Austria Federal, part 1, 2002-18 16p (-14)

geometry problems from Austrian Federal Competition For Advanced Students. part 1
with aops links in the names

2002 - 2018
missing 2014

2002 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Let $A,C, P$ be three distinct points in the plane. Construct all parallelograms $ABCD$ such that point $P$ lies on the bisector of angle $DAB$ and $\angle APD = 90^\circ$.

2003 Austria Federal part1 , p4
In a parallelogram $ABCD$, points $E$ and $F$ are the midpoints of $AB$ and $BC$, respectively, and $P$ is the intersection of $EC$ and $FD$. Prove that the segments $AP,BP,CP$ and $DP$ divide the parallelogram into four triangles whose areas are in the ratio $1 : 2 : 3 : 4$

2004 Austria Federal part1 , p2
A convex hexagon $ABCDEF$ with $AB = BC = a, CD = DE = b, EF = FA = c$ is inscribed in a circle. Show that this hexagon has three (pairwise disjoint) pairs of mutually perpendicular diagonals.

2005 Austria Federal part1 , p4
We're given two congruent, equilateral triangles $ABC$ and $PQR$ with parallel sides, but one has one vertex pointing up and the other one has the vertex pointing down. One is placed above the other so that the area of intersection is a hexagon $A_1A_2A_3A_4A_5A_6$ (labelled counterclockwise). Prove that $A_1A_4$, $A_2A_5$ and $A_3A_6$ are concurrent.

2006 Austria Federal part1 , p3
In the triangle $ ABC$ let $ D$ and $ E$ be the boundary points of the incircle with the sides $ BC$ and $ AC$. Show that if  $ AD=BE$ holds, then the triangle is isoceles.

2007 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Let $ n > 4$ be a non-negative integer. Given is the in a circle inscribed convex $ n$-gon $ A_0A_1A_2\dots A_{n \minus{} 1}A_n$ $ (A_n \equal{} A_0)$ where the side $ A_{i \minus{} 1}A_i \equal{} i$ (for $ 1 \le i \le n$). Moreover, let $ \phi_i$ be the angle between the line $ A_iA_{i \plus{} 1}$ and the tangent to the circle in the point $ A_i$ (where the angle $ \phi_i$ is less than or equal $ 90^o$, i.e. $ \phi_i$ is always the smaller angle of the two angles between the two lines). Determine the sum
$ \Phi \equal{} \sum_{i \equal{} 0}^{n \minus{} 1} \phi_i$
of these $ n$ angles.

2008 Austria Federal part1 , p4
In a triangle $ABC$ let $E$ be the midpoint of the side $AC$ and $F$ the midpoint of the side $BC$. Let $G$ be the foot of the perpendicular from $C$ to $ AB$. Show that $\vartriangle EFG$ is isosceles if and only if $\vartriangle ABC$ is isosceles

2009 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Let $D, E$, and $F$ be respectively the midpoints of the sides $BC, CA$, and $AB$ of $\vartriangle ABC$. Let $H_a, H_b, H_c$ be the feet of perpendiculars from $A, B, C$ to the opposite sides, respectively. Let $P, Q, R$ be the midpoints of the $H_bH_c, H_cH_a$, and $H_aH_b$ respectively. Prove that $PD, QE$, and $RF$ are concurrent.

2010 Austria Federal part1 , p4
The the parallel lines through an inner point $P$ of triangle $\triangle ABC$ split the triangle into three parallelograms and three triangles adjacent to the sides of $\triangle ABC$.
(a) Show that if $P$ is the incenter, the perimeter of each of the three small triangles equals the length of the adjacent side.
(b) For a given triangle $\triangle ABC$, determine all inner points $P$ such that the perimeter of each of the three small triangles equals the length of the adjacent side.
(c) For which inner point does the sum of the areas of the three small triangles attain a minimum?

2011 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Inside or on the faces of a tetrahedron with five edges of length $2$ and one edge of lenght $1$, there is a point $P$ having distances $a, b, c, d$ to the four faces of the tetrahedron. Determine the locus of all points $P$ such that $a+b+c+d$ is minimal and the locus of all points $P$ such that $a+b+c+d$ is maximal.

2012 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Let $ABC$ be a scalene (i.e. non-isosceles) triangle. Let $U$ be the center of the circumcircle of this triangle and $I$ the center of the incircle. Assume that the second point of intersection different from $C$ of the angle bisector of $\gamma = \angle ACB$ with the circumcircle of $ABC$ lies on the perpendicular bisector of $UI$. Show that $\gamma$ is the second-largest angle in the triangle $ABC$.

2013 Austria Federal part1 , p4
Let $A$, $B$ and $C$ be three points on a line (in this order). For each circle $k$ through the points $B$ and $C$, let $D$ be one point of intersection of the perpendicular bisector of $BC$ with the circle $k$. Further, let $E$ be the second point of intersection of the line $AD$ with $k$. Show that for each circle $k$, the ratio of lengths $\overline{BE}:\overline{CE}$ is the same.

2014 missing

2015 Austria Federal part1 , p2
Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle with $AC < AB$ and circumradius $R$. Furthermore, let $D$ be the foot ofthe altitude from $A$ on $BC$ and let $T$ denote the point on the line $AD$ such that $AT = 2R$ holds with $D$ lying between $A$ and $T$. Finally, let $S$ denote the mid-point of the arc $BC$ on the circumcircle that does not include $A$. Prove: $\angle AST = 90^\circ$.

Karl Czakler
2016 Austria Federal part1 , p2
We are given an acute triangle $ABC$ with $AB > AC$ and orthocenter $H$. The point $E$ lies symmetric to $C$ with respect to the altitude $AH$. Let $F$ be the intersection of the lines $EH$ and $AC$. Prove that the circumcenter of the triangle $AEF$ lies on the line $AB$.

Karl Czakler
2017 Austria Federal part1 , p2
Let $ABCDE$ be a regular pentagon with center $M$. A point $P$ (different from $M$) is chosen on the line segment $MD$. The circumcircle of $ABP$ intersects the line segment $AE$ in $A$ and $Q$ and the line through $P$ perpendicular to $CD$ in $P$ and $R$. Prove that $AR$ and $QR$ have same length.

 Stephan Wagner
2018 Austria Federal part1 , p2
Let $ABC$ be a triangle with incenter $I$. The incircle of the triangle is tangent to the sides $BC$ and $AC$ in points $D$ and $E$, respectively. Let $P$ denote the common point of lines $AI$ and $DE$, and let $M$ and $N$ denote the midpoints of sides $BC$ and $AB$, respectively. Prove that points $M, N$ and $P$ are collinear.

Karl Czakler

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