF$ are parallel, prove that $A$, $C$ and $F$ are collinear.

Let $k$ be a circumcircle of triangle $ABC$ $(AC<BC)$. Also, let $CL$ be an angle bisector of angle $ACB$ $(L \in AB)$, $M$ be a midpoint of arc $AB$ of circle $k$ containing the point $C$, and let $I$ be an incenter of a triangle $ABC$. Circle $k$ cuts line $MI$ at point $K$ and circle with diameter $CI$ at $H$. If the circumcircle of triangle $CLK$ intersects $AB$ again at $T$, prove that $T$, $H$ and $C$ are collinear.

Incircle of triangle $ ABC$ touches $ AB,AC$ at $ P,Q$. $ BI, CI$ intersect with $ PQ$ at $ K,L$. Prove that circumcircle of $ ILK$ is tangent to incircle of $ ABC$ if and only if $ AB+AC=3BC$

2017 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P6

Given is an acute triangle $ABC$. $M$ is an arbitrary point at the side $AB$ and $N$ is midpoint of $AC$. The foots of the perpendiculars from $A$ to $MC$ and $MN$ are points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that center of the circumcircle of triangle $PQN$ lies on the fixed line for all points $M$ from the side $AB$.

2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P1

In acute triangle $ABC$ $(AB < AC)$ let $D$, $E$ and $F$ be foots of perpedicular from $A$, $B$ and $C$ to $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively. Let $P$ and $Q$ be points on line $EF$ such that $DP \perp EF$ and $BQ=CQ$. Prove that $\angle ADP = \angle PBQ$

Given is an acute triangle $ABC$. $M$ is an arbitrary point at the side $AB$ and $N$ is midpoint of $AC$. The foots of the perpendiculars from $A$ to $MC$ and $MN$ are points $P$ and $Q$. Prove that center of the circumcircle of triangle $PQN$ lies on the fixed line for all points $M$ from the side $AB$.

2018 Bosnia and Herzegovina TST P1

In acute triangle $ABC$ $(AB < AC)$ let $D$, $E$ and $F$ be foots of perpedicular from $A$, $B$ and $C$ to $BC$, $CA$ and $AB$, respectively. Let $P$ and $Q$ be points on line $EF$ such that $DP \perp EF$ and $BQ=CQ$. Prove that $\angle ADP = \angle PBQ$

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